Tag Archives: Availability

Extent of Availability and Utilization of Library Information Resources among Out – Of- School Young Prisoners in South Western Nigeria (Published)

Information is very crucial to the development of mankind. It is also an asset that is necessary to facilitate human activities. It is for this reason that libraries are established to meet information needs of citizens, particularly, those of the out- of – school young prisoners in Nigerian prisons. The study, therefore, attempted an investigation into the availability and utilisation of library resources for the prisoners. The sample was drawn from prison population of prisoners in two major cities randomly selected in South Western Nigeria. The sample drawn was 500 out of the total population of 1,625 in the sampled prisons. Questionnaire titled: Availability and Utilization of Library information Resources for Prisoners ( AULIRPO) was used to collect data on availability and utilization of library information resources by the out- of- school prisoners and descriptive statistics of survey type was employed to analyse the data collected. The result indicated that only newspapers, textbooks, dictionaries and encyclopedias are the only available and frequenly utilised library information resources by the out of school prisoners who are discovered to be in their productive ages of between 45- 54 years. Challenges like inadequate provision of library cresources, poor funding and lack of good building facilities affect prisoners’ utilisation of library information resources. It was concluded that out- of- school prisoners have access to a few library resources and it was recommended that  government should be more sensitive to providing befitting library facilities and relevant library information resources to out- of- school prisoners, among others.

Keywords: Availability, Library Resources, Prisoners, Utilization, out- of- school

Availability and Utilization of School Library Resources by Students in Senior Secondary Schools in Owerri West LGA Imo State (Published)

The general purpose of the study is availability and utilization of school library resources by students in senior secondary schools in Owerri West L.G.A, Imo State.  The survey design research was used for the study.  The researcher constructed three research questions which were analyzed based on mean value differentials. The research adopted census method which was used to investigate 364 students from the senior secondary schools in Owerri West Local Government Area, Imo State. Self constructed and validated questionnaire was used to collect data for this study.  Findings showed that the format of the information resources in the school library of the secondary schools in Owerri West Local Government Area, Imo State is low and that some information resources are not relevant, even though use of the library is dependent on information relevance and information relevance satisfies use of the library. The study recommends that efforts should be made to determine if information resources contain idea that will be valuable and useful to the user before they are acquired and made available to the users.

Keywords: Availability, School library., Utilization, resources

Influence of Poultry Manure on Phosphate Fertilizer Need of Soybean (Glycine Max Merill (L) In Some Selected Alfisols in Benue State. (Published)

Laboratory and pot experiments were carried out at the University of Agriculture Makurdi to determine the influence of poultry manure on the Phosphate fertilizer need of soybean in some selected Alfisols in Benue State. Surface soil samples (0 – 20 cm) were collected from three locations in Benue State (Daudu, TseKough and Ayange) and Poultry manure sourced from the University of Agriculture Makurdi Livestock Teaching and Research Farm. The physical and chemical properties of the soils and poultry manure were determined using standard procedures. Four (4) Kg of soils were weighed into perforated plastic pots of 5 litres capacity,Six levels of solution P concentrations (0, 0.150, 0.175, 0.20, 0.225, 0.250 mg l-1), 2 levels of poultry manure (0 and 6 t ha-1) and three soils factorially combined constituted the experimental treatments and were arranged in a Completely Randomized Design (CRD) with three replications. Soybean seeds of the variety TGX 1935-3F were planted and grown to maturity. Optimal P solution concentrations for soybeans production on these soils were 0.2 mg l-1for Daudu, 0.225 mg l-1for TseKough while Ayange required 0.175 mg l-1. The amounts of phosphate fertilizer required to achieve this solution concentrations (SPR) were 204 Kg P ha-1 for Daudu, 223.32 kg P ha-1 and 136.55 Kg P ha-1 for TseKough and Ayange respectively. However with the addition of poultry manure the SPR for Daudu was 165.89 kg P ha-1, 185.04 kg P ha-1 for TseKough and 111.03 kg P ha-1 for Ayange representing 18.75 %, 17.14 % and 18.69 % reduction in SPR respectively.

