Tag Archives: attitude

The Quest for Better Pedagogical and Boosting Learning Outcomes in Mathematics Education: The Enhanced Collaborative Strategy Paradigm (Published)

The study investigated the effects of enhanced collaborative teaching strategy on senior secondary school students’ learning outcomes in Mathematics in Ekiti State, Nigeria. The research determined the extent to which the application of teaching strategies enhanced better performance in and attitude of students to Mathematics. The study compared the outcomes of the effects of a teaching strategy on students with another set of students that were taught conventionally. The study adopted the quasi-experimental research design of the pre-test, post-test control group design. The population comprised all Senior Secondary Class II students in public secondary schools in Ekiti State. The sample consisted of 117 Senior Secondary School students purposively selected. Two null hypotheses were generated. The instruments used to collect data were Mathematics Performance Test (MPT) and Students’ Attitude Towards Mathematics Questionnaire (SATMQ). Hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance and analysed using Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA).The results of the study showed that there was significant difference between the pre-test and post-test mean scores of the students in the experimental group, while the pre-test and post-test mean scores of the control group showed less significant difference. It was found that there was significant difference in the post-test of the experimental and control group. The results showed that enhanced collaborative strategy improved students’ performance in Mathematics and changed students’ attitude towards Mathematics. Enhanced collaborative strategy was found to be highly effective in improving students’ behaviour during Mathematics classes. Based on the findings of the study, it was recommended that Mathematics teachers should encourage their students to work collaboratively. Teachers should be encouraged to use enhanced collaborative strategy during classroom interaction.

Keywords: Control, Mathematics, Performance, attitude, enhanced collaborative, experimental

Sociological Analysis of Covid-19 Knowledge, Attitude, Compliance and Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in Nigeria: Data Screening and Preliminary Analysis, (Published)

Citation: Faruk U. Abubakar, Muhammad Anka Nasiru (2022) Sociological Analysis of Covid-19 Knowledge, Attitude, Compliance and Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in Nigeria: Data Screening and Preliminary Analysis, International Journal of Sociology and Anthropology Research, Vol.8, No.1 pp.24-39

 

Abstract: COVID-19 has spread with frightening speed, affecting millions of people globally. In reaction to the fight against Covid-19, Nigeria’s government has witnessed lockdown on some significant social and economic activities. However, the lockdown has been less effective in controlling the spread of the disease, perhaps due to negative attitude, low level of Knowledge, and poor compliance to prevention and control measures among the populace, which invariably resulted in a destructive spill-over effect on the realization of sustainable development goals (SDGs). Therefore, this study’s objective was to conduct data screening and preliminary analysis of the selected sociological study’s constructs. This study used a cross-sectional survey design and a web-based questionnaire and collected 312 productive questionnaires. The data was screened and cleaned to satisfy the underlying assumptions of multivariate analysis. Specifically, this study conducted data screening by examining response rates, missing values, outliers, normality, multicollinearity, and non-response bias. The result of the study indicated that the dataset had satisfied all the requirements for further multivariate analysis.

Keywords: Compliance, Knowledge, Sustainable Development Goals, attitude, data screening, sociological analysis

Value orientation, Parental attitude and examination malpractice (Published)

Citation: Anyin Nnyenkpa Ntui, Effiom Bassey Ekeng, and Florence Undiyaundeye (2022) Value orientation, Parental attitude and examination malpractice, International Journal of Interdisciplinary Research Methods, Vol.9, No.1, pp.16-26

