Tag Archives: Adoption

Factors Influencing Radio Adoption Decision of Rice Farmers in the Dissemination of Agricultural Information in Zamfara State (Published)

This study examine the factors influencing radio adoption decision of rice farmers in the dissemination of agricultural information in Zamfara state. The research study applied agenda setting theory to show how selection of topics and packaging of agricultural content impact on rice farmer’s uptake of agricultural information. The research use a structured questionnaire to collect data for the study. A multi-stage, simple random and purposive sampling techniques were adopted to select a sample of 350 farm respondents. The data collected were analyzed using a descriptive statistics such frequency and percentage and logit regression analysis to estimate factors influencing radio adoption decision in knowledge sharing. The estimate shows that, age, farming experience, access to agricultural information via radio, association membership and gender are significant at 5%, 1% and 10% respectively. It is therefore recommended that, more radio stations should be develop and should also partner with agriculture institutions to overcome challenges that both side experience

Keywords: Adoption, Agriculture, Decision, Factors, Information, Radio, Rice Farmers, dissemination, influencing

International Financial Reporting Standard (IFRS) Adoption and Revenue Generation: A Descriptive Study of Nigeria and Ghana (Published)

Years after the inception of International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS), most countries of the world now permit its utilization in their countries including West Africa countries such as Nigeria and Ghana. However, some countries of the world still have not subscribed to the IFRS situation. It is thus necessary to examine the situation of things with the countries that have adopted to know if the adoption has contributed to their growth favourably or adversely. This study adopted expost facto research design to examine how IFRS has influence Revenue base of the selected countries (Nigeria and Ghana). The study concludes that it is in the best interest of developing countries to adopt IFRS. The IFRS ship is already making its way around the world as a single set of high quality global accounting standards and also facilitating revenue flow into the country. Therefore, the earlier other countries come on board, the better for them.

Keywords: Adoption, Ghana, International Financial Reporting standard, Nigeria, Revenue Generation, descriptive study

Assessment of Technology Adoption in Maize Production by Small Scale Farmers: Case of Perkerra Irrigation Scheme, Baringo County, Kenya (Published)

Maize is one stable food grownall over Kenya including Perkerra Irrigation Scheme. However, over the years, its production has been on decline due to many challenges including; decrease in land as result of increase in population, loss of soil fertility, use outdated technologies which in return would sustain or increase production. Despite the availability of these technologies, small scale farmers in Perkerra irrigation scheme had not yet adopted them. The purpose of study was to determine the influence of the extension services, access and utilization of available information on modern techniques and social economic factors hindering the adoption. The study targeted 798 farmers from Loropil, Ng’oswe,Ng’ambo and Labos. Multi stage sampling was applied to draw a total of 100 participants. Data was collected by the use of questionnaires which applied both closed and open ended questions. Data was analyzed by the use of Multiple Linear Regression method so as to get the coefficients of the independent variables and the importance on the adoption of technology. Spearman’s method was also used to determine the correlation coefficient. The results showed that 53% and 43 % of the respondents were males and females respectively. 47% whose education level was 57% attained primary level. Social economic factors were significant in determining the level of technology adoption at 95% level of significance and it had a p-value of 0.03 and hence statistically important. Most farmers (58%) received extension services from the Kenya Seed Company. Radio and public assembly (Baraza) was the main source of information. Based on these findings, both the county and national government should employ more extension officers and ensure subsidization of the basic farm inputs like seeds and fertilizers.

Keywords: Adoption, Productivity, Technology

Assessment of Sources of Agricultural Information on Adoption of Maize Production Technologies in Ardo-Kola local Government Area, Taraba state, Nigeria (Published)

