An Ex-Ante Evaluation of Technical Efficiency of Ghana’s Public Hospital to Support National Health Insurance Scheme Implementation in Ghana (Published)
This paper assessed whether the public district hospitals in Ghana are technically efficient to meet the challenge of possible increase in health care demand by Ghanaians that might result from the introduction of the National Health Insurance Scheme.The Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) approach was used to estimate the efficiency of 51 Public District Hospitals. The results show an average overall Technical Efficiency of 77.6%, pure Technical Efficiency of 84.5% and Scale Efficiency of 92.1%. Out of the 51 public district hospitals used in the study, 30 of them were purely technically inefficient. The results also indicate that in general a total of 102 Medical and Pharmacy Staff, 530 General Administrative Staff, 462 Nursing Staff and 830 beds are wasted or not utilized in health care delivery by the public district hospitals. This indicates that any immediate increase in health care demand as a result of the National Health Insurance Scheme will not necessitate an increase in health care expenditure by the government but instead health care management should be called upon to operate more efficiently. The study concludes that there is potential to improve access and/quality of care without injecting additional resources into the health sector.
Resource-Use and Allocative Efficiency of Paddy Rice Production in Niger Delta Region of Nigeria. (Review Completed - Accepted)
The study examined resource-use and allocative efficiency of paddy rice production in the Niger Delta Region of Nigeria with the view to determining the profitability, resource productivity and allocative efficiency of inputs used in rice production in the study area. The data for the study was collected from 300 rice farmers in three out of nine states in the region based on their intensity in rice production in the study area using multistage and simple random sampling technique.Data analysis was carried out using descriptive statistics, profitability model and allocative efficiency model. Rice production was found to be profitable as farmers realized N319,046.84/ha as Gross Margin in the study area. Result of the allocative efficiency of inputs confirmed thatrice producers in the area did not attain optimal allocative efficiency, seed input (0.94) has the highest allocative efficiency while land input (0.05) was the least allocative efficient input. Emergent from the findings, it was recommended that concerted efforts from individual rice farmers and government to establish farmers’ participatory extension service to ensure timely supply and proper use of rice farm inputs in order to improve farmers’ resource use efficiency.