This study examined socio-cultural variables and child abuse in Akwa Ibom State. Four objectives, four research questions and four hypotheses guided this study. A correlation research design was used and the population of this study was 57,004 students in senior secondary II classes in the 253 public secondary schools for the 2020/2021 academic session in the study area and a sample size of 570 students from 11 of the schools selected through simple random sampling technique was used for the study but 526 students returned the questionnaires. A researcher-made questionnaire named Socio-Cultural Variables and Child Abuse Questionnaire with reliability coefficient of 0.74 was the instrument for data collection. The instrument was duly administered on the respondents and the data collected were used in testing the hypotheses formulated. The data were analyzed using Pearson product moment correlation at .05 alpha level. The findings of the study showed that poverty, domestic violence, child rearing practices and family structure significantly related with child. Based on these findings, it was concluded that socio-cultural variables significantly contribute to child abuse in Akwa Ibom State. It was recommended that parents/guardians irrespective of the family structure should strive as much as possible to provide for their children, positively influence them, and raise them properly with love so that they can develop the right attitude to life rather than allowing life situations to make them abuse their children.
The concept of community policing has remained a subject of interest among scholars since the twentieth century, especially as the need to checkmate the surge in crime among various societies continued to take top position in governments’ scale of preference. Given the foregoing premise, this research undertakes a historical examination of community policing in Akwa Ibom State between 1999 – when Akwa Ibom State reverted to civilian rule – and 2019 – marking a year of democratic elections in the state. Deploying the historical method laced with both descriptive and analytical approach with primary and secondary sourced evidence, this research addresses the question of crime prevention through community policing technique. Moreso, the research unearths the strategies employed in community policing as well as the challenges of community policing in Akwa Ibom State. It, therefore, postulates that even though the concept of community policing has long been introduced in Akwa Ibom area, the period between 1999 and 2019 appeared to witness more concerted efforts from government in the utility of the this system towards the purpose of combating and prevention of crime in Akwa Ibom State
Citation: Ubongabasi Israel (2021) Community Policing Strategies in Akwa Ibom State, 1999-2019, International Journal of History and Philosophical Research, Vol.9, No.3, pp.9-27
Basic Accounting Education: A Necessity for All (Published)
The paper examined the extent to which Accounting Education is taught to public secondary school students in Akwa Ibom State. The survey research design was adopted for the study. The population consisted of all SS1 students in Public Secondary Schools in Akwa Ibom State, totaling 2493 (1392 males and 1101 females). The cluster sampling technique was used in selecting 249 (136 males and 113 females) students as sample for the study. Data collection was done with a researcher-developed instrument tagged “Basic Accounting Education Questionnaire” (BAEQ). The instrument, which had 10 items, was duly validated and tested for reliability using the Cronbach alpha formula. Data analysis was done using the independent t-test. The result indicated no significant difference in the mean responses of the two groups of respondents regarding the poor status of Accounting education and dearth of accounting teachers in public secondary schools in the state. On the basis of this, it was concluded that Accounting Education is not given adequate attention in public secondary schools in Akwa Ibom State. The teaching of Accounting Education at the secondary school level in Akwa Ibom State is impeded by dearth of qualified teachers and teaching aids. It was recommended, among other things, that bookkeeping and financial accounting should be made a core and compulsory subjects at both the junior and senior secondary school levels in the state.
Training Needs of Rural Fisherfolks: A Case Study of Itu Area of Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria (Published)
The study ascertained the training needs of rural fisherfolks in Itu Area of Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria. Data, obtained using multi-stage sampling procedure, were analyzed using descriptive statistics. Results revealed that fisherfolks in the study area can be categorized into the following four classes based on their activities: fishers, boat and gears owners, fish sellers/vendors and helpers. The most desired training need for fisherfolks in the fishers category is training on improved fish catching methods using modern fishing gears and the most desired training need for fisherfolks in the boat and gears owners’ category is training on machineries/equipment maintenance; training on fish preservation methods and training on proper fish handling were the most desired training needs of fisherfolks in the fish sellers/vendors category and helpers category respectively. It is recommended that training interventions/programmes targeted at rural fisherfolks by Governmental and Non-Governmental agencies in Akwa Ibom State take cognizance of the identified key training areas in the study to ensure the success of such efforts.
Effect of Strike Action on Human Development among Social Studies Secondary School Students in Uyo Local Government Area of Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria (Published)
This research work was conducted to investigate the effects of strike action on secondary school students learning effectiveness in Social Studies in some selected secondary schools in Uyo Local Government Area of Akwa Ibom State as it patterns to their development. Survey research design was adopted for the study. With this design it was possible to study the targeted population using sample. The sample comprised of 100 students carefully selected from a population of 400 students. To elicit responses from these students, a structured and closeended questionnaire was developed and systematically administered. The questionnaires were retrieved and analyzed with the Pearsons Product Moment Correlation statistical tool. Result revealed that strike action in secondary school significantly influence students learning effectiveness and performance in Social Studies. To this end, it was recommended that the government and other educational stakeholders stand up to their responsibility and stabilize the education system while stamping out strike actions in the system for effective human development in the field of social studies.