Tag Archives: awareness

Towards an Improved Method of Merchandising Indigo Dyed Fabrics in Abeokuta Metropolis (Published)

The study is a novel research into the merchandising of indigo fabric in Abeokuta, Ogun state Nigeria. The study population was in two major categories; the consumers of the products and the traditional indigo merchants. The sample frame for the indigo merchant was 69 while the calculated number of end users, using cochran equation was 385. The data collected for the study were analyzed using descriptive statistic. The results obtained were presented, analyzed and discussed in tables and the statistical package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 11 was employed in the data analyses and interpretation. The result shows that there was adequate awareness of indigo dyed fabrics in Abeokuta despite the patronage is low. This is as a result of inadequate merchandising techniques, inadequate market spread, high price, poor packaging and design that are not market oriented but stereotyped.

Keywords: Patronage, Techniques, awareness, fabric, indigo, merchandising

The Extent of Awareness and Adoption of UNESCO Conservation Guidelines Restoration Practices by the University Library Staff in South –East Nigeria (Published)

This study is to find out the extent of awareness and adoption of UNESCO Conservation Guidelines restoration practices by the university library staff in south east Nigeria. The instrument for data collection was questionnaire.  The statistical tests used in the data analysis included the summated score and t-test. The research questions were analyzed using the Summated score while the hypotheses were tested using the t-test. The result shows that university library staff extent of awareness of UNESCO restoration practices is accepted as being above average for only three (3) out of the twenty-two (22) items considered under UNESCO restoration practices. The accepted items are those with mean scores greater than the expected value of 3.00 on a 5-point Likert scale. We therefore conclude that there is a significant difference between university library staff extent of awareness and extent of adoption of UNESCO restoration practices. Furthermore, the result also indicates that the overall extent of awareness of UNESCO restoration practices by university library staff is 1.94 with a standard deviation of 0.27 on a 5-point Likert scale. The computed t-value is −64.540 with an associated significance probability of 1.0000, which is greater than 0.05. Thus, the test is not significance at 5% level of significance, since P>0.05. We therefore conclude that the extent of awareness of restoration practices in the UNESCO Conservation Guidelines by university library staff in South-East Nigeria is below average. The result also shows that the university library staff extent of adoption of UNESCO restoration practices is accepted as being above average for only three (3) out of the twenty-two (22) items considered under UNESCO restoration practices. The accepted items are those with mean scores greater than the expected value of 3.00 on a 5-point Likert scale. Furthermore, the reslt also indicates that the overall extent of adoption of UNESCO restoration practices by university library staff is 1.57 with a standard deviation of 0.15 on a 5-point Likert scale. The computed t-value is −155.561 with an associated significance probability of 1.0000, which is greater than 0.05. Thus, the test is not significance at 5% level of significance, since P>0.05. We therefore conclude that the extent of adoption of restoration practices in the UNESCO Conservation Guidelines by university library staff in South-East Nigeria is below average. Based on the findings, we recommends that: Government should sponsor Library staff to workshops, seminars and conferences nationally and internationally on the UNESCO Conservation Guidelines for acquisition of better Knowledge needed in using the UNESCO Conservation Guidelines.The university should provide an enabling environment to help the university library staff work effectively and use the UNESCO Conservation Guidelines in their restoration practices. The University Library staff should visit other Institutions of higher learning that uses UNESCO Conservation Guidelines for better knowledge, improvement and greater productivity.

Keywords: Adoption, Extent, Staff, awareness, restoration practices

The Level of Awareness, Knowledge and Infringement on Copyright at the University of Ibadan, Nigeria (Published)

The encouragement of intellectual creation is one of the basic prerequisites for social, economic and cultural development of any nation. Copyright was instituted to inspire authors towards more creativity by enabling them to harness the full benefit of their works; however there are issues associated with the compliance on copyright rules. There is a dare need to stem the overwhelming tide of copyright infringement activities going on across the globe. This study examines the level of awareness, knowledge and infringement on copyright at the University of Ibadan. Questionnaire instrument was used for data collection. The population used in the study comprises 150 academic and senior staff of University of Ibadan, Nigeria. The study found that there is low level of awareness and knowledge on copyright matters, as many of the respondents were unfamiliar with matters relating to copyright. The study identified a high level of infringement on copyright in University of Ibadan. The study further advocated for intensive sensitization on copyright matters and enforcement of copyright law within University of Ibadan community in order to strengthen copyright protection.

