The Production Technology of Graphene (Published)
Graphene wonder and amazing material in the universe. Graphene all the excellent properties mechanical, optical, electrical, chemical, thermal, magnetic, electronics. This reason graphene is one of the material uses all application like tissue engineering, bio imaging, Polymerase chain reaction, devices, drug deliver, biomicrorobotics, testing, electronics, transistors , transparent conducting electrode , frequency multiplier, optoelectronics, hall effect sensors, quantum dots, organic electronics, light processing, optical modulator, infrared light detection, energy, generation, ethanol distillation, solar cell, fuel cell, storage, super capacitor, Electrode for Li-ion batteries, Hydrogen storage, Rechargeable battery, Sensors, Molecular adsorbtion, Piezoelectric effect, Body motion, Environmental, Contaminant removal, Water filtration, Plasmonics and meta materials, Lubricant, Radio wave absorption, Redox, Nanoantennas, Sound transducers, Waterproof coating, Coolant additive, Reference material, Thermal management, Structural material, Catalyst, power electronics, power transmission system , biomedical. Graphene is most important point of production required different application and different technology using high quality production of the graphene.
Knowledge and Application of Reflective Practice: A Tool for Meaningful Nursing Practice among Nurses in University of Calabar Teaching Hospital Cross River State Nigeria (Published)
Background: Knowledge and professional competence depend on deeper understanding of issues to develop informed judgment and skill. Purpose This descriptive study was designed to evaluate the knowledge and application of reflective practice among nurses in University of Calabar Teaching Hospital, Calabar Nigeria. Methods: The theory of Human Caring, the Model of Structured Reflection, two research questions and one hypothesis guided the study. Two hundred and thirty eight (238) professional nurses were used as study sample. Data were obtained using self-administered questionnaires; collated data were analyzed using SPSS version 18.0 for inferential and non inferential statistics. Hypothesis was tested for significance at 0.05 level using Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficient. Results: Findings revealed that majority of nurses have knowledge of reflective practice based on task (41.3%) and time (32.1%) awareness 64.2% engaged in reflective practice employed. use discussion approach only. The use of reflective journals was found to be very poor among the nurses. Conclusions: The study concludes that knowledge of reflective practice provides a basic strategy for meaningful practice that facilitates professional development and promotes quality patient care based on best practice guiding principle. It was recommended that nurses be encouraged to keep reflective dairy to provide insight into clinical issues for better understanding that results in meaningful practice.
The Effectiveness and Teaching Methods of First Aid Module in Paaet-Kuwait (Qualitative Study) (Published)
In this qualitative study, students from both genders were randomly targeted from PAAET. A questionnaire were designed in order to investigate the effectiveness of teaching methods and the benefit from learning First Aid. Results shows that most students strongly agrees that First Aid modules are very important to their life. Students were divided regarding gender and social status. Females were more eager to learn First Aid and married students feel that they need it more than non-married. Forty six percent feel embarrassed when dealing with subjects, and only(63%) believe that they can deal with most cases thoroughly. Females were significantly more capable of rescuing and more confident than males (p<0.00). Significant difference between the firms with respect to student rescue embarrassment was noted, with College of Health sciences responded the least. This study showed some weakness concerning with application capabilities, confidence and personal attitude toward subjects.
FACTORS INFLUENCING THE APLICATION OF ORGANIC VEGETABLE FARMING IN SAMARINDA CITY (CASE STUDY AT NORTH SAMARINDA SUBDISTRICT, EAST KALIMANTAN) (Published)
The objectives of research are to understand the application rate of organic vegetable farming and to analyze factors influencing the application of organic vegetable farming in Samarinda City. Research is carried out in North Samarinda Subdistrict, Samarinda City, from April to June of 2013. Method of research is survey and the sampling technique is simple random sampling. Result of research has shown that (1) the application of organic vegetable farming in Samarinda City is classified into four categories, which include conventional category for very low application rate, knowing-organic category for low application rate, interest-in-organic category for moderate application rate, and toward-organic category for high application rate; (2) some factors such as age, land width, number of training, farmers’ general knowledge about organic, farmers’ knowledge about the principle and benefit of application, and farmers’ knowledge about organic agriculture technique, will give significant influence on the application of organic vegetable farming; and (3) the application rate of organic farming has significant influence on the production and income of vegetable farmers. Farmers with toward-organic application rate of vegetable farming have higher production and income than those with conventional, knowing-organic and interest-in-organic farming.
Stochastic Frontier Production Function on the Resource Use Efficiency of Fadama II Crop Farmers in Adamawa State, Nigeria (Published)
This study assess the resource use efficiency of Fadama II beneficiary crop farmers in Adamawa state, Nigeria . Data were collected on a sample of 160 farmers and were analyzed using stochastic frontier production function. The maximum likelihood estimates (MLE) for the stochastic production function results shows that the coefficients of farm size, inorganic fertilizer, hired labour and expenses on ploughing, significantly affect food crop output of the respondents. The mean technical efficiency was 0.71 (or 71%), the mean allocative efficiency was 0.76 (or 76%) and the mean economic efficiency was 0.54 (or 54%). The study concludes that, the maximum likelihood estimates (MLE) for the stochastic production function of the coefficients of farm size(X1), inorganic fertilizer (X3), hired labour (X5) and expenses on ploughing (X6) were found to be positive and significantly affect food crop output of the respondents with the mean technical efficiency is 0.71 (or 71%). It is however recommended that, Government and other donor agencies should intensify advisory services activities on effective resource allocation, utilization and other ways of increasing farmers’ beneficiary income. Government in partnership with private sector should encourage farmers to increase its technical efficiency in food crop production which could be achieved through improved farmer specific efficiency factors, which include improved farmer education, access to credit, access to improved extension services and less crop diversification. Government to introduce mentorship and pre-job training programmes and to include the youth in policy decisions.