Effect of Socio-Economic Status on Nutritional Status on Adolescent Girls of Paschim Medinipur, West Bengal, India (Published)
Teenager or teen, is a young person whose age falls within the range from 13-19. They are called teenagers because their age number ends with “teen”. Usage by ordinary people varies, and also varies in different societies. Most societies traditionally had a formal ceremony to mark the change from childhood to adulthood. During puberty, rapid mental and physical development occurs. Adolescence is the name for this transition period from childhood to adulthood. In the United States, teenagers from the ages 12-14 go to middle school while teenagers from the ages of 14-18 typically go to high school. In the United Kingdom (UK); teenagers and non-teens are mixed in secondary school. Teenagers attending secondary school generally graduate at the age of 17 or 18. On average, girls begin puberty ages 10–11. Objectives: (i) To find relationship relation between socio-economic status and Nutritional status(ii) Prevalence of undernutrition of study adolescents girls, Materials and method: Subjects are Adolescents girls aged 10-19 years belongs to Salboni Block which is one the of block of Paschim Medinipur,WestBengal,, Participants socioeconomic data are collected through structured questionnaire, anthropometric data are collected through different instruments, cross section study is done on 1009 girls y at ages 10-11.to collect data on socio-economic status some structured questionnaire were used. Results:69 girls suffering from CED I whose parents are daily labourers 63 girls are suffering from CEDI whose parents depend on cultivation, Total 37 girls are suffering CEDIII, among 1009 girls 33 girls are suffering from CEDII. In table 3,4,5 it shows that skilled labour parents adolescent are higher weight, BMI from unskilled occupation parents adolescent.43% parents occupation is cultivation. Conclusion: socio -economic factor represent standard of living of any people, in this study it shows skilled person adolescent girls have higher anthropometry 89 girls are under nutrient among studied girls. Family income also has a profound influence on the educational opportunities available to adolescents and on their chances of educational success. This study had shown socio-economic status affect living standard and nutritional intake, it effect adolescent growth too.
Weight-Related Perceptions and Self-Reported Lifestyle Behaviors among Black Nurses in the United States (Published)
Obesity is a growing epidemic for both the general population and nursing profession. 50% of nurses are overweight or obese (Miller, Alpert, & Cross, 2008), with more than 40% of Black women obese in 2008 (CDC, 2011). This descriptive study examined weight-related perceptions and lifestyle behaviors of Black nurses (N=41) living in the US. Participants were recruited from the graduate and undergraduate nursing programs at Kean University. IRB-approved Informed Consent was obtained before completion of a 13-item questionnaire assessing weight perceptions and lifestyle behaviors. Body Mass Index (BMI; kg/m2) assessed weight (women, n = 33, M = 28.64, SD = 5.58; men, n = 8, M = 26.60, SD = 5.58). Mean BMI for US born nurses was 27.88 1.78 and 28.57 1.31 for non US born, not statistically significant at t = – 3.18, p = .752. 41% of the group perceived their weight as normal. A negative correlation (r = -.41, p =.008) existed between BMI and “Are you currently exercising?” Findings reinforce the need for additional study to understand whether current exercise reduces the BMI or whether those with increased BMI lack motivation to exercise.
A QUANTITATIVE STUDY OF THE LEVEL OF PHYSICAL ACTIVITY AND BODY MASS INDEX (BMI) AMONG TERTIARY STUDENTS IN GHANA: A CASE STUDY OF TAKORADI POLYTECHNIC. (Published)
The study utilised cluster sampling to select participants. Body Mass Index (BMI) for each student was calculated and compared with that of the World Health Organization (W.H.O) Body Mass Index classification. Data were analyzed using Analysis of Variance (ANOVA). Majority (77.3%) of students did not exercise regularly; those who engaged in moderate activities spent less than the two and a half hours required for good health. Over seventy-seven percent were found to have anomalous weight. The mean BMI was normal (24.7kg/m2) for students who exercised regularly, overweight (25.0 kg/m2) for those who exercised occasionally and pre-obese (26.1 kg/m2) for those who refrained from physical activity. It is recommended that all tertiary students in Ghana master in one or two sporting activities and engage in physical activities, they should also be abreast with the requisite time for each activity to benefit fully from physical activity.