This paper examined how adult education can be repositioned to address youth restiveness in Rivers State. The study was anchored on John Burton Human Needs Theory. The key instrument for data collection was Focus Group Discussion (FGD) in three Local Government Areas in Rivers State. The views of experts in the field of adult education through interviews were also used to complement the experience and personal observation of the writer. The findings of the study revealed that the causes of youth restiveness include illiteracy, poverty, unemployment and insincerity of the community leaders and the activities of the politicians. The author concluded that adult education if repositioned can address youth restiveness and other emerging issues in the society. Based on the findings, the writer recommended among others that adult education objectives, scope and curriculum should be revisited to address the developmental needs of the youths and that adult education agencies as a matter of urgency should form a synergy
This paper examines indigenous adult education as a vital tool for imparting skills and techniques and instructing members of any society in the accepted values, norms and practices for achieving sustainable community development. Aims of indigenous adult education were highlighted and discussed. Indigenous adult education programmes were identified and their imperatives in achieving sustainable community development examined. The writers concluded that indigenous adult education has been a major source of peaceful co-existence among Nigerians but has been grossly neglected in favour of formal education system. The writers suggest that indigenous adult education should be promoted to complement the formal education system to reduce moral decadence in Nigerian society and attain sustainability in community development.
This article attempts to explore the relationship between active educational techniques and effective learning in vocational training centres. In particular, the effect of active educational techniques on the effectiveness of the adult educational process is explored. The analysis of the findings highlights, first of all, the great need for the use of adult learning techniques, their importance and their positive educational outcomes. In addition, it is noted that the most important reasons for abandoning an adult program are inefficiency in learning and lack of respect.
The Contribution of in-Company Training to Skills Improvement and Human Resources Development (Published)
The following research comes to explore the importance and contribution of in-company training human resources to the business. The literature review shows that education, as a tool for shaping attitudes and attitudes and developing new skills, can play a key role in improving staff skills and thus influencing the overall growth and competitiveness of an enterprise. In the present study, a survey of mixed methods was conducted with quantitative (questionnaire) and qualitative (interview) data and with sample employees from the Greek construction company “Avax”. Answers confirm that education provides employees with all the skills and support they need in order to be more efficient and thus increase their competitiveness and productivity. This research adds further data to the area of in-company education and training, since this kind of research in Greece is limited. In addition the impact of the economic crisis and the change in the culture of businesses trying to survive through training and investing in human resources is highlighted.
In recessionary economies like Nigeria the populace are in constant state of agony and anguish. The challenging situation manifests in less trade and industrial activities, high rate of unemployment, and experience of inflationary trends by economic analysts. In this era of knowledge economy, the high cultures of Nigeria has remained untapped especially the art of making sculptures and other relevant crafts. This study therefore explores the potency of high culture (sculptures) in economic recovery. Acquisition of skills to make sculptures and other relevant crafts/decorations is an essential antidote to societal ills such as unemployment, social vices, inflation and the nation’s economic recession at large. For the purpose of continuity, the adults should teach these skills to the younger generation through Adult Education which is both non-formal and informal. It is therefore recommended inter alia that the National Council for Arts and Culture should encourage the acquisition of those skills regarded as high culture.
Demographic Factors Influencing Adult Participation In Christian Education Programs Among Episcopal Churches In Southern California (Published)
The capability of a free, mature faith response to the Gospel is more in Adult Christians than in the young Christians. It is thus imperative that the opportunities of Christian education are by extension made available to adults. This paper is an investigation into the reasons why adults participate in congregationally sponsored Christian education learning events in the church. Adult participation in Christian education is examined in relation to selected demographic variables and the religious motivation of adults. Understanding the motivational orientations of adults serves as a beginning point for church leaders and directors of Christian education to develop and organize educational programs that meet the needs of adult learners. Motivation to participate was measured using an adaptation of the Education Participation Scale (EPS) (Boshier, 1991). The factors include; Spiritual Growth, Cognitive Interest, Church and Community Service, Education Preparation, Social Contact, Family Togetherness and Social Stimulation. A sample size of 454 Episcopalian adults that constituted 63% females and 37% males, averaging 50 years participated in the study undertaken in Southern California. Statistical procedures used to analyze data in this study included Pearson Product-Moment Correlation and Analysis of Variance (ANOVA). All hypotheses were tested at an alpha level of .05. In relation to demographic variables, intrinsically motivated respondents who had a higher level of education attended more programs. Singles tended to be extrinsically motivated in their participation of educational activities. Nonetheless, no correlations were found between age and the Religious Orientation
Utilization of Adult Education Strategies in handling situational crisis in Nigerian Tertiary Institutions. (Published)
Situational crisis is becoming rampant in our tertiary institutions. The frequency of its occurrence signals the need for proactive plans and strategies to curb and diffuse the perceived effects of crisis in tertiary institutions in Nigeria. The process requires the acquisition of knowledge, skills, values and attitudes needed to bring about behavioral changes that will enable children, youth and adults to prevent conflict and crisis, and peacefully resolve same at event of its occurrence, through the creation of conducive atmosphere of peace, at all levels of relationship (interpersonal intrapersonal, intergroup within the system. The paper is focused on providing alternative approach in the handling of crises in Nigerian tertiary institutions so as to avert the irreparable damages that could result from crises. The concept of conflict/crisis were discussed, and causes identified. Adult education strategies such as conscientization, dialogue and peace education were proffered to curb crises in the system. The study also outlined other ways forward which if followed will address the problem of conflicts/crises in Nigerian tertiary institutions.
Insight into the Forms of Adult Literacy Education Programme as Agents of Transformation in Nigerian Democratic Society in Terms of Equity and Poverty Reduction (Published)
Though adult education has been identified and perceived for its complexities, the national policy on education in Nigeria and constitution ascribed its functionality to the country’s democratic situation since independence. It democracy, a social mechanism for solving the problems of societal decision making among conflicting interest groups id tied to literacy, participation and education of the adults should be accorded a critical focus and situationally taken care of. This important factor in a democratic setting of Nigeria has not been given adequate attention like that of the youth. It is in the light of this, that this paper addresses the forms of adult literacy education programmes as agents of Nigerian transformational democracy in terms of equity and poverty reduction. The paper concludes that literacy education for the adults had undergone significant changes functionally in terms of felt needs, quality and control since independence. It also suggests that provision of enlightenment programmes should be addressed aggressively.
Everyone possesses creativity and this ability is a normal distribution. However, most creativity researchers select eminent scientists or artists. In addition, in the education literature, creativity research focuses more on children or adolescents (especially college students) rather than older adults. The purpose of this study was to examine the intellectual perceptions of creativity in older adults found in scholarly journals. This review attempted to sort out the assumptions underlying the portrayal of older adults and their relationship with creativity in scholarly journals from 1980 to 2012. After reviewing 56 journal articles, two themes emerged: the optimistic view of older adult lives and the need for creativity for successful aging. There is a call from not only educators but also policy makers to invest more funds and energy to promote creativity for (older) adult learners.