Abstract: The purpose of this study was to investigate on value orientation, parental attitude and attitude to examination malpractice among senior secondary school students in Southern Educational Zone of Cross River State. To achieve the purpose of this study, two null hypotheses were generated to direct the study. Literature review was done according to the variables under study. Ex-post factor research design was adopted for the study. A sample of one thousand (1000) students was randomly selected. The selection was done through the simple random sampling technique. The questionnaire was the main instrument used for data collection. The instrument was both face and content validated by the supervisors and experts in measurement and evaluation in the Faculty of Education, University of Calabar, Calabar. The reliability estimates of the instruments established through split-halg reliability method. The reliability co-efficient ranges from 0.70-1.83. Pearson product moment correlation analysis and one-way analysis of variance!(ANOVA)!were the statistical analysis techniques adopted to test the hypotheses under study. All hypotheses were subjected to testing at 0.05 level of significance with relative degrees of freedom. The results of the analysis revealed that, parental socio-economic status, parental occupation, parental educational level, family size, value orientation and parental attitude significantly influence students’ attitude towards examination malpractice in southern educational zone of Cross River State. Based on the results and findings of the study, it was recommended that Action arising from the results of the study could include the following to minimize examination!malpractice. the results of the study should be presented to the Department and Faculty. The counselors to Guidance and Counselling Units should discuss results at seminars organized by the!authority and regularly organise parents teachers association (PTA)!meeting!where school/examination related problems could be discussed. This is to create awareness for parents, counselors teachers, school and other stakeholders in education on the prevailing incidence of examination malpractice status. Teachers and consumers should help students to develop a sensitive self-concept and value orientation of themselves to abhor examination malpractice.  !!Government, School Educational Board and non-governmental organizations should assist in providing schools with necessary learning facilities to improve upon the present teaching/learning situation. This will go a long way to helping the less privileged students. Teachers and counselors should identify strategies of reducing test anxiety by giving frequent tests to students as this may reduce malpractice behaviours during examination. Parents should not encourage malpractice behaviour among students by sponsoring them financially.!School authorities should ensure that teachers perform their duties effectively to avoid students’ involvement in examination malpractice. Dedicated teachers/students on examination ethics mattess should be identified and re-warded accordingly.There is need to re-emphasis continuous assessment in our secondary schools as it is predicated on the belief that several samples of an individual test records will give a better aggregate of individual students than a one sample or a few samples only would give. Besides, continuous assessment helps to check the incidence of examination malpractice, tremendous anxiety and nesvousness in students during examinations.!! Examination ethics code of conduct should be produced and distributed in schools and education offices. This should spell out duties and responsibilities as well as penalties needed for the conduct of examination in our secondary schools. Examination ethics clubs should also be formed in our secondary schools.

Keywords: : examination malpractice, Student, Value Orientation, attitude, parental

Knowledge and Attitude towards Violence against Women among Male Health Workers in Akure South Local Government Area, Akure, Ondo-State (Published)

Citation: Mayowa Opeyemi Adekola, Joseph Oyeniyi Aina, Mary Ayodeji Gbenga-Epebinu  (2022) Knowledge and Attitude towards Violence against Women among Male Health Workers in Akure South Local Government Area, Akure, Ondo-State, International Journal of Health and Psychology Research, Vol.10, No.1, pp.1-17

Abstract: The research examined of knowledge and attitude towards violence against women among male health workers in Akure South Local Government Area, Akure, Ondo State. The study adopted a quantitative descriptive research design. A sample size of 191 respondents was determined using Cochran formula. Multistage sampling procedure was used to select 191 respondents from the population. A validated questionnaire was used with a Cronbach’s alpha internal consistency ranging from 0.75 to 0.78 respectively. Data were collected and analyzed using SPSS version 27 to generate summaries of descriptive statistics and inferential statistics at p=0.01.  Findings from the research show that 59% of the respondents have poor knowledge of violence against women while 41% of them have good knowledge. Result also revealed that 51% of the respondents have negative attitude towards VAW, while 49% have good knowledge of VAW.  It is concluded that there was poor knowledge and negative attitude towards violence against women among male health workers in Akure south Local Government Area. The implication of this is high tendency for men to perpetrate the act of violence against women. It is therefore recommended among others that Nurses should put up measures such as; enlightenment programmes to ensure men are well oriented about issues related to violence against women, this creates positive influence on the knowledge and attitude of men towards violence against women.

Keywords: Education, Knowledge, Violence, Women, attitude, religious belief

Assessment of Adolescents Attitude towards Sexuality and Reproductive Health Education in Eleme Local Government Area of Rivers State, Southern Nigeria (Published)

Citation: Chujuor J.C., and Hariet Onovughe Ayah (2022), Assessment of Adolescents Attitude towards Sexuality and Reproductive Health Education in Eleme Local Government Area of Rivers State, Southern Nigeria, British Journal of Education, Vol.10, Issue 3, pp. 34-41

