This piece looks at various conceptual and empirical reviews done within the last two decades on breast cancer and media campaigns. A thorough review of the materials generated for the study showed that there are many empirical studies on breast cancer and communication interventions/campaigns aimed at raising the awareness and knowledge levels of women on breast cancer prevention and early treatment. However, the reviews showed that most media campaigns on breast cancer do not accommodate the men folk in the entire process. This is against prevalent advice that men should be encouraged during communication interventions to remind their wives, sister, mothers and female colleagues to engage in breast self examination and early treatment. It is recommended that the men folk should be considered in planning the campaigns since they could also suffer from breast cancer.
Breast cancer remains a major killer of women globally. Medical literature suggests that early detection could led to complete cure. Owing to the fact that early detection is dependent on women’s levels of awareness and knowledge, several media campaigns have been lunched. However, one wonders the effectiveness of these campaigns on the knowledge and behaviour of women in Enugu State. This study, therefore, set out to ascertain the contributions of mass media to breast cancer knowledge among women in Enugu State. Survey research method was employed with questionnaire and interview guide as the measuring instruments. Cochran sampling technique was used to determine the sample size which stood at 384 based on a population of 1,671,795 women in Enugu State. The sample was randomly selected while Statistical Package for Social Sciences was used to analyze the data collected. The findings showed a positive relationship between level of education and information seeking from the mass media about breast cancer. Radio was found to be the most predominant medium used by the women. In this study, it is recommended that government should intensify media messages on breast cancer in the state, especially in the rural communities where most of the non-literate women reside. Future studies should focus on expanding the scope of this study to South – Eastern parts of Nigeria
Demographic Differences in the Knowledge of Breast Cancer among Women in Ebonyi State, Nigeria (Published)
Breast cancer is the most common of all cancers and is the leading cause of cancer deaths in women worldwide, a condition that may be predicated upon by lack of knowledge about fundamental regimen necessary for cancer prevention. The study was therefore designed to determine demographic differences in the knowledge of breast cancer among women in Ebonyi State, Nigeria. The sample of the study comprised 1,845 women drawn through the multistage sampling procedure. A 40-item questionnaire was used to elicit information on knowledge symptoms, risk factors, prevention methods and treatment options of cancer. Descriptive statistic of percentage was used to answer the research question and inferential statistic of chi-square was used to test the entire hypotheses formulated for the study at an alpha level of 0.05. Knowledge of breast cancer was found to be on the average (48.72%); differed by age with younger women (35-44years 56.43%) reporting higher knowledge of breast cancer than the older ones (45-54 years 46.03%); women with post-secondary education (67.66%) had higher knowledge than those with secondary (60.16%), primary (49.03%) and non-formal education (39.01%); urban women (55.61%) were more knowledgeable than rural women (47.81%). Chi-square analysis indicated that significant association existed between level of education and knowledge of breast cancer. However, no significant association was found between age and location of residence. It was concluded that breast cancer knowledge of women in Ebonyi State is on the average and associated significantly with education, but not with age and location of residence of the women. Consequently, it is recommended that breast cancer education should be used to improve the women’s knowledge of the disease, especially for those with non-formal education, older women and those in the rural areas through interventions by government and non-governmental agencies and through curriculum revision for schools
Effects of Cognitive Behaviour Therapy and Emotional Intelligence Training on Marital Stability of Maried Women with Breast Cancer in Ibadan Nigeria (Published)
Using a pre-test, post-test control group quasi experimental design with 3x2x2 factorial matrix; this study investigated the effects of cognitive behaviour therapy and emotional intelligence training on marital stability of married women with breast cancer in Ibadan Nigeria. The sample of the study comprised of thirty purposively selected married breast cancer patients receiving treatment in a government owned hospital in Ibadan. The instruments used were: The Locke–Wallace Marital Adjustment Scale (.84.), The Body Image Scale (0.93) and Worry Interference Scale (WIS) (0.92). Two hypotheses were tested and data collected was analysed using Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA). The findings of the study revealed that there was significant main effect of treatment in the pre-post marital stability scores of married women with breast cancer in the experimental and control groups (F (3,26) = 63.41, P < .05). However, in the 3-way interactions, no significant interaction effect of treatment, anxiety and self-concept on the marital stability of married women with breast cancer was found (F (4, 25) = 0.251, P > .05). Therefore, counselling / psychological intervention programmes should be put in place to help guide married women with breast cancer to self-rediscover their potentials, abilities and capabilities and improve on their social competence ability. This would help them develop the potentials to establish and sustain interpersonal relationship with their spouses and others.
Simulation method for Breast cancer radiotherapy using gold nanoparticles and gamma ray photons with energy 18 Mev (Review Completed - Accepted)
Gold nanoparticles are characterised by their small size to volume ratio and extensive thermal stability. Gold nanoparticles (GNPs) are an obvious choice in medical application due to their amenability of synthesis and functionalization, less toxicity and ease of detection. The present paper focuses on treatment of the breast cancer by high energy photons of gamma ray (18MeV.) and gold nanoparticles while preserving the shape of the breast and prevents the risk of recurrence of breast cancer. This of course in a minimum dose given for patient i.e. enhancing the radiotherapy that is used in breast cancer treatment due to pair production phenomena.