Junior High School Mathematics Teachers’ Beliefs and their Instructional Practices and Its Effects on Students’ Academic Performance (Published)
For over a decade now, students’ performance in mathematics at the Junior High School leaves much to be desired. The trend in performance by students at the said level has made researchers ascertain the indicators and factors responsible for this low performance. As a matter of fact, a number of studies conducted have mentioned teachers’ beliefs and their instructional practices as one of the major factors that determines students’ performance in mathematics. This study, however, focused on finding out the effect of Junior High School teachers’beliefs and their instructional practices on the academic performance of students in mathematics. The study was conducted in the Cape Coast Metropolis in the Central Region of Ghana and utilized the descriptive survey design to explore the phenomenon in question. A sample of 31 teachers and 306 students were involved in the study. Analysis of results revealed that teachers who were involved in the study hold constructivist beliefs, however, there were discrepancies in the practices they enact in their classroom. Furthermore, there was no statistically significant effect of teachers’ beliefs and instructional practices on students’ performance. Implications for these findings to the teaching and learning of mathematics and teachers’ professional development are discussed in the work.
Influence of Self-Esteem and Self-Efficacy on Students’ Perception of Counselling in Secondary Schools in Emohua Local Government Area of Rivers State, Nigeria (Published)
Self-esteem and self-efficacy are two psychological constructs which enable people in general to assess their qualities or abilities to perform some tasks in comparison to others. They bestow confidence to people and influence our belief and behaviour. Hence, this cvorrelational study investigated the influence of self-esteem and self-efficacy on counselling perception among students. A sample of 614 students was composed from a population of 4792 senior secondary school students in Emohua Local Government Area of Rivers State, Nigeria using a combination of simple random sampling technique and proportionate stratified random sampling technique. The instrument for data collection is Self-Esteem, Self-Efficacy and Counselling Perception Scale. The instrument validated through the assistance of three experts in Counselling Psychology has reliability coefficients obtained through Cronbach alpha technique in the range of 0.69-0.72. The results of the study show that self-esteem and self-efficacy each has negative and significant influence on students’ counselling perception. Based on the finding, it was therefore recommended that students irrespective of their level of self-esteem and self-efficacy should have positive perception about counselling.
The Moderating Role of Biographic Variables on the Attitudes of Students towards Sport at Botho University (Published)
The purpose of this study was to show how biographic variables that include gender, age and level of study moderate a student’s attitude towards sport. A number of studies have been conducted on the influence of biographic variables the world over but none had been conducted at Botho University (BU) to examine the attitude of students towards sport in relation to these variables hence the current study. The study used 237 students across different levels of education from first years to final fourth year students. A structured questionnaire that employed a 5-point Likert scale was used for data collection. Results were analysed using SPSS version 21. Results of the study showed that across gender and education levels, students had a positive attitude towards sport. However, results also showed that age had a significant influence on the attitude of students towards sport as older students showed low levels/negative attitudes to sport than younger students.
Traditional Values, Meanings and Beliefs in Some Sculpture Products in Kpando Traditional Area in the Volta Region, Ghana (Published)
The world is created in a way that nothing exists without being perceived with the eye. Everything is artistically made: being it physical or abstract, artistic products have forms that can be seen and described with their peculiar meanings. Sculptures cut across all human horizons. An important aspect of them is their cultural values and beliefs, which are legacies laid down by the ancestors to their descendants. The aim of this manuscript is to unveil the values and beliefs of some sculptures used by the traditional authorities in Kpando in the Volta Region, Ghana. The main tools used for the paper were interviews with artists who specialized in making traditional symbols, and personal experiences as a practicing sculptor. This facilitated the acquisition of in-depth knowledge about some traditional values and beliefs through the use of sculpture products, in the spiritual, social, economical and political lives of the people. The outcome of the manuscript will go a long way to promote peoples’ comprehension of the values and beliefs of sculpture products used traditionally in the Kpando community.
Superstitious Beliefs and Academic Performance of Pupils in Early Childhood Science in Ogoja Educational Zone, South Eastern Nigeria. (Published)
This study was designed to investigate the influence of superstitious beliefs on academic performance of pupils in early childhood science. The research design was ex-post factor. A random sample of four hundred (400) pupils was used. Data for the study were collected through a forty item three-point Likert-scale type questionnaire on Superstitious Beliefs and Science Achievement Test. The data were analyzed using Analysis Of Variance (ANOVA) and tested at P < 0.05 level of significance. A post hoc pair-wise comparison was made using LSD to compare main and interaction effects. Results showed that academic performance of early childhood pupils was significantly decreased by superstitious beliefs in the four basic categories of “Good luck”, “Bad luck”, “Impending danger” and “Perceived effect”. Social study curriculum in early childhood schools was recommended to be broadened to teach concepts in superstitions which may reduce pupils beliefs and enhance the teaching of science.
Objectives: To study the level of knowledge , attitude and practice of primary health care providers about herbs , and their relation with certain demographic variables Methods : A cross sectional study was conducted using questionnaire administered to Health Care providers at ten Primary Health Care Centers in Baghdad. Results: Four handed participants were recruited, the most common source of knowledge in the medical group were books , while the paramedical group were getting their knowledge mostly from media, attitude of the medical group was neutral (53%) while among paramedical group attitude was positive (65%), the most common purposes for using herbs were energy boosting and preventive. Conclusion: healthcare providers in Baghdad have positive attitude toward herbs, but their knowledge about it is poor; and this is more evident in the paramedical group especially those with lower educational level. Those with higher knowledge about herbs had higher attitudes toward it