Tag Archives: Bayelsa State

Comparative Analysis of Savings Behaviour of Co-Operative and Non-Co-Operative Farmers in Bayelsa State, Nigeria (Published)

The paper comparatively analyzed savings behavior of co-operative and non-co-operative farmer in Bayelsa State of Nigeria. The objectives of the paper were to compare the amount and frequency of savings of co-operative and non-co-operative farmers; to compare the determinants of savings among co-operative and non-co-operative farmers; and to determine the relationship between the co-operative membership and propensity to save among co-operative and non-co-operative farmers in the State. The population of the study comprised of 500 members of fifteen purposively selected registered farmers multipurpose co-operative societies in Bayelsa State.   Descriptive survey research design was adopted. A total sample of 444 respondents (222 cooperative farmers and 222 non-cooperative farmers) was selected using multi stage sampling technique. Both primary and secondary data were used for the study. Data obtained were analyzed using descriptive statistical tools of mean, table, frequency distribution, mean percentages. Three hypotheses were formulated and tested using multiple regression models and The study revealed that cooperative membership stood out as a significant determinant of savings in the comparison of cooperative and non-cooperative farmers. Furthermore, there is a significant difference in both amount and frequency of savings of cooperative and non-cooperative farmers. Co-operative farmers saved more than non- co-operative farmers. The study concluded that cooperative membership have strong effect in the propensity to save. It was recommended that co-operative societies should be seen as critical partners in economic empowerment and be given a pride of place in different economic sectors in Bayelsa State.

Keywords: Bayelsa State, Savings, co-operative farmers, non-co-operative farmers

Comparative Analysis of Savings Behaviour of Co-Operative and Non-Co-Operative Farmers in Bayelsa State, Nigeria (Published)

The paper comparatively analyzed savings behavior of co-operative and non-co-operative farmer in Bayelsa State of Nigeria. The objectives of the paper were to compare the amount and frequency of savings of co-operative and non-co-operative farmers; to compare the determinants of savings among co-operative and non-co-operative farmers; and to determine the relationship between the co-operative membership and propensity to save among co-operative and non-co-operative farmers in the State. The population of the study comprised of 500 members of fifteen purposively selected registered farmers’ multipurpose co-operative societies in Bayelsa State.Descriptive survey research design was adopted. A total sample of 444 respondents (222 cooperative farmers and 222 non-cooperative farmers) was selected using multi stage sampling technique. Both primary and secondary data were used for the study. Data obtained were analyzed using descriptive statistical tools of mean, table, frequency distribution, mean percentages. Three hypotheses were formulated and tested using multiple regression models and the study revealed that cooperative membership stood out as a significant determinant of savings in the comparison of cooperative and non-cooperative farmers. Furthermore, there is a significant difference in both amount and frequency of savings of cooperative and non-cooperative farmers. Co-operative farmers saved more than non- co-operative farmers. The study concluded that cooperative membership have strong effect in the propensity to save. It was recommended that co-operative societies should be seen as critical partners in economic empowerment and be given a pride of place in different economic sectors in Bayelsa State.

Keywords: Bayelsa State, Savings, co-operative farmers, non-co-operative farmers

Geotechnical Evaluation of Foundation Conditions in Igbogene, Bayelsa State, Nigeria (Published)

Geotechnical studies were carried out to investigate the foundation conditions in Igbogene, Etelebou in Bayelsa State, Nigeria. The evaluation was carried out by means of three (3) number boreholes to a maximum depth of 30m below the existing ground level using a using the cable percussive rig. Field and laboratory investigations reveal a near surface stratigraphy of clay to an average depth of 6m underlain by loose silty sand to a depth of 10m below the existing ground level. Underlying this clay layer, the formation presents a stratum of sand which extends to the maximum depth of investigation. Field and laboratory analysis carried out on relatively undisturbed soil samples of the silty clay showed the undrained shear strength of this near surface soil to lie between 40 and 56 kPa with a mean value of 47kPa.  However, the 1.0m thick peat embedded between 3.0m and 4.0m will great increase the compressibility of this clay. Pile foundation is recommended, considering the anticipated load and the very high compressibility of peat under imposed load. Piles should be straight-shaft, closed-ended steel pipe piles and driven into the medium dense sand.  Pile load test should be carried out on all piles to confirm working load and estimated settlements.

Keywords: Bayelsa State, Borehole, Stratigraphy, engineering geology, foundation, subsoil

Determination of Water Quality Index of Shallow Quaternary Aquifer Systems in Ogbia, Bayelsa State, Nigeria (Published)

This study evaluates the groundwater quality status of shallow groundwater in Ogbia, using water quality index (WQI) with a view to ascertain its suitability for domestic and industrial purposes. Groundwater samples were collected from thirty (30) functional boreholes within fifteen (I5) communities of the study area. These water samples were subjected to a comprehensive Physico-Chemical Analysis using standard methods. The water quality index (WQI) of the area was calculated using weighted arithmetic mean and statistical package for social science (SPSS) version I5, software. Seventeen (I7) chemical parameters were considered for the WQI calculation. The results revealed that I0% of the water samples were in the excellent category, 46.6% were in the good water category while 43.3% of the water samples were in the poor water category. The high value of the water quality index (WQI) has been found to be mainly from the higher values of Iron, phosphate, pH and electrical conductivity. Also from the result of the sodium adsorption ratio (SAR), it indicates that, the groundwater is not suitable for irrigation.

Keywords: Aquifer, Bayelsa State, Boreholes, Ogbia, Shallow Groundwater, Water Quality Index