Tag Archives: Assessment

Assessment of Supervision in Public Basic Schools in Northern Ghana: The Case of Lambussie-Karni District (Published)

This study sought to assess the effectiveness of supervision in public basic schools in Lambussie-Karni District of the Upper West Region of Ghana. The descriptive survey design was adopted, where quantitative data was collected and analyzed. The multi-stage sampling with the use of stratified random sampling and convenience sampling techniques were used to select 234 participants for the study. Structured questionnaire was used as instrument for data collection. Version 25 of the Statistical Product for Service Solution was used to analyze the data. The mean and standard deviation were used to analyze the data. The study revealed that clinical supervision was dominantly practiced than training and guidance supervision, collegial supervision and traditional supervision. Also, participants perceived all the components and well as the overall supervision as very effective in promoting effective teaching and learning. The challenges to effective supervision included unhealthy relationship between supervisors and supervisees, lack of regular in-service training, lack of funds, and follow-up activities. It was recommended that regular in-service training should be organized by Ghana Education Service (GES) for supervisors and teachers to update their knowledge and skills, and to be abreast with the changing trends in supervision in schools.

Citation: Enock Yeng, Anthony Woode-Eshun & Seth Badu (2022) Assessment of Supervision in Public Basic Schools in Northern Ghana: The Case of Lambussie-Karni District, British Journal of Education, Vol.10, Issue 1, pp. 17-35


Keywords: Assessment, Headteachers, Supervision, Teachers

Assessment of the Problems of Learning the Aural: Oral Skills at JSS Level in Katsina State, Nigeria (Published)

Effective communication in English by students at the Junior Secondary School level as envisaged by the 9 – Year English Studies Curriculum has remained elusive. In this article, effort is made to trace the problems with a view to offering workable solutions. The descriptive survey method was used. Sixty-eight Junior Secondary School students were used in the study. The subjects selected included 384 students. A self – designed questionnaire was used to collect the information required. Analysis of data was done by means of frequency counts and percentage. The study revealed among others, fear of English by students due to its absurdity. Based on the findings, among the recommendations given, was the need for teachers to employ more friendly activities to teach aural – oral skills to make their learning more effective and enjoyable.

Citation:Gide Umar Saleh (2021) Assessment of the Problems of Learning the Aural:  Oral Skills at JSS Level in Katsina State, Nigeria, International Journal of English Language and Linguistics Research, Vol.9, No 8, pp.17-29

Keywords: Assessment, JSS Level, Katsina State, Nigeria, aural – oral skills, problems of learning

An Assessment of Science Teachers’ Utilization of the Knowledge of Test Construction Procedure in Multiple Choice Objective Tests in Secondary Schools in Yala LGA, Cross River State (Published)

The aim of this study was to assess the extent of utilization of the knowledge of test construction procedure in setting Multiple Choice Objective Tests by science teachers in secondary schools in Yala Local Government Area of Cross River State. To achieve this, the descriptive survey research design was used in which a purposeful sample of 87 Chemistry teachers was selected from amongst the 213 science teachers in the area. The instrument used for the study was a well validated and fixed response questionnaire designed by the researchers tagged Test Construction and Utilization Procedure Questionnaire (TCUPQ) having a total of forty items designed on a four point interval scale with a Cronbach alpha co-efficient of 0.82. Data obtained from the subjects were analysed using the means and standard deviations. The results showed that science teachers studied utilize their knowledge of test construction procedures effectively in setting objective tests; however, they do not subject the students to pre-test before the main test is carried out. It was recommended amongst others that science teachers be sponsored to attend assessment practice workshops and also be encouraged to give pre-tests before the main test in schools.

