Tag Archives: attitude

Improving Saudi EFL Students’ Aural Oral Skills (Published)

Aural and oral skills are the skills that enable EFL learners to perform meaningful communication and classroom interaction. Some of EFL Saudi learners avoid to practicing oral aural skills in the L2 and most of the time they exhibit a passive attitude in class. The problem of oral skills can be attributed to a variety of interrelated factors ranging from learner-cultural background and the teaching styles. In many EFL classes the aural oral skills have been somewhat neglected or poorly taught.  Motivated learners create a motivated and suitable atmosphere for learning the language in their classroom dealing with challenges, concentrating on the aural oral complex tasks at hand, and stimulating others in the classroom. The implementation of (ICT) in the educational environment especially in the teaching and learning of foreign languages provided language teachers and learners with authentic input through the use computer to enhance EFL learners’ aural and oral skills.

Citation: Wijdan Siddig EL-Khalifh Mohammed and  Rawan Muhy (2021)   Improving Saudi EFL Students’ Aural Oral Skills, International Journal of English Language and Linguistics Research, Vol.9, No 7, pp.19-31

Keywords: Aural, attitude, avoid, communication, neglecte, perform

The relationship between farmers’ attitude towards the improved cassava processing technology and adoption (Published)

This paper discusses the relationship between farmers’ attitude towards improved cassava processing technology and its adoption. About 360 participants [181 (50.3%) males and 178 (49.7%) females], strategically selected from Serengeti, Sengerema and Biharamulo districts in Mara, Mwanza and Kagera regions respectively in Tanzania responded questions on both attitude towards cassava processing technology and adoption of the same. Chi-square test indicated farmers’ difference in two components of adoption (involvement in pre-processing tasks and utilization of the cassava processed products) with two components (instrumental attitude and cognitive attitude) of attitude towards improved cassava processing technology. Further, direct logistic regression analysis indicated that attitude was not the only and sufficient variable uniquely explaining adoption of improved cassava processing technology despite having an influence on the same. Other variables such as attendance to training in improved cassava processing technology and intention to adopt the technology also uniquely explained adoption of improved cassava processing technology.

Keywords: adoption of agriculture technologies, attitude, attitude and adoption, cognitive attitude, instrumental attitude

Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Toward’s Child Adoption Amongst Women in Calabar, Cross River State (Published)

Having a child is important among married women in Calabar. Among married women, infertility is the main factor causing childlessness. Child adoption provides an alternative for married women to have children. Thus, the purpose of the study was to explore the perceived barriers of child adoption among women with infertility. The objective is to assess the knowledge, attitude and practice of women of reproductive age towards child adoption in Calabar, Cross River State, Nigeria. The study used an exploratory qualitative and quantitative approach to understand the knowledge, attitude and practices towards possible child adoption in the study area. The study was conducted among 200 women attending fertility clinic in General hospital, Calabar in Cross River state. Semi structured interview questionnaire was administeredto 200 consecutive infertile female patients (between February and September,2018) at the General Hospital Calabar who agreed to participate in the study after counseling. Participants were purposively recruited and data collected by individual face-to-face in-depth interviews. The data generated was analyzed by simple percentages, descriptive statistics and simple correlation analysis at 5% probability level. Knowledge of child adoption was relatively very high (92.6%) but out of which only 2.0% of the respondents had adopted a child while 34.5% were willing to adopt in the near future if their condition of childlessness persist.T he correlation coefficient for child adoption was significantly higher, positive and strong in patients are childless and who had suffered infertility for more than 6 years (r=0.92, P<0.001), those with secondary/ tertiary education (r=0.90, P<0.001) and in those with no living child (r=0.89, P<0.001) compared to the non-significant correlation coefficient of those whose aim of adoption was to satisfy their need for domestic chores (r – 0.21;P>0.001) and those whose need a child for errand (r –0.32; P>0.001).Majority of the respondents(77.3%) were not willing to adopt a child and their main reason was that child adoption would not allow them fulfill their conception role as women in addition to the long procedures involve in child adoption. Knowledge of child adoption was high among the respondents but the willingness to adopt a child was low due to the fact that it would not allow them fulfill their conception role as women. There is need to educate and encourageour infertile patients to utilize this cheaper and available option of managinginfertility.There is also the need for public education and special counselling session for husbands and other family members on child adoption as an alternative solution for infertility and childlessness. The success of marriages has largely been premeditated on child bearing in most African society and oftentimes women are at the receiving end of childlessness with possible psychological and physical trauma.

