Tag Archives: Birth Order

Examining Birth Order and Gender Differences in the Prevalence of Anxiety Disorders in Adolescents (Published)

This endeavour was to examine the role of birth order associated with the prevalence of anxiety related emotional disorders in adolescents and to investigate the gender difference for levels of anxiety in adolescents. The sample comprised of 65 individuals aged between 12 to 18 years. The participants were divided into two groups; both groups consisted of 50 males and 15 females selected conveniently. Among them 28 were first born and 37 were later born. Univariate analysis was conducted via SPSS 20.00. An insignificant relationship between birth order and gender was observed. In terms of each variable, there is significant main effect for birth order and the main effect for gender indicated a statistically insignificant difference in the prevalence of anxiety disorders between the males and females.

Citation: Tehmina Jabeen  and  Khalida Rauf  (2021) Examining Birth Order and Gender Differences in the Prevalence of Anxiety Disorders in Adolescents, International Journal of Health and Psychology Research, Vol.9, No.3, pp.27-44

 

Keywords: Adolescence, Anxiety, Birth Order, Gender

Relationship between Birth Order, Family Size, Parental Involvement and Secondary School Adolescents’ Academic Underachievement in Rivers State, Nigeria (Published)

This study was aimed at investigating the extent of relationship that exists between birth order, family size, parental involvement and academic underachievement among some secondary school adolescents. The study was carried out in Rivers State secondary schools. Purposive sampling techniques were used to draw a sample of 240 students identified as underachievers. Bakare’s (1977) progressive matrices adopted from Uwazurike (2008) was used to identify students with high mental ability while Basic Education Certificate Examination results of 2016 which is a cumulative record of examination  and continuous assessment scores of the students’ three years in school, was used as a measure of students’ academic ability. Based on the attained mental ability performance and academic achievement of the students, the academic underachievers were identified. The various independent variables of the study were measured with a questionnaire whose reliabilities were statistically determined with Cronbach Alpha and reliability coefficients ranging from 0.51 to 0.74. Mean, standard deviation, independent t-test, and one-way analysis of variance were used for data analysis at 0.05 level of significance. Results showed that; there was a very low relationship between birth order, family size, parental involvement and academic underachievement which showed no statistical significance. Based on the findings, four relevant recommendations were made.

Keywords: Birth Order, Family Size, Parental Involvement, Students, Underachievement