Human Resources and Strategic Management for Sustainable Development in Nigeria: Akwa Ibom State Experience (Published)
Human resource and strategic management is one of the most important requirements for the sustenance of an economy, whether at micro or macro levels. It is a must for any society, country or even enterprise that wishes to survive under complex challenges of a dynamic as well as globalized world. The objective of this study was to examine human resources and strategic management for sustainable development in Nigeria drawing specifically from Akwa Ibom State experience. The study adopted a historical and descriptive research drawing data mostly from secondary sources. The study revealed that Akwa Ibom state government is committed to training its workforce in the critical areas of need such as science, technology and engineering as a core area for sustainable development. The study further revealed that where human resources capital are not strategically managed, it would stalled any meaningful development in the state. The study therefore recommended that the training and retraining of workforce in the state should be focus mostly on the critical areas of science, technology and engineering as against the present emphasis on general administration. Also, the workforce so train should be strategically managed to enhance sustainable development in the state.
Illicit Drug Use and Emotional Behaviour of Senior Secondary Students in Public Schools in Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria (Published)
This study investigated the illicit drug use and its effect on the emotional behaviour of senior secondary students in public schools in Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria. The study was designed to ascertain the relationship between illicit drug use and truancy, study habit and school violence in senior secondary schools in Uyo metropolis, a capital city of AkwaIbom State. Three research questions and three null hypotheses were formulated for the study. The study adopted the correlational research design. The population used for the study was 10,520 senior secondary school students from 13 public secondary schools in Uyo metropolis. A stratified random sampling technique was used to select 1,300 senior secondary school students to form the sample. The researchers developed instrument titled “Illicit Drug Use and Emotional Behaviour of Senior Secondary Students in Public Schools (IDEBSSSPS) to collect data for the study. The instrument was validated by three research experts in the University of Uyo, Akwa Ibom State. The reliability index of 0.82 was determined using Crombach’s Alpha. Mean was used to answer the research questions while simple regression was used to test the null hypotheses at .05 alpha level. The findings revealed that illicit drug use has a serious influence on the emotional behaviour of senior secondary students in Uyo, Akwa Ibom State. It was recommended among others that public enlightenment campaigns should be organized at the secondary school level to educate students on the dangers of drug use.
The study ascertained the barriers to contraceptive use among rural farmers in Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria. Data obtained from one hundred and sixty rural farmers, using multi-stage sampling procedure, were analyzed using frequencies, percentages, means and ranks. Results show that 51.3% of the respondents, with an average age of 40 years, were females and 73.1% were married; majority of the respondents (96.2%) had formal education with an average monthly income of N28, 500.50 and an average of 36 years of farming experience. Findings also show that the most utilized contraceptive methods by the rural farmers were barrier methods (condoms, diaphragm), hormonal contraceptives (pills) and abstinence; lack of information on effective use of contraceptives, perceived negative side effects of contraceptive use and lack of required skills for effective use of contraceptives were the most severe barriers to contraceptive use faced by the respondents. The State Government, Non-Governmental Organizations, Community-based organizations as well as other development agencies in Akwa Ibom State should organize enlightenment programmes on contraceptive use specifically targeted at rural areas of the State in order to help overcome the major barriers to contraceptive use faced by rural farmers in the State.
PROBLEMS OF IMPROVISING INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS FOR THE TEACHING AND LEARNING OF PHYSICS IN AKWA IBOM STATE SECONDARY SCHOOLS, NIGERIA (Published)
This study investigated the problems faced by Secondary School Physics teachers in improvising instructional materials for effective teaching and learning of Physics in Akwa Ibom State of Nigeria. All Physics teachers currently teaching Physics in the state formed the population for the study. This gave the population size of three hundred and ten Physics teachers. Random method of selection was used in selecting 150 (80 male and 70 female) Physics teachers to form the sample for the study. A structured questionnaire called Improvised Physics Instructional Materials Questionnaire (IPIMQ) was used in generating the data for the Study. The instrument had two sections, A and B. Section A sought information on personal data (sex and educational qualifications) of the respondents while Section B sought information on problems faced by Secondary School Physics Teachers in the course of improvising instructional materials. The reliability coefficient of the instrument determined using Crombach Alpha was 0.78. One research question and two research hypotheses were formulated to guide the investigation. Mean and t-test statistics were used in analyzing the data. The findings of the Study revealed the problems faced by Physics teachers during improvisation to include financial constraints, lack of skills and strategies on improvisation, large class size, time constraint, unavailability of tools and lack of exposure on improvisation. The study also showed that these problems faced by teachers were not gender and location sensitive as there was no significant difference in the mean responses of male and female or urban and rural Physics teachers in improvisation of instructional materials. Recommendations were made, among others, that Seminars and workshop on improvisation be organized for Physics teachers in Secondary Schools in Akwa Ibom State by the authorities concerned.
