Patronizing Agricultural Cooperatives: The Journey towards Zero Hunger Attainment in South-South States, Nigeria (Published)
The study focused on farmers patronizing agricultural cooperative societies as a journey towards zero hunger attainment in South-South States, Nigeria. A multi-stage sampling procedure was used to select a sample size of 144. A validated questionnaire was used to obtain data from respondents. Descriptive and inferential statistics were employed to analyze the data obtained. Results showed that the average age, farming experience, household size, farm size and annual farm income were 46 years, 11 years, 6 persons, 3 Ha and N282,638.89 respectively. The level of participation of the respondents activities in their groups was highest in payment of monthly dues and other necessary contributions (mean = 3.60) and the most benefit derived was increased human capacity development in farming (mean = 3.48). In addition, most (59.03%) of the cooperators indicated their high level of satisfaction with the groups they belong. Regression results showed that respondents derived significant (p<0.05) benefits from their belonging to cooperative groups. It was concluded that farmers were satisfied by patronizing cooperative societies as a strategy to attain zero hunger amongst households. The study recommends that there should be awareness creation for new entrants to join cooperative societies so as to accomplish zero hunger.
Awareness and Use of Institutional Repository for Academic Staff output in Tertiary Institutions (Published)
The paper is on Awareness and Use of Institutional Repository for Academic Staff output in Tertiary Institutions. The use of IRs by academic staff is beneficial to the individual lecturer, library, host institution and society at large. The benefits of IR to individual lecturers include increased dissemination and impact of scholarship, enhanced professional visibility due to broader dissemination and increased use of publications. Others are: storage and access to a wide range of materials, greater security and long-term preservation of materials and the building of a central archive of a researcher’s work. Institutional repositories have been established in academic and research libraries. University based institutional repositories manage, disseminate, and preserve where appropriate, digital materials created by the institution and its community members. The paper discussed awareness, use and benefit of IRs, academic staff attitude towards intellectual work deposit in IRs and challenges of IRs in our academic community. Based on the literature in area of the problems that face academic libraries in Nigeria, the researchers made some recommendations
Students’ Life Goals, Their Awareness Category and Cognizance on the Benefits of Higher Education (Published)
This study aims to determine the level of participants’ perception on the different life goals. This paper would like to investigate also the level of participants’ awareness on the benefits of higher education, and the most dominant category of their awareness are also be looked into in this paper. The descriptive design of research was utilized in this investigative work. The survey checklist form was administered to the students who are enrolled in the first semester of the academic year 2015-2016 in one of the private colleges in Muscat, Oman. The findings of the study declared that the participants’ goals in life like career, pleasure, and public service are reasonably important while their family is important only at some extent. Furthermore, knowledge on the benefits of higher education is at a reasonable extent and they are aware that they could develop their skills through higher education. It is also learned that mastery is the most dominant category of their awareness level and followed by experience category. This finding leads the researchers to conclude that these group of participants had a liberal perception. It is delightfully found that they are judiciously aware on what higher education could contribute to their life as they continue to grow in the field of their forthcoming professions. Moreover, the category of their awareness level when wisely utilized coupled with their experiences could pave the way and lead them towards their brighter future.
LEVEL OF PARTICIPATION AND BENEFITS OF THE NATIONAL PROGRAMME FOR FOOD SECURITY (NPFS) AMONG RURAL WOMEN IN EBONYI STATE, NIGERIA (Published)
This study assessed the level of participation and benefits of the National Programme for Food Security (NPFS) among rural women farmers in Ebonyi State, Nigeria. The National Programme for Food Security (NPFS) is a five year nationwide Programme for Food Security launched in 2001 in Nigeria with the objective to increase and stabilize food production rapidly and sustainably through the wide spread dissemination of improved technologies and management practices in areas with high potential, and to create an economic and social environment conducive to food production as well as reaching some 30,000 farming families in each selected areas (FGN, 2006) Primary data were collected through field survey with well-structured questionnaire and interview schedule and analyzed using descriptive statistics. Results obtained indicated that radio was the major source of information to majority (28.3%) of the rural women participants. More so, majority (84.40%) of the women were not involved in planning NPFS programmes. Further analysis showed that majority (56.7%) of the rural women farmers merely participated in decision making process at information receiving level. Borehole facilities (39.4%) and community seed production (36.1%) were the major components benefited by majority of the women. It was concluded that the objectives of NPFS has not been effectively realized among the rural women due to their low level of participation in programme planning and implementation. Involvement of stakeholders in planning process ensures successful implementation of programmes since their felt needs are factored in during the process.
