Education Ltd.” – The Influence of British Earl of Cromer on the Education System in Egypt (1883 – 1907) (Published)
This article focuses on a historic issue: the influence of the Earl of Cromer (who served as the British Consul-General in Egypt) on the local education system. The writer has a PhD in education and a B.A. in Middle East History. Hence, the article reflects an inter-disciplinary approach – education and history. Coping with the issue was done via examination of the declared educational goals and the activities in practice as well as the local population’s responses to the activities. Allegedly, Cromer failed in his attempted reforms in Egyptian education. This article attempts to examine the issue from a process-holistic approach attributing meaning to all actions taken by Cromer in the education system.