Tag Archives: appeal.

Re-Evaluation Process, Due Legal Process and Integrity of the Justice System (Albanian Case) (Published)

Albania has entered into the process of the justice system reform, for the dismissal of judges and prosecutors, unsuitable for the function they are exercising. According to the Constitution, re-evaluation for all judges and prosecutors will be carried out on the basis of the principles of due process and respecting the fundamental rights of the re-evaluation subjects. This process will be carried out by two transitional re-evaluation bodies, established by the Constitution, which will give decisions and will examine the appeal against the disciplinary measures that can be appealed as well to the ECtHR by the assessees. This article aims to provide an analysis of the situation of the justice system in Albania and to present the constitutional and legal framework for the re-evaluation process of judges and prosecutors. Subsequently, the paper attempts to summarize the standards required by the ECtHR for cases of dismissal against the assessees. Finally, the paper concludes that, in order for the Albanian state not to be punished in the future, the newly established institutions for the re-evaluation of the justice system subjects should be familiar with the standards of the ECtHR for a due legal process. Furthermore, they should approach their duty in such a way as to avoid possible convention violations during this disciplinary process.

Keywords: Dismissal, Judge, Prosecutor, Reform, Vetting., appeal.


Disinformation in image projection seeks to achieve irrational protest consideration in message consumers of political commercials. It explains why a candidate’s image is subjected to emotional evaluation by the electorate, in an election situation. The Unfair Trial advertisement, used to separate Goodluck Jonathan of the PDP from Muhammadu Buhari of the APC, in 2015 presidential election in Nigeria, was the basis of this aesthetic analysis. Four aesthetic appreicational factors of environment, language, costume and action were used to determine how presented pictures, text and sound were expected to affect the television commercial consumers’ psyche. It is believed that emotion, introduced in political arguments, was likely to influence voter behaviour against incivility, capable of translating into loss of voter support for the disparaged candidate. It means that image projection of candidates at election should be done with dexterity, as to achieve the desired communication objective in political commercials. It is when arguments are elevated to rational discourse that emotional considerations become inconsequential in adverse contemplation for any particular candidate at elections.

Keywords: Aesthetics, Emotion, Propaganda, appeal.