Lobbying and Corruption: A Critical Analysis (Published)
This work critically analyses the concept of lobbying and corruption both of which are means of influencing the government. Specifically, the study looks closely at the distinction between lobbying and corruption with a view to recommending one as a better means of influencing and participating in government. Adopting the structural functional approach as a theoretical framework, the work basically discovers that while lobbying is legal and a profession, corruption on the other hand, is illegal and bereft of any requirement for expertise for those who indulge in it. The structural functionalist theory was adopted because it clearly brings out those governmental structures –the legislature and the executive – responsible for the provision of dividends of democracy and security to the electorates. The work stresses the need for the citizenry to imbibe the “virtues” of lobbying so as to help the legislators and other government officials realise the goal of government which is the extension of the good life to the majority of the citizenry. The paper finally recommends the legalisation of lobbying in Nigeria to enable the citizenry shun political apathy in order to team up with the government to achieve the goal of government as this demands collective responsibility.
Keywords: Bribery, Corruption, Nigeria, lobbying, lobbying bill
The Metalanguage of Corruption in Cameroon- Part I1: The Registers of Health, Judiciary and Finance (Published)
Across the world, corruption has become almost endemic in many countries. Although very few people admit to be involved in it, no continent is exempted from the ill practice. This paper, which is the second of a series of two, examines the coded language used to ask for / give bribe in three sectors in Cameroon. Health, judiciary and finance, which are the domains concerned, count among the most corrupt sectors of the country according to the National Anti Corruption Commission 2010 Report. The data analysed was obtained through questionnaires administered to some state agents of the three domains (N=150). Like in the previous sectors already studied (Safotso 2015), the findings reveal that, in addition to the general coded expressions used to ask for / give bribe in all the administrations in Cameroon, there are many specialised words and expressions that Cameroonians use in Cameroon English, Cameroon Pidgin English and Cameroon French when they indulge in corrupt practices in the sectors of health, judiciary and finance
Keywords: Bribery, Coded Language, Corrupt, Finance, Health, Judiciary
The Association between Bribery and Unethical Actions: An Asian Perspective (Published)
This study examines the association between a willingness to bribe a police officer to avoid being issued a speeding ticket with their views on inappropriate behavior of corporate executives. Our sample of 401 participants comes from Hong Kong (90), Japan (51), Nepal (23), and United States (237). We controlled for social desirability response bias in the responses of our participants. Our analyses indicate that, in all four dilemmas, the most significant variable was the belief about how ethical it was to pay a bribe to avoid a traffic ticket. Our data indicate significant differences between the views of the participants from Japan and Nepal compared to the views of the participants from the United States. Finally, social desirability response bias was a factor for two of the four questions.
Keywords: Asian Perspective, Bribery, Unethical Actions