Abstract: The study aimed at determining the attitude of male and female adolescents towards sexuality and reproductive health education. The population of the study consisted of 5,800 adolescents in public secondary schools in Eleme Local Government Area of Rivers State, Southern Nigeria. The sample of the study was however made up of 200 adolescent drawn through simple random sampling technique. Data of the study was obtained using structured questionnaire titled: “Adolescents Attitude to Sexuality and Reproductive Health Education Questionnaire (AASRHEQ). The instrument was validated by experts in educational psychology and measurement and evaluation. The reliability coefficient of the instrument was 0.75, using Cronbach alpha technique. Data collected were analyzed using mean (x), standard deviation and t-test. Result got after data analysis indicated that generally speaking majority of the adolescents had negative attitude. However, a significant difference was found in the adolescents attitude by gender and by religion;. Consequently, recommendations were made which included that the government needs to do more in term of ensuring the implementation of teaching of sexuality and reproductive health education curriculum in schools, especially in the semi urban and rural areas; and that practicing counselors should take up the responsibility of ensuring enough awareness campaign through programs in school and local communities aimed at enhancing the development of positive attitude towards sexuality education among adolescents.

Keywords: Adolescents, Assessment, Education, Health, Reproductive, Sexuality, attitude

Learners’ Attitude and Senior Secondary School Students’ Achievement in Mathematics in Bayelsa State, Nigeria (Published)

The study was carried out to examine learners’ attitude and Senior Secondary School Students’ Achievement in Mathematics in Bayelsa State, Nigeria. Two research questions were posed and two corresponding hypotheses were equally formulated. The study adopted an ex-post-facto research design. The population of the study consisted of all the 10,818 S.S.2 students in the eight local government areas in Bayelsa State whereas the sample size of the study was 480 obtained through cluster random sampling techniques. Two instruments were used to obtain data for the study which include Mathematics Attitude Inventory (MAI) and Mathematics Achievement Test (MAT). The Mathematics Achievement Test was validated by two senior secondary school teachers while the reliability of the instrument was 0.77 obtained using alternate form reliability method. Other instrument was standardized instrument whose validation and reliability have been established over time. Mean, standard deviation and t-test statistics were used to answer the research questions and test the hypotheses respectively. Findings of the study revealed that there is a significant difference in the academic performance of students with positive and negative attitudes in mathematics in Bayelsa State secondary schools. The study recommended amongst others that Mathematics teachers should develop a very friendly attitudes to students during lesson, this could motivate students who possess low or no interest to mathematics.

Keywords: Achievement, Learners, Mathematics, Students, attitude

Improving Saudi EFL Students’ Aural Oral Skills (Published)

Aural and oral skills are the skills that enable EFL learners to perform meaningful communication and classroom interaction. Some of EFL Saudi learners avoid to practicing oral aural skills in the L2 and most of the time they exhibit a passive attitude in class. The problem of oral skills can be attributed to a variety of interrelated factors ranging from learner-cultural background and the teaching styles. In many EFL classes the aural oral skills have been somewhat neglected or poorly taught.  Motivated learners create a motivated and suitable atmosphere for learning the language in their classroom dealing with challenges, concentrating on the aural oral complex tasks at hand, and stimulating others in the classroom. The implementation of (ICT) in the educational environment especially in the teaching and learning of foreign languages provided language teachers and learners with authentic input through the use computer to enhance EFL learners’ aural and oral skills.

Citation: Wijdan Siddig EL-Khalifh Mohammed and  Rawan Muhy (2021)   Improving Saudi EFL Students’ Aural Oral Skills, International Journal of English Language and Linguistics Research, Vol.9, No 7, pp.19-31

Keywords: Aural, attitude, avoid, communication, neglecte, perform

The relationship between farmers’ attitude towards the improved cassava processing technology and adoption (Published)

This paper discusses the relationship between farmers’ attitude towards improved cassava processing technology and its adoption. About 360 participants [181 (50.3%) males and 178 (49.7%) females], strategically selected from Serengeti, Sengerema and Biharamulo districts in Mara, Mwanza and Kagera regions respectively in Tanzania responded questions on both attitude towards cassava processing technology and adoption of the same. Chi-square test indicated farmers’ difference in two components of adoption (involvement in pre-processing tasks and utilization of the cassava processed products) with two components (instrumental attitude and cognitive attitude) of attitude towards improved cassava processing technology. Further, direct logistic regression analysis indicated that attitude was not the only and sufficient variable uniquely explaining adoption of improved cassava processing technology despite having an influence on the same. Other variables such as attendance to training in improved cassava processing technology and intention to adopt the technology also uniquely explained adoption of improved cassava processing technology.