Keywords: Assessment, Construction, Procedure, Test, Utilization

Schools- Based Assessment: A Case Study of Selected Public Junior Secondary Schools (Published)

This study examined the relevance of schools based assessment: A case study of selected public junior secondary schools in Ikpoba – Okha   Local Government Area. The study also sought to examine the relevance of using school assessment as a strategy for the evaluation of teaching and learning specifically. Three research questions were raised to guide the study. The study adopted the descriptive survey research design. The population comprised the teachers in the 24 public junior secondary schools in Ikpoba – Okha   Local Government area of Edo State. The simple random sampling method was used to select the sample. Sixty questionnaires were administered and the entire questionnaires were returned and analyzed using mean and standard deviation. The results revealed that teachers have a good perception of school-based assessment, and their application was to a low degree. Based on the findings, it was recommended among others that teachers should apply various assessment techniques in teaching of any subjects. School authorities should make it compulsory that all schools must be involved in school-based assessment; and teachers should be encouraged to employ varieties of evaluation instruments in the assessments of students.

Imasuen Kennedy1 and  I.F. Iyamu (2021) Schools- Based Assessment: A Case Study of Selected Public Junior Secondary Schools, British Journal of Education, Vol. 9, Issue 11, pp.32-43


Keywords: Assessment, Curriculum, Performance, School-based assessment, assessment techniques

Assessment of Quality in the Library Services Delivery of Federal University of Technology, Owerri, Imo State, Nigeria (Published)

The issue of quality library services to users of academic libraries has been a worrisome one due to the state of some of our academic libraries, staff and economy of the country. Oftentimes libraries are not funded adequately by the government whether federal or state, hence poor and inefficient manpower and structures in our academic libraries. The study therefore, assessed the quality in the library services delivery of Federal University of Technology, Owerri library, Imo State, Nigeria which revealed the facilities and problems associated with FUTO library in the discharge of its duties. The survey research method was adopted while a structured questionnaire titled “Assessment of Quality in the Library Services Delivery of Federal University Owerri Library Questionnaire” (AQLSDFLQ) was the instrument for data collection. The study was guided by six (6) objectives and six (6) research questions. The entire FUTO library staff formed the population of the study which is 130 staff made up of all the full time library staff comprising of professionals, para-professionals and non-professionals excluding the 16 registry staff posted to the library. Data collected from respondents were analyzed using simple descriptive method, percentages and results tabulated. The findings revealed that FUTO library has a lot of challenges that hinder quality library services delivery which included but not limited to poor funding, inconvenient facilities/buildings, lack of needed skills by staff, lack of mentorship and trainings, e.t.c. It was recommended that FUTO management should make adequate funds available for the upkeep of the library, employ staff with the necessary technical/technological skills, provide convenient facilities/buildings, organize trainings on ICT skills to mention but a few. If the recommendations are strictly adhered to, FUTO library will improve in its services to a great extent.   

Keywords: Assessment, FUTO library, Library Services, Quality, quality services, services delivery

Groundwater Quality Assessment of some Poultry Farms in Osun State, Southwestern Nigeria, for Irrigation and Household Uses (Published)

The development of enormous irrigation systems has been a major instrumental to worldwide food security, especially in arid zones, but it has also been associated with land and water salinity issues. The shallow hand-dug wells of some poultry farms in Osun State were sampled on seasonal basis and evaluated for their quality and suitableness for agricultural uses. Twenty-four water samples taken from wells were evaluated for physicochemical variables, applying standard methods. The main constituents that determine the water quality for irrigation like electrical conductivity, total dissolved solids, sodium adsorption ratio, soluble sodium percentage, residual sodium bicarbonate, magnesium adsorption ratio, Kelly’s ratio and Permeability index were evaluated and in comparison with safe limits. Quality assurance procedures included blank test, recovery analysis and calibration of standards. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used for data interpretations.  The mean values of EC (<600.00 µS/cm), TDS (<400.00 mg/L), SAR (˂1.00 meq/L), SSP (˂25.00%), RSBC (˂0.50 meq/L), MAR (˂ 50.00%), KR (˂0.50 meq/L) and PI (˂2.00 meq/L) were found to be in the safe limits of the National Environmental Standards and Regulations Enforcement Agency and Food and Agricultural Organization/World Health Organization. Thereby, the groundwater would not cause detrimental effects on the soil properties of the assessment area.

