Tag Archives: Bangladesh

Distribution System of Aci Rice Seeds: An Agribusiness Model in Bangladesh (Published)

The aim of this report is to investigate the current distribution system of ACI rice seed and propose an effective distribution model for delivering seeds.  The study collected the demand and truck fare data from ACI seed and analyzed their current distribution system’s shortcomings. After analyzing the process, the study found that distance saving matrix with vehicle scheduling method will be appropriate for the distribution of the rice seeds. The study shows how the method will be applied in distribution system and how it will make positive changes in their logistic system. After working with the data of a full season, the study gives a result of 43.62% decrease in distribution cost which will decrease the major operational cost as well. The result indicates that their current distribution system is ineffective and they have much scope to develop in their distribution sector. ACI seed is recommended to follow this distribution method to increase their operation efficiency.

Keywords: ACI seed, Bangladesh, agribusiness model, distribution system model

Performance Evaluation of Chinese Companies across Various Sectors in Bangladesh Business and Built Environment (Published)

Bangladesh is a country with about 168million people with a GDP growth of 6.5% 2004. This is due to its market-based economy which is the 43rd largest in the world in nominal terms, and 30th largest by purchasing power parity. With its geographical location, economic and population fundamentals, it has attract foreign direct investment (FDI) allowing it full participation in regional and continental development partnerships with its neighbors especially China. China viewed Bangladesh as a crucial and vital partner to its regional development plans especially to its land locked western region. These led to Chinese companies entering the Bangladesh economic sectors to invest and execute projects. However, these Chinese companies must take (or have taken) into cognizance the labour laws, the available & the level of human capacity, the business terrain, the cultural ramifications of the Bangladesh workforce, also the priorities and dynamic government policies. These will influence the performances and overall success of collaborations across various sectors. The study evaluated the performances of Chinese Companies across Various of Bangladesh. It also provides a summary of the main findings in line with the research problem and the research aim. The literature reviewed led to identification of the twelve sectors. The evaluations and assessment show that the performance of Chinese companies across the twelve sectors varies accordingly and that they have a very good performance across eight sectors and satisfactorily / fair across four sectors. These performances are influenced by the levels of collaborations of Bangladeshi people, government and country towards the Chinese companies across various sectors. Altogether, and over some time will lead to better understanding of each other’s work habit, culture, barriers and differences that may will boost the performances of the Chinese companies in future collaborations.

Keywords: Bangladesh, Business, China, Collaborations, Development, Human Resources, Performance, Sectors

Perspectives Of Microcredit: A Catalyst for Women’s Empowerment in Rural Bangladesh (Published)

Women’s empowerment has become a global affair in the contemporary discourse for the developing countries.  This paper examined the impact of microcredit schemes on women’s empowerment in rural Bangladesh. The data was collected from 324 rural women borrowers on a field study from four villages in the district of Tangail, Bangladesh through the administration of questionnaires. This research was conducted during the period of July to December 2016. Data was also collected from women non-borrowers to compare the impact between borrowers and control-group. Data has been analyzed by SPSS software and also Logistic Regression is used to estimate the impact of empowerment of women after participating in microcredit program. A significant outcome of this research showed that microcredit has a positive impact on women’s empowerment and promotes microcredit borrowers women to participate in the household decision-making process through acquiring the self-esteem, business skills and confidence level.

Keywords: Bangladesh, Impact, Microcredit, Rural Women, Women’s Empowerment

International Legal Framework and Animal Welfare: Participation of Bangladesh (Published)

Animals are significantly important for our mother earth because the existence of many species depend on the continued survival of others and it is predominant to ensure the conservation and sustainable management of animal resources. This research work tries to kindle on the existing international initiatives covering animal welfare, nevertheless a comprehensive and universal global treaty may not be proved effective in all aspects of international initiatives will be proved useful in case of migratory animals, endangered species and trading of animals whose range extends beyond national boundaries. This research work analyses the current situation and achievements to date of the major international instrument in addressing the threats posed wild animal, marine animals, domestic animals and migratory species. This article also tries to explain the challenges which these instruments face and parallelly addresses the participation of Bangladesh in these international treaties. This research work also outlines the potential scope for further development and seeks to demonstrate that the national animal management system should be flourished in the light of international standard.  

Keywords: Animal Rights, Animal Welfare, Bangladesh, International Instrument

Quality Educators for Every Child: A Pilot Professional Development Intervention in Bangladesh (Published)

Over the past two decades, best practice teaching methods have been the subject of education reform around the world. Quality Educators for Every Child (QE4EC) was an exclusive intervention in Bangladesh aimed to deliver flexible professional development for primary school teachers, focusing on pedagogical skills in the classroom (how to teach) rather than subject skills (what to teach). The endline study focused primarily on the three National Teaching Standards (Pedagogical Knowledge, Classroom Management and Assessment) and sought to measure change and improvement against the benchmark of teacher competencies established during the baseline study. This study highlights the findings from the endline survey and presents background information on the quality of education and teaching in Bangladesh. Endline findings are organized according to the three national teaching standards of focus. Finally, presents recommendations for the teachers and head teachers of the primary schools, as well as policymakers and education administrators in Bangladesh.

Keywords: Bangladesh, Child, Educators, Intervention, Teachers

Production Performance of Mango in Dinajpur District of Bangladesh (A Case Study at Sadar Upazilla) (Published)

A study was conducted to identify the status of mango production, mango varieties produced, and problems confronted by the growers and to explore their relationship with some selected characteristics. Data were collected from randomly selected 105 mango growers from eight selected villages of sadar upazila under Dinajpur district through personal interview during March to August, 2008. Data were collected on age, education, family size, farm size, land used in mango production, annual income, experience and knowledge on mango production, varieties and number of mango trees and so on. Relationship between the selected characteristics and dependent variables was done by Pearson’s product moment co-efficient of correlation. In the study, 30 germplasm of mango were identified. Baramashi droop was found as the only year round variety. Gopalbhog holds the first position (15.90%) according to rank of recognized mango varieties based on their availability in respondents’ farm. About three fourths (77.10 %) and more than the same (70.50 %) of the respondents had medium mango production and income respectively. Majority ((75.20 %) of the growers confronted medium problems. Although respondents certified that Dinajpur district is profitable in respect of mango production but further study should be taken place with other variables and characteristics that related to farmers in mango production in different upazillas of Dinajpur district. 

 

Keywords: Bangladesh, Income, Mango Production, Respondents farm, Variety

A Comparative Study of the Pedagogy of Learner-centred Education in Bangladesh and India with Special Reference to Cultural Dimensions (Published)

This paper has addressed an important policy issue of two countries – Bangladesh and India, with regard to educational reform since both the countries consider Learner-centred Education central to long-term educational change. The comparative study is based upon Hofstede’s Cultural Dimensions framework. The analysis shows some similarities along with some dissimilarities in matter of pedagogical implications of Learner-centred Education in these countries. The study gives the guideline to the researchers and policy makers. 

Keywords: Bangladesh, Cultural Dimensions, India, Learner-centred Education

Structural and administrative reform in the management of Bangladesh Railway (Published)

Bangladesh Railway sector requires huge reforms in every knock and corners of the sector. Presently, corruption, nepotism, politicisation, poor client service, mismanagement, lack of efficient and skilled employee are the main scenario of the Bangladesh railway system. To enhance the efficiency of the services huge reform in structure and administration of the service is required. This can be done by horizontal and vertical decentralisation. In addition, outsourcing and merit based recruitment, better incentives and result based budgeting for each sector will promote the efficient service of railways. However, corrupted management, trade and labour union and political parties may create resistance and delay the reform project implementation. The proposed reform may improve the management and structure of railway and ensure efficient service for the country

Keywords: Administration, Bangladesh, Management, Railway, Reform

Dynamic Roles of ESL Teachers in Fostering Effective Autonomous Learning (Published)

How to motivate English language learners’ – is an age old question; yet, it is even more necessary to figure out how to encourage ESL learners to take charge of their own learning. In Bangladesh, English is taught as second language, but the pathways to success in teaching English to the Bangladeshi learners are rather challenging as there are no specific formula. Thus the paper tries to explore whether and to what extent diverse roles of teachers can enhance students’ acquisition of second language through autonomous learning. This study combines both qualitative and quantitative research methods where research paradigm is pragmatic. Finally, the paper shows that dynamic roles of teachers at tertiary level in Bangladesh can certainly be successful in implementation of autonomous learning among students enabling them to take responsibilities of learning in their own hands for getting prepared to face the challenges of the competitive world outside the classroom

Keywords: Autonomous Learning, Bangladesh, Dynamic role of teachers, English as Second language, Successful Implementation, Tertiary level

Mainstreaming Adaptation to Climate Change into Policy and Development: Case Study on Agriculture and Sustainable Food Security in Bangladesh (Published)

Our proposed study set up a long-term national climate adaptation framework for Bangladeshi policy makers. Outcomes of this research absolutely lead to measure the public perception, attitudes and understanding of the level of knowledge and the aspirations and expectations of publics with regard to how they adapted to a changing climate.  This study also identify if there are significant relationship between public perceptions and attitudes of climate change and efficient adaptation framework and plans to introduce some ideas. and concepts on the challenges toward the perceptions and policies as tools for achieving long-term solutions to climate change for the national policy framework.  More specific outcomes are a) understanding of public perceptions, attitudes towards climate change and their adaptation capacity in agriculture, industry and service sectors b) achievement of efficient national  adaptation framework c) enhanced knowledge on future climate change impacts and better capacity building on the long run integrated economic development and finally and d) recommendations and policy tools for achieving long-term solutions to climate change for the national policy framework.

Keywords: Agriculture, Bangladesh, Climate Change, Mainstreaming Adaptation, Policy And Development, Sustainable Food Security

Mainstreaming Adaptation to Climate Change into Policy and Development: Case Study on Agriculture and Sustainable Food Security in Bangladesh (Published)

Our proposed study set up a long-term national climate adaptation framework for Bangladeshi policy makers. Outcomes of this research absolutely lead to measure the public perception, attitudes and understanding of the level of knowledge and the aspirations and expectations of publics with regard to how they adapted to a changing climate.  This study also identify if there are significant relationship between public perceptions and attitudes of climate change and efficient adaptation framework and plans to introduce some ideas. and concepts on the challenges toward the perceptions and policies as tools for achieving long-term solutions to climate change for the national policy framework.  More specific outcomes are a) understanding of public perceptions, attitudes towards climate change and their adaptation capacity in agriculture, industry and service sectors b) achievement of efficient national  adaptation framework c) enhanced knowledge on future climate change impacts and better capacity building on the long run integrated economic development and finally and d) recommendations and policy tools for achieving long-term solutions to climate change for the national policy framework.

Keywords: Agriculture, Bangladesh, Climate Change, Development, Food Security, Policy

Role of Cottage Industry in the Economic Development of Bangladesh: An Empirical Study (Published)

Economic development generally refers to the quantitative and qualitative changes in the economy to promote the standard of living and economic health of a specific area. This article focuses on the role of cottage industry in economic development. We have identified various factors of economic development on which the cottage industry is contributing a lot. To explain it we have collected primary data through structured questionnaire. This paper also discusses the problems associated with cottage industry. Five sectors of cottage industry have been included into this study. This paper focuses on the contribution of each sector to the economic development of Bangladesh. Finally, some recommendations are put forth for the development of cottage industry so that this industry can thrive and contribute more to the economic development of Bangladesh.

Keywords: Bangladesh, Cottage Industry, Economic Development

Investigating the Performance of SME Sector in Bangladesh: An Evaluative Study (Published)

Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) are recognized worldwide as engines of economic growth. The commonly perceived merits often emphasized for their promotion especially in the developing countries like Bangladesh include their relatively high labor intensity, dependence on indigenous skills and technology, contributions to entrepreneurship development and innovativeness and growth of industrial linkages. The aim of this paper is to assess the performance and contribution of Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) in the development of Bangladesh. Descriptive statistical tools were used to assess the performance and productivity of SMEs. Study results revealed that SMEs have noteworthy contribution to GDP (gross domestic product), employment generation, poverty alleviation, women empowerment and small and cottage industry sector. It is also found that the performance of SMEs is not satisfactory enough of the country may be due to lack of sufficient financing, lack of skilled workers and political instability. The authors also tried to recommend some suggestions for overcoming the lacking.

Keywords: Bangladesh, GDP, Performance analysis, SME

IMPROVEMENT POWER FAILURE AND PROTECT SUSTAINABILITY OF THE ENVIRONMENT IN BANGLADESH BY THE RENEWABLE ENERGY: REVIEW (Published)

Developing countries are without compromising the environment, environmentally friendly, economic development of Bangladesh is a burning issue and requires a large supply of power. The use of fossil fuels is limited, solar, wind; biomass renewable energy sources such as hydro power limit option might be compensated for the other countries of similar power crisis in Bangladesh are not separated. From the power supply grid connected through three quarters (76%) of the people of Bangladesh. No doubt it is natural gas that has been limited to using a variety of purposes. Mean energy demand alarm output gap is expected to increase exponentially. Despite expectations that renewable energy sources are now in this country, you only have a 0.3% share of renewable energy in the total energy supply. In this article, not only, however, for future use in Bangladesh and the state of renewable energy that can be obtained in Bangladesh to review the renewable energy technologies. It will also try to show that the direction of future research, the use of renewable energy to meet future needs.

Keywords: Bangladesh, Electricity generation, Fossil Fuel, Renewable Energy, Sustainability

INTERACTION AMONG EDUCATION, EMPLOYMENT, FDI AND GDP GROWTH IN BANGLADESH- AN ECONOMETRIC ANALYSIS (Published)

This paper has addressed a very important policy question of Bangladesh. This examines the causality among education, employment, FDI and GDP growth in Bangladesh by using time series data from 1980 to 2013. Augmented Dickey-Fuller (ADF) and Phillips-Perron (PP) unit root tests show that the time series data is stationary at first difference. Then, the Johansen cointegration analysis indicates that the variables have strong, positive and significant linear relationship between them at .05 level of significance. Granger causality test found the unidirectional causality between employment and literacy rate and also between literacy rate and FDI. Again this empirical Granger causality test found that employment and FDI Granger causes GDP in unidirectional way. Finally, the Vector Error Correction Model (VECM) is also used to check the short and long run equilibrium relationships among the variables and the significant results have been found. This study gives the guideline to the researchers and policy makers.

Keywords: Bangladesh, Education, Employment, FDI, GDP growth

INTERACTION AMONG EDUCATION, EMPLOYMENT, FDI AND GDP GROWTH IN BANGLADESH: AN ECONOMETRIC ANALYSIS (Published)

This paper has addressed a very important policy question of Bangladesh. This examines the causality among education, employment, FDI and GDP growth in Bangladesh by using time series data from 1980 to 2013. Augmented Dickey-Fuller (ADF) and Phillips-Perron (PP) unit root tests show that the time series data is stationary at first difference. Then, the Johansen cointegration analysis indicates that the variables have strong, positive and significant linear relationship between them at .05 level of significance. Granger causality test found the unidirectional causality between employment and literacy rate and also between literacy rate and FDI. Again this empirical Granger causality test found that employment and FDI Granger causes GDP in unidirectional way. Finally, the Vector Error Correction Model (VECM) is also used to check the short and long run equilibrium relationships among the variables and the significant results have been found. This study gives the guideline to the researchers and policy makers.

Keywords: Bangladesh, Education, Employment, FDI, GDP growth

THE EFFECT OF RAINFALL, TEMPERATURE AND HUMIDITY ON SALINE IN THE SOUTHERN AREA OF BANGLADESH (Published)

A study was taken to measure the effect of rainfall, temperature and humidity on salinity area as well as to project the future trend of increasing saline area in the southern area of Bangladesh. Patuakhali district was selected as study area for the study. Secondary data such as temperature, saline area, relative humidity, rainfall, etc. were used in the experiment. The results showed that minimum temperature and relative humidity has the positive effect whereas rainfall and maximum temperature has the negative effect on decreasing the soil salinity. The study projects that the saline area would be increasing trend in future. Therefore mitigation measures could be taken to prevent the salinity in the coastal area.

Keywords: Bangladesh, Humidity, Rainfall, Saline, Temperature

TO IMPROVE POWER FAILURE AND PROTECT SUSTAINABILITY OF THE ENVIRONMENT IN BANGLADESH BY THE RENEWABLE ENERGY (Published)

Developing countries are without compromising the environment, environmentally friendly, economic development of Bangladesh is a burning issue and requires a large supply of power. The use of fossil fuels is limited, solar, wind; biomass renewable energy sources such as hydro power limit option might be compensated for the other countries of similar power crisis in Bangladesh are not separated. From the power supply grid connected through three quarters (76%) of the people of Bangladesh. No doubt it is natural gas that has been limited to using a variety of purposes. Mean energy demand alarm output gap is expected to increase exponentially. Despite expectations that renewable energy sources are now in this country, you only have a 0.3% share of renewable energy in the total energy supply. In this article, not only, however, for future use in Bangladesh and the state of renewable energy that can be obtained in Bangladesh to review the renewable energy technologies. It will also try to show that the direction of future research, the use of renewable energy to meet future needs.

Keywords: Bangladesh, Electricity generation, Fossil Fuel, Renewable Energy, Sustainability

FACTORS INFLUENCING JOB SATISFACTION OF THE EMPLOYEES OF TANNERY INDUSTRY IN BANGLADESH (Published)

The tannery industry is one of the major raw material and finished good supplier industries which have a significant impact on economy of Bangladesh. The main objective of this study is to evaluate the factors which are responsible for influencing employees’ job satisfaction. The analysis of this study revealed that salary and incentive are the most important factors for influencing job satisfaction of employees. Salary is most important, but working condition, supervisor supports, appraisal technique, work training, grievance handling, safety provision, and work life balance are crucial factors for determining employees’ job satisfaction. This paper draws relationship among various factors and presents a conclusion with a suggestion for improving employees’ job satisfaction level.

Keywords: Appraisal Technique, Bangladesh, Job Satisfaction, Salary & Incentive, Supervisor Support, Tannery, Work Life Balance, Work Training, Working Condition

NGO LAWS IN BANGLADESH: THE NEED TO HARMONIZE (Published)

In recent years, although the national Non-Government Organizations (NGO) have become vital items on the development agenda of the Bangladeshi government, however, there is still no single uniform law and authority for regulating and monitoring this sector. The current laws fail to regulate the operation of the sector and that is a big threat to the healthy growth of the organizations to serve the society. This paper will select, analyze and compare the existing statutory laws regarding the regulation of NGOs in Bangladesh. In addition, this paper will critically examine the inadequacies of the existing legal structure to specifically highlight the need to devise a legal framework that both facilitates the operational activities of an NGO and regulates its governance. Finally, the paper will recommend the framing of a modern uniform NGO law in Bangladesh that can commensurately serve the public. Qualitative and quantitative analytical research methods have been applied primarily; besides, a non-doctrinal method has also been applied in this paper

Keywords: Bangladesh, NGO, Non-Government, Organization, Regulation