The study assessed the sources of agricultural information on adoption of maize production technologies in Ardo-Kola Local Government Area, Taraba State, Nigeria. Multi-stage sampling techniques were used to select respondents for the study. In the first stage, Agricultural Development Programme (ADP) block in the local government area is known as Iware block were considered for the study.  Stage two, all the cell in the extension block were considered for the study. Stage three, it involve systematic sampling of twenty (20) respondents from each of the eight (8) cells were selected by taking respondents randomly. In all, a total of one hundred and sixty respondents as mummarized and 150 filled questionnaires were returned. Descriptive statistics and multiple regressions were used to analyse the information collected from the area. The result showed that many (67.33%) of the sampled farmers sourced their information from extension agents. The result of the socio-economic characteristics of maize framers revealed that 39.30% of the respondents falls within 36 – 50 years of age, most of them are on active and productive. Regression result shows that the coefficient of determination (R2) was 0.89, implying that (89%) of the variations in sources of Agricultural Information in the adoption of maize technologies were explained by the variables in the model. The result revealed that eight out of the twelve variables estimated positive and economic, economentive and statistically significant at 5 level. The study recommends that provision of information resources center in the rural area is of paramount important in order to facilitate easy access to agricultural information among farmers in the study area.

Keywords: Adoption, Technologies, extension

Adoption of International Financial Reporting Standards in Nigeria: A Conceptual Appraisal (Published)

A recent reality of globalization is the harmonization of accounting standards. Accounting is said to be the language of business; if this assertion holds true, then the move by the International Accounting Standards Board (IASB) to harmonise accounting standards used in the preparation of financial statements across the world is a move in the right direction. This study examined the adoption of International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) in Nigeria with particular emphasis on the prospects and challenges of IFRS adoption in Nigeria. The major objective of the study was to identify the benefits and challenges of adopting International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) in Nigeria. The descriptive research design was used in the investigation that led to the production of this paper. Data were initially collected through review of existing literature and thereafter through questionnaire administration and personal interviews. Tables and percentages were used in summarizing data obtained. Based on the results of the study, it was found that adoption of International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) in Nigeria will help Nigeria and Nigerian corporations, among other benefits, secure access to global capital markets. Thus, the study concluded that Nigeria will benefit to a significant extent from the adoption of IFRS. One of the recommendations made was that Government at all levels, financial regulatory agencies, professional accountancy bodies, private and public companies and institutions, and accountancy firms should fast-track IFRS education in order to boost the acquisition of IFRS knowledge and competences.

Keywords: Adoption, Appraisal, Financial, International, Nigeria, reporting standards

The New Family Code and Some Aspects of Surrogacy Adoption (Published)

At a time when the Family Code was still at the stage of the project, the adoption of the Law on Reproductive Health created difficulties as this law did not foresee anything about the procedures to be followed by the ordering parents to legally register the child as a child theirs. To fill this legal vacuum in the Family Code was expressly provided, in Article 261, that for surrogative adoption, provided for in Law no. 8876, dated 04.04.2002 “On Reproductive Health”, the same criteria and procedures as provided in this Code and relevant legislation apply. In this regard some problems arise depending on use of surrogative technique. In this scientific paper I will give my contribution in this field to better understand this new area of family law that is being developing every year in Albania.

Keywords: Adoption, New Family Code, Surrogacy

Comparative Analysis of System of Rice Intensification and Traditional System of Rice Production in Abi L.G.A, Cross River State, Nigeria (Published)

This study compared the System of Rice Intensification and Traditional System of Rice Production in Abi L.G.A, Cross River State, Nigeria. The specific objectives included the description of socio-economic characteristics of rice farmers in Abi L.G.A, determination of the rate and levels of adoption of SRI, etc. Data were obtained from primary and secondary sources. Two-stage sampling technique was used in the selection of 100 respondents. Descriptive statistics, t-test and Likert scale were employed for analysis. The major findings of the study shows that, majority (78%) were males and 88% of respondents has rice farm sizes ranging from 1-5ha. The rate of adoption was 50% with 4 levels of adoption of the principles of SRI. The t-test analysis revealed t-calculated value of 8.40 greater than t-tabulated. Meaning that adoption of SRI enhanced the income of the adopters. It is recommended that participation of rice farmers during SRI demonstration be encourage.