Keywords: : Irrigation, Assessment, Groundwater, Water Quality, physicochemical variables, poultry farms

Assessment of Conceptual and Procedural Knowledge of Students with Special Needs in Mathematics in Benue State (Published)

This study assessed conceptual and procedural knowledge of students with special needs in Mathematics in Benue State. Four research questions and three hypotheses guided the study. Descriptive survey design was adopted for the study. A population of 36 Senior Secondary School (SS1) students in 3 Special Education Schools in Benue State during 2019/2020 academic session were used for the study. The sample size was the same as the population. Two-Tier Algebraic Diagnostic Test (TTADT) item cycle I and cycle II were  adapted and validated by two experts in Mathematics Education, one specialist in the  field of Test and Measurement all from Benue State University, Makurdi, and one expert in Special Education from Federal University Lafia as well as one SS1 Mathematics teacher from Government Model School, Makurdi. Trial testing was carried out on 10 SS1 students from Dunama Special School Lafia and reliability of TTADT was calculated using Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficient and was found to be 0.96. Mean and Standard Deviation were used to analysed data to answer the research questions, while t-test statistics was used to test the null hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The first finding of the study shows that the Mean scores of the SSN in Concept Knowledge and Underlining Reasoning were very low below 40% (31.25% and 21.08% respectively), while that of Procedural Knowledge is 40.69%. The second finding of the study shows that there exists a significant difference between the performance of SSN in Conceptual Knowledge and Procedural Knowledge in Algebra in favour of Procedural Knowledge (t=-5.39; P=0.00<0.05). The third finding of the study shows that there exist a significant difference between the performance of SSN in Conceptual Knowledge and Underlining Reasoning in Algebra in favour of Conceptual Knowledge (t=5.71; P=0.00<0.05). The fourth finding of the study shows that there exist a significant difference between the performance of SSN in Procedural Knowledge and Underlining Reasoning in favour of Procedural Knowledge (t=13.70; P=0.00<0.05). It is therefore recommended that, workshops, seminars and conferences should be organized to upscale, and strengthen the capacities of teachers in Special Schools, in the teaching of Conceptual and Procedural Knowledge skills in Algebra and Mathematics in general.

Keywords: Assessment, conceptual knowledge, procedural knowledge, students with special needs and mathematics.

Teachers’ Competency towards the Implementation of School Based Assessment in Secondary Schools in Edo State, Nigeria (Published)

The role of School Based Assessment (SBA) emphasized the teacher as a facilitator and an assessor. The assessment strategies involved in SBA requires a lot of responsibilities on the side of the teacher. Therefore, the research is aimed to assess teachers’ competency towards the implementation of school based assessment in secondary schools in Edo State, Nigeria with the objective to determine the level of teachers’ competency towards the implementation of school based assessment and ascertain if difference exist with respect to the teachers sex, qualification and experience. In order to achieve this, one research question was raised and three hypotheses were formulated and tested in the course of the study. The study adopted the survey research design. All teachers in the 303 public secondary schools in the eighteen local government areas of the state formed the population. The simple random sampling technique was used to select 687 teachers from 61 public schools across the eighteen local government areas of the state for the study. The questionnaire titled “Teachers Competency toward the implementation of School- Based Assessment Questionnaire (TCSBQ). The instrument was validated and yielded a reliability coefficient of 0.84 using the Cronbach Alpha method. The data collected were analyzed using mean and standard deviation to answer the research question and independent t- test statistics to test the hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The findings revealed that the teachers are competent towards the implementing SBA. Also the results revealed no significant difference between male and female teachers while differences exist among the teachers with respect to teaching qualification and experience. It was recommended that government should provide more platform for professional development programmes and frequent training workshops and seminars that will continuously sensitize and enhance teachers in the SBA practices.

