E-Banking and Performance of Commercial Banks in Rwanda A Case of Bank of Kigali (Published)
The purpose of this research was to examine the contribution of E-banking towards banking on performance of banking Institutions in Rwanda because according to National bank of Rwanda (NBR Report, 2012) there is delay in payment of checks between banks; time wasted in banks as people line in queue waiting for service, errors as a result of manual work and fraud related cases was common. Bank clients complain of the above hence the researcher was interested to examine the contribution of this system to banking efficiency in Rwanda. The study used descriptive research design by basing on qualitative and quantitative approach in order to get better analysis of the study. Both primary and secondary data collection tools were used with their relevant tools like questionnaire and documentary analysis in order to come up with required data. In the findings it was established that Electronic banking system like ATM, Pay direct, electronic check conversion, mobile telephone banking and E transact has a great impact on bank performance because they increase profitability, reduce bank cost of operations, and increase bank asset and bank efficiency. The great contributions of e banking on banking performance is shown in table 4.21 which provides the relationship between E banking and Performance of bank of Kigali in Rwanda whereby the respondents N is 44 and the significant level is 0.01, the results indicate that independent variable has positive high correlation to dependent variable equal to .656** and the p-value is .000 which is less than 0.01. When p-value is less than significant level, therefore researchers conclude that variables are correlated and null hypothesis is rejected and remains with alternative hypothesis. This means that there is a significant relationship between E banking and Performance of bank of Kigali in Rwanda. As conclusion E banking contributes to positive performance of banks as witnessed by of bank of Kigali.
Keywords: Bank of Kigali, Commercial Banks, Rwanda, e-Banking