Keywords: Knowledge, Nigeria, awareness, copyright, university of Ibadan

Awareness and Experience of School Library Usage among Undergraduate Students: A Review of the Literature (Published)

Tertiary institutions have academic libraries attached to them with the mandate to preserve and provide access to knowledge and information and support the mission of their parent institutions but before getting introduced to the academic library, users must have passed through a primary and secondary school expected to have a school library. The mission and goal of a typical school library is to ensure that students and staff are able to use ideas and information of the school library media center and have equitable access to books, reading space, information, and information technology. This is expected to help prepare students to live and learn in a world of information and their perception of the school library, its image, services and importance, which goes a long way in making them lifelong learners and potential users of other library types. Ironically, one still finds in Nigeria, some primary and secondary schools being run without libraries. This paper therefore discussed the extent of school library awareness and experience and its possible effects on the library usage by undergraduate students. Specifically, it discussed school library awareness and experience as well as library usage among the undergraduate students; and concluded on the extent to which school library awareness and experience are determinants of library usage among undergraduate students

Keywords: Academic Library, Experience, School library., Undergraduate Students, awareness, library usage

Awareness and Use of Institutional Repository for Academic Staff output in Tertiary Institutions (Published)

The paper is on Awareness and Use of Institutional Repository for Academic Staff output in Tertiary Institutions.  The use of IRs by academic staff is beneficial to the individual lecturer, library, host institution and society at large. The benefits of IR to individual lecturers include increased dissemination and impact of scholarship, enhanced professional visibility due to broader dissemination and increased use of publications. Others are: storage and access to a wide range of materials, greater security and long-term preservation of materials and the building of a central archive of a researcher’s work. Institutional repositories have been established in academic and research libraries. University based institutional repositories manage, disseminate, and preserve where appropriate, digital materials created by the institution and its community members. The paper discussed awareness, use and benefit of IRs, academic staff attitude towards intellectual work deposit in IRs and challenges of IRs in our academic community. Based on the literature in area of the problems that face academic libraries in Nigeria, the researchers made some recommendations

Keywords: Benefits, Institutional Repository, Use, academic staff and output, awareness

Gap Analysis of Customer Expectation and Perception of Professionalism among Nigeria Police Officers: The SERVICOM Perspective (Published)

This paper investigated gap analysis of customer expectation and perception of professionalism among Nigeria police officers: the SERVICOM perspective. The study specifically examined the effect of SERVICOM on professionalism of service as well as gap between customer expectation and perception of Nigeria police service. Descriptive survey design was adopted through which structured questionnaire was used to collect data from the field. The population of the study comprised of all police officers from all ranks and files within Ekiti and Ondo States as well as consumers of police services. Convenience sampling technique was used to select 4,000 respondents which included 2,000 police officers from different ranks and files as well as 2,000 consumers of police services within the two states. Descriptive statistics was used to analyze the research questions while t-test and Chi-square (ᵪ2) were used to test hypothesis one and two respectively. The level of significance was set at 5%. Findings revealed that there was significant difference between customers’ expectation and perception regarding the quality of service provided by the Nigeria Police Force. It was therefore recommended among others that Regulatory authorities in the Nigerian Police Force should take steps to ensure that the operations of the Force are, to some extent, consistent with the expectations of customers as this will help to minimize the discrepancies between customers’ expectation of services and the actual service realized from the Force.

Keywords: Nigeria police, Reliability, Servicom, Tangibility, awareness, professionalism

Awareness and Attitude towards Utilization of Reproductive Health Services among Adolescents in Calabar Municipality (Published)