Keywords: Alfisols, Availability, Phosphorus, Poultry manure, Standard phosphate concentration, Standard phosphate requirement

Availability of HIV/AIDS Information to Women in Ikom Local Government Area of Cross River State, Nigeria (Published)

The study was carried out to determine how HIV/AIDS information was made available to women in Ikom Local Government Area.  Survey method was used through the administration of questionnaire. 300 copies of the questionnaire were distributed. The return was 90%.  It was revealed that, due to poverty and the low level of education, the women found it very difficult to have access to available HIV/AIDS information whenever it was made available.  It is therefore, recommended that adult schools should be established in all Local Government Areas of Cross River State especially Ikom Local Government Area to educate the women and sensitize them about the dangers of this deadly disease and how to prevent it especially from mother-child. By educating the women, it will enable them access available HIV/AIDS information at the appropriate time. Women should be empowered so that, they do not rely entirely on men financially.

Keywords: Availability, Cross River State, HIV/AIDS, Ikom Local Government, Information, Women

Influence of Poultry Manure on Phosphate Fertilizer Need of Soybean (Glycine Max Merill (L) In Some Selected Alfisols in Benue State (Published)

Laboratory and pot experiments were carried out at the University of Agriculture Makurdi to determine the influence of poultry manure on the Phosphate fertilizer need of soybean in some selected Alfisols in Benue State. Surface soil samples (0 – 20 cm) were collected from three locations in Benue State (Daudu, TseKough and Ayange) and Poultry manure sourced from the University of Agriculture Makurdi Livestock Teaching and Research Farm. The physical and chemical properties of the soils and poultry manure were determined using standard procedures. Four (4) Kg of soils were weighed into perforated plastic pots of 5 litres capacity,Six levels of solution P concentrations (0, 0.150, 0.175, 0.20, 0.225, 0.250 mg l-1), 2 levels of poultry manure (0 and 6 t ha-1) and three soils factorially combined constituted the experimental treatments and were arranged in a Completely Randomized Design (CRD) with three replications. Soybean seeds of the variety TGX 1935-3F were planted and grown to maturity. Optimal P solution concentrations for soybeans production on these soils were 0.2 mg l-1for Daudu, 0.225 mg l-1for TseKough while Ayange required 0.175 mg l-1. The amounts of phosphate fertilizer required to achieve this solution concentrations (SPR) were 204 Kg P ha-1 for Daudu, 223.32 kg P ha-1 and 136.55 Kg P ha-1 for TseKough and Ayange respectively. However with the addition of poultry manure the SPR for Daudu was 165.89 kg P ha-1, 185.04 kg P ha-1 for TseKough and 111.03 kg P ha-1 for Ayange representing 18.75 %, 17.14 % and 18.69 % reduction in SPR respectively.

Keywords: Alfisols, Availability, Phosphorus, Poultry manure, Standard phosphate concentration, Standard phosphate requirement

Availability and Utilization of Instructional Facilities for the Teaching of Basic Electricity in Ebonyi State Technical Colleges (Published)

This study investigated the availability and utilization of instructional facilities and material for the effective teaching of Basic Electricity in Ebonyi State technical colleges. Two research questions and one hypothesis guided the study. It was a survey research design and the entire population of Basic Electricity technical teachers together with their SSII and SSIII students with a total of 150 were used.  Due to this size of the population no sampling was carried out. Instrument for data collection was a structured and validated questionnaire with a reliability coefficient of stability 0.86. The questionnaire were distributed by hand and also collected back after completion with the help of three research assistants. Frequency counts and percentages were used to answer research question one while mean ratings were used to answer the second research question. The hypothesis was tested with t-test statistics. The findings revealed that many vital facilities and materials are not available while some available ones are not even effectively utilized for the teaching of Basic electricity. It was therefore recommended that all stake-holders should contribute financially and materially to enhance the effective teaching of basic electricity.

