Tag Archives: Adult

Efficacy of Occimum Gratissimum (Scent Leaf) On The Larvae And Adult Of Culex Quinquefasciatus (Published)

Mosquitoes are the major vectors of diseases such as malaria, dengue, filariasis e.t.c which led to the thousands of death yearly. World Health Organisation (WHO, 2005). In Nigeria, the repellent activity of ointments formulated with Occimum gratissimum oil has been reported against Ae. aegypti and Culex quinquefasiatus mosquito (Esimone et al., 2011). Mechanical aspirator will be use to catch the blood fed female Culex mosquito and it will be introduced into a mosquito rearing cage containing a transparent rubber filled with a distilled water for egg laying. Mouse pellet will be use to feed the Larvae i.e L1, L2 and L3.Two set ups both for Smoke and scent will be set with a control experiment in each. Analysis of variance will be to compare between the two set ups for the efficacy of Occimum gratissimum to repels mosquito.

Citation: Adamu S.B., Waziri M.A., Jibril S., Isah  M.K., and Burra  I A. (2023) Efficacy of Occimum Gratissimum (Scent Leaf) On The Larvae and Adult of Culex Quinquefasciatus, European Journal of Biology and Medical Science Research, Vol.11, No.1, pp.,6-13

Keywords: Adult, Culex quinquefasciatus, Occimum gratissimum, Scent leaf, larvae

Determination of The Factors Leading to Non Adherance With Anti-Epileptic Medication In Psychatric Ambulatory Follow Up Patients Of Mettu Karl Referral Hospital, South Western,Ethiopia: A Prospective Cross Sectional Study (Published)

Epilepsy is a chronic disorder or group of chronic disorder in which the indispensable feature is recurrence of seizures that are typically unprovoked and usually unpredictable. Nonadherence of epileptic patients to anti-epileptic medication often leads to an increased risk of seizures and worsening of disease, death and increased health care costs. To ascertain determination of the factors leading to nonadherence with anti-epileptic medication in psychiatric ambulatory follow up patients Mettu Karl Referral Hospital. A prospective cross sectional study design was carried out from March 02 /2021 to May 03/2021.Data was collected through employing check list and semi-structured questioner, and then the collected data was cleared, coded and analyzed by statistical packages for social sciences 25.0 version statistical software. A p-value of less than 0.05 is considered statistically significan. The prevalence of poor adherence to AED therapy was documented in 63.1%. The majority of patients with poor adherence to AEDs were unable to read and write 51(45. 9%).According to MMAPS-8 score,65(58.6%),21(18.9%), and 25(22.5%) of the participants had a score of low adherence, medium adherence and high adherence respectively. Factors like duration of treatment above 5 years, patient age between 25-44 years old, divorced marital status, those who had follow up every two months, patients who acquired medication out of pocket, who had co-morbidity, and side effects of AEDs were the independent predictors of AEDs non-adherence. In our study, side effect of anti-epileptic drugs was the most common reason for non non-adherence and regimen complexity was the least common reason. Health care should have to maximize communication strategies with the patients about their medication are necessary to improve adherence and to avoid the clinical consequences of poor adherence.

Keywords: Adult, Epilepsy, Ethiopia, Mettu Karl Referral Hospital, Nonadherence

Age-Related Changes IN Concentration and Histological Distribution of Br, Ca, Cl, K, Mg, Mn, and Na in Nonhyperplastic Prostate of Adults (Published)

The variation with age of the Br, Ca, Cl, K, Mg, Mn, and Na concentration in prostatic parenchyma and the relationship of these chemical elements with basic histological structures of nonhyperplastic prostate glands of 65 subjects aged 21–87 years was investigated by an instrumental neutron activation analysis and a quantitative morphometric analysis. Mean values ± standard error of the mean (M±SΕΜ) for the concentrations (mg/L) of these trace elements were: Br 7.07±0.75, Ca 442±27, Cl 2688±142, K 2455±94, Mg 236±15, Sr 0.285±0.015, and Na 2238±73.  A significant trend for decrease with age in Mn concentration as well as for increase with age in relative volume of stroma and decrease in relative volume of epithelium was found.  It was demonstrated that the glandular lumen is a main pool of Ca accumulation in the normal human prostate, for the age range 21 to 40 years. For ages above 40 years a significant direct correlation between the prostatic K concentration and per cent volume of the stroma as well as a significant inverse correlation between the prostatic K concentration and per cent volume of the lumen was seen. Thus, for ages above 40 years conclusive evidence of a disturbance in prostatic chemical element concentrations and their histological distribution was shown.

Keywords: Adult, Chemical Element, Distributions, Geriatric, Histological Structures, Neutron Activation Analysis., Prostate Glands, Relationships