Financial Deficiency Syndrome and Behaviour of Low Income Earners in Rural Communities of Rivers State, Nigeria (Published)
This study examined the effect of financial deficiency on the behavior of low income earners in rural communities of Rivers State. The objective was to examine how financial deficiency affects the behavior of low income earner. One hundred respondents were selected from the 10 local governments in Rivers State. Questionnaire were designed and administered to the respondents in the local governments. Descriptive analysis and Pearson Product Correlation Coefficient with the aid of Statistical Package for Social Sciences was used as data analysis. Findings revealed that financial deficiency have positive effect on the behavior of low income earners in rural communities of Rivers State. The study recommends that government should formulate policies that will reduce unemployment in rural communities, the needs to increase public awareness on financial inclusion in the rural communities. Efforts should be advanced by the government to reduce financial exclusion in the rural communities of rivers state and the regulatory authorities should ensure equitable distribution of financial institutions and financial servicing to the rural communities in Rivers State.
In recent times, ardent watchers and analysts of the Nigerian project have suggested that the country has endemic leadership issues with genetic foundations deeply rooted in Her DNA. Although this assertion has been sharply contested, the apparent malady in the current behaviours of persons in key leadership positions in the country seems to have assumed worrisome dimensions .The observed leadership behaviours have taken an impoverishing toll on the efforts at National Development. Thus, this work, in the bid to evolve persons with development –centric leadership behaviours, took an organic approach to attempt to resolve the underlying leadership malaise. This was done using metaphoric symbolisms and biological analogies to have an introspective view of aspects of molecular ecology. This dimension was adopted in order to explain how leadership behaviour mutation could counteract the prevailing leadership trend and provide actionable thoughts for the ultimate attainment of sustainable National Development.
Investigation of Some Factors Promoting Deviant Behaviour among Public Secondary School Students in Rivers State, Nigeria (Published)
This study investigated factors promoting deviant behaviour among public secondary school students in Rivers state. The study was guided by three research questions and three hypotheses. Sample of 300 students were drawn through simple random sampling technique from three secondary schools in Obio Akpor LGA. Data was collected through questionnaire titled “Factors Promoting Deviant Behaviour Questionnaire” (FPDBQ) developed by the researchers. Reliability coefficient of 0.89 was obtained through test re-test. Mean and standard deviation was used to answer the research questions while t-test was used to test the null hypotheses. The results revealed that poor family background, media and societal influence promote deviant behaviour among secondary school students. The study recommended that family counselling should be taken seriously by all practicing counsellors in Nigeria and parents should regulate what their children watch on televisions and cables.
Individual Attributes Mechanics in the Effect of Life Skills Training on Behaviour Modification of Juvenile Delinquents in Eldoret and Kakamega Rehabs (Published)
There is a growing concern with the growth and prevalence of Juvenile delinquents (JD) in rehabilitation centres in Kenya. Juvenile delinquency has become an intricate social problem that significantly influences all members and processes of a social structure. In January 2016, Eldoret Juvenile Remand Home alone had 155 juveniles which is its full capacity. It is against this background that this study examined psychotherapeutic interventions in behaviour modification of JD and recommended measures that would increase the effectiveness of psychotherapeutic interventions in rehabilitation centers of JDs in Kenya. The purpose of the study was establish effect of life skills training and behaviour modification of juvenile delinquents in Eldoret and Kakamega rehabs. The area of study was Eldoret and Kakamega rehabs. The study adopted Glaser Psychological Reality Theory on Maladaptive Behaviour and Merton Functional Theory of Juvenile Delinquency as the theoretical framework. Further a conceptual framework was also used in the study. The study used descriptive and explanatory research survey designs. The target population was comprised of delinquents in Kakamega and Eldoret Rehabs, administrators, trainers and counselors in the rehabs and probation officers. A sample size of 149 respondents comprising of 127 JD, 13 trainers, 5 probation officers, 2 counselors and 2 administrators of the Eldoret and Kakamega rehabs participated in the study. Saturated sampling catered for the delinquents, probation officers, rehab administrators and trainers. Research instruments that were used in this study included questionnaires, interview schedule and document analysis. A Pilot study was carried out to ascertain validity and reliability of the instruments and a reliability coefficient of 0.7 was deemed acceptable. Descriptive statistical tools and inferential statistics were used for data analysis. Study findings showed that life skills training had a positive and significant effect on behaviour modification. This implies that life skills training is an important tool in bringing discipline among juvenile delinquents and for overall rehabilitation programmes which can enhance behaviour modification. There is therefore need for psychotherapeutic intervention at both individual and group level for delinquents so that they can change their behaviour. There is thus need for life skill training so as to reduce violence, aggression, and destructive behaviour in adolescents. Thus there is need for psychotherapeutic interventions for behaviour modification of delinquents in Kenyan rehabilitation centers.
