INTERACTION AMONG EDUCATION, EMPLOYMENT, FDI AND GDP GROWTH IN BANGLADESH: AN ECONOMETRIC ANALYSIS (Published)
This paper has addressed a very important policy question of Bangladesh. This examines the causality among education, employment, FDI and GDP growth in Bangladesh by using time series data from 1980 to 2013. Augmented Dickey-Fuller (ADF) and Phillips-Perron (PP) unit root tests show that the time series data is stationary at first difference. Then, the Johansen cointegration analysis indicates that the variables have strong, positive and significant linear relationship between them at .05 level of significance. Granger causality test found the unidirectional causality between employment and literacy rate and also between literacy rate and FDI. Again this empirical Granger causality test found that employment and FDI Granger causes GDP in unidirectional way. Finally, the Vector Error Correction Model (VECM) is also used to check the short and long run equilibrium relationships among the variables and the significant results have been found. This study gives the guideline to the researchers and policy makers.
THE EFFECT OF RAINFALL, TEMPERATURE AND HUMIDITY ON SALINE IN THE SOUTHERN AREA OF BANGLADESH (Published)
A study was taken to measure the effect of rainfall, temperature and humidity on salinity area as well as to project the future trend of increasing saline area in the southern area of Bangladesh. Patuakhali district was selected as study area for the study. Secondary data such as temperature, saline area, relative humidity, rainfall, etc. were used in the experiment. The results showed that minimum temperature and relative humidity has the positive effect whereas rainfall and maximum temperature has the negative effect on decreasing the soil salinity. The study projects that the saline area would be increasing trend in future. Therefore mitigation measures could be taken to prevent the salinity in the coastal area.
TO IMPROVE POWER FAILURE AND PROTECT SUSTAINABILITY OF THE ENVIRONMENT IN BANGLADESH BY THE RENEWABLE ENERGY (Published)
Developing countries are without compromising the environment, environmentally friendly, economic development of Bangladesh is a burning issue and requires a large supply of power. The use of fossil fuels is limited, solar, wind; biomass renewable energy sources such as hydro power limit option might be compensated for the other countries of similar power crisis in Bangladesh are not separated. From the power supply grid connected through three quarters (76%) of the people of Bangladesh. No doubt it is natural gas that has been limited to using a variety of purposes. Mean energy demand alarm output gap is expected to increase exponentially. Despite expectations that renewable energy sources are now in this country, you only have a 0.3% share of renewable energy in the total energy supply. In this article, not only, however, for future use in Bangladesh and the state of renewable energy that can be obtained in Bangladesh to review the renewable energy technologies. It will also try to show that the direction of future research, the use of renewable energy to meet future needs.
The tannery industry is one of the major raw material and finished good supplier industries which have a significant impact on economy of Bangladesh. The main objective of this study is to evaluate the factors which are responsible for influencing employees’ job satisfaction. The analysis of this study revealed that salary and incentive are the most important factors for influencing job satisfaction of employees. Salary is most important, but working condition, supervisor supports, appraisal technique, work training, grievance handling, safety provision, and work life balance are crucial factors for determining employees’ job satisfaction. This paper draws relationship among various factors and presents a conclusion with a suggestion for improving employees’ job satisfaction level.
NGO LAWS IN BANGLADESH: THE NEED TO HARMONIZE (Published)
In recent years, although the national Non-Government Organizations (NGO) have become vital items on the development agenda of the Bangladeshi government, however, there is still no single uniform law and authority for regulating and monitoring this sector. The current laws fail to regulate the operation of the sector and that is a big threat to the healthy growth of the organizations to serve the society. This paper will select, analyze and compare the existing statutory laws regarding the regulation of NGOs in Bangladesh. In addition, this paper will critically examine the inadequacies of the existing legal structure to specifically highlight the need to devise a legal framework that both facilitates the operational activities of an NGO and regulates its governance. Finally, the paper will recommend the framing of a modern uniform NGO law in Bangladesh that can commensurately serve the public. Qualitative and quantitative analytical research methods have been applied primarily; besides, a non-doctrinal method has also been applied in this paper
Poor power quality issues need smart grid -Bangladesh (Review Completed - Accepted)
This is a very important issue for the end-user utility, and customers, in order to reduce the economic losses due to PQ of the poor, be known by the user and authorities are very important PQ. Cost of height increase and poor PQ. In this paper, we provide insight into the economic losses due to poor power quality. Business risk posed by PQ problem even when exposed to severe loss of financial, one of the real with the industry is a “low-tech”. Economic crisis in the country is not the only factor that lowered the revenue from Asian countries such as Bangladesh. Challenge of this paper is to discuss the detailed practical implementation of the smart grid of Bangladesh and meaning. Smart Grid refers to a power system for improving the reliability and efficiency of the network by responding to system failure automatically. Power quality is a major challenge for developing countries like Bangladesh. Transmission and distribution of power and an important source of high energy efficiency is a fundamental requirement for providing the citizens and economy. I also describe the transmission and distribution of efficient processes to improve the power quality by smart grid.