Keywords: Availability, Basic Electricity, Instructional Materials, Teaching, Utilization

Availability and Utilization of Internet Facilities among Undergraduate Students of Colleges of Education Nigeria (Published)

The National Policy of Nigeria (2014), recognizes the important role of ICT (internet) in the modern world hence the launching of ICT driven project known as Schoolnet. The study examined availability and utilization of internet facilities among undergraduate students of the Colleges of Education, Ikere Ekiti as a case study. Descriptive design research of the survey type was used to collect data. Five research questions were raised while four hypotheses were postulated for the study. The population consisted of all the undergraduate students of College of Education, Ikere –Ekiti and the sample was made up of 180 male and female students selected through simple random sampling techniques. The instrument for the study was a questionnaire tagged availability and utilization of internet facilities among undergraduate students of colleges of education (AUIFAUS). The study revealed that the facilities were not adequately available hence the low utilization. Poor electric power supply was the major hindrance. The findings also showed that internet usage was not gender sensitive but students from high social economic background used internet more frequently than those from poor economic background.  It was therefore recommended that both the government and the college authority should ensure that internet facilities and regular power supply are made available for students’ use.        

Keywords: Availability, Colleges of Education. Internet facilities, Undergraduate Students, Utilization

Availability and Utilization of Instructional Facilities for the Teaching of Basic Electricity in Ebonyi State Technical Colleges (Published)

This study investigated the availability and utilization of instructional facilities and material for the effective teaching of Basic Electricity in Ebonyi State technical colleges. Two research questions and one hypothesis guided the study. It was a survey research design and the entire population of Basic Electricity technical teachers together with their SSII and SSIII students with a total of 150 were used.  Due to this size of the population no sampling was carried out. Instrument for data collection was a structured and validated questionnaire with a reliability coefficient of stability 0.86. The questionnaire were distributed by hand and also collected back after completion with the help of three research assistants. Frequency counts and percentages were used to answer research question one while mean ratings were used to answer the second research question. The hypothesis was tested with t-test statistics. The findings revealed that many vital facilities and materials are not available while some available ones are not even effectively utilized for the teaching of Basic electricity. It was therefore recommended that all stake-holders should contribute financially and materially to enhance the effective teaching of basic electricity.

 

Keywords: Availability, Basic Electricity, Instructional Materials, Teaching, Utilization

Characteristics of a System in Abnormal Weather Conditions by Using L Apl Ace Transforms (Published)

The research studies the availability and reliability to a system in which each unit of two modes, (normal, total failure) in two weather conditions- normal and stormy. To calculate reliability, the differential eq. of system resolved by Laplace Transform (L .T) depend on Complex imagine roots. Suppose the system rate of failure and rates of change of weather conditions are constant and the rate for repair of every unit are exponential distribution. The distribution of repair time be based on starting state of repair and not with the change in weather. we analysis graphically to watch the impress of several system parameters in mean time failure and availability.  

Keywords: Availability, Change of Weather Conditions., Laplace transform., Mttf, Reliability, State Dependent System

Reliability and Availability Analysis of Two–Dissimilar Units by Using Laplace Transforms (Published)

The paper studies the reliability and availability of two dissimilar units. In order to calculate reliability, a state dependent system can be converted into the system of first order ordinary differential equations based on Laplace Transform technique. The system of ordinary differential equations is solved using Inverse Laplace depend on Complex Conjugate roots. Let failure rate and repair rate of each unit are taken as an exponential distribution. Availability, reliability and the mean time to failure are derived. We analysis graphically to observe the effect of various systems Parameters on the availability system and mean time to failure.

