An Analysis of Construction Material Batching Behaviour of Artisans in Ghana’s Informal Construction Sector. (Published)
This study investigated construction materials-batching behaviour of artisans in the Ghana informal construction sector. The research was conducted in three major townships across three districts namely: Mepe/Battor in the Volta Region, Pokuase in the Eastern Region and Nsawam in the Eastern Region of Ghana. To achieve the study objectives, a quantitative data collection approach was adopted as the primary methodology for gathering data from the target population using cluster-sampling technique to select the sample population. The results showed that the Ghana informal construction sector paid scanty attention to the standard practices and procedures for constructing residential buildings. Reasons included inadequate levels of apprenticeship training to grow the skills and competence of artisans. Low-quality training duped apprentices into thinking that they were fully qualified when in reality they were not. Not only that, apprenticeship varied widely across construction trades and master craftsmen. Batching was generally eyeballed instead of being measured scientifically resulting in insufficient cement to aggregate ratio in cement blocks, concrete and mortar works. Also, cement and aggregate mixtures had high percentage of water. Weak cement blocks resulted in poor construction and weak buildings with rising moisture content in walls, leaking roofs, cracks and structural failure.
SOCIO-ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS OF MOBILE PHONE USAGE AND GRATIFICATION AMONG ARTISANS IN OGUN STATE, NIGERIA (Published)
The aim of this study was to find out the predictive value of socioeconomic characteristics of artisans, such as, age, education and work experience in mobile phone usage and gratification with a view to providing an empirical guide for stakeholders in the industry. The descriptive design in form of an ex post-facto approach was used. A total of 200 participants were purposively selected from various groups of automobile artisans including mechanics, rewire, battery chargers, panel beaters and painters operating in Ogun state. Findings revealed significant composite contribution of the three variables to the prediction of mobile phone usage and gratification among artisans. However, only age independently predicted mobile phone usage and gratification among artisans while education and work experience did not. Therefore, it was recommended that artisans of varying ages should be encouraged to use mobile phones in order to boost their trades in the state.