The aim of this paper is to evaluate the status and impact of reforms in governance which has been taken by various governments in Bangladesh since its independence. In doing so, the paper highlights on two reform packages New Public Management (NPM) of OECD member countries and Good Governance (GG) of donor agencies and its impact on Bangladeshi governance. Bangladesh was a colony of British and Pakistan over two centuries. As a result, at the initial stage of independence; the inherited administrative structure failed to manage the postcolonial economy and expectation of citizens of independent Bangladesh, which hinders to implement most of the reform efforts. Civil-military elitism dominated the bureaucracy that caused the lessening of accountability of the administration; as a result, corruption, inefficiency and ineffectiveness of administration appear to exemplify Bangladeshi governance. The learning lessons for public administration is lack of appropriate political leadership, unrealistic and ambitious reform initiatives, incapacity of government, chaotic political culture, absence of permanent reform institution, and lack of strong political will are responsible for futile to implement any reform initiative. Apart from these, some important elements of New Public Management (NPM) and Good Governance (GG) has been bespoke by recent past governments in governance process through policy initiatives to make the administration more accountable and citizen centric which is a very good sign of good governance in Bangladesh. Therefore, the impact of reform strategies of western world (NPM) and donor agencies (GG) influenced the third world countries like Bangladesh which ultimately transforming the literature of Public Administration to Public Management.
Assessment of PV operation in Bangladesh (Review Completed - Accepted)
National shortage of rural electrification and rural development is a fundamental improvements in solar home systems ( SHS ) in the form (PV) photovoltaic technology has been widely used to generate electricity in rural areas in this article predicted limitations and diesel Bangladesh . Photovoltaic (PV) market in explaining the distribution and abundance of renewable energy can be combined. Success has recognized the potential of solar energy. It was a high quality private operator a few companies to improve communication Limited (IDCOL), state agencies, and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) to bring together a number of basic energy in rural Bangladesh to bring solar PV solar technologies directly to function effectively. Rural electrification, including the lives of the rural poor in general will increase the income of the paper is presented in seven parts: Part 1 and Part 2, and Bangladesh is the purpose of resource potential and current conditions. The development of three market segments technical design , the use of solar cells as IDCOL SHS , followed by analysis of solar PV in Bangladesh Part 4 : Case Studies and Stories Project receiver recognizes student achievement . The higher the quality of life in Palestine Part 5 and 6, and the value of investment properties of manufactured goods, including setting and SHS 7 part of the solar PV 8 shows. Performance is financial aid. Helping Financial Future plans will be reduced by the need to reduce the problem to demonstrate the conclusions drawn in section 9 installed. Solar energy at home with the principles of volatile paper increased from $ 200 million PV market experienced a case study of Bangladesh classes in other parts of Asia began to brew and PV market will be strengthened .
Rule of Law and Good Governance in Bangladesh: Does Judicial Control Matter? (Review Completed - Accepted)
The aim of this paper is to evaluate the role of judicial activism as an instrument of judicial control in establishing rule of law and its impact on good governance in Bangladesh. Judicial activism is one of the effective and proactive mechanisms in protecting various aspects of human rights such as- fundamental rights, equal rights of human being, life, liberty and properties, equal opportunity of employment, rights of sound environment and overall protection of public or national interest. All those are the basis of rule of law and good governance of a country. The major findings of the paper are: rule of law is one of the most crucial elements of good governance and judiciary is a very vital institution of government to establish rule of law in a country. Judicial activism is such an approach, where, there is no need to file a writ by the affected person directly. Any legally conscious person or organization has the right to writ on behalf of affected rights or public interest. It has also found that the role of NGOs or human rights defender organizations is crucial for adjudicating public interest litigation to promote and protect individual rights as well as to uphold the spirit of rule of law. In Bangladesh, most of the PIL cases are filled by human rights defenders organizations (e.g.: BELA, BLAST and ASK) and some other NGOs. Apart from this, delay and log jam of cases is another crucial problem of Bangladesh judiciary which appears in few cases of this paper. This is one of the major impediments of fair and speedy justice delivery, which ultimately creates room for more corruption and violation of human rights in Bangladesh
Demystifying Nonparticipation of the Rural Poor in MFIs in Bangladesh: An Empirical Evidence (Review Completed - Accepted)
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the factors affecting nonparticipation of the rural poor in MFIs in Bangladesh. To this aim, the study investigated the measurement and predictive structure of multiple components of attitudes (fear and preference), subjective norms (religious leaders, spouse and friends) and perceived behavioral control (PBC; resources, knowledge and illness) in the domain of microfinance and its nonparticipation. The study postulated eight factors from the microfinance literature which are modeled together in examining nonparticipation of the rural poor in MFIs in Bangladesh. Data were collected based on stratified random sampling procedure through face to face interview from the respondents of 280 nonparticipating rural poor from six major areas of Bangladesh. The Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) along with AMOS was employed in analyzing data. Among the eight variables only four variables such as fear of getting into risk of loan, individual preference of taking loan, insufficient resources and ill-health or vulnerability to crises were appeared statistically significant for influencing the poor villagers’ intention to participation in MFIs in rural arena. Besides, intention and all the three constructs of PBC were found statistically significant to directly influence the participation behavior of the rural poor in Bangladesh.