Tag Archives: Adolescents

Emotional Intelligence and Self-Management Training Programs in Reducing Peer Victimization among Nigerian Adolescents: Interaction Effects of Locus of Control and Gender (Published)

Peer victimization among adolescents especially the school-going adolescents is a growing concern in Nigeria. Initiatives by policy-makers, educationists and school authorities, among others have not yielded the desired results as youth involvement in organized armed crime has been on the increase. This study investigated the effect of self-management and emotional intelligence training programs in reducing peer victimization among Nigerian adolescents. A quasi experimental pretest, post-test, control group research design of 3x2x2 factorial matrix type was used for this study while gender (male and female) and locus of control (internal and external) used as moderating variables. The study participants were one hundred and eighty (180) Senior Secondary 2 students selected from 3 coeducational secondary schools in Remo educational block of Ogun State, Nigeria. One standardized instrument was used in collecting data while analysis of covariance was used to analyze the generated data. Results show that self-management and emotional intelligence training programs were effective in reducing peer victimization but self-management was found to be more effective.  The study also revealed that only locus of control of participants combined to interact with the treatment in reducing peer victimization among the participants. Results showed that participants with internal locos of control benefit more from self-management and emotional intelligence training. It was concluded that participants’ peer relationship skills improved significantly as a result of the treatment. The findings have effectively demonstrated that the treatment packages could be used as veritable tools in equipping adolescents with necessary skills that can be used to expedite some kinds of cognitive processes in our youths such as decision-making, problem-solving, self-control, and therefore bringing about peaceful co-existence among the people.

Keywords: Adolescents, Emotional Intelligence, Nigeria, Peer victimization, Self Management

Effect of Socio-Economic Status on Nutritional Status on Adolescent Girls of Paschim Medinipur, West Bengal, India (Published)

Teenager or teen, is a young person whose age falls within the range from 13-19. They are called teenagers because their age number ends with “teen”. Usage by ordinary people varies, and also varies in different societies. Most societies traditionally had a formal ceremony to mark the change from childhood to adulthood. During puberty, rapid mental and physical development occurs. Adolescence is the name for this transition period from childhood to adulthood. In the United States, teenagers from the ages 12-14 go to middle school while teenagers from the ages of 14-18 typically go to high school. In the United Kingdom (UK); teenagers and non-teens are mixed in secondary school. Teenagers attending secondary school generally graduate at the age of 17 or 18. On average, girls begin puberty ages 10–11. Objectives: (i) To find relationship relation between socio-economic status and Nutritional status(ii) Prevalence of undernutrition of study adolescents girls, Materials and method: Subjects are Adolescents girls aged 10-19 years belongs to Salboni Block which is one the of block of Paschim Medinipur,WestBengal,, Participants socioeconomic data are collected through structured questionnaire, anthropometric data are collected through different instruments, cross section study is done on 1009  girls y at ages 10-11.to collect data on socio-economic status some structured questionnaire were used. Results:69 girls suffering from CED I whose parents are daily labourers 63 girls are suffering from CEDI  whose parents depend on cultivation, Total 37 girls are suffering CEDIII, among 1009 girls  33 girls are suffering from  CEDII. In table  3,4,5 it shows that skilled labour parents adolescent are higher weight, BMI from unskilled occupation parents adolescent.43%  parents occupation is cultivation. Conclusion: socio -economic factor represent standard of living of any people, in this study it shows skilled person adolescent girls have higher  anthropometry 89 girls are under nutrient  among studied girls. Family income also has a profound influence on the educational opportunities available to adolescents and on their chances of educational success. This study had shown socio-economic status affect living standard and nutritional intake, it effect adolescent growth too.

Keywords: Adolescents, Nutritional Status, Puberty, Socio-Economic Status, body mass index

Knowledge, Practice and Perception of Contraception by Literate Adolescents in Calabar, Nigeria (Published)

