Fingerprint Distribution Patterns in Diabetics and Non-Diabetics at Central Hospital, Benin City Nigeria (Published)
Fingerprints are skin markings delineated by epidermal ridge patterns present on the skin of the fingers and palms of the hand. It has been referenced as a supportive and predictive tool for personal identification and gene-linked disorder. The aim of this study was to determine dermatoglyphic features among diabetic and non-diabetic control at Central Hospital, Benin- City. Nigeria. The diabetic patients (100) comprised of fifty (50) males and fifty (50) females who had their fingerprint distribution pattern compared with equal number of healthy control subjects with the aid of semi-structured questionnaire and a computer based Hp Scanjet scanner. Data collected were subjected to analysis using Chi-square and p-value < 0.05 was considered significant. The results generally showed insignificant (p>0.05) differences in the fingerprint distribution pattern between the diabetics and the control. The ulnar loop and whorl patterns were insignificantly (p>0.05) more while the arch and radial loop patterns were insignificantly (p>0.05) lesser in diabetics compared to control. The inference from this study is that fingerprint distribution pattern is not a definitive predictive tool for type 2 diabetes mellitus.
Proximate Composition and Mineral Contents of Different Brands of Canned Fishes Marketed In Edo State Nigeria (Published)
Proximate composition and mineral content (Na, Ca, P and Mg) of fish is of great importance to fisheries managers, consumer and the nutritionist. In this study, seventeen different types of canned fish products were collected from super-stores and open market, proximate composition and the mineral elements (sodium, phosphorus, calcium and magnesium) of the different brands purchased were determined between January and September, 2015. The entire sample used were bought at the same time and kept at ambient room temperature, and every analysis was done in triplicate. The results obtained showed that a gradual reduction in the food value (proximate composition) and the percentage mineral content of the different brands with a progressive reduction in the different months. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Duncan multiple range test (DMRT) at 5% level of significance, revealed that there were significant differences in the proximate and mineral components of the different brands and among the months, although some of these parameters were not significantly different for some brands. Results obtained from correlation analysis during the study revealed that there was a negative correlation relationship between fat/oil, fibre, nitrogen free extract (NFE) with moisture content, while there was also a positive significant relationship between protein/ash content, protein/moisture; also, a positive correlation existed between sodium, calcium, phosphorus and magnesium. The result obtained from this study indicates that these canned fishes analyzed were of high nutritional value and mineral content, but there is need to keep them at optimum temperature and not for too long in storage to enable consumer to derive the appropriate benefit from their consumption.
Serum Level of Lead, Zinc, Cadmium, Copper and Chromium among Occupationally Exposed Automotive Workers in Benin City (Published)
Aim: This study is aimed at assessing the level of exposure to lead, cadmium, chromium, zinc and copper among occupationally exposed automobile repair workers and create awareness for proper safety measures.Methodology: A total of 94 auto repair workers comprising battery recyclers (n = 14), motor mechanics (n =59) and spray painters (n = 21), selected from various auto repair workshops in Benin City and 50 unexposed controls participated in the study. Blood samples were collected and analysis for blood levels of lead, chromium, cadmium, copper and zinc were done using flame atomic absorption spectrophotometer. Results: Data indicated significantly (p < 0.001) greater levels of lead, cadmium, chromium, zinc and copper in auto mechanics, spray painters and battery recyclers compared with the non-exposed controls. In contrast, the blood levels of these metals did not differ when compared among the auto repair workers. Conclusion: The significantly greater levels of lead, cadmium, chromium, zinc and copper in auto workers clearly demonstrates that auto repair workers are more likely to be exposed to toxicity of metals due to their occupational activities than the general population. This calls for adequate maintenance of safety measures and hygiene by auto repair workers to protect themselves from harmful effects of automobile workshop environment.
Assessment of Liver Function of Selected Automobile Professionals in South-South Region of Nigeria (Published)
Aim: We assessed the liver function of automobile workers in Benin City, Edo state Nigeria. Methodology: A total of 89 male workers aged 20-45 years (33.2 ± 3.4) and 50 age-matched controls (32.8 ± 3.1) participated in the study. Blood samples of participants were collected and analyzed for total bilirubin (TB), conjugated bilirubin (CB), albumin (ALB), total protein (TP), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanineaminotransferase (ALT) and gamma glutamyl transferase levels.Results: Data indicated lack of significant differences in total bilirubin, conjugated bilirubin, serum albumin, total protein, alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase and alkaline phosphatase activities between the auto workers and control. In contrast, the γ – glutamyltransferase activity significantly (p < 0.05) differed between the control and all the auto workers groups. Similarly, a significant (p < 0.05) decrease in serum albumin concentration was observed in spray painters compared with the control group. Conclusion: The present findings may suggest unimpaired liver function in automobile workers. The greater glutamyltransferase activity observed in the auto workers may be suggestive of lead induced toxicity in the autoworkers.