Tag Archives: Art

Effectiveness of the Treatment Advocate Strategy in Tracking Lost to Follow up Clients on Antiretroviral Therapy in Sauti Yetu Project within Temeke Municipality (Published)

This paper is based on a research which was conducted in Dar es Salaam Region, to assess effectiveness of the Treatment Advocate Strategy in tracking lost to follow up clients on antiretroviral therapy in Sauti Yetu project within Temeke Municipality. The findings indicated that there was a significant decrease in proportion of lost to follow up Antiretroviral Therapy clients from 45.1% before the project to 29.6% after the project. The decrease was statistically significant (p<0.001). Furthermore, the facilitating factors found to influence tracking of lost to follow up clients included provision of follow up transport; support of community leadership; provision of technical support; availability of reporting tools; and adequate knowledge in using reporting tools. However, incorrect client’s information recorded; large area coverage; and inadequate of staff in Care and Treatment Clinics were mentioned as barriers in tracking lost to follow up.The Treatment Advocate Strategy has been found to be effective in reducing and tracking lost to follow up of clients on Antiretroviral Therapy. Considering the effectiveness of the strategy, it is recommended that relevant authorities should scale up this intervention in other areas.

Keywords: Art, Retention, care and treatment clinics, lost to follow up

The Role of Art in Customary Marriage Ceremonies: The Case of Krobos of Somanya, Ghana (Published)

Customary Marriage ceremonies among the Krobos of Somanya in the Eastern Region of Ghana involve a lot of display of both visual and performing art forms. The purpose of this study was, therefore, to investigate the role of arts in the marriage ceremonies of the Krobos of Somanya by identifying the art forms and symbols exhibited at such marriage ceremonies, and then evaluating the significance of each art form or symbol in the entire ceremony. Qualitative research method with Semi structured interviews and Focus Group Discussions were used to gather information that addresses the research objectives and questions. The sampling frame for the study included traditional elders within the Somanya community, chiefs, queen mothers, and family heads. The purposive sampling was used to select two (2) traditional leaders, as well as five (5) other persons who are well informed of the traditions and customs of Somanya to serve as respondents for the study. The data gathered were subsequently analyzed using the qualitative technique. From the results of the study, the major findings was that music, drama and appellations were highly used by marriage couples throughout the marriage rites. It was also found that beads play a very important role in the marriage ceremonies, with each bead colour having a particular meaning and significance to the marriage process. It could be concluded that each art form observed at the ceremony has a meaning and significance have endeared most people to the traditional form of marriage in spite of the prevalence of the Ordinance (wedding) type of marriage in other areas. Finally, efforts should be made to establish a gallery as well as a website where the various art forms used in such marriage ceremonies, their meanings and significance can be captured on audio and video for display, preservation, and for sale.

Keywords: Art, Ceremonies, Customary Marriage, Ghana

Martin Heidegger’s Viewpoint about Art (Published)

Art, and nothing else, is the biggest tool for life and high motive for it. Aesthetics and art philosophy is always important for thinkers. This subject always has been studied.  Ideal beauty concept is not concerned for existence art philosophy. This is a question for history of aesthetics. No philosophers ask “what is beauty?” now. Art making is assigned to artist intelligence in current aesthetics science. Heidegger studies and destroys western ontology to find way of creation of new concept of world and human to metaphysics to pave the way of thinking. Heidegger tied to find the origin of art in the thesis of “The origin of art working.” Heidegger consider the truth as an essential way for art realization. Truth has a show in any art work. Heidegger considers the truth nothing except the showing. This article tries to study the historical way among most famous philosophers before Heidegger and after this type of viewpoint, he tried to assess this subject as much as possible referring to various art works.

Keywords: Aesthetics, Art, Artist, Heidegger., Truth

Art Procedure and Genomic Imprinting: Any Concern for the Sub-Saharan Africa Setting (Published)

ART has become the mainstay treatment modality for significant number of infertile couples.it involves numerous steps culminating into subjecting the gametes and early developing embryos to some forms of environmental stress. ART procedures tend to coincide with the period of DNA demethylation and methylation that form the basis of parental imprint during gametogenesis, fertilization and early embryonic development. Hence possible source of imprint disorder necessitating the need for investigating the association. Recent findings have demonstrated the association of ART and imprinting disorders ion animal studies. While case series from the registries suggest association in children with Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome, Angelman syndrome and Retinoblastoma. Though, more recent studies could not substantiate it independent of other factors such as inherent infertility. 

Keywords: Art, Epigenetic, Genomic Imprinting, Imprinting Disorder

Arts Education: A Viable Vocational Area For Secondary School Students in a Recessive Economy: Implications for Counselling (Published)

Arts education with particular reference to Fine and Applied Arts, is a discipline that is yet to be sufficiently accorded its pride of place in the scheme of things in the Nigerian Educational space inspite of its usefulness and functionalities. The fact that arts permeate almost every aspect of human lives is at best, noticed but not fully appreciated. The researcher, therefore, explored more areas of utilities of this discipline on social functions, religion, industry, job creation and entrepreneurial skills. Comparative analysis emphasis were made between the arts vis-à-vis science and technology. In conclusion, the researcher recommended that more attention should be given to Fine and Applied Arts as a sure destination to employment opportunities in a recessive economy

Keywords: Art, Education, Recessive Economy, Vocation

The Roles Of Islamic Education Towards Islamic Art And Culture (Published)

This study deals with the roles of Islamic education againts the development of Islamic art and culture. In order to achive the objective of the study, library research method was used and all the data taken from the books, journals, articles, and previous research. After analyzing and describing the discussion in details, the finding showed that the roles of Islamic education towards Islamic art and culture development are; firstly, Islamic art and culture is regarded as the process of awareness that Islamic art and culture are values sources such as; mind, kindness, creativity, and artwork. Secondly, Islamic art and culture is knwon as process of humanity and humanism. Thirdly, Islamic art and culture is regarded as the spirit of struggle and renewal agiants Islam. The students are expcted to have both intelligent and spiritual competency through art and culture found in Al-Qur’an and Sunnah. Islamic education and culture always come together to establish the human beings’ civilization.

Keywords: Art, Character, Culture, Education, Islamic, Values


Literature is not just a piece of writing, which only entertains. It also performs some other functions such as teaching moral lessons and healing souls. Literature has turned out to be a medium of appending contemporary or conventional realities through the exposition of the socio-cultural and political experiences of a given society; since it (literature) is a product of a particular human society. A creative art is designed to x-ray life, with a view to display human experiences, feelings, imaginations, observations, predictions and suggestions for realistic purposes. Literature is one of the major weapons for class and/or societal struggles. This paper focuses on societal issues raised in Sembène Ousmane’s God’s bits of wood Marxist theory of violence is our theoretical framework in evaluating the writer’s preoccupations. As its purpose, the paper makes it bold to validate the fact that art and society are two interlocking entities. It is obvious that the oppressed in Sembène Ousmane’s God’s bits of wood are well mobilized and they behave as true agents of positive social transformation. They are very effective in the reconstruction agenda demonstrated in the novel. The paper ends by identifying the fundamental systemic challenges, which confront African societies during the colonial period and even now in the perceived global village and the writer is seen as one who embraces his environment and time very religiously in his artistic creation with a view to solving some common societal problems. Literature, therefore, is capable of activating and promoting the expected development in human societies.

Keywords: Art, Capitalism, Colonialism, Development, Protest