The current prevalence rate for contraceptive use in Nigeria is approximately 11%–13%. This rate is very low in view of the fact that sexual activity is high and there is also widespread awareness of the various contraceptive methods among Nigerian adolescents and youths. There is sufficient research evidence identifying the various factors that contribute to the low prevalence of modern contraceptive use in Nigeria, with the most common factors being religious adherence and myths about the side effects of modern contraceptives. This survey aims to ascertain the knowledge, practice and perception of contraception among literate adolescents in Calabar. This was a self-administered questionnaire -based study carried out in Calabar metropolis. The information was obtained at three different higher institutions in Calabar. Information collected include age, knowledge and use of contraceptives, source of information, and awareness of other methods of contraception and myths about contraception. A total of 1,596 female adolescents were recruited into this study. Their age range was 16 to 19years, with a mean age of 17.6years. The respondents have all attained basic secondary education and were all currently pursuing tertiary education and have all had sexual intercourse and have heard about contraception or family planning.  Of this number, 968(60.7%) have used Emergency contraceptive pills, 26.6% used male condom, 6.1% use CopperT (CuT), 1.9% use injectables, 1.1% use implants  while 3.6% have not used any method. They all however had one form of concern or the other about modern contraceptive methods. Adolescents and youths are undoubtedly the bedrock to propagate any programme irrespective of the field. Adolescents are therefore in dire need of information on reproductive health issues not only on contraception but also on other issues concerning their reproductive health. They should be assisted and given unhindered access to various methods of contraception to prevent unwanted pregnancies and unsafe abortion.

Keywords: Adolescents, Contraception, Education, Literature, Myth, Nigeria

Family Attachment Patterns and School Adjustment of Secondary School Adolescents in Rivers State (Published)

The study examined the relationship between family attachment patterns and school adjustment of secondary school adolescents in Rivers State. The study adopted correlational design targeted at establishing the relationship between family attachment patterns and school adjustment. A total of 1,000 adolescent students were drawn through multi-stage sampling technique.  They responded to two questionnaires titled; Attachment Style Classification Questionnaire (ASCQ) and School Adjustment Scale (SAS) on a four point scale. These instruments were validated and had reliability coefficient values of 0.733 for ASCQ and 0.728 for SAS respectively. Four research questions and four hypotheses guided the study. Relevant data gathered were analyzed with Pearson Product Moment Correlation statistic and multiple regression analysis as statistical tools. The results of the study showed that there is a positive relationship between family attachment patterns and school adjustment which are all statistically significant at 0.05 level of significance. Also, family attachment patterns-secure, anxious/ambivalent and avoidance collectively predict school adjustment of secondary school adolescents. The predictive relationship with an F-ratio of 204.638 was statistically significant at 0.05 level of significance. In addition, the three family attachment patterns, jointly explains 38.5% of the variance in school adjustment of secondary school adolescents. Based on the findings, it was recommended among others that families should be encouraged by stakeholders such as teachers, counsellors, school authorities etc to support their children and wards with school adjustment challenges in view of the fact that family attachment patterns relate with adolescents school adjustment.

 

Keywords: Adolescents, Family Attachment Patterns, Rivers State, school adjustment

Relationship between Family Conflict, Values and School Adjustment of Secondary School Adolescents in Rivers State (Published)

The study investigated the relationship between family conflict, values and school adjustment of secondary school adolescents in Rivers State. The study adopted correlational design targeted at establishing the relationship between family conflicts, values and school adjustment. A total of 1,000 adolescent students were drawn through multi-stage sampling technique.  They responded to two questionnaires titled; Family Conflict and Values Scale (FCVS), and School Adjustment Scale (SAS) on a four point scale. These instruments were validated and had reliability coefficient values of 0.731 for FCVS and 0.728 for SAS respectively. Two research questions and two hypotheses guided the study. Relevant data gathered were analyzed with Pearson Product Moment Correlation statistic as statistical tool. The results of the study showed that there is a positive relationship between family conflict, values and school adjustment which are all statistically significant at 0.05 level of significance. Based on the findings, it was recommended among others that families should be encouraged by stakeholders such as teachers, counsellors, school authorities etc to support their children and wards with school adjustment challenges in view of the fact that these family variables (conflict and values) significantly relate with adolescents school adjustment.

 

Keywords: Adolescents, Family Conflict, Rivers State, Values, school adjustment

Sexual Behaviour of Adolescent Hawkers in Ilorin Metropolis: The Role of Socio-Demographic Predictors (Published)

The health of adolescents is greatly determined by their behaviour. An important and complex area of adolescent behavioural health is sexuality. Issues of experience and activity include the timing of first intercourse, number of sex partners, contraceptive use, pregnancy, and sexually transmitted infections (STIs). The purpose of this study therefore is to examine the prediction of socio-demographic factors on sexual behaviour of adolescent hawkers in Ilorin Metropolis. Survey research design was adopted. Five research questions guided the study. The population comprised of 400 adolescents in Ilorin Metropolis, Kwara State, Nigeria. A multi-stage sampling technique was adopted while purposive sampling method was used to select the participants, while a semi structured interview form and self-developed questionnaire was used for data collection. Reliability was estimated at 0.81. Data analysis involved mean, standard deviation, chi-square, and regression analysis. Results showed that Socio-demographic variables did have significant association with respondents risky sexual behaviour, ever had sex, practice of having more than one sexual partner, monetary reward for sex, and the practice of condom use during sexual intercourse. It was recommended that Socio- demographic factors indicated to have contributed to current extent of adolescents’ sexuality while risky sexual behaviour exposes them to high sexual networking, sex related outcomes which includes among others, unwanted pregnancy which may lead to abortion and the likes.