Keywords: Adoption, Income, Production

Influence of Organizational Arrangement and System Complexity on Adoption of Integrated Financial Management Information System by Uasin Gishu County Government, Kenya (Published)

Over the past decade, developing many countries has increasingly embarked on efforts to computerize their government operations, beginning especially with the public financial management (PFM). Among the most common systems implemented is the integrated financial management information system (IFMIS). The system computerizes and automates key aspects of budget execution and accounting operations across institutions of government. The study investigated factors affecting the implementation of IFMIS in Uasin Gishu County Government. Based on the study, this paper explores the effect of organizational arrangement and system complexity on successful implementation of IFMIS in Uasin Gishu County. The study employed a correlation research design. Stratified random sampling method was used to select 170 respondents from a target population of 566 County’s employees who used IFMIS. Data was collected by means of a questionnaire and was analysed using descriptive and inferential statistics. The findings of this study revealed that organization arrangement (β=.51, P-.000) had a significant effect on implementation of IFMIS in Uasin Gishu County. However, system complexity (β=.01, P-.000) had no significance effect on implementation of IFMIS. Therefore, the study recommended that the Uasin Gishu County government should embrace change of management since it enhances many positive benefits to an employee’s life, including a better greater job satisfaction, more autonomy, increased energy, creativity, motivation and morale. As work becomes more sophisticated and more technology-dependent, the importance of virtual teams will increase rapidly.

Keywords: Adoption, IFMIS, Integrated Financial Management Information System, Kenya, Organizational Arrangement, System Complexity, Uasin Gishu

Analysis of factors influencing sustainable adoption of improved maize technologies among smallholder farmers in Ugenya Sub-County, Kenya (Published)

Most smallholder farmers who account for more than 70% of the maize produced in Kenya are perpetually food insecure and stuck below poverty level. Sustained maize yield increase largely depends on long term adoption of modern farming technology. However, despite the high yields associated with modern maize technology promotion during and shortly after implementation phase of many projects, sustainability of the technologies still remains a challenge for smallholder maize producers in Kenya. The objective of this study was to analyse factors that influence sustainable adoption of maize technologies beyond the promotion phase among smallholder farmers in Ugenya Sub-County. An ex post facto research was carried out where one hundred and eighty eight smallholder farmers were selected through simple random sampling from purposively selected study population in Ugenya Sub-County. The data was subjected to Independent 2-Sample T-Test and multiple regression analysis. Maize yields obtained by inputs subsidy beneficiaries and non beneficiaries during post-subsidy support phase were not statistically significant (p>0.05). Except for on-farm labour availability and farmer’s farming experience (p<0.05) all other socio-economic, technical, management and institutional factors known to influence farming technology adoption had no significant influence on average maize yield (p>0.05) in the study area. The study recommended that smallholder farmers should operate under a functional structure such as farmers’ association that will support timely access to key factors of production, optimize on benefits of the economies of scale, enforce sustainable practices and serve as a linkage to key enterprise value chain actors.

Keywords: Adoption, Smallholder, Sustainable, Technologies

An Application of Subjective Norm Construct and Consumer innovativeness on Adoption of New Mobile Phones among Students in Ekiti State University, Ado-Ekiti (Published)

This study examined the effect of subjective norm and consumer innovativeness on adoption of new mobile phones among students of Ekiti State University, Ado-Ekiti. The study was based on Ajzen’s theory of planned behaviour and Rogers’ theory of adoption. Data were obtained from a sample of 389 respondents out of a population 13,798 full-time undergraduate students of the institution using stratified random sampling technique. 380 copies of the structured questionnaire administered were duly completed and useable giving a 97.6% response rate. Multiple regression analysis was used to test the research hypothesis. The result showed that subjective norm and consumer innovativeness had a combined positive effect on adoption (0.782), subjective norm’s effect was 0.315 but it was insignificant (p > 0.05, p = 0.286); meaning that, subjective norm had no significant influence on adoption of mobile phones. The study concluded that students have the drive or are innovative in their quests to own new phones and this accounts for the high number of new phones usage on campuses. The study further revealed that they are not influenced by their friends or peers (subjective norm) in the acquisition of new phones. The study recommended that marketers and promoters of mobile phones must recognize the degree of innovativeness and eagerness among students to purchase novel phones out of their own freewill. They should package their marketing and promotion efforts to reflect the uniqueness of each customer, as students are not influenced by peers or friends in the adoption of new phones.