 

Keywords: Calabar, Cross River State, Knowledge, Women, attitude, child adoption, practice

The Relationship between Farmers’ Attitude towards the Improved Cassava Processing Technology and Adoption (Published)

This paper discusses the relationship between farmers’ attitude towards improved cassava processing technology and its adoption. About 360 participants [181 (50.3%) males and 178 (49.7%) females], strategically selected from Serengeti, Sengerema and Biharamulo districts in Mara, Mwanza and Kagera regions respectively in Tanzania responded questions on both attitude towards cassava processing technology and adoption of the same. Chi-square test indicated farmers’ difference in two components of adoption (involvement in pre-processing tasks and utilization of the cassava processed products) with two components (instrumental attitude and cognitive attitude) of attitude towards improved cassava processing technology. Further, direct logistic regression analysis indicated that attitude was not the only and sufficient variable uniquely explaining adoption of improved cassava processing technology despite having an influence on the same. Other variables such as attendance to training in improved cassava processing technology and intention to adopt the technology also uniquely explained adoption of improved cassava processing technology.

Keywords: Adoption, adoption of agriculture technologies, attitude, cognitive attitude, instrumental attitude

Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Preventive Measures towards COVID-19 among Pregnant Women Attending Selected Primary Health Centre’s in Osogbo, Osun State (Published)

Background: COVID-19 is a new viral disease, and health researchers are currently evaluating its effects on pregnant women and their unborn children. There is dearth of research available to support the argument that pregnant women are at greater risk of COVID-19 disease.Methods: This study used an exploratory research design to examine the knowledge, attitude and practice of preventive measures towards COVID-19 among pregnant women in Osogbo, Osun state. 382 subjects were selected using a simple random technique. Self-developed questionnaire was the instrument used to collect data. The data collected were analyzed using statistical package for social sciences (SPSS) and the results were presented using tables and percentages. Six null hypotheses were tested using chi-square at 0.05 level of significance. Results: Result of this study shows that nearly half of the respondents are within 18-25 (45.0%) years of age, 79(63.6%) are Muslims and 358(93.7%) are from the Yoruba tribe. This study also reveals that the respondents do have significant knowledge on the novel Coronavirus disease and a good attitude towards the prevention of COVID-19 as they practice frequent hand washing, sanitizer use and maintenance of social distancing. From the hypothesis tested, there is significant association between the education level of the respondents and their knowledge and attitude of preventive measures towards COVID-19 and no association between the age of the pregnant women and practice of preventive measures towards COVID-19. Conclusion: From the study, there seems to be a moderate level of awareness on the preventive measures towards COVID-19 among pregnant women in Osogbo but increase in the level of awareness and educational program can be done by the government and health workers in order have a very good attitude and awareness which will eventually improve the rate of adherence and compliance towards COVID-19 preventive measures.

