A Case for Blended Learning: Integrating Massive Open Online Courses in Traditional Degree Programmes, (Published)
In 2008, when they first emerged, Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) were regarded as an opportunity to transform traditional education. They were expected to bring changes to the way knowledge is conceived and delivered and open the door to education that is more accessible, more affordable, more global and, at the same time, more individualized. MOOC platforms were seen as a conducive learning environment in which students could acquire new knowledge and skills in an autonomous and collaborative manner. However, despite the advantages that they offer, MOOCs have had a limited impact on higher education. The present paper will review the potential and challenges of the MOOC learning model and make a case for blended learning as a viable educational alternative.
Taking CNKI China academic journal network publishing the relevant papers on the Blended learning in the pool as the research subject, the co-occurrence analysis and social network technology use of key words, were identificated and co-author, on the basis of the results visualization analysis of hybrid research hotspot in the field of teaching, and the existing literature on this field as a concise and analyzed. Hybrid teaching research in China, fluctuated type development, has formed a certain scale of cooperation group, and the research content is extensive, the hybrid teaching research hot topic is: based on the online course teaching mode applied research, the Internet under the background of hybrid teaching application field of research, construction of hybrid teaching environment and classroom teaching reform based on hybrid teaching research.
Effect of Blended Learning on Students’ Retention of Physics in Federal Colleges of Education in South East, Nigeria (Published)
The study investigated the effect of blended learning on the retention of Physics by students in Federal Colleges of Education in South East, Nigeria. Two research objectives, two research questions as well as two research hypotheses guided the study. The population of the study comprised all the 287 Physics student in the three Federal Colleges of Education in South East, Nigeria. A sample of 81 students were purposively selected for the study from two of the three colleges. The instrument for data collection was a -50 multiple choice researcher-made test entitled Researcher Made Electromagnetic Theory Achievement Test (RMETAT).Test retest method was used to ensure the reliability of the instrument. Reliability coefficients of temporal stability of 0.97 and that of internal consistency of 0.72 were determined for the instrument. Mean, standard deviation and ANCOVA were the statistical tools used for data analysis. The study found out that blended learning increased the retention of Physics by students who participated in the study. It was also found out that the retention of the Physics contents by the students were not dependent upon their gender. The researcher, therefore among other things recommended that blended learning should be made a compulsory teaching strategy for Colleges of Education and similar institutions and that compulsory periodic training and retraining of teachers in institutions of higher learning on 21st century teaching strategies such as blended learning be put in place.
Effect of Blended Learning on Students’ Academic Performance in Physics in Federal Colleges of Education in South East, Nigeria (Published)
This study investigated the effect of blended learning on the academic performance of Physics students in Federal Colleges of Education in South East, Nigeria. Two research objectives, two research questions as well as two research hypotheses guided the study. The population of the study comprised all the 287 Physics students in the three Federal Colleges of Education in South East, Nigeria. A sample of 81 students were purposively selected for the study from two of the three colleges. The instrument for data collection was a -50 multiple choice researcher-made test entitled Researcher Made Electromagnetic Theory Achievement Test (RMETAT). Test retest method was used to ensure the reliability of the instrument. Reliability coefficients of temporal stability of 0.97 and that of internal consistency of 0.72 were determined for the instrument. Mean, standard deviation and ANCOVA were the statistical tools used for data analysis. The study found out that blended learning increased the performance of Physics students who participated in the study. It was also found out that the performances of students were not dependent on their gender. The researcher, therefore among other things recommended that blended learning should be made a compulsory teaching strategy for Colleges of Education and similar institutions and that compulsory periodic training and retraining of teachers in institutions of higher learning on 21st century teaching strategies such as blended learning be put in place.
Community of Inquiry (Coi) On Undergraduates’ Performance in Computer in Education, University of Port Harcourt (Published)
This study investigated the effect of Community of Inquiry (CoI) on undergraduates’ performance in Computer in Education, University of Port Harcourt. Two objectives, two research questions, and two null hypotheses guided the study. Both conceptual and empirical studies were reviewed. The study adopted a quasi-experimental design with a total population of five hundred and thirty-two (532) male and female 400 level undergraduate students who are offering Computer in Education Course in Faculty of Education, and the sample comprised two hundred and eighty-nine (289) respondents purposefully selected from the entire population. The instrument used for data collection was a Computer Performance Test (CPT).The instrument was subjected to face and content validation with a reliability coefficient of 0.95. Mean, Standard deviation, z-test and Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) were the statistical tools used in the study. The findings revealed that there is a significant difference in the effect of strategies (Community of Inquiry and discussion methods) on students’ performance in Computer in Education. Furthermore, there is no significant difference in the influence of gender on students’ performance in Computer in Education. Based on these findings, the study recommends that Lecturers in Faculty of Education should integrate Community of Inquiry (CoI) instructional approach as a purposeful and effective instructional technique and resource in teaching Computer in Education and other core courses so that students could produce better and dependable results.