Keywords: Adoption, consumer innovativeness, subjective norm, theory of planned behaviour.

Adoption of Brri Dhan28 in the Coastal Areas of Bangladesh (Published)

The main purpose of this study was to determine the adoption of BRRI dhan28 in coastal areas of Bangladesh. The study was conducted in three villages (Shimulbaria, Balitha and Fingri) of Fingri union under Satkhira Sadar Upazila of Satkhira district. In this study, 75 farmers were selected as sample following simple random sampling technique, compiled, coded, analyzed and interpreted as per objectives.Majority of the respondents were middle aged (50.7%), had primary level of education (64%), small family size (49.3%), and large farm size (64%). The respondents had medium income (66.7%), medium extension contact (62.7%), and low farming experience (53.3%). It was also found that majority of the respondents had medium knowledge (81.3%) on rice cultivation which helped them to adopt and carry on the BRRI dhan28 technology. Majority of the respondents had medium adoption (77.3%) of BRRI dhan28 in coastal areas. Out four rice varieties (BRRI dhan28, BRRI dhan50, Super miniket dhan and BRRI dhan47) BRRI dhan28 ranked first in respect of extent of adoption (54.92%). On the other hand comparative profitability of BRRI dhan28 was more than other varieties on the basis of area under cultivation, average yield, average selling price and average net income. High market price and non- complexity of cultivation procedure were two most important benefits of adopting BRRI dhan28. So it is concluded that if policy-maker and extension organizations concentrate on these factors, they are more likely to succeed in making the respondents more favorably disposed to adopt BRRI dhan28 in coastal areas of Bangladesh.

Keywords: Adoption, BRRI dhan 28, Coastal area

Comparative Analysis of System of Rice Intensification and Traditional System of Rice Production in Abi L.G.A, Cross River State, Nigeria (Published)

This study compared the System of Rice Intensification and Traditional System of Rice Production in Abi L.G.A, Cross River State, Nigeria.  The specific objectives included the description of socio-economic characteristics of rice farmers in Abi L.G.A, determination of the rate and levels of adoption of SRI, etc. Data were obtained from primary and secondary sources.  Two-stage sampling technique was used in the selection of 100 respondents.  Descriptive statistics, t-test and Likert scale were employed for analysis.  The major findings of the study shows that, majority (78%) were males and 88% of respondents has rice farm sizes ranging from 1-5ha.  The rate of adoption was 50% with 4 levels of adoption of the principles of SRI.  The t-test analysis revealed t-calculated value of 8.40 greater than t-tabulated.  Meaning that adoption of SRI enhanced the income of the adopters.  It is recommended that participation of rice farmers during SRI demonstration be encourage.

Keywords: Adoption, Income, Production

Factors Influencing Adoption of Gum Arabic Production Technologies in Gombe State, Nigeria (Published)

This study examined the factors influencing adoption of gum arabic production technologies in Gombe state, Nigeria. The objectives of the study were to: describe the socio – economic characteristics of gum arabic farmers and identify factors influencing adoption of gum arabic production technologies. Primary data were used which were collected from 46 registered gum arabic farmers who were members of National Association of Gum Arabic Producers, Processors and Exporters of Nigeria (NAGAPPEN) Gombe state chapter. Descriptive statistics and multiple regressions were used for the analysis. The results revealed that 93.5% of the respondents were males, 97.7 were, married, and a mean age of forty nine years old, attended tertiary institutions and earned ₦M3.04 annually. Multiple regressions revealed that age (X2) educational (X5), income(X7), farming experience(X8) farm size(X9), and access to extension (X10) were significant at varying levels and positively influence the adoption of gum arabic production technologies except age which has a negative influence. Increased government supports through sustained provision of inputs were therefore recommended among others.