 

Keywords: COVID-19, Knowledge, Preventive, attitude, pregnancy

Attitude of Farmers towards Quality Declared Seed Production in Kilombero District, Morogoro, Tanzania (Published)

This paper assesses the attitude of farmers towards Quality Declared Seed (QDS) use in Kilombero District, Tanzania. Using data gathered through household survey from about 100 sample households of randomly selected villages from Kilombero District. Specifically, the paper answered the question on what are the attitude of farmers towards Quality Declared Seed (QDS) use in Tanzania. A cross-sectional research design was used, whereby a questionnaire was administered to 100 farmers. Focus group discussions and key informant interviews were also conducted to allow triangulation of data. while, qualitative data was analyzed using content analysis. Attitude was measured against 18 statements regarding attitude of respondents towards QDS following five-point Likert scale. The result show that majority of farmers had positive attitude towards the effectiveness of QDS. High technology cost in using QDS was found to be one of the barriers for many farmers to use QDS. To achieve increased production in rice QDS, the government should create mechanisms to improve access of farmers to QDS. Microfinance institutions and rural banks should be encouraged to reduce some of their restrictions to access to credit with emphasis on the complex and tiresome form filling procedures which discourage the majority of farmers from patronizing their products. More attention should be paid to access agriculture information and technology, improving extension advisory services, and then advising farmers on how to access information through the radio, television and the mobile phone platforms.

Keywords: adoptions, attitude, quality declared seed

Using Supervised Agricultural Experience Programme as a Teaching Approach to Change Students’ Attitude towards Practical Agriculture among Secondary School Agriculture Students: A Case of Migori County, Kenya (Published)

Agricultural education in secondary schools in Kenya is offered to achieve various outcomes among the learners as anchored in the school syllabus. One of the key learning outcomes is a positive attitude in practical agriculture. This study was done among form three agriculture students in Migori County and focused on finding out if there was a difference in attitude towards practical agriculture between students who took part in a supervised agricultural experience programme and those who did not take part. A learning outcome test was used to gather relevant data before and after the programme implementation. Analysis of data was done using SPSS (Version 22). Descriptive statistics (frequencies and averages) were used to present data while charts were used to present the data. Inferential statistics (Independent sample t-test, one-way ANOVA and Tukey’s post hoc) were used test the null hypothesis at α=.05 significance level. The study discovered that there was a statistically significant difference in attitude towards practical Agriculture between secondary school Agriculture students exposed to SAE and those not exposed to SAE.

Keywords: Learning Outcome, Supervised agricultural experience, agricultural education, attitude, secondary students

An Evaluation of Students Attitude towards Project Writing in Selected Universities of South-West Nigeria (Published)

This paper explored students’ attitude towards project writing in selected universities of South-West Nigeria. Studies reveal that students’ attitude at different levels of education influences a variety of factors, including how they learn, what they learn, teaching methods, student/lecturers relationship, and successful completion of assignments including writing tasks. The study aims to establish the interrelation of a student’s mental approach to project writing by gathering data on their learning experiences based on instruction within the formal learning environment. The study adopts a descriptive survey design. This study sources data from 314 students enrolled for Library Science, Information, and Communications Technology in three different universities. The result shows a meaningful predictive effect of writing attitude and environmental factors on project writing performance of students. The students also perceived that their knowledge can be updated regularly through ecological actions. The overall results indicate a moderate contribution of attitude/behavior and environmental variables to how students approach their project writing tasks

Keywords: Nigeria; learning environment, attitude, ecological; project writing, personal characteristics; social learning theory, undergraduates; attitude

Knowledge and Attitude of Female Students of Tertiary Institutions in Imo State towards Cervical Cancer and its Screening (Published)

