Examining Effect of Audit Committee Attributes on Firm Performance: Evidence from listed Food and Beverages Firms in Nigeria (Published)
Persistent material misstatements in financial statements and subsequent loss of stakeholder’s confidence on credibility of reported information necessitated the establishment of statutory audit committee by corporate governance ethic of most countries including Nigeria. This paper examined effect of different audit committee attributes on performance of firms listed in the food and beverage industries in Nigeria Stock Exchange. Audit committee independence, audit committee financial expertise and audit committee meeting are proxy for measuring audit committee attributes while financial performance was measured with Earning Per Share (EPS). Ex-post facto research design was adopted and secondary data were collected from annual reports of selected firms spanning eight years from 2011 to 2018. The population of this study constitute of all firms listed under the food and beverages sector in Nigeria stock exchange which are twenty-one (21) firms as at December 31st, 2018. The study purposively selected fourteen (14) firms based on the availability of their annual reports. Data were analysed using descriptive and inferential statistics. Descriptive statistics and inferential statistics was conducted. Analyses revealed that: audit committee independence and audit committee expertise has positive but insignificant effect on firm performance measured with EPS, while audit committee meeting exhibit positive and significant effect on EPS of listed food and beverages firms in Nigerian Stock Exchange (NSE). Based on the findings, this study therefore recommended that firm should sustain frequencies of audit committee meetings, so as to ensure that the committee has enough time to take decisions that are efficient and effective in enhancing better firm performance. This study also recommends that regulatory bodies should ensure that audit committee are made more effective by ensuring that members includes independent non-executive directors and also ensure that more members with financial expertise especially accounting expertise be drafted into the audit committee to improve performance of firms.
Citation: Osevwe-Okoroyibo, E. E. and Emeka-Nwokeji, N. A (2021) Examining Effect of Audit Committee Attributes on Firm Performance: Evidence from listed Food and Beverages Firms in Nigeria, European Journal of Accounting, Auditing and Finance Research, Vol.9, No. 8, pp.26-43,
External Audit and Quality of Accounting and Financial Information in Cameroonian Companies (Published)
In the present economic and financial context of internalisation of commercial transactions and investments, benchmarks in the quality of financial and accounting information within a company are sought by the various stakeholders with quality and reliable financial information being the main factors of concern. Given its geographical setting and the fact that most Cameroonian companies are not listed, this study adopts a new approach to investigate the contribution of external audit in improving the quality of accounting and financial information produced by unlisted companies like Cameroon. To achieve, data were gathered through a survey on a sample of 52 employees of companies in Cameroon. Linear regression and the one factor ANOVA analysis were used to test the research hypotheses. The results indicate that the auditor’s field of specialisation did not reduce manipulation of accounting and financial information, but that the auditor’s mandate duration and the auditor’s reputation have a significant influence on the quality of accounting and financial information.
Communication Audit of Cable News Network (Cnn) Online Reports on Boko Haram Insurgency in Nigeria (2012-2016) (Published)
Previous studies on conflict reportage in Nigeria had accused Western media of inclinations for feeding the people with inaccurate and contradictory reports. This study was predicated on the need to investigate the patterns and trends of the Cable News Network (CNN’s) online reports on Boko Haram insurgency in Nigeria over a period of five years, 2012-2016. The study adopted the content analysis method of research and conducted a census of 58 online reports on Boko Haram insurgency in Nigeria as obtained from Cable News Network website (http://edition.cnn.com/text=boko+haram). While direction of reports, sources of report, prominence, balance and report genre provided content categories for the study, the Cronbach Alpha test was adopted for inter-coder reliability. The study found high prominence on CNN’s online reports of Boko Haram insurgency in Nigeria. There was high level imbalance in CNN’s online reports on Boko Haram insurgency in Nigeria. The study found low level of objectivity in CNN’s online reports on Boko Haram insurgency in Nigeria. It was also established that CNN made use of only one source of information in her reports on Boko Haram insurgency in Nigeria. The study found out that the straight news genre dominated CNN’s online reports on Boko Haram insurgency in Nigeria. Finally, the study showed that CNN’s online reports on Boko Haram insurgency in Nigeria did conform to the allegation of information distortion leveled against Western Media. The researchers then recommended diversification of information sources, combination of report genres and fortification of conflict reporters as measures that would enhance accuracy, objectivity and fairness in conflict reportage.
This paper analyzes analytical procedures in auditing, including theoretical and practical aspects, as well as analytical procedures of income and expenses. The aim of this paper has been to determine the essence and the purpose of analytical procedures in auditing. The paper states that analytical procedures in auditing enable the auditor to understand specific features of activity of a business entity – the audit client, areas of potential risk, audit risk and materiality level; to detect the presence of distortions in financial reporting; to analyze the client’s financial condition; to estimate the probability of its continuous activities; to identify the need for additional audit procedures; and to develop recommendations on how to improve the client’s financial condition, which is important in contemporary circumstances of the development of the Iraqi economy. The paper also provides the conclusion that solving the problem of efficiency of analytical procedures can be enhanced by using modern information technologies and systems.