Corporate Governance Characteristics and Firm Value of Deposit Money Banks in Nigeria (Published)
The degree of corporate and market procedures, lack transparency, distortions and poor corporate practices which results in corporate failures and abysmal corporate financial performance negatively influence corporate objectives. Hence, this study investigated the effects of corporate governance mechanism on the value of deposit money banks in Nigeria. The study population consisted of all deposit money banks and Taro Yamene method of sample size determination was applied. The secondary data for the study was from the published financial statements of sampled banks for the period after validity and reliability test of data. The data obtained was tested using univariate, bivariate and multivariate analysis. The result from the multiple regression result disclosed that board independence, board size, ownership structure, gender diversity and board meeting positively and significantly influences the value of deposit money banks in Nigeria. The study concluded that corporate governance attributes positively and significantly affects the value of deposit money banks in Nigeria. The study made several recommendations amongst others that board sizes should be enhanced as this allows for the appropriate combination of directors. A large board increases the chance of directors having appropriate knowledge, skill and networks. The knowledge, skill and networks of directors may increase the financial performance of an organization. Also deposit money banks in Nigeria should have non-executive directors who act as professional advisers to ensure that competition among insiders encourages measures consistent with maximization of shareholder value.
Keywords: Board independence, Board size, Firm Value, Gender diversity
Corporate Governance and Reported Earning Quality in Deposit Money Banks in Nigeria (Published)
This study examined the effect of Corporate Governance on Reported Earnings Quality in Nigerian deposit money banks. Cross sectional data were obtained from Ten (10) listed deposit money banks in Nigerian Stock Exchange for over a period of ten years (2008-2017). The data were analyzed using both descriptive and inferential statistics. Earnings predictability was adopted as a proxy for reported earnings quality, while board size, board independence, foreign directorship and firm size were used as proxies for corporate governance. The study found board size having a positive and insignificant relationship with earnings quality; a negative and insignificant relationship between board independence and earnings quality; a positive and significant relationship between foreign directors on board and earnings quality; and also a negative and insignificant relationship between firm size and earnings quality. It was therefore recommended that deposit money banks should increase both their board size and number of foreign directors on board as these will enhance their reported earnings quality.
Keywords: Board independence, Board size, Corporate Governance, earning quality, foreign directors
CORPORATE GOVERNANCE AND AUDIT DELAY IN NIGERIAN QUOTED COMPANIES (Published)
The objective of this study is to examine the determinants of audit report timeliness in Nigeria. Specifically, the study examines the effect of company size, profitability, complexity and audit firm type on audit report timeliness. The cross-sectional research design was adopted with an extensive reliance on secondary data. The data was source from annual reports of manufacturing companies quoted on the floor of the Nigerian stock exchange for 2010-2012. The ordinary least squares (OLS) regression technique was utilized as the method of data analysis. The finding of the study shows the following; (i) A significant relationship exist between board size and Audit report lag (ii) A significant relationship exists between board independence and Audit report lag (iii) A non-significant relationship exists between audit firm type and Audit report lag. It was also discovered that the time lag prescribed by the regulatory bodies are usually too much thus encouraging companies to engage in the act of delaying their financial statements. The recommendation is that in achieving the objective of making the financial statements readily available for making timely decisions, the Nigerian stock exchange, securities and exchange commission, the Financial Reporting council, the Central Bank of Nigeria and other regulatory bodies should put in place measures to ensure strict compliance with the laid down rules and regulations.
Keywords: Audit Report lag, Board independence, Board size