Cervical Cancer which is the second most common cancer in women is largely preventable when detected early. Premalignant form is the earliest stage of cervical cancer can be detected early through effective cervical cancer screening. This work was carried out to ascertain the knowledge and attitude of female students in four tertiary institutions in Imo State towards Cervical Cancer and its Screening. Self-administered closed end structured questionnaire was used for data collection. The questionnaires were properly validated. Three hundred and ninety-eight female students in tertiary institutions who were of reproductive age between 16 – 45 years were used as respondents. All completed and returned their questionnaires. These were analysed using simple statistical methods. Result analysis showed that 350 (87.9%) have heard of cervical cancer while 265 (66.6%) have heard of cervical screening. One hundred and eighty-six (47%) were sexually active while 17(4.3%) have done the screening. Three hundred and seventy-two (93.5%) agreed that having multiple sexual partners was a risk factor. Three hundred and eighty-three (96.2%) of the population know that Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) is the causative agent. The most prevalent reasons for not undertaking the screening were embarrassment 374 (94%) and fear 320 (80.4%). The study has revealed high knowledge of cervical cancer amongst the students but poor attitude towards its screening. Women of reproductive age including students in the tertiary institutions should be enlightened on the need of the routine screening for cervical cancer especially once they become sexually active. This is expected to increase rate of early detection and treatment thereby preventing the heavy economic cost of treating and managing full-blown cervical cancer.

Keywords: Imo State, Knowledge, attitude, cervical cancer, human papilloma virus

Differences in Students’ Behavior and Attitude regarding Study at Home and Library in Focus Private Library at Wad Medani 2019 (Published)

Background:  library is a curated collection of sources of information and similar resources, selected by experts and made accessible to a defined community for reference or borrowing, often in a quiet environment conducive to study. Greatest benefit for many is having fewer distractions. At home one might have to contend with roommates, pets, and other temptations. In addition to fewer of these distractions, the library can provide you with a wealth of educational resources that can aid you in your studies. Objectives: This study is aim to compare studying in library and at home in different aspects. Methods: This is cross sectional descriptive community base study. Results: Total number of students were 150, estimation number of hours when students study in library were: 7.3% of students study more than 10 hours, 53.3% of students study 5-10 hours, 35.3% study 2-5 hours and 4% of students study less than 2 hours. Estimation number of hours when students study at home were 3.3% of students study more than 10 hours, 12.7% of students study 5-10 hours, 44.7% of students study 2-5 hours and 39.3% of students study less than 2 hours.  This study found out 93.3% of student prefer study at library while 6.7% of    students prefer study at home .Conclusion: This study conclude that the Liberary is the suitable and preferable place for studing in majority of participants, and the maximal hours spend on studing are found to be in people studing in liberary.

Keywords: Home, Library, Student’s Behavior, Study, Wad Medani, attitude, private library

Relationship between Learning Environment and Students’ Variables in English Language (Published)

This study investigated the relationship between learning environment and SS2 students’ variables in English language in Ebonyi State. Specifically, the study investigated the issues of school learning environment as it relates to SS 2 students’ achievement in English language and attitude towards the subject. The study utilized the correlation research design. Through the purposive random sampling technique a sample size of 540 English language students were used for the study. Three instruments were used to elicit information from the respondents; English achievement Test and a structured questionnaire. The instruments were face validated by experts and yielded the following reliability co-efficient of 0.76 using Cronbach Alpha for school learning environment; the English Achievement Test yielded a reliability co-efficient of 0.78 using Pearson Product Moment Correlation while the instrument on attitude yielded 0.63 using Cronbach Alpha. Two research questions and two hypotheses guided the study. Data collected were analyzed using descriptive statistics of mean and standard deviation to answer the research questions while regression was used to test the hypotheses. Findings of the study showed that there is a significant relationship between the school learning environment and students’ achievement in English language. The study also found a significant relationship between the learning environment and students’ attitude towards English language. Based on these findings, one of the recommendations was that Government and stakeholder in the education industry should improve the school-learning environment by rebuilding, repainting and renovating all the dilapidated school buildings to make them more attractive and conducive for learning so that students’ achievement in English language will improve. Social infrastructures necessary for effective teaching and learning of the English language should also be provided.