Keywords: Assessment, Implementation, School-based assessment, competency

Soil Chemical Quality Assessment of Some Land Uses In Imo State, Nigeria (Published)

This study was conducted in Imo State, Nigeria to assess the Chemical quantities of some land using soil management assessment framework (SMSF) techniques. Three land uses namely; the grass land, continuously croppedand forest land. Soil profile representations were established in each of the physiographic units and soil samples collected from the pedogenetic horizons for the analysis of some chemical properties. The chemical properties investigated were the soil pH.organiccarbon, total nitrogen, available phosphorus, the exchangeable cations of calcium, magnesium, potassium and sodium, cation exchange capacity and electrical conductivity. Analytical values obtained using the SMAF were combined into quantitative index based on the critical value of the soil properties. The results of this study showed that the grass land, continuously cropped and forest land were moderately acidic with mean pH values 5.43, 5.38, and 5.65. The organic matter contents were low in grass land and continuously cropped with mean values of 0.43 and 0.41 but moderate in the forest land with mean value of 0.82. Total K, available P and exchangeable K were low in grassland and continuously cropped with mean value of 0.96gkg-1, 0.85gkg-1 for N, 12.20mgkg-1, and 12.14mgkg-1 for P in grass land and continuously cropped respectively. The forest land had high sodium content with mean value of 0.74 and high electrical conductivity with a mean 4.91 dsm-1. The results revealed high chemical quality of forest land and low to moderate qualities of the grass land and continuously cropped.

Keywords: Assessment, Imo State, land use, soil chemical quality

The Place and Pedagogical Function of the Scientific Image in Morocca Life and Earth Sciences Textbooks (Published)

The discovery of details, knowledge of the structures and composition of biological and geological elements is a very important step in the understanding of the scientific phenomena programmed in the SVTs lessons. Thus, scientific evolution has made it possible to explore different levels of organisation at ever deeper levels, whether in biology or geology, through the innovation of instruments and tools for exploration and observation, ranging from a simple magnifying glass to sophisticated techniques such as tomography or medical imaging. Textbooks transpose the results of these observations into scientific images that help learners to understand the phenomena under study as well as to develop a critical mind towards the proposed contents and to problematize their own knowledge within the framework of a competency-based approach that is adopted by the Moroccan education system. With the aim of evaluating the place and functions of scientific images of order: microscopic, magnifying observations and medical imaging, we analysed a corpus of 12 textbooks from the Moroccan educational system. We selected one copy of different accredited textbooks from each level of education. These are the textbooks for scientific awakening for the six years of primary education, three textbooks for middle school and three for high school. The analysis is carried out with the help of a self-developed grid which takes into account the percentages of each type of scientific images studied and their functions. The results showed that there is an evolution in the appearance of the scientific images studied as one progresses towards the second year of the baccalaureate: almost the majority of primary school textbooks do not include microscopic or magnifying observations or medical images, but they appear in the other levels with percentages that differ from one textbook to another. Microscopic observations are the most abundant among the other types of scientific images studied. Thus, scientific images with an illustrative function predominate, while those with a heuristic function and recommended in the competency-based approach are present in only a small percentage.

Keywords: Assessment, scientific image, textbooks

Air Quality Index Assessment in Some Parts of Porthacourt Metropolis, Nigeria (Published)

The assessment determines the air quality status in some parts of Port Harcourt city and environs. The amount of air pollutants emitted into the environment are measured and described in relation to seasonal variations in the concentration levels of gases in the air sample with a view to assess the air quality status in Port Harcourt. Some industries within the study area include Pabod Breweries, plastcom in Transamadi axis, Fibow, dulfil in Choba axis, eleme Petrochemical in the oilmil/eliozu axis just mention but a few. Pollutants such as TSPM, SOx, CO and Pb in wet and dry seasons were measured in association with meteorological parameters.  Air monitoring gadgets such as Kestrel 4500 Compound weather Tracker (for measurement of metrological parameters and Digit 970 hand- held gas analyser for measuring the gasses) were employed in the monitoring.  The average wind speed within the dry season was 0.78m/s, while the average wind speed at wet season is 1.53m/s.  Average temperature observed within the study area is 26.350C in wet season and 33.20C in dry season. From the analysis of the result gotten from data collation in this work, the measured concentration of TSPM was high at 95.83ug/m3 in the wet season while it1661 ug/m3 was in the dry season. For CO, Rumuomasi was the location with a high value of 4.57 ppm in the wet season while Oil mill with a value of 32.37 ppm was highest in dry season. Similarly, SO2 had a high value of 0.74 ppm in the wet season and 1.26 ppm in the dry season. Finally, Lead (Pb), had Oil mill as its hotspot with a value of 0.77 ppm in wet season and high around Trans Amadi area with a value of 0.91 ppm in the dry season. A detailed analysis of the result observed that a mean concentration of the gaseous pollutants was higher in the dry season than the wet season. They were found to have exceeded the permissible limits as given by the FMEnv, NAAQS and FEPA with dominant pollutants like Pb, and CO having hotspots in Trans-Amadi, Choba and Oil mil  areas. The only area that had limited air pollutant exposures was at Air Port Juction, OMAGWA mapped as a control area for this assessment