Educating Children in Internally Displaced Persons (IDPS) Camps through Blended Learning: Prospects and Challenges (Published)
Education occupies a central place in human rights. It is essential and indispensable for the exercise of all other human rights and for general societal development. Internally displaced people (IDPs) are considered as most vulnerable due to the increased demands of IDPs for essential public services and livelihoods. The children in these camps also face a lot of hardship with little or no education because of overcrowding and influx of people, especially in the North East of Nigeria. Blended Learning is a hybrid of face-to-face (F-T-F) and computer mediated form of instruction. As an instructional strategy it harnesses the better of the two methods to improve the instructional process especially of the children in IDP camp Schools which are usually over crowded with on the spot recruited teachers. Some challenges envisaged were inadequate funding, poor infrastructure, ready computer literate teachers and specialized manpower for the e-learning platform. It was recommended that educating displaced children in IDP camps should be given more concerted effort by more NGOs, Humanitarian organization, Philanthropists and not left for the host government alone. This is because the children are at the heritage of the future and investing in them educationally is vital for a healthy society for today and tomorrow.
This pilot case study explores claims made in literature relating to the causes of lack of online interaction among adult-learners participating in a blended learning programme. Since this study is explorative in nature, it also informs the direction in which subsequent research should go. A preliminary literature review shows the salient factors relating to lack of online interaction as being ‘lack of convergence’ and ‘lack of social presence’. To seek said validation, a practical pilot case study, using a mixed-method approach, was carried out through a questionnaire and through interviews. Results in this study reveal that students do not engage with the online environment when the same content is repeated during f2f meetings, or when online assignments are not addressed during f2f meetings, i.e. lack of convergence. In relation to social presence, the teacher’s social presence was considered more important than that of peers as it relates to adult-learners specifically.
Professional Updates for Language Teachers in A Digitally Infected Clime: The ICT Utilization Sensibility (Published)
The teaching profession in Nigeria is faced with a lot of problems which militate against the integrity of the profession. This is because educators have come to realize that any meaningful improvement in the education that students receive is highly dependent on the quality of the instruction that the teacher provides. The paper looks into the training and retraining needs of English language teachers for effective utilization of ICT in secondary schools in Ekiti State. The research design was descriptive. The population for the study comprised all English Language teachers (571) in the senior secondary schools in Ekiti State. Multistage random sampling technique was utilized in selecting the sample. In all, all (20) English Language teachers in the selected schools were used as the sample. A research instrument titled “Teachers’ Assessment of the Need for Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in English Language (TANICTENG)” was tested for both validity and reliability procedures and used for data collection. Reliability coefficients of 0.67was obtained. Conclusion was drawn and recommendations were made among which are that teachers should engage in personal development; Teacher Training institutions should see to effective teacher education programmes; government at all levels should create an enabling environment that could help the teachers to perform optimally, among others.
Utilization of Virtual Classroom System in Traditional Teaching: Benefits and Challenges (Published)
The present study aims to identify fulltime female students’ perspectives of using the virtual classroom (via the blackboard system) as a main teaching tool to deliver learning materials in College of Science and Arts, Najran University, Saudi Arabia, for the academic year 2017/2018. It also sheds light on male faculty members’ views on using this system in comparison with the videoconference system used by male faculty members to teach female students at their campuses. The study is based on data elicited from conducting interviews with 5 female students and 5 male faculty members. The main findings indicated that male faculty members prefer to use the virtual classroom system rather than teaching via the videoconference system; and although female students like being taught via the virtual classroom, they prefer to use the videoconference system due to Internet connection problems.
The Effectiveness of Adopting Flipped Learning Approach in an Applied Linguistics Course for University Students (Published)
As students enter the fourth year of an English Department, an increased responsibility for a lot of linguistic information is highly desirable. Students need to do a lot of efforts inside and outside the class. Students who arrive in class with assigned tasks completed, notes reviewed, and prepared for classroom activities are developing the ability to be self-directed learners. Limited classroom contact time can be effectively utilized by focusing on further review and explanation. This paper investigated the effectiveness of adopting flipped learning approach and the changes implemented to “Introduction to Applied Linguistics” course at English Department, College of Administrative and Human Science in Qassim Private Colleges. The students were asked to do some tasks inside and outside the classroom. These tasks included short pre-class assignments and quizzes that were designed to increase students’ preparation for the next class meeting, as such flipping class meeting preparation to outside the classroom. A benefit of these changes is that the instructor can significantly reduce the time spent lecturing and focus on students’ understanding of linguistics and focusing on students’ activities in-class. This focus fosters student-centered learning with the student having the responsibility to prepare for each class session. Participants were 33 fourth level students in English Department from Qassim Private Colleges in Saudi Arabia. The pre-posttest comprised five different types of questions including multiple choice, true or false, defining linguistic terms, compare between the advantages and disadvantages, and analyzing structures. Results of the t. test analysis revealed that adopting flipped learning Approach yielded significant effects on students’ linguistic level.