Keywords: Achievement, Learning Environment, attitude

Use of Instructional Media as Determinant of Students’ Achievement and Attitude in English Language (Published)

This paper examined the use of instructional media as determinants of students’ achievement and attitude towards English Language. Specifically, the purpose of the study was to find out whether the use of instructional media is a determinant of SS2 students achievement and attitude towards English language. Two research questions and two hypotheses guided the study. The study adopted the descriptive research design. The population comprised 1600 teachers and 2800 SS2 students in 217 public secondary schools in Ebonyi state. Through the simple random sampling technique a sample size of 540 respondents was selected for the study. The instrument for data collection were three structured questionnaires which dealt with instructional media, students achievement and students attitude to English language. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics of frequency counts and percentages. Result of the findings showed the following: There is a significant relationship between the use of instructional media and students achievement in English language. 2. There is a significant relationship between the use of instructional media and students’ attitude towards English Language. Based on the findings, one of the recommendations was that the government should provide audio and audio-visual aids in all the schools in the federation for improved students achievement in English language and the development of positive attitude towards the subject.

Keywords: Achievement, English Language, Students, attitude, instructional media

Fostering Senior Secondary Students’ Attitude and Achievement in Biology in FCT-Abuja Using Facebook Instructional Strategy (Published)

The study investigated how Facebook Instructional Strategy could be used to foster Senior Secondary Students’ Attitude and Achievement in Biology in FCT-Abuja. A quasi-experimental research design was adopted. The population comprised 12719 senior secondary two biology students. The sample consisted of 247 SSII biology students selected from six government schools in the study area using purposive sampling technique. Data were generated using Germination Achievement Test (GAT) and Students’ Attitude to Biology Questionnaire (SABQ). The GAT and SABQ were validated and subjected to reliability analysis using Kuder-Richardson formula 21 (K-R21) and Cronbach Alpha formula which yielded coefficients of 0.75 and 0.68 respectively. Six research questions guided the study, while six hypotheses were formulated. Data collected were analyzed using mean and standard deviations to answer the research questions while Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) was used to test the hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The findings of the study revealed that there is significant difference in the mean achievement score of students taught seed germination using facebook instructional strategy and those taught using the lecture method; there is significant difference in the mean achievement scores of male and female students taught seed germination using facebook instructional strategy. There is no significant difference in the mean attitude ratings of students taught seed germination using facebook instructional strategy and those taught using lecture method; There is no significant difference in the mean attitude ratings of male and female  students taught seed germination using facebook instructional strategy. Based on the findings, it was recommended amongst others that biology teachers-trainees should be trained on the use of facebook instructional strategy in teaching biology.

Keywords: Achievement, Biology, Facebook instructional strategy, Gender, Seed Germination, attitude

The Perspectives and Effectiveness of Authentic Materials in Listening Comprehension of Saudi University Students (Published)

Due to the lack of exposure to the use of English real language beyond the classroom time, specifically the use of authentic listening materials in the listening lessons, many students have great difficulty understanding the real language produced by native speakers or the authentic ones they hear. However, far too little attention has been paid to the use of authentic listening materials in the Saudi EFL context. To address such critical gab, the current study aims at investigating the effect of using authentic materials on the listening comprehension ability of Saudi EFL subjects. It also explores students’ attitudes and reactions towards the use of authentic listening materials. The participants of this study were students majoring in English Language Translation Department at Qassim University. After random selection, 44 students from the fourth level took part in this study. The participants were randomly divided into two equal groups: the experimental group consisting of (22) students and the control one consisting of (22) other students. The control group underwent listening activities through inauthentic materials, while the experimental group was exposed to and received a combination of inauthentic and authentic listening materials. Data collection instruments were two listening comprehension tests, interviews and questionnaires. Results of post-tests revealed the experimental group’s listening comprehension ability improved significantly more than that of the control group. Analysis of the interviews and the questionnaire also revealed EFL students’ satisfaction and positive attitudes toward the use of authentic listening materials. This means that the use of authentic materials helps bring the contact to life, and ultimately makes learning and using language more meaningful and easier for students. These results again verified the value of authentic material-use in the classroom, specifically in regards to teaching listening skills. The positive findings of this study also indicate the need for authentic materials to gain a larger role in the EFL classroom and for more research to be carried out in other areas of language skills. Hence, using authentic materials in teaching English in tertiary level needs more attention in their use in the classroom.