Keywords: Adolescents, Hawker, Sexual Behaviour, Socio- Demographic Factors

Amenability of Psychologically Traumatised Nigerian Youths to Counselling (Published)

The study investigated the level of trauma experienced by Nigeria children and adolescents.  It also examined the challenges being faced by the teaming population of youths that have been traumatized.  The study identified the various traumatic situations prevailing in Nigeria.  Also, it examined the availability and responsiveness of these youths to available Counselling and adequacy of Counselling.  The traumatic experience of youths seems to be accountable for most of the insurgency, terrorism and restiveness pervading entire Nigeria.  This is because there are occurrences such as kidnapping examination malpractices child trafficking bomb explosion, political offences, economic fraud, religious crisis, ritual killings, abduction drunkenness, armed robbery and so on.  All these seem to have defiled all weapons of sanitation in Nigeria. Descriptive research design of the survey type was used for the study after consulting the entire Nigeria population.  Based on the above discovery Nigeria government should consult the genealogy of harmful traumatic occurrences affecting the youths in Nigeria to be able to nip it in the bud.  Curriculum planners should identify incorporate trauma provoking situations into the school curriculum to be taught.  Counsellors and care givers should be trained on how to reduce and counsel traumatized youths.  Trauma centres to provide hospice services should be established by State and Federal Government. The study could be of benefit to school children parents teachers examination bodies counsellors, curriculum planners, religious leaders, school administrators and law enforcement agents.   They would learn, teach, counsel and ameliorate traumatic and trauma provoking situations.

Keywords: Adolescents, Counselling, Therapy, Trauma, Youths, children

Adolescents Self Esteem and Its Effect on Career Development (Published)

The purpose of this study was to establish the self esteem of adolescents in Kisumu Municipality, Kenya and to determine the relationship between self esteem and career variables. A sample of 369 secondary school students were surveyed on career self esteem, career maturity and career locus of control. The current study found that female students scored significantly higher on self esteem and internal locus of control than male students and that male students scored significantly higher on external locus of control. Self esteem was found to be positively correlated to career maturity and internal locus of control and negatively correlated to external locus of control. Using linear regression analyses, self esteem was found to be a significant predictor of career maturity, internal locus of control and external locus of control. Self esteem only accounted for 2% of variance in career maturity, internal locus of control and external locus of control. The results demonstrate that self esteem has a significant role to play in adolescents’ career development.

Keywords: Adolescents, Career Maturity, Gender, locus of control, self-esteem

LEVEL OF CLASS, GENDER, TYPE OF SECONDARY SCHOOL AND NIGERIA ADOLESCENTS SEXUAL BEHAVIOR (Published)

The study examined secondary school adolescent’s sexual behavior in Gboko, Benue State Nigeria. A total of 488 Nigeria adolescents took part in the study. A cross-sectional survey design was used. The safe sex behavior scale was used for data collection. Three hypotheses were tested at alpha level of 0.05 using independent t-test. The first hypothesis established a significant difference between junior and senior secondary school adolescents on sexual behavior (t(df=486) = 2.88; p<.05), and there was a significant difference between male and female secondary school adolescents on sexual behavior (t(df=478) = 1.65; p<.05). Also significant difference was found between Nigerian day and boarding students on sexual behavior (t(df=486) = 1.56; p<.05) Based on the findings, level of class of secondary school, Gender and type of school in Nigeria play important role in Adolescent sexual behavior and therefore it was recommended that proper guidance counseling and sex education should be given to adolescents on sexual behavior.

Keywords: Adolescents, Gender, Nigeria, Secondary School, Sexual Behavior

INFLUENCE OF BROKEN HOMES ON ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE AND PERSONALITY DEVELOPMENT OF THE ADOLESCENTS IN LAGOS STATE METROPOLIS (Published)

This study investigated the influence of broken homes on academic performance and personality development of the adolescents in lagos state metropolis with particular focus on the Kosofe Local Government Area of Lagos State. In carrying out the study, three null hypotheses were tested. The sample for the study consisted of two hundred (200) adolescents randomly selected from four public senior secondary schools in