Keywords: Availability, Laplace transform., Mttf, Reliability, State Dependent System

Evaluation of Students’ Personnel Services in Colleges of Education in Nigeria (Published)

The purpose of this study was to investigate evaluation of students’ personnel services in colleges of education in Nigeria. The descriptive survey design was adopted; three research questions and two null hypotheses guided the study. The population comprised 6184 and 8,569 staff and students of federal and state colleges of education respectively. A stratified random sampling technique was used to draw a sample of 770 staff and students from federal and state colleges of education in South-East geo-political zone of Nigeria. Evaluation of student personnel services questionnaire (ESPSQ) was used for data collection. Data collected were analyzed using t-test statistics to test the null hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The findings showed that there was low extent of adequacy of student personnel services in both colleges. There was no significant difference on the extent of availability of student personnel services in both colleges of education. Educational implications and conclusion were drawn.

Keywords: Adequacy, Availability, Evaluation, Personnel Service, Quality and Strategies

Medical Textiles in Government Hospitals (Published)

This study assessed the medical textiles in hospitals in Abakaliki Urban, Ebonyi State, Nigeria. The study ascertained the availability and the utilization of medical textiles in government hospitals in the area of study. Two research questions guided the study. The study adopted descriptive survey research design. The population of the study was 800 staff of the two government hospitals in area of study. Stratified sampling technique was used to arrive at 160 respondents used for the study. Questionnaire was used for data collection and data collected was analyzed using frequency and mean. Finding include that medical textiles are not enough in the government hospitals and medical textiles are not also effectively utilized in the area of study. It was recommended that medical personnel in the area of study should insist on provision of proper and enough medical textiles before working and that the government should provide antimicrobial protection for the workers in the hospitals.

Keywords: Availability, Hospital Protection, Medical Textile, Utilization

Availability and Utilization of Facilities of Electrical Installation and Maintenance Works Programme of Technical Colleges in North-East Geo-Political Zone of Nigeria (Published)

The study investigated the availability and utilization of Electrical Installation and Maintenance Works Programme of technical colleges in the North-East Geo-political Zone of Nigeria. Two purposes of study were examined. Two research questions were answered and two hypotheses were tested. The population of the study was 808, made up of 24 principals, 58 teachers, 18 workshop attendants and 708 students. The study chose 40% of the population as the sample for the study, which stood at 398, made up of 10 principals, 26 teachers, 10 workshop attendants and 352 students. A structured questionnaire collected data from respondents. It was validated by five experts. A trial test using the test re-test method established the coefficient of stability of the instrument which stood at 0.94. After the administration of the instrument, 440 valid copies were obtained, made up of 10 principals, 22 teachers, 10 workshop attendants and 308 final year students. Analysis of the results was carried out on the valid copies of the instrument. Mean and standard deviation were used to answer the research questions. The analysis of variance was used to test the hypothesis at 0.05 level of significance. Findings of the study showed that equipment, tools and measuring instruments were moderately available. They included conduit bending machine, battery charger, direct-on-line starter, Allen keys, A.C. meters, rheostat, installation varnish and capacitors. Consumable materials were highly available. They included ceiling roses, cables wiring nails and resistors. Students’ level of utilization of equipment, tools and consumable materials during practical lessons was of moderate performance. Students’ level of utilization of measuring instruments during practical lessons was low in 12 out of 15 measuring instruments. On the whole, students’ level of utilization of measuring instruments during practical lessons was of low performance. A significant difference did not exist, at the chosen probability level, in the mean responses of principals, teachers and workshop attendants on the extent to which facilities for the Electrical Installation and Maintenance Works Programme were available. At a 0,05 level of significance, there was no significant difference in the mean responses of teachers, workshop attendants and students on the level of utilization of consumable materials by students during practical lessons. The study suggested among others, an improvement in facilities supply and an increase in students’ practical activities for enhanced performance.

Keywords: Availability, Installation, Maintenance, Programme, Utilization, facilities