Tag Archives: Autonomy

The Restructure of Nigerian Federal System: A Task That Need Be Done (Published)

Of recent one of the most trending political concepts within the Nigerian political and social landscape has been the concept of restructure or its continuum (restructuring). Ironically, despite the prevalence in usage of this word in social and political discourses across the country and beyond, very little is conceptualized or agreed on by all class of people as what is the actual meaning or the scope of restructuring the country needs. To some the term means minor adjustments in the configuration of power relation between the federal and other composing units of governments. The term in the view of others stands for maximum severance of all form of relationships between the federating units. This severance may mean the decentralization of powers and responsibilities of the state in favour of the regional governments as against the federal level, therefore relationship can only be acknowledged in the form of loosed confederation. But what seems to be agreed on by all, is that the Nigerian federal structure has some fundamental defects that need urgent corrections, the extent of which is left in the imagination and belief of the advocates. This paper provides an insight into conceptual clarity of what is meant by restructure and the act of restructuring. The article is of the view that structural imbalance in the polity is grossly responsible for the high level of mistrust, ethnic and religious crises, lack of accelerated development, political schisms and other social vices amongst the ethnic nationalities that makeup the country.  The paper underscores the need for further dissolutions of political and economic autonomy to regions as against the current enormous power currently wielded by the federal government. It also recommends reversal to true fiscal federalism and regional control of the natural resources within their localities as against the current position of federal government ownership and control. Adoption of the six geopolitical zones as regional governments as against the current proliferation of unviable states. Also recommended is the adoption of rotational presidency among the regions. This is to be enshrined in the constitution to address the issue and cry of marginalization in the polity. These recommendations amongst others will serve as panacea to addressing the instability and mistrust question within the polity.

Keywords: Autonomy, Federalism, Nigeria, Regionalism, Restructure

Socio-Cultural Factors Affecting the Autonomy of Reproductive Decisions of Married Women in Nsukka L.G.A. Of Enugu State, Nigeria (Published)

This article focuses on the socio-cultural factors affecting the autonomy of married women in reproductive decisions in Nsukka L.G.A. of Enugu State, Nigeria. Three vital areas of reproductive decision making were discussed namely: decision on the number of children to have in the family, decision on the place to seek care during pregnancy/childbirth, and decision on the use of contraceptives for family planning purposes. The data presented in this article were derived from a study carried out in Obukpa, in Nsukka Local Government Area of Enugu State Nigeria in 2011. Both quantitative and qualitative methods of data gathering were utilized. The instruments for data collection were the questionnaire, in-depth interview and focus group discussions. The findings of the study showed that married women in Obukpa, Nsukka L.G.A. do not have autonomy of reproductive decisions. Socio-cultural factors like residence, age, educational qualification, religion, occupation, did not positively affect the autonomy of reproductive decisions of married women. Their autonomy was basically affected by ‘culture’, which portrays male dominance. This is typical of a patriarchal society; which includes Obukpa in Nsukka Local Government Area of Enugu State, Nigeria.

Keywords: Autonomy, Contraceptives, Family Planning, Married Women, Reproduction Rights, Reproductive Decisions, Reproductive Health

Suicide in Yoruba Ontology (Published)

Suicide is generally regarded as all cases of death resulting from action taken by the victim themselves, and with the intention and prospect of killing oneself. The cause is frequently attributed to psychological disorders, substance abuse, shame, guilty, rejection, loss, and loneliness, death of a loved one, emotional trauma, serious physical illness, and unemployment or money problems. In this paper, the researcher studies the problem of suicide from Yoruba perspective. Yoruba is a language and the name of an ethnic group or tribe in Nigeria. The paper interrogates Yoruba concept of death, the quality of death through suicide and suicide among the Yoruba. For the Yoruba, when it comes to the issue of autonomy and competence as regards deciding on suicide, they would metaphorically claim that ‘bose wuni lase imole eni’ (one determines one’s faith the way one deems fit) drawing from the cultural construct of the Yoruba worldview that celebrate suicide in avoidance of shame- iku ya j’esin- a principle of dignity in dying. This understanding of suicide from an Yoruba perspective is believed will help enhance the value of human life and thus save the world from being plunged into a silent crisis of the value of life.

Keywords: Africa, Autonomy, Honor, Ontology, Suicide, Victim, Yoruba, ignominy

Suicide in Yoruba Ontology (Review Completed - Accepted)

Suicide is generally regarded as all cases of death resulting from action taken by the victim themselves, and with the intention and prospect of killing oneself. The cause is frequently attributed to psychological disorders, substance abuse, shame, guilty, rejection, loss, loneliness, death of a loved one, emotional trauma, serious physical illness, and unemployment or money problems. In this paper, the researcher studies the problem of suicide from Yoruba perspective. Yoruba is a language and the name of an ethnic group or tribe in Nigeria. The paper interrogates Yoruba concept of death, the quality of death through suicide and suicide among the Yoruba. For the Yoruba, when it comes to the issue of autonomy and competence as regards deciding on suicide, they would metaphorically claim that ‘bose wuni lase imole eni’ (one determines one’s faith the way one deems fit) drawing from the cultural construct of the Yoruba worldview that celebrate suicide in avoidance of shame- iku ya j’esin- a principle of dignity in dying. This understanding of suicide from an Yoruba perspective is believed will help enhance the value of human life and thus save the world from being plunged into a silent crisis of the value of life

Keywords: Africa, Autonomy, Honor, Ontology, Suicide, Victim, Yoruba, ignominy

Investigating the Relationship between Autonomy and Motivation Considering Gender Differences among Iranian Second Language Learners (Review Completed - Accepted)

The purpose of the study was to investigate the relationship between autonomy and motivation considering gender differences among Iranian second language learners. To do so, 48 Iranian students studying at EMU were randomly selected and categorized based on their age, gender, and proficiency level. A ready-made questionnaire from Language Teaching Research Journal developed by Spratt et al. (2002) in four sections of a) responsibility of teachers and students from learners’ point of view, b) learner’s ability, c) motivation, and d) activity was distributed among the students from which they had to fill on a Likert Scale. The data then were gathered and fed to the SPSS software and shown in four tables. Chi-square formula was used to measure the correlation between given nominal scales. The finding of the study point towards the fact that motivation as a psychological factor is in fact the initial part of the learning process which consequently leads to learner autonomy and no significant digression was observed when the study focused on gender differences except for the fact that females tend to show a higher degree of autonomy in deciding contents of the syllabus while males were more dependent to the teacher.

Keywords: Autonomy, Chi-Square, Likert scale, Motivation, Proficiency Level

Effects of the Proposed Removal of CBN Autonomy on the Nigerian Economy: An Informed Analysis (Published)

In Nigeria, an important issue that has engaged the attention of policy makers and the general public in recent past is the issue of appropriate autonomy for the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN). The issue is not whether or not the Government should oversee the CBN but rather, which arm of Government should oversee the Bank – the Executive or the Legislature and to what extent. This paper examines this seemingly controversial issue from different perspectives and from an informed opinion concludes that while the CBN autonomy is essential, the issue of transparency and accountability in the conduct of the Bank’s affairs remain imperative and CBN autonomy should not be misconstrued as latitude for frivolity and unwholesome dabbling, especially by the CBN leadership, into political matters at every turn of events.

Keywords: Accountability, Autonomy, Central Bank, Independence, Transparency