Keywords: adoption of agriculture technologies, attitude, attitude and adoption, cognitive attitude, instrumental attitude

Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Toward’s Child Adoption Amongst Women in Calabar, Cross River State (Published)

Having a child is important among married women in Calabar. Among married women, infertility is the main factor causing childlessness. Child adoption provides an alternative for married women to have children. Thus, the purpose of the study was to explore the perceived barriers of child adoption among women with infertility. The objective is to assess the knowledge, attitude and practice of women of reproductive age towards child adoption in Calabar, Cross River State, Nigeria. The study used an exploratory qualitative and quantitative approach to understand the knowledge, attitude and practices towards possible child adoption in the study area. The study was conducted among 200 women attending fertility clinic in General hospital, Calabar in Cross River state. Semi structured interview questionnaire was administeredto 200 consecutive infertile female patients (between February and September,2018) at the General Hospital Calabar who agreed to participate in the study after counseling. Participants were purposively recruited and data collected by individual face-to-face in-depth interviews. The data generated was analyzed by simple percentages, descriptive statistics and simple correlation analysis at 5% probability level. Knowledge of child adoption was relatively very high (92.6%) but out of which only 2.0% of the respondents had adopted a child while 34.5% were willing to adopt in the near future if their condition of childlessness persist.T he correlation coefficient for child adoption was significantly higher, positive and strong in patients are childless and who had suffered infertility for more than 6 years (r=0.92, P<0.001), those with secondary/ tertiary education (r=0.90, P<0.001) and in those with no living child (r=0.89, P<0.001) compared to the non-significant correlation coefficient of those whose aim of adoption was to satisfy their need for domestic chores (r – 0.21;P>0.001) and those whose need a child for errand (r –0.32; P>0.001).Majority of the respondents(77.3%) were not willing to adopt a child and their main reason was that child adoption would not allow them fulfill their conception role as women in addition to the long procedures involve in child adoption. Knowledge of child adoption was high among the respondents but the willingness to adopt a child was low due to the fact that it would not allow them fulfill their conception role as women. There is need to educate and encourageour infertile patients to utilize this cheaper and available option of managinginfertility.There is also the need for public education and special counselling session for husbands and other family members on child adoption as an alternative solution for infertility and childlessness. The success of marriages has largely been premeditated on child bearing in most African society and oftentimes women are at the receiving end of childlessness with possible psychological and physical trauma.

 

Keywords: Calabar, Cross River State, Knowledge, Women, attitude, child adoption, practice

The Relationship between Farmers’ Attitude towards the Improved Cassava Processing Technology and Adoption (Published)

This paper discusses the relationship between farmers’ attitude towards improved cassava processing technology and its adoption. About 360 participants [181 (50.3%) males and 178 (49.7%) females], strategically selected from Serengeti, Sengerema and Biharamulo districts in Mara, Mwanza and Kagera regions respectively in Tanzania responded questions on both attitude towards cassava processing technology and adoption of the same. Chi-square test indicated farmers’ difference in two components of adoption (involvement in pre-processing tasks and utilization of the cassava processed products) with two components (instrumental attitude and cognitive attitude) of attitude towards improved cassava processing technology. Further, direct logistic regression analysis indicated that attitude was not the only and sufficient variable uniquely explaining adoption of improved cassava processing technology despite having an influence on the same. Other variables such as attendance to training in improved cassava processing technology and intention to adopt the technology also uniquely explained adoption of improved cassava processing technology.

Keywords: Adoption, adoption of agriculture technologies, attitude, cognitive attitude, instrumental attitude

Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Preventive Measures towards COVID-19 among Pregnant Women Attending Selected Primary Health Centre’s in Osogbo, Osun State (Published)

Background: COVID-19 is a new viral disease, and health researchers are currently evaluating its effects on pregnant women and their unborn children. There is dearth of research available to support the argument that pregnant women are at greater risk of COVID-19 disease.Methods: This study used an exploratory research design to examine the knowledge, attitude and practice of preventive measures towards COVID-19 among pregnant women in Osogbo, Osun state. 382 subjects were selected using a simple random technique. Self-developed questionnaire was the instrument used to collect data. The data collected were analyzed using statistical package for social sciences (SPSS) and the results were presented using tables and percentages. Six null hypotheses were tested using chi-square at 0.05 level of significance. Results: Result of this study shows that nearly half of the respondents are within 18-25 (45.0%) years of age, 79(63.6%) are Muslims and 358(93.7%) are from the Yoruba tribe. This study also reveals that the respondents do have significant knowledge on the novel Coronavirus disease and a good attitude towards the prevention of COVID-19 as they practice frequent hand washing, sanitizer use and maintenance of social distancing. From the hypothesis tested, there is significant association between the education level of the respondents and their knowledge and attitude of preventive measures towards COVID-19 and no association between the age of the pregnant women and practice of preventive measures towards COVID-19. Conclusion: From the study, there seems to be a moderate level of awareness on the preventive measures towards COVID-19 among pregnant women in Osogbo but increase in the level of awareness and educational program can be done by the government and health workers in order have a very good attitude and awareness which will eventually improve the rate of adherence and compliance towards COVID-19 preventive measures.