THE IMPACT OF INDIRECT COMPENSATION ON EMPLOYEE PERFORMANCE: AN OVERVIEW (Review Completed - Accepted)
“If you pick the right people and give them the opportunity to spread their wings and put compensation as a carrier behind it you almost don’t have to manage them.”(Jack Welch).Compensation management is one of the most important elements of personnel management. It includes economic rewards in shape of wages and salaries as well as in different forms of non-wage economic payment known as fringe benefits, indirect compensation or supplementary pay. The subject of Compensation and for that matter Indirect Compensation is of great importance because it affects the wellbeing of the individuals in the concerned organizations. According (Tsai, Yu, & Shih-Yi, 2005), Indirect compensation helps organizations to attract and retain highly competitive employees which are seen as strategic resources in getting competitive advantage. Therefore, this research work has been done to look at the impact of Indirect Compensation on the performance of employees. Organizations should pay the necessary attention to the Indirect Compensation, as this will help to boost the morale of employees which will in turn result in higher productivity
AWARENESS OF VIRTUAL LEARNING AMONG STUDENTS OF TWO NIGERIAN UNIVERSITIES: CURRICULUM IMPLICATIONS (Published)
This study investigated the extent of awareness of virtual learning among students in two public universities in Anambra State. Guided by two research questions, a sample of 640 year three students was used. The survey research design was used. A researcher-developed questionnaire titled “Virtual Learning Awareness Questionnaire” (VLAQ) was used to collect data. The findings indicated that a greater percentage of the students were unaware of what constitutes virtual learning and its’ benefits. There were also differences between male and female students’ awareness of what constitutes virtual learning and its benefits. The findings imply that the students lacked much knowledge of what virtual learning entails and the benefits to their curriculum offerings. Consequently, they are not likely to highly engage in virtual learning to enrich their course curriculum. This could limit their global participation and make them lag behind other students in the international arena. Besides, the extent of awareness was higher for female than male students. There is the implication that this trend would result in gender gap in virtual learning against male students in the future. It was recommended that efforts should be made to improve virtual learning of students and such efforts would need to be targeted at reducing any gender gap and integrating virtual activities in curriculum delivery
EFFECTS OF TRAINING ON EMPLOYEE PERFORMANCE: A SURVEY OF HEALTH WORKERS IN SIAYA COUNTY, KENYA (Published)
Low job satisfaction and low motivation does not only reduce performance of the health systems but also constitute a serious push factor for migration of health workers, both from rural areas to the cities, and to other countries. It is therefore an important goal of human resources management in the health sector to strengthen the performance of health workers, from heads of health facilities to auxiliary staff. The general objective of this study was to assess the effect of the training on the performance of staff in the public health institutions in Kenya. The target population is the doctors, clinical officers, nurses and subordinate staff serving in public health facilities within Siaya County. The data was collected through administration of questionnaires. The questionnaires included both open ended and closed questions. The researcher took a sample size of 20% giving a sample size of 56 respondents, employing a stratified sampling technique. The researcher distributed the questionnaires and collected them after two weeks which was sufficient for the respondents to have filled them adequately and duly. Then the data was then entered by coding into a computer program, SPSS to facilitate analysis. From our study it shows there is a strong positive relationship between training of employees and performance.
Interactive effects of Performance appraisals on employees’ motivation in Pakistani banking sector (Review Completed - Accepted)
Purpose: The purpose of this research work is to check the impact of performance appraisals (incentive practices and benefits provided by the organization) on employee motivation.
Importance: Performance appraisals are very important tool in Human resources management to retain efficient employees whose commitment level with the organization is relevantly high from others. Working with motivated employees actually increases the performance of the organization. The present study is about the performance appraisals that incentives and benefits increase the morale level of employees and stimulate them towards work. Employees who are compensated with appraisals and appreciations, they have done their work well.
Design/methodology/approach: Quantitative study was conducted in banking sector of Pakistan. 200 self-administrated questionnaires were distributed in different banks of Pakistan. 182 questionnaires were returned with 92% respond. Confidentiality of response is secured.
Findings: The statistical analysis told that incentives and benefits have very positive and significant impact on employees’ motivation. Limitation and guideline for future research is also provided.
Research limitations/implications: Sample size of the study was limited and only two variables related to performance appraisals were taken. Sample size can be increased for future research and the effects of other variable nature of the task, promotions as a variable, organizational environment, can be studied in the future.