Tag Archives: African

Bar Associations as Watchdogs to National, African, Commonwealth and International Law/Arbitration: Analysis of the Legal Strength in Nigerian, African, Commonwealth and International Bar Associations’ Constitutions (Published)

The Bar as it relates to law depicts the profession of Barrister or a Lawyer in a higher court. To be called to the Bar means allowed to work as a qualified barrister. Association on the other hand is an official group of people who have joined together for a particular purpose. In Nigeria, the association of Lawyers is called Nigerian Bar Association (otherwise, called the NBA). In Africa, the association shall be known as the African Bar Association (otherwise, called AFBA), in the Commonwealth it is Lawyer’s Association otherwise called CLA. At the international level, the name of the corporation is the International Bar Association (otherwise, called the IBA). The Bar Association whether in Nigeria, Africa, Commonwealth or the world plays among other roles to promote the administration of justice under the rule of Law among Nigerians, Africans, Commonwealth and the people of the world. This Rule of Law is the Supremacy of regular as opposed to arbitrary power; the absence of any arbitrary power on the part of the government. Promotion of rule of Law is that a Lawyer is called to the Bar to discharge. Associations of these Lawyers otherwise called Bar Association have the promotion of rule of Law as one of their objects. This paper therefore is aimed to analyze how this association of Lawyers in Nigeria, Africa, Commonwealth and the world can compel their respective governments to operate within the ambit of the rule of Law, else, they may be compelled to take legal action in Court of Law for the promotion and protection of the principles of the rule of Law, to advance the science of jurisprudence and to promote in the execution of these objects the principles and aims of the United Nations in their legal aspects and to cooperate with and promote coordination among international judicial organizations having similar purpose. Recommendations were made to the effect that Nigerian and African Bar Associations should reform, emulate and develop their constitutions as the international Bar Association had done so that their objects will continue to compel their governments for more adherence to their legal and advisory portions in the affairs of their country or region so as to ensure Legal political and economic development within their jurisdictions.

Keywords: African, Bar Association, Commonwealth and International Bar Association and Constitutions, Legal strength, Nigeria, Watchdog

Interrogating an Imposed Constitutionalism in Contemporary African Countries (Published)

The work interrogates an imposed constitutionalism in contemporary African societies. We traced the development of imposed constitutionalism to 1945 when Japan was defeated and American drafted a constitution for Japanese which were described as old fashion and the present imposed constitutionalism been drafted and adopted under the shadow of gun; it happened in Yugoslavia, East Timor, Afghanistan and Iraq. Since majority of African states constitution are imposed, the work set out to examine the impact of imposed constitutionalism on contemporary African states. We discovered that the attempt by one country to impose a constitution on another country is bound to be a difficult task, more so when the reform is coming from outside. Because impose constitutionalism will bring with it a new culture, the cultural conditions that may not fixed in to the country concern. The work then suggests that the advanced countries should give the African opportunity to try their hand on their own constitution, the constitution that will fit in to the culture of the country concern. And the African on the other hand should endeavor to chose the best out of the crops of learned men endowed the continent to produce a constitution that will not only fit in to the culture but  that will take care of the common good of the citizen.

Keywords: African, Common Good, Constitution, Constitutionalism, Contemporary, Continent


Using the socio-rhetorical method, this study aimed at pointing out that Nigeria is a giant without gallantry. Drawing inference from Africa literary scholars like Chinua Achebe and playwrights like Ahmed Yerima and Wole Soyinka, the paper argued that Nigeria is very rich in planning and very victorious in speech making but very weak in implementations. The paper showed that a giant without gallantry is a depiction of Nigeria as a giant of Africa in terms of population, rhetorical economic growth, land space and potentials not in terms of infrastructural developments. Moreover, using the story of Goliath and David in 1 Samuel 17:1-58 as a biblical depiction of Nigeria as a giant without gallantry, the study has also showed that Nigeria is a giant in terms of quantity not quality. Although, Goliath was said to be bigger than David, the reality of the result showed that David made more concrete success than Goliath. This depiction of David and Goliath in the context of Nigeria juxtaposed Nigeria with other African countries like Ethiopia, South Africa, etc. The work concluded on the presupposition that Nigeria will indeed become giant of Africa when she is more developed in infrastructures, education and technology than other African countries.

Keywords: African, Gallantry, Giant, Nigeria