 

Keywords: COVID-19, Knowledge, Preventive, attitude, pregnancy

Attitude of Farmers towards Quality Declared Seed Production in Kilombero District, Morogoro, Tanzania (Published)

This paper assesses the attitude of farmers towards Quality Declared Seed (QDS) use in Kilombero District, Tanzania. Using data gathered through household survey from about 100 sample households of randomly selected villages from Kilombero District. Specifically, the paper answered the question on what are the attitude of farmers towards Quality Declared Seed (QDS) use in Tanzania. A cross-sectional research design was used, whereby a questionnaire was administered to 100 farmers. Focus group discussions and key informant interviews were also conducted to allow triangulation of data. while, qualitative data was analyzed using content analysis. Attitude was measured against 18 statements regarding attitude of respondents towards QDS following five-point Likert scale. The result show that majority of farmers had positive attitude towards the effectiveness of QDS. High technology cost in using QDS was found to be one of the barriers for many farmers to use QDS. To achieve increased production in rice QDS, the government should create mechanisms to improve access of farmers to QDS. Microfinance institutions and rural banks should be encouraged to reduce some of their restrictions to access to credit with emphasis on the complex and tiresome form filling procedures which discourage the majority of farmers from patronizing their products. More attention should be paid to access agriculture information and technology, improving extension advisory services, and then advising farmers on how to access information through the radio, television and the mobile phone platforms.

Keywords: adoptions, attitude, quality declared seed

Using Supervised Agricultural Experience Programme as a Teaching Approach to Change Students’ Attitude towards Practical Agriculture among Secondary School Agriculture Students: A Case of Migori County, Kenya (Published)

Agricultural education in secondary schools in Kenya is offered to achieve various outcomes among the learners as anchored in the school syllabus. One of the key learning outcomes is a positive attitude in practical agriculture. This study was done among form three agriculture students in Migori County and focused on finding out if there was a difference in attitude towards practical agriculture between students who took part in a supervised agricultural experience programme and those who did not take part. A learning outcome test was used to gather relevant data before and after the programme implementation. Analysis of data was done using SPSS (Version 22). Descriptive statistics (frequencies and averages) were used to present data while charts were used to present the data. Inferential statistics (Independent sample t-test, one-way ANOVA and Tukey’s post hoc) were used test the null hypothesis at α=.05 significance level. The study discovered that there was a statistically significant difference in attitude towards practical Agriculture between secondary school Agriculture students exposed to SAE and those not exposed to SAE.

Keywords: Learning Outcome, Supervised agricultural experience, agricultural education, attitude, secondary students

An Evaluation of Students Attitude towards Project Writing in Selected Universities of South-West Nigeria (Published)

This paper explored students’ attitude towards project writing in selected universities of South-West Nigeria. Studies reveal that students’ attitude at different levels of education influences a variety of factors, including how they learn, what they learn, teaching methods, student/lecturers relationship, and successful completion of assignments including writing tasks. The study aims to establish the interrelation of a student’s mental approach to project writing by gathering data on their learning experiences based on instruction within the formal learning environment. The study adopts a descriptive survey design. This study sources data from 314 students enrolled for Library Science, Information, and Communications Technology in three different universities. The result shows a meaningful predictive effect of writing attitude and environmental factors on project writing performance of students. The students also perceived that their knowledge can be updated regularly through ecological actions. The overall results indicate a moderate contribution of attitude/behavior and environmental variables to how students approach their project writing tasks

Keywords: Nigeria; learning environment, attitude, ecological; project writing, personal characteristics; social learning theory, undergraduates; attitude

Knowledge and Attitude of Female Students of Tertiary Institutions in Imo State towards Cervical Cancer and its Screening (Published)