Keywords: Adoption, Factors Influencing, Technologies

Modification of the Diffusion Model As A Result of a New Variant Celebrity Endorsement (Published)

This paper reports on findings from a research project that reflected upon the effectiveness of Celebrity endorsement (CE) and how it impacts on adoption. The study was undertaken to reflect upon the rate at which CE with the aid of modern technology have enhanced and transformed social interactions which have quickened communication within, between and among societies hence spreading information faster and easier throughout communities earlier than anticipated. The Rogers’ Diffusion and Adoption Model was applied to capture Customers and Business Executives experiences on using Celebrity Endorsers which provided a basis for observation and reflection. The research adopted both quantitative and qualitative methodology. Questionnaires were used to collect the data. The study surveyed 1000 Customers, and interviewed 30 Business Executives. The outcome of the study has proved that CE greatly impact on the diffusion process of products and services into markets at a faster rate than has been assumed. Hence it has modified the Rogers and Bass Diffusion model in 1983.

Keywords: Adoption, Celebrity, Diffusion, Endorsement, Modified

Level of Use of Organic Manure by Farmers in Isoko North Local Government Area of Delta State, Nigeria (Published)

The study assessed the level of use of organic manure in Isoko North Local Government area of Delta State, Nigeria. A multi-stage sampling procedure was used to compose a sample size of 427 respondents for the study. Data generated were analyzed using both descriptive and inferential statistics. The results of the study showed that majority of the farmers were not using organic manure. The reasons adduced for this amongst others were unavailability of organic manure, preference for fertilizer and bulkiness of organic manure. From the logit regression result, three variables, namely, educational level (t=3.645), farm size (t=3.978) and farming experience (t=2.998) were significantly in their relationship with organic manure use. From the findings of the study, it was recommended among others that farmers in the study area should be enlightened on the benefits of using organic manure in their farms.

Keywords: Adoption, Delta State, Farmers, Logit Regression, Organic Manure

TOWARDS AN INTEGRATED FRAMEWORK FOR STUDYING INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY (ICT) ADOPTION FROM A DYNAMIC PROCESS PERSPECTIVE (Published)

Information and Communication Technology (ICT) adoption research especially in small and medium enterprises (SMEs) has moved from a simple adopters’ participation process to involving diverse actors that continually interact and influence the process. Small businesses need constantly interact with various human and non-human actors to keep up with the emerging ICT development and benefit from the emerging opportunities (Eze et al 2012, Eze, 2013; Eze et al 2014). However; this has proved difficult. This paper reviews three prominent theories of ICT adoption, integrates and develops a model from them to assist researchers make substantial theoretical advancements in this area

Keywords: Adoption, Dynamic and Evolutionary Process, Emerging ICT, SMEs, Social –Tech Theories

Marketing Skills as a factor Influencing Adoption of Innovations along the Mango supply Chain in Meru County, Kenya (Review Completed - Accepted)

The study adopted descriptive survey design. The population of the study consisted of Mango Growers in Meru County and the mango traders and exporters. Meru County was chosen due to the good climatic condition that has made it suitable for mangoes production. This study adopted a probability sampling method to select the respondents for the study. Out of 13,442 farmers, traders and exporters, 447 farmers, 12 traders and 2 exporters were randomly selected for interview. Secondary data used in the study was collected from the Ministry of Agriculture Offices while primary data was collected from the respondents using a structured questionnaire with both open and close ended questions. Both qualitative and quantitative data were used in the analysis. Quantitative data obtained from the field was analyzed using descriptive and inferential techniques. The descriptive techniques adopted were means and frequencies while the inferential technique used were regression and correlation to establish relationship between variables in the study and inferences made. Frequency tables and charts were used to present the findings.

The study found out that majority of the traders/exporters were trained on marketing. They had price knowledge, product knowledge and promotion knowledge and majority adopted innovations unlike the growers who had low marketing skills; this would explain why 39% of the produce goes to waste. On traders/ exporters, a significant chi-square relationship was established with innovation given a chi-square value of 9.620 at p=0.047.

The study concludes that marketing skills influence buying and selling; and if value chain members had excellent marketing skills, nothing could be going to waste as they would adopt relevant technologies and add value to the produce and meet the customers’ needs.

The study recommends that there is need for intense training on market skills on value chain members and stakeholders, either through NGOs and private sector. There is also need for business incubation programs and need to revise training curriculum to cater for marketing skills.

 

Keywords: Adoption, Agriculture, Innovation, Mango, Marketing Skills, Value Chain