Keywords: EFL Learners’, attitude, authentic material, listening comprehension ability, non-authentic materials

The Relationship between Farmers’ Attitude towards the Improved Cassava Processing Technology and Adoption (Published)

This paper discusses the relationship between farmers’ attitude towards improved cassava processing technology and its adoption. About 360 participants [181 (50.3%) males and 178 (49.7%) females], strategically selected from Serengeti, Sengerema and Biharamulo districts in Mara, Mwanza and Kagera regions respectively in Tanzania responded questions on both attitude towards cassava processing technology and adoption of the same. Chi-square test indicated farmers’ difference in two components of adoption (involvement in pre-processing tasks and utilization of the cassava processed products) with two components (instrumental attitude and cognitive attitude) of attitude towards improved cassava processing technology. Further, direct logistic regression analysis indicated that attitude was not the only and sufficient variable uniquely explaining adoption of improved cassava processing technology despite having an influence on the same. Other variables such as attendance to training in improved cassava processing technology and intention to adopt the technology also uniquely explained adoption of improved cassava processing technology.

Keywords: adoption of agriculture technologies, attitude, attitude and adoption, cognitive attitude, instrumental attitude

Exploring Critical Factors Influencing Sustainable Food Consumption: A Conceptual Review (Published)

Sustainable food consumption is consumption of foods/diets that meets the dietary needs of man, the society, environment, economy and culture. Everyday great amounts of food are produced, processed, transported by the food industry and consumed by us. Hence, a comprehensive model of determinants of the sustainability of consumption is developed and applied to food consumption. When discussing the problem of unsustainable consumption, there is a need to focus on consumers’ behavior towards the decision making process. The sustainability of food consumption depends on individual consumer choices, but these individual choices are severely constrained by a range of factors. This paper is an attempt to profile these factors that affect sustainable food consumption. In addition, a research model is drawn up to aid further studies in this area.

Keywords: Environmental Factors, attitude, economic factors, perceived behavioural control, sensory factors, subjective norms, sustainable food consumption

Awareness and Attitude towards Utilization of Reproductive Health Services among Adolescents in Calabar Municipality (Published)

Purpose: The main focus of this study was awareness and attitude towards utilization of Reproductive health services among adolescents in Calabar Municipality. Objectives: In order to successfully carry out the study, the following objectives were formulated to guide the study. To determine the level of awareness of adolescents towards utilization of reproductive health services in Calabar municipality. To assess the attitudes of adolescents towards utilization of reproductive health services in Calabar municipality. To identify the barriers of adolescents towards utilization of reproductive health services in Calabar municipality. Literature: Literature, was reviewed based on the research variables, Methods: the research instrument used in collecting data for analysis was a questionnaire which was administered on one hundred and fifty (150) adolescents in Calabar Municipality who served as sample for the study. Their responses were analyzed using frequencies, percentage and Pearson product moment correlation analysis and the following results were obtained. Results: in table 3 indicate that 50(33.3%) of the respondents strongly agreed that they did not like reproductive health services because of its complications to health while 3(2%) agreed, 84(56%) of the respondents strongly disagreed while 13 (8.6%) of the respondents disagreed. 40(26.6%) of the respondents strongly agreed, that they like reproductive health services because it prevents unwanted pregnancy, 44(29.3) disagreed, 60(40) of the respondents strongly disagreed while 6(4%) disagreed. 8(26.6%) strongly agreed that they love going to hospital because the nurses there will explain different methods of reproductive health services to them 90(60%) agreed, while 2(1.3%) strongly disagreed, 50(33.3%) disagreed. 80(53.5%) of the respondents strongly agreed that they love reproductive health services because they do not want to be pregnant, 8(5.3%) agreed, 60(40%) strongly disagreed and 2(1.3%) disagreed. 30(20%) of the respondents strongly disagreed that most adolescent choose the wrong method because it offers an appropriate method to each  adolescent 30(20%)  disagreed while 45(30%) agreed, 45(30%) strongly agreed. 45(30%)  of the respondents strongly agreed that most women choose the wrong method because of improper counseling based on culture religion and ignorance 30(20) agreed while 30(20%) strongly disagreed and 45(30%) disagreed. Conclusion: Reproductive health services   were   accessible   to   adolescents   in   Calabar Municipality. And most adolescents were aware of the reproductive health services but fail to utilize it. There is no significant relationship between attitude of reproductive health services and adolescents   utilization of reproductive health; Reproductive health services were available to the public for use. There is no significant relationship between barriers of reproductive health services and adolescents utilization of reproductive health services. Nevertheless, it was concluded that Local   Government   authorities   should   organize   enlightenment campaigns, to educate adolescents in the area on the importance of reproductive health services.