Keywords: Air, Assessment, Meteorological, Season

Assessment of Anthropogenic Activities and Their Impact on Ngong Hills Forest in Kajiado County, Kenya: A Remote Sensing Approach (Published)

Human beings are dependent on forests for various livelihood needs. Forests offer a variety of benefits, including ecological, social as well as economic benefits. As such, the development and conservation of forests around the world is vital. Monitoring of the forest ecosystem is mandatory in order to detect any changes in the ecosystem. Forest cover change detection gives an opportunity to track the productivity, health and the forest cover as well over the years so as to enable proper management, promote conservation and enhance functionality. Optical and radar remote sensors make it possible to monitor changes by use of various analytical techniques that include visual interpretations. The study investigated how remote sensing can be applied to detect change in forest ecosystem and to assess the rate of change of Ngong Hills Forest in Kenya. The project sought to determine whether anthropogenic activities are the major cause of the change in Ngong Hills Forest. Data from satellite images was analysed from 1984 to 2019 to identify the changes that have occurred on the ecosystem. Landsat and Rapid-Eye images were used to inform on change detection. In this case, rapid eye data was found to be better than Landsat data in informing on change detection because of its high resolution thus high precision and better results. The changes depicted by the remotely sensed data were mapped for ease of analysis and visualization. The research depicted a massive decrease in the forest cover despite the afforestation efforts by the Kenya Forest Service (KFS) in the 1990s. The forest has been depreciating massively from 1995 depicting greater deforestation rates between the years 2010 and 2019. This depreciation has been acknowledged by the KFS as it is said to be occurring due to the anthropogenic activities mainly settlement and logging. The means of detecting change by use of remote sensing is thus able to identify the exact areas that change has occurred and thus provide insight for the Kenya Forest Service and other ecosystem protection bodies on the most affected areas and the extent of change. Once the study area is mapped, it is possible to calculate the areas that have decreased in vegetation quantity, areas where increase has occurred as well as the areas that have remained unchanged. The findings of the study make it possible for management agencies to enforce conservation because of the presence of reliable data.

Keywords: Anthropogenic Activities, Assessment, Impact, Kajiado Kenya, Ngong Hills Forest, Remote Sensing

Physico-Chemical and Mineral Composition of Arun Stream in Idanre Community, Ondo State, Nigeria (Published)

Arun stream was evaluated for its physico-chemical properties and mineral composition to know its suitability for human comsumption. The results obtained from the physical characteristics like colour, odour, taste, turbidity, temperature, conductivity and total Dissolve solids were within the permissible limits of World Health Organization (WHO) for drinkable water.The results for the chemical analysis were total hardness (22.00±0.20mg/l), calcium hardness (16.00±0.10mg/l) magnesium hardness (22.00±0.10mg/l), Nitrate (0.32±0.10mg/l), Sulphate was absent, chloride (8.99±0.20mg/l), total Alkalinity (6.00±0.10) and PH (7.80±0.20) respectively.The mineral composition Analyzed were Iron (0.02mg/l), Manganese (0.015±0.01mg/l), Copper(0.01±0.01mg/l), calcium (6.4mg/l±0.10),Magnesium (1.46±0.10mg/l) and sodium (5.84±0.10mg/l) for Arun stream respectively. These values were below WHO specification for drinkable water.