Purpose: The main focus of this study was awareness and attitude towards utilization of Reproductive health services among adolescents in Calabar Municipality. Objectives: In order to successfully carry out the study, the following objectives were formulated to guide the study. To determine the level of awareness of adolescents towards utilization of reproductive health services in Calabar municipality. To assess the attitudes of adolescents towards utilization of reproductive health services in Calabar municipality. To identify the barriers of adolescents towards utilization of reproductive health services in Calabar municipality. Literature: Literature, was reviewed based on the research variables, Methods: the research instrument used in collecting data for analysis was a questionnaire which was administered on one hundred and fifty (150) adolescents in Calabar Municipality who served as sample for the study. Their responses were analyzed using frequencies, percentage and Pearson product moment correlation analysis and the following results were obtained. Results: in table 3 indicate that 50(33.3%) of the respondents strongly agreed that they did not like reproductive health services because of its complications to health while 3(2%) agreed, 84(56%) of the respondents strongly disagreed while 13 (8.6%) of the respondents disagreed. 40(26.6%) of the respondents strongly agreed, that they like reproductive health services because it prevents unwanted pregnancy, 44(29.3) disagreed, 60(40) of the respondents strongly disagreed while 6(4%) disagreed. 8(26.6%) strongly agreed that they love going to hospital because the nurses there will explain different methods of reproductive health services to them 90(60%) agreed, while 2(1.3%) strongly disagreed, 50(33.3%) disagreed. 80(53.5%) of the respondents strongly agreed that they love reproductive health services because they do not want to be pregnant, 8(5.3%) agreed, 60(40%) strongly disagreed and 2(1.3%) disagreed. 30(20%) of the respondents strongly disagreed that most adolescent choose the wrong method because it offers an appropriate method to each  adolescent 30(20%)  disagreed while 45(30%) agreed, 45(30%) strongly agreed. 45(30%)  of the respondents strongly agreed that most women choose the wrong method because of improper counseling based on culture religion and ignorance 30(20) agreed while 30(20%) strongly disagreed and 45(30%) disagreed. Conclusion: Reproductive health services   were   accessible   to   adolescents   in   Calabar Municipality. And most adolescents were aware of the reproductive health services but fail to utilize it. There is no significant relationship between attitude of reproductive health services and adolescents   utilization of reproductive health; Reproductive health services were available to the public for use. There is no significant relationship between barriers of reproductive health services and adolescents utilization of reproductive health services. Nevertheless, it was concluded that Local   Government   authorities   should   organize   enlightenment campaigns, to educate adolescents in the area on the importance of reproductive health services.


Keywords: Adolescence, Reproductive Health, Utilization, attitude, awareness

Factors Influencing Students’ Achievement in Mathematics Word Problems: A case of Federal College of Forestry, Ibadan, Nigeria (Published)

This article examined factors which contribute to the mathematics word problem achievement of National Diploma Students’ of Federal College of Forestry. The study was designed specifically to consider the students’ profile (gender, interest in mathematics, attitude towards mathematics and awareness of importance of mathematics to their course of study) as well as their performance in English courses. Data were collected using students’ profile questionnaire, their scores in English courses (GNS 101 and GNS 102) and Mathematics (MTH 111). A correlational analysis showed that the relationship between the respective students’ profile and performance in English courses with achievement in mathematics word problem were significant. Result revealed that all the variables contributed significantly to students’ achievement in mathematics word problem. It is therefore recommended that all these factors should be well treated and made right in order to boast students’ brilliant performance in mathematics word problems in the Colleges.

Keywords: Attitude Towards Mathematics, Interest in mathematics, Performance in English, awareness, mathematics achievement

Influence of Mass Media Campaigns on Breast Cancer Knowledge among Women in Enugu State (Published)

Breast cancer remains a major killer of women globally. Medical literature suggests that early detection could led to complete cure. Owing to the fact that early detection is dependent on women’s levels of awareness and knowledge, several media campaigns have been lunched. However, one wonders the effectiveness of these campaigns on the knowledge and behaviour of women in Enugu State. This study, therefore, set out to ascertain the contributions of mass media to breast cancer knowledge among women in Enugu State. Survey research method was employed with questionnaire and interview guide as the measuring instruments. Cochran sampling technique was used to determine the sample size which stood at 384 based on a population of 1,671,795 women in Enugu State. The sample was randomly selected while Statistical Package for Social Sciences was used to analyze the data collected. The findings showed a positive relationship between level of education and information seeking from the mass media about breast cancer. Radio was found to be the most predominant medium used by the women.  In this study, it is recommended that government should intensify media messages on breast cancer in the state, especially in the rural communities where most of the non-literate women reside. Future studies should focus on expanding the scope of this study to South – Eastern parts of Nigeria