Marital Status as Correlate of Sexual Harassment Experiences among Athletes in Southern Nigerian Universities (Published)
The study investigated marital status as correlate of sexual harassment experiences among athletes in southern Nigerian universities using survey design. Questionnaire was utilized to collect data from the athletes (N=946). Data were analyzed using percentage and simple regression. It was found that slightly above half of unmarried athletes (51.64%) have experienced gender harassment compared to few athletes who are married (3.11%). Also, higher percentage of unmarried athletes (39.80%) has experienced unwanted sexual attention compared to the married counterparts (1.91%). Moreso, greater percentage of single or unmarried athletes (12.06%) have experienced sexual coercion compared to a very insignificant percentage of married athletes (0.47%). Marital status had significant relationship with gender harassment; unwanted sexual attention, and sexual coercion experiences of southern Nigerian universities athletes. It was recommended that athletes especially those who are single or unmarried should be protected of sexual harassment by government through strong anti-harassment laws and policies.
Factors Affecting the Inculcation of Moral Behaviour in Youths within Families in Ohaozara Local Government Area Ebonyi State (Published)
The study focused on the factors affecting the inculcation of moral behaviour in youths within families in Ohaozara Local Government Area of Ebonyi State. The objectives of the study focused on ascertaining how socio-economic factors, modern technology, environment and peer group influence affect the inculcation of moral behaviours in youths in Ohaozara Local Government Area. Four research questions guided the study. Two hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance using chi-square. The area of the study was Ohaozara local government area of Ebonyi state. The population of the study was made up of nine thousand, nine hundred and eight parents. The sample size of the study was two hundred and fifty parents drawn randomly from the three communities in Ohaozara Local Government Area. Questionnaire was used for data collection. The mean and standard deviation were used to answer the research questions. Findings of the study revealed that moral decadence affects students’ academic performance. It also revealed that good guidance and counseling are good strategies for restoring morality among youths within families. The following recommendations were made; 1. Parents should check the environment in which they raise their children as environment affects the moral behaviour of youths. 2. There should be adequate and proper home training for children in the society. 3. The youths’ access to modern technology should be monitored by parents.
This research work sought to examine the job demands of women. It sought to analyze the work-life balance of women in selected business entities in Ghana. A quantitative method was employed and data were collected using questionnaires. In all the three firms, 150 questionnaires were distributed but only 100 responses were used for the analysis because some were incomplete. The questionnaires were administered to employees in the banking and insurance sector comprising of those in managerial and non-managerial positions. With the support of statistical tools (crosstabs and chi square) the data was analyzed. The findings suggest that increases in the employment rates and relative earnings of women have increased the opportunity costs of child care and domestic responsibilities which were common to womanhood some years back. It was observed that all the women who worked for more than 8 hours were experiencing work-family conflicts.
Appraising the Influence of Cultural Determinants of Construction Workers Safety Perception and Behaviour in Nigeria (Published)
Health and safety has been a source of concern to the performance of construction sector in Nigeria. The high rate of accidents and injuries occasioned by workers acts and perceptions attests to this concern. This paper assesses the cultural factors that influence the behaviour and perceptions of construction workers towards safety in South-East Nigeria. It provides a framework for incorporating cultural elements in issues relating to construction business. The study employed the survey research method for the investigation. Structured questionnaire was administered to a sample of site operatives and management staff involved in construction projects in the study area. Responses were analyzed using SPSS 16.0; mean score index and standard deviation to ascertain the influence of cultural elements on workers behaviour and perceptions. The study revealed that five cultural dimensions affect the way construction workers perceive and act towards safety. Respondents agreed that three dimensions (collectivism, uncertainty avoidance and long term orientation) promote safe behaviours and perceptions of workers, while power distance and masculinity promote unsafe behaviours and perceptions towards safety in construction. The study advocates adequate consideration of workers cultural values and beliefs in every construction business, especially those that promote safe behaviours and perceptions in the construction process.