Renewable Energy Potentials: A Substitute for Fossil Fuels Utilization in Imo State, Nigeria (Published)
This paper discusses the renewable energy potential in Imo State. Despite the availability of these renewable energy resources, Imo State like any other state in Nigeria still depends solely on fossil fuel for their power generation. The extreme dependence on fossil fuels has generated serious negative consequences on the environment, climate and health. This Study highlights the benefits of renewable energy utilization as a substitute for fossil fuels if properly harnessed. It also pin-points the available renewable energy sources, biomass as a means of combating environmental pollution , remedial inputs to harnessing renewable energy resources in Imo State.
Ebonyi State is one of the south east states in Nigeria and is highly endowed with enormous resources both renewable and non-renewable. It is currently known as the “Salt of the Nation” due to large salt deposits in the state. However the maximum solar irradiance in Ebonyi State is in the range 895.70 W/m2 to 1043.83 W/m2. The generation rate of solid waste in the state capital is 9.580 x 10-3m3. These values indicate that the level of insolation and volume of biomass resources available in Ebonyi State can generate sufficient electricity for both her domestic and industrial use if properly harnessed in a sustainable manner. Despite these resources, Ebonyi State like other states in Nigeria still depends solely on fossil fuel for her electricity generation. The overdependence on fossil fuels has generated serious negative consequences on the environment, climate and on the health sector. Moreso, Ebonyi State has continued to suffer from epileptic power supply and this has almost crippled her economic, social and industrial activities. This study presents the current energy situation and the status of renewable energy technology and utilisation in Ebonyi State. It also highlights the potential benefits of renewable energy utilisation as a viable means of revitalising, restructuring and diversifying her energy source for sustainable growth and development in the State. The prospects and challenges of renewable energy technology are also discussed, and finally propose the way forward.