Keywords: Arun Stream, Assessment, Mineral, physico - chemical, samples

Pre-Service Teachers Assessment of Student Learning in Science Education (Published)

This paper was conducted to examine the tools, strategies, and problems encountered in assessing student learning by pre-service teachers in science during their on-and-off campus clinical experience. A explanatory sequential mixed method design (Creswell, 2003) was used in this study. Three research-made instruments were used in this study: The Assessment Checklist for Student Teachers in Science, Focus Group Discussion (FGD) Questions, and the In-depth Interview Questions. There were 17 pre-service teachers participated from a teacher education institution. Findings of the study using Kruskal-Wallis One-way Analysis of Variance and Thematical Analysis using Phenomenological Reduction Method revealed the assessment tools used most frequently and least frequently, assessment strategies, and the problems encountered by pre-service teachers in science in assessing student learning.  The findings also revealed that there was a significant difference in the use of rubric (p value=0.045) as the least frequently used assessment tool by pre-service teachers in science when grouped according to specialization.

Keywords: Assessment, Pre-Service Teachers, Science Education, Sequential Explanatory, and Student Learning

Assessment of Information Communication Technology Proficiency of Secondary School Teachers in Edo State, Nigeria (Published)

This study attempts to assess of information communication technology proficiency of secondary school teachers in Edo State, Nigeria. The study employed a descriptive survey method and questionnaire was the instrument used for data collection. The total population for the study is one hundred and twenty nine (129) secondary schools teachers in four selected secondary schools in Etsako west local government area of Edo state. The population of this study is not too large and as such the entire population was taken as representative sample using purposeful sampling technique. It was revealed from the study that ICT is not employed for teaching by majority of the teachers in the secondary schools studied, most teachers have negative attitude towards the use of ICT, a majority of the secondary school teachers studied have positive perception of  perceived ease of teaching and learning with ICT and Lack of ICT facilities in secondary schools, lack of commitment from government and school management, lack of motivation and training, lack of ICT policies in secondary schools, lack of technical support from government and private sector, lack of qualified teachers to teach ICT and Teachers’ anxiety over being replaced by technology are  the major factors militating against teachers readiness and effective use of ICT in secondary schools in Etsako West Local Government Area of Edo state. The study recommends that Government should be committed to full implementation of ICT in secondary schools by way formulating policies and implementing the existing one if any with all sincerity.

Keywords: Assessment, Edo state, ICT, Proficiency, Secondary Schools, Teacher

An Assessment of Sport Facilities in Senior High Schools and Their Effects on Sports Development in the Tano North and South Districts of Ghana (Published)

The study was conducted to assess and evaluate the state of sports facilities and their effects on sports development at the Senior High School (SHS) in the Tano North and South Districts in Brong Ahafo region, Ghana. Three Hundred (300) final year students were selected using stratified and simple random sampling techniques from a population of one thousand (1000). Census study was used to select all 13 PE teachers in the six SHS chosen for the study. The research design used was descriptive survey method. The instruments used were interviews, observation and questionnaire. Data was analysed using chi- square (x2) to test the hypotheses and find the relationship between availability of sports facilities and sports performance at a significance level of 0.05. The findings revealed that the study fails to accept the hypotheses that there is no significant relationship between sports performance and provision of sports facilities. Both teachers and students accepted in the study that there is a significant effect of availability of sports facilities on sports performance and also agreed that existing facilities are not properly maintained. It was revealed that sports facilities in the various schools were not adequate for their PE subject requirement. Other findings are that most of the facilities have paths and passages across them since people use them as routes to their destinations, for celebrations and other activities. Generally, the study has revealed that sports facilities in the Tano North and South were inadequate and have significant effect on sport performance. It is recommended that administrators and other stakeholders invest in sports facilities to beef up sports performance.      

Keywords: Assessment, Sports Development, Sports Facilities, Sports performance, Tano North and South Districts.