Cervical Cancer which is the second most common cancer in women is largely preventable when detected early. Premalignant form is the earliest stage of cervical cancer can be detected early through effective cervical cancer screening. This work was carried out to ascertain the knowledge and attitude of female students in four tertiary institutions in Imo State towards Cervical Cancer and its Screening. Self-administered closed end structured questionnaire was used for data collection. The questionnaires were properly validated. Three hundred and ninety-eight female students in tertiary institutions who were of reproductive age between 16 – 45 years were used as respondents. All completed and returned their questionnaires. These were analysed using simple statistical methods. Result analysis showed that 350 (87.9%) have heard of cervical cancer while 265 (66.6%) have heard of cervical screening. One hundred and eighty-six (47%) were sexually active while 17(4.3%) have done the screening. Three hundred and seventy-two (93.5%) agreed that having multiple sexual partners was a risk factor. Three hundred and eighty-three (96.2%) of the population know that Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) is the causative agent. The most prevalent reasons for not undertaking the screening were embarrassment 374 (94%) and fear 320 (80.4%). The study has revealed high knowledge of cervical cancer amongst the students but poor attitude towards its screening. Women of reproductive age including students in the tertiary institutions should be enlightened on the need of the routine screening for cervical cancer especially once they become sexually active. This is expected to increase rate of early detection and treatment thereby preventing the heavy economic cost of treating and managing full-blown cervical cancer.

Keywords: Imo State, Knowledge, attitude, cervical cancer, human papilloma virus

Differences in Students’ Behavior and Attitude regarding Study at Home and Library in Focus Private Library at Wad Medani 2019 (Published)

Background:  library is a curated collection of sources of information and similar resources, selected by experts and made accessible to a defined community for reference or borrowing, often in a quiet environment conducive to study. Greatest benefit for many is having fewer distractions. At home one might have to contend with roommates, pets, and other temptations. In addition to fewer of these distractions, the library can provide you with a wealth of educational resources that can aid you in your studies. Objectives: This study is aim to compare studying in library and at home in different aspects. Methods: This is cross sectional descriptive community base study. Results: Total number of students were 150, estimation number of hours when students study in library were: 7.3% of students study more than 10 hours, 53.3% of students study 5-10 hours, 35.3% study 2-5 hours and 4% of students study less than 2 hours. Estimation number of hours when students study at home were 3.3% of students study more than 10 hours, 12.7% of students study 5-10 hours, 44.7% of students study 2-5 hours and 39.3% of students study less than 2 hours.  This study found out 93.3% of student prefer study at library while 6.7% of    students prefer study at home .Conclusion: This study conclude that the Liberary is the suitable and preferable place for studing in majority of participants, and the maximal hours spend on studing are found to be in people studing in liberary.

Keywords: Home, Library, Student’s Behavior, Study, Wad Medani, attitude, private library

Relationship between Learning Environment and Students’ Variables in English Language (Published)

This study investigated the relationship between learning environment and SS2 students’ variables in English language in Ebonyi State. Specifically, the study investigated the issues of school learning environment as it relates to SS 2 students’ achievement in English language and attitude towards the subject. The study utilized the correlation research design. Through the purposive random sampling technique a sample size of 540 English language students were used for the study. Three instruments were used to elicit information from the respondents; English achievement Test and a structured questionnaire. The instruments were face validated by experts and yielded the following reliability co-efficient of 0.76 using Cronbach Alpha for school learning environment; the English Achievement Test yielded a reliability co-efficient of 0.78 using Pearson Product Moment Correlation while the instrument on attitude yielded 0.63 using Cronbach Alpha. Two research questions and two hypotheses guided the study. Data collected were analyzed using descriptive statistics of mean and standard deviation to answer the research questions while regression was used to test the hypotheses. Findings of the study showed that there is a significant relationship between the school learning environment and students’ achievement in English language. The study also found a significant relationship between the learning environment and students’ attitude towards English language. Based on these findings, one of the recommendations was that Government and stakeholder in the education industry should improve the school-learning environment by rebuilding, repainting and renovating all the dilapidated school buildings to make them more attractive and conducive for learning so that students’ achievement in English language will improve. Social infrastructures necessary for effective teaching and learning of the English language should also be provided.