 

Keywords: Adolescence, Reproductive Health, Utilization, attitude, awareness

Effectiveness of in Service Teachers Training Programmes Offered by DSD at Primary Level in Punjab (Published)

The underlying purpose of the study is to investigate the effectiveness of in-service teacher training (ISTT) programmes conducted in Punjab by Directorate of Staff Development (DSD). It further evaluates the strength and weaknesses of the various executed training programmes by DSD within Punjab, Pakistan. The following Quantitative study intends to highlight the various variables which act as a comprehensive tool for the acquisition of expected or desired outcomes. It further states those variables involved which act as a catalyst to bring a significant change within the classroom premises, institutions or working places and the attitudes, methodology and teaching practices of teachers or professionals. For that purpose, surveys were conducted by using questionnaires in various areas of Punjab, Pakistan. The data was analyzed by using coding and SPSS-16. The conclusion drawn from the data analysis illustrates the positive influence of ISTT within the classroom as well as on individuals. It enables the teachers to identify their strengths and weaknesses as it has been proved as an efficient tool for self-evaluation, self learning and reflection. ISTT also bring change within in the classroom as it enables the teachers to understand the complexity of learning process more explicitly.

Keywords: DSD, Effectiveness, Evaluation, Knowledge, Practices, Skill, attitude, in-service teacher training (ISTT), professional development (PD)

The Attitude of Students to General Studies Computer Based Tests in Universities in South West Nigeria (Published)

Keywords: Computer Based tests and General Studies, attitude

Formative Assessment Practices, Attitude and Learning Outcome of Students in Mathematics in Selected Secondary Schools in South-South Nigeria (Published)

The study was conducted to examine the effect of formative assessment practices, and attitude on learning outcome of students in Mathematics in selected secondary schools in south-south Nigeria. Three research questions and hypotheses were formulated to guide the study. The quasi-experimental design was used in the study with a population of all Senor Secondary school three (SS3) students in Mathematics in selected public secondary schools in south-south (Cross River, Rivers and Akwa Ibom States) of Nigeria numbering 21,657. The sample of the study consisted of 541 (2.5%), SS3 students in Mathematics. The proportionate stratified random sampling technique was employed in the study. The instruments for data collection are; the Formative Assessment Practice Questionnaire (FAPQ), Attitude Scale (AS) and Learning Outcome Test in Mathematics (LOTM) which were validated by experts in Mathematics and Measurement and Evaluation. Internal consistency was established with split half reliability method and the index ranged from .78 to .92 respectively.  The stated hypotheses formulated for the study were tested at 0.05 level of significance using Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA).  Findings from the study revealed that there is a significant effect of formative assessment, attitude and gender on learning outcome of students in Mathematics.

Keywords: Formative assessment, Learning Outcome, Mathematics, Practices, South-south Nigeria., attitude