Assessment for improving ESL learners’ writing skills among undergraduate students: A case study of Skyline University College (Published)

The present study seeks to investigate the main difficulties undergraduate students face in academic writing. The participants in the study are 52 randomly selected first year students from the School of Information Technology, Skyline University, Sharjah, UAE. Through assessing samples of the students’ assignments, the researcher will identify the main errors so that he can give constructive feedback and plan revision and remedial activities to help learners overcome those difficulties. In addition to using students’ assignments as an instrument for collecting data, questionnaire will be administered to students to explore types of problems they face in the English composition course, their view on the way English writing class is delivered, and to what extent they find classroom writing tasks relevant to their academic, personal, and professional life. By identifying the common issues UAE students face in writing, the aim is to enhance students ‘s writing skills and design a course book which can be a reference in teaching academic writing course in the UAE high education setting.

Keywords: Assessment, ESL Learners, English writing skills, writing errors

Investigating the Effects of Bangladesh and Global Studies (BGS) Assessment of Secondary School Certificate (SSC) Examination on Students Learning (Published)

The study determines to find out the present situation of Bangladesh and Global Studies test items/creative questions in Bangladesh. This descriptive study was conducted using a concurrent triangulation research design. To conduct this study both quantitative and qualitative data were collected. 16 test of Bangladesh and Global Studies test items/creative question papers of 2015 or 2016 were selected purposively as a sample from all educational boards. Bangladesh and Global Studies curriculum were analyzed to find out the major skills reflected through the curriculum. 48 students were selected conveniently for an interview from those who had been passed the SSC examination of 2015 or 2016. For collecting data from these sources, test analysis protocol, the curriculum content reading protocol and interview protocol were used as research tools. Test analysis protocol consisted of two criteria; wording criteria and practising criteria. Selected test items were analyzed based on these two criteria and Bloom’s cognitive domain. The study revealed that there was an imbalance in wording criteria and practising criteria of test items. SSC examination test items didn’t reflect the major skills of the curriculum appropriately. Most of the test items promoted students lower level learning and ignored higher level learning.

Keywords: Assessment, Bangladesh and Global Studies, Curriculum, Examination, SSC, Secondary Education

Formative Assessment Practices of Senior High School Teachers in the Ashanti Mampong Municipality of Ghana (Published)

This study investigated the Senior High School (SHS) teachers’ formative assessment practices in the Mampong Municipality of Ghana. Three research questions guided the study: What is SHS teachers’ knowledge of formative assessment? What are SHS teachers’ formative assessment practices? How does formative assessment contribute to improvement in teaching and learning? Stratified and simple random sampling methods were used to select 80 teachers from the four public SHSs in the Municipality for the study. The study used a questionnaire for data collection. The study revealed that about half of the teachers lacked the conception of formative assessment and its sub-concepts. Generally, the teachers were involved in certain practices which unknown to them were formative assessment practices. They saw these practices as norms and daily routines that needed to be done as part of the teaching and learning procedures. To them, these practices contributed to improvement in teaching and learning. From the findings, the researchers recommended that, to increase the understanding of SHS teachers on formative assessment and its sub-concepts, pre-service teacher training must place much emphasis on the theory and practice of formative assessment and in-service training activities should be organised for teachers already in the field. Stakeholders of education need to give this the needed support.

Keywords: Assessment, Continuous Assessment, School-based assessment, Senior High School, Summative Assessment, formative assessment practices

Selection Standardization and Musical Instruments Assessment of Music Instruments Preparation Subject in Music Education Study Program of Unimed (Published)

Factors which influences students to choose musical instrument such as: the role of musical instruments in musical performances, the influence of parents, the influence of teacher, the influence of sex, the availability of instruments, playing techniques and musicality. Selection standarization of musical instrument are used to see the extent of students in choosing musical instrument which is appropriate with the standard that has been determined by the lecturer. The standards for selecting musical instruments compiled by the lecturer team are: Piano Instruments, Swipe Instruments, Vocals, Blowing Instruments, Percussion Instruments, Drum Set Percussion Instruments / Percussion Instruments in addition to Drum Set / Standard and Voting Instrument Selection Assessment. From the standard of musical instrument, students choose musical instruments in accordance with established standards to take Music Instruments Preparation Subject and to achieve the competency of its subject.

Keywords: Assessment, Musical Instruments, Selection, standardization