Keywords: Achievement, Learning Environment, attitude

Use of Instructional Media as Determinant of Students’ Achievement and Attitude in English Language (Published)

This paper examined the use of instructional media as determinants of students’ achievement and attitude towards English Language. Specifically, the purpose of the study was to find out whether the use of instructional media is a determinant of SS2 students achievement and attitude towards English language. Two research questions and two hypotheses guided the study. The study adopted the descriptive research design. The population comprised 1600 teachers and 2800 SS2 students in 217 public secondary schools in Ebonyi state. Through the simple random sampling technique a sample size of 540 respondents was selected for the study. The instrument for data collection were three structured questionnaires which dealt with instructional media, students achievement and students attitude to English language. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics of frequency counts and percentages. Result of the findings showed the following: There is a significant relationship between the use of instructional media and students achievement in English language. 2. There is a significant relationship between the use of instructional media and students’ attitude towards English Language. Based on the findings, one of the recommendations was that the government should provide audio and audio-visual aids in all the schools in the federation for improved students achievement in English language and the development of positive attitude towards the subject.

Keywords: Achievement, English Language, Students, attitude, instructional media

Fostering Senior Secondary Students’ Attitude and Achievement in Biology in FCT-Abuja Using Facebook Instructional Strategy (Published)

The study investigated how Facebook Instructional Strategy could be used to foster Senior Secondary Students’ Attitude and Achievement in Biology in FCT-Abuja. A quasi-experimental research design was adopted. The population comprised 12719 senior secondary two biology students. The sample consisted of 247 SSII biology students selected from six government schools in the study area using purposive sampling technique. Data were generated using Germination Achievement Test (GAT) and Students’ Attitude to Biology Questionnaire (SABQ). The GAT and SABQ were validated and subjected to reliability analysis using Kuder-Richardson formula 21 (K-R21) and Cronbach Alpha formula which yielded coefficients of 0.75 and 0.68 respectively. Six research questions guided the study, while six hypotheses were formulated. Data collected were analyzed using mean and standard deviations to answer the research questions while Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) was used to test the hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The findings of the study revealed that there is significant difference in the mean achievement score of students taught seed germination using facebook instructional strategy and those taught using the lecture method; there is significant difference in the mean achievement scores of male and female students taught seed germination using facebook instructional strategy. There is no significant difference in the mean attitude ratings of students taught seed germination using facebook instructional strategy and those taught using lecture method; There is no significant difference in the mean attitude ratings of male and female  students taught seed germination using facebook instructional strategy. Based on the findings, it was recommended amongst others that biology teachers-trainees should be trained on the use of facebook instructional strategy in teaching biology.

Keywords: Achievement, Biology, Facebook instructional strategy, Gender, Seed Germination, attitude

The Perspectives and Effectiveness of Authentic Materials in Listening Comprehension of Saudi University Students (Published)

Due to the lack of exposure to the use of English real language beyond the classroom time, specifically the use of authentic listening materials in the listening lessons, many students have great difficulty understanding the real language produced by native speakers or the authentic ones they hear. However, far too little attention has been paid to the use of authentic listening materials in the Saudi EFL context. To address such critical gab, the current study aims at investigating the effect of using authentic materials on the listening comprehension ability of Saudi EFL subjects. It also explores students’ attitudes and reactions towards the use of authentic listening materials. The participants of this study were students majoring in English Language Translation Department at Qassim University. After random selection, 44 students from the fourth level took part in this study. The participants were randomly divided into two equal groups: the experimental group consisting of (22) students and the control one consisting of (22) other students. The control group underwent listening activities through inauthentic materials, while the experimental group was exposed to and received a combination of inauthentic and authentic listening materials. Data collection instruments were two listening comprehension tests, interviews and questionnaires. Results of post-tests revealed the experimental group’s listening comprehension ability improved significantly more than that of the control group. Analysis of the interviews and the questionnaire also revealed EFL students’ satisfaction and positive attitudes toward the use of authentic listening materials. This means that the use of authentic materials helps bring the contact to life, and ultimately makes learning and using language more meaningful and easier for students. These results again verified the value of authentic material-use in the classroom, specifically in regards to teaching listening skills. The positive findings of this study also indicate the need for authentic materials to gain a larger role in the EFL classroom and for more research to be carried out in other areas of language skills. Hence, using authentic materials in teaching English in tertiary level needs more attention in their use in the classroom.

Keywords: EFL Learners’, attitude, authentic material, listening comprehension ability, non-authentic materials