MASSIFICATION OF STUDENTS’ INTAKE AND EFFECTIVENESS OF ADMINISTRATION IN PUBLIC SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN AKWA IBOM STATE, NIGERIA (Published)
This study investigated massification of students’ intake and effectiveness of administration in public secondary schools in Akwa Ibom State. An ex-post facto correlational design was used. Three research questions were formulated to guide the study and three Null hypotheses were tested. The population of the study consisted of all the 221 public secondary school principals in the state. The sample size of 57 principals (25 percent) with 171 teachers that is, 3 teachers rating one school principal was drawn for the study using cluster and the simple random sampling techniques on Local Education Committee bases. Data collection was done with the use of a researcher designed instrument tagged “Effectiveness of Secondary School Administration Questionnaire (EOSSAQ)” for teachers only. Cronbach Alpha statistics used to determine the reliability of the instrument gave a reliability coefficient of 0.76.The statistical technique used for both the research questions and Null hypotheses was simple linear regression at 0.05 alpha levels with 1 and 54 degree of freedom. Findings from the study, revealed no significant relationship between massification of students’ intake and effectiveness of school supervision, supply of school facilities and managing of school budgets. All the null hypotheses were retained. The study thus concluded that massification of students’ intake has no direct relationship on the effectiveness of secondary school administration. Based on this, it was recommended that administrators and all heads of schools should not panic whenever there is influx of students in their school enrolment. State Secondary Education Board should have some sort of incentives to use and encourage principals who manage their schools without much demand on the government for their ingenuity.
THE IMPACT OF HUMAN CAPITAL DEVELOPMENT AND ECONOMIC EMPOWERMENT ON THE SOCIO-ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF AKWA IBOM STATE, NIGERIA (Published)
Human capital development is an indispensable component of the development process. It is a development strategy aimed at fulfilling the potentials of people by enlarging their capabilities which necessarily implies the empowerment of the people, and enabling them to participate actively in their own development. It also serve a means through which the skills, knowledge, productivity and inventiveness of people are enhanced. This study therefore, examined the impact of human capital development and economic empowerment in the socio-economic development in Akwa Ibom State. The study adopted a historical and descriptive approach in data collection. The study therefore revealed that from 1999 to 2012, the government being the foremost driver of the economy has made a positive impact on the training and retraining of workers in the public sector. This has made the public sector more vibrant, efficient and result-oriented. The study also revealed that aside from training, the government also embarked on elaborate empowerment programme which has helped so many to become self-employed as well as employer of labour. The study further revealed that government failed to give priority need in their training programme to the critical areas in the state namely oil and gas for effective participation of this sector by the Akwa Ibomites. On the strength of this, the study recommended among others that government should embark on extensive training of domestic engineers in the areas of oil and gas in the state. Also government should encourage individuals and private sector to increase investment in human capital and economic empowerment in the state.
Spatial Variation and Determinants of Interaction among Urban Centres in Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria (Published)
The aim of the study was to determine the volume of interaction among the urban centers in the study region and to assess the relationship between the observed volume of interaction and the expected volume of interaction in the study region. Six urban centres were selected from the thirty-one urban centres in the study region using random number table. Data collection was by travel survey conducted from Monday – Saturday simultaneously in the six urban public motor parks between the hours of 7 – 9 am, 12 – 2 pm and 4 – 6 pm. The Chi-square technique ‘goodness of fit’ test was used to analyze the difference between the observed volume of interaction and the expected volume of interaction among the urban centers. The study revealed a significant difference between the observed volume of interaction and the expected volume of interaction in the region. The conclusion was that the determinants of inter – urban interaction in Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria are not just population and distance as postulated in the gravity model, other socio-economic variables such as number of industries, number of tertiary educational institutions, number of major markets, number of tourism sites and number of hospitals also contribute to inter-urban interaction in the region. This is a contribution to modifying gravity model for wider use. These findings will assist in the urban transportation planning of the region.
The Impact of Rural Roads and Bridges on the Socio-economic Development of Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria: An Evaluation (Published)
Rural roads and bridges form the basis for transformation and communication. They constitute the most critical infrastructure in the rural, and by extension national development drive. Contributions of rural roads and brides to rural development include: accelerated delivery of farm inputs and evacuation of product and reduction in the cost of transportation. On the other hand lack of rural access roads has killed the dreams and resilience of those who may have chosen to live in the villages with their villages cut away from the city and potentials in the villages wasting away, these set of people have chosen to join the rest for urban life. Since majority of economic activities in our society depend in one way or the other on road infrastructure, Akwa Ibom State Government from 1999 made an effort to provide roads and bridges. This work therefore assessed the impact of government effort in the provision of rural road and bridges on the socio-economic transformation of the State. The study adopted a historical as well as descriptive approach in data collection. The study therefore revealed that the government efforts has increased socio-economic activities in the state as people and goods now move freely from rural areas to the urban centres. The study further revealed that provision of rural roads and bridges has equally helped to reduce the cost of transportation in the state. Above all, it has reduced rural urban drift in the state. Based on this, the study recommended that the government should sustain the present tempo by increasing fund allocation in the annual budget for rural roads and bridges.