Keywords: Breast cancer, Health, Knowledge, Media Campaigns, awareness

Awareness and Utilization of Databases Subscribed to by FUTO Library among FUTO Academic Staff (Published)

This paper is an attempt to study the issues of database Awareness and utilization by Academic Staff members in Federal University of Technology, Owerri with a view to study the exposure of Academics staff to the University’s subscribed database resources. It also aims to bring to light the challenges that confront the users and recommend some remedial measures for its improvement. A test-retest reliability method of two weeks interval was conducted, response obtained were subjected to Pearson Product Moment Correlation method and a reliability co-efficient of 0.78 was obtained. The Random Sampling Technique together with a Questionnaire was used for data collection on 100 out of a population size of 1,003 academic staff members and only 74 responded giving a response rate of 74 percent.Descriptive and inferential Statistics including Frequencies count, charts, mean score, Relative Important index (R.I.I) and Percentages were used in reporting the findings. The study confirmed that the level of awareness of the subscribed electronic information resources or databases by the Library Management is rather low as well as that of the level of utilization. The paper records that the reasons why academic staff members of the Federal University of Technology, Owerri use databases; were mainly for research (48%) and current awareness (49%). It suggests further for an improvement in the training of the academic staff members , efficient power supply, and access to facilities with high Internet speed and subscription to more databases (e-resources) by the University Library.

Keywords: Academic, Database, Subscribed, Utilization, awareness

Predicting Consumer Adoption of Point Of Sale (POS) E-Payment System in Nigeria Using Extended Technology Acceptance Model (Published)

This study is concerned with Predicting Consumer Adoption of Point of Sale (POS) e-Payment System in Nigeria Using Extended Technology Acceptance Model. We extended the TAM by adding two variables: consumer awareness and security of operations to ascertain how they predict the original TAM constructs: PU and PEOU to predict POS adoption. The study was based on a sample of 400 respondents in Awka, Nigeria; of which 234 responded. Questionnaire was the instrument for data collection and was designed with five point likert scale. Four items were used to measure each of the variables. The analysis was done with SEM with the aid of AMOS 23 software. This study has established that PEOU and PU positively and significantly impact POS adoption in Nigeria. It also demonstrated that security impacts PEOU positively and significantly but insignificantly on PU. Consumer awareness (CA) significantly and positively impact PU but impact on PEOU is not significant. The study has implications for research and practice. Further researches should be conducted with further extensions to show the mediation and or moderation impacts of the two variables

Keywords: E-Payment., Perceived Ease of Use, Perceived Usefulness, SEM, Security, awareness

Evaluating the Awareness and Perceptions of English Teachers in using E-Learning Tools for Teaching in Saudi High Schools (Published)

The study was carried out to evaluate English teachers’ awareness and perceptions in using e-learning tools. In this study, a total of 22 English teachers from Yanbu educational department participated in the online survey. The majority of the participants (77.3%) are male. Different e-learning parameters were measured like; skill in using educational technology, teachers’ personal use of technology, type of technology used in the classroom, e-learning confidence, barriers to e-learning, perceived effectiveness of e-learning, and willingness to adopt e-learning tools for teaching. The result of the study showed that English teachers are aware and familiar with popular e-learning tools and perceived its usefulness in teaching and learning. Moreover, teachers were faced with some barriers that prevent them to employ technology in the classroom like; lack of reliable Internet connectivity, lack of training, inadequate devices for both teachers and students, and shortage of class time needed to integrate technology in classroom. The study recommends among other things to provide training programs, workshops and seminars to improve teachers’ skills in integrating technology. Furthermore, it suggest to equip schools with a reliable Internet connectivity and technology devices and to provide teachers with enough time to prepare for using e-learning tools.

Keywords: E-Learning Tools, English Teachers, Perceptions, Saudi Arabia, awareness

An Investigation into the Awareness of the Labour Act in Ghanaian Public Industries – The Case of Ghana Water Company Limited (Published)

The purpose of this study is to investigate into the awareness of the Labour Act, 2003 (Act 651). Questionnaires and semi-structured interview were used to solicit both qualitative and quantitative data from the Ashanti Regional Branch of the Ghana Water Company Limited. The study revealed that 71 (46%), were not aware of the existence of the Act. The study concludes that awareness of the Labour Act at GWCL is not up to the level expected. It is also recommended that management should institute annual labour week observation to educate employees; staff should be encouraged to acquire copies the Labour Act. The National Labour Commission should established regional and district offices to intensify labour inspections.

Keywords: Ghana Water Company Limited, Labour Act, Public Industries, awareness

An Assessment of Undergraduates’ Nutrition Awareness Level on the Scourge of Cancer as a Current Devastating Phenomenon in Nigeria (Published)

The prevalence of cancer continues to increase in Nigeria. The factors that appear to be most responsible are poor nutrition and sedentary lifestyle. Therefore, this study examined the undergraduates’ nutrition awareness level on the scourge of cancer as a current devastating phenomenon in Nigeria. A descriptive research design was adopted for the study. A total of 600 undergraduates were selected through stratified and random sampling techniques from 3 universities in Ogun State, Nigeria. A self-developed questionnaire and pilot-tested was used to collect relevant data from the respondents. The data gathered from the study were analysed using descriptive and inferential statistics. The results revealed that Nigerian undergraduates are not well informed on the importance of nutrition in the prevention of cancer. Also, socio-personal characteristics such as gender, discipline, and school type significantly did not influence on how informed the undergraduate students are on disease prevention and making adequate food choices. In view of the outcome of the findings in this study, it is recommended that public health education be intensified to promote people’s awareness of the consequences of poor nutrition and sedentary lifestyle; and making healthy food choices.

Keywords: Cancer, Nutrition, Undergraduates, awareness

Sustainable Development Strides in Nigeria: An Analysis of Climate Change Awareness and Environmental Sustainability (Published)

The paper x-rayed the sustainable development strides in Nigeria: An analysis of climate change awareness and environmental sustainability. It started by looking at the sustainable goals as enshrined in the Millennium Development Goals (MDG) and narrowed it down to environmental sustainability. Furthermore, the paper examined man’s destructive interference in the environment; delicate nature of weather and climate with a critical look at the ozone layer. Subsequently, the nature, causes and consequences of climate change were properly reviewed and man’s efforts to create its awareness and how to mitigate the challenges of the change. Finally, the paper stressed the need for environmental sustainability for the future generations through climate change education and the way forward.

Keywords: Climate Change, Environmental sustainability, Nigeria, Sustainable Development, awareness

Investigation of Level of Arable Crop Farmers Awareness of Soil Degradation in Imo State (Published)

Soil degradation has remained one of the most devastating environmental problems in Imo State. This study investigates the level of farmers’ awareness of soil degradation in Imo State. Data were collected using a structured and validated questionnaire from 342 randomly selected arable crop farmers. Data analyses were carried out using both descriptive and inferential statistical tools such as mean scores and rank order, frequency counts and percentages. Results shows that the majority of the arable crop farmers (70.50%) were females, married (81.29%), had up to secondary education (49.42%) and of average age of 56.80years. over three quarters of the people (80.70%) were members of different social organizations, with farming as their major occupation (62.00%). The result also indicated that almost all the farmers (95.9%) were aware of soil degradation more than half (56.4%) of the respondents have noticed it for a long time and they generally accepted that loss or change in vegetative cover and soil nutrient 2.70% is being observed to a great extent. 35.7% of the respondents classified the area covered by soil degradation in their farms as moderately serious. The study recommends among others that technologies which can help the arable crop farmers ameliorate the effect of soil degradation should be made available to them by the state government since the level of awareness is very high.

Keywords: Arable Crop Farmers, Imo State Nigeria, Soil Degradation, awareness

Climate Change Awareness and Institutional Management Strategies by Principals of Secondary Schools in Anambra State (Published)

One of the basic issues of the present century is Climate change. In the light of this, the study investigated the extent to which secondary school principals in Anambra state consider climate change and its effects in the selection of their institutional management strategy as well as in the preparation of their school time table and curriculum. Two research questions as well as two hypotheses were raised and formulated respectively to guide the study. Questionnaire was used as the instrument for data collection while one sample t-test was adopted for the data analysis. The study revealed that secondary school principals in Anambra state are aware of the existence of climate change in Nigeria. However, they perceived it as a national issue which relatively have no significant relationship with school management and therefore do not significantly consider it in the selection of their institutional management strategy and in the preparation of their school timetable and curriculum. To this end, the study recommended among others the urgent need for climate change awareness programmes to be organized for school principals by Government to sensitize them on the dangers of climate change and its effects if neglected and not duly considered in their various schools in addition to sanctioning school principals who fail to take cognizance of climate change or introduce strategies for curbing its effects in their respective schools.

Keywords: Climate Change, Education and Management strategy, awareness


This study sought to evaluate awareness and knowledge of diabetes mellitus, an important global disease, among staff at a large private university in Botswana. Findings point to a general lack of awareness and knowledge about the disease among the university staff. Respondents consisted of 63% lecturing and 37% non-lecturing staff. The distribution by gender was roughly 50-50. Overall awareness of diabetes mellitus was 66% of respondents awareness being higher for females at (34%) compared to men’s 32%. Knowledge about the important risk factors for diabetes was low. Knowledge about the important symptoms of the disease was not impressive. This is an important factor in early diagnosis and onset of management. Lack of knowledge about curability of the disease was very high at 85% of respondents. Of the possible pathological effects of the disease, respondents seemed to be more aware of the development blindness than others. These statistics may be indicative of a more distributed problem in country given the fact that such results came from “enlightened” members of the community.

Keywords: Diabetes Mellitus, Knowledge, Symptoms, awareness


Perception and level of awareness of HIV/AIDs among women farmers in Ebonyi State, Nigeria was studied. The study employed purposive and multi-stage random sampling techniques in the selection of 120 rural women farmers. Primary data were collected using a well-structured questionnaire and interview schedule. These were analyzed with descriptive and inferential statistics. The result of data analysis showed that majority 38.33 percent of the women farmers fall within age bracket of 26-35 years; their farming experience ranged 5-10 years with 36.67 percent; while their farm size ranged between 1.1-1.5 hectares. Majority 60.82 percent of the women were married and completed primary education with 38.33 percent. Majority 41.67 percent of the farmers live with between 4-6 persons in their household and earned between N80, 000-N100, 000 per annum. About 66.66 percent of the women belonged to 3-4 social organizations. Major sources of information on HIV/AIDs prevention to the rural women were: Ebonyi State Ministry of Health (2.90), religious institutions (3.12), social organizations (2.84), radio (3.67) and Ebonyi State Action Committee on Aids (EBOSACA) (3.66) among others Further analysis indicates that majority 100 percent of the respondents’ perceived that an HIV victim can live long on a special type of drug and hygienic condition (100 percent), HIV/AIDs is a viral disease (91.67 percent) while 85 percent perceived that HIV/AIDs exist and has no cure. All the women in the study area had knowledge of measures of HIV prevention such as total abstinence from sex, having one sex partner and screening of blood before transfusion. Majority 81.67 and 76.67 percent of the respondents were willing to be tested and would recommend it to their friends and family members. It was concluded that though the general level of awareness about HIV/AIDs was high, the perceptions of the respondents were faulty in some cases because of some misconception about causes and therapy to the disease. Necessary recommendations such as intensified awareness creation by the NGOs and concerned agencies, provision of infrastructures as well as education of farmers were made among others.

Keywords: Ebonyi State, HIV/AIDS, Nigeria, Perception, Voluntary Counseling and Testing, Women Farmers, awareness


This study investigated the extent of awareness of virtual learning among students in two public universities in Anambra State. Guided by two research questions, a sample of 640 year three students was used. The survey research design was used. A researcher-developed questionnaire titled “Virtual Learning Awareness Questionnaire” (VLAQ) was used to collect data. The findings indicated that a greater percentage of the students were unaware of what constitutes virtual learning and its’ benefits. There were also differences between male and female students’ awareness of what constitutes virtual learning and its benefits. The findings imply that the students lacked much knowledge of what virtual learning entails and the benefits to their curriculum offerings. Consequently, they are not likely to highly engage in virtual learning to enrich their course curriculum. This could limit their global participation and make them lag behind other students in the international arena. Besides, the extent of awareness was higher for female than male students. There is the implication that this trend would result in gender gap in virtual learning against male students in the future. It was recommended that efforts should be made to improve virtual learning of students and such efforts would need to be targeted at reducing any gender gap and integrating virtual activities in curriculum delivery

Keywords: Benefits, Information and Communication Technology, awareness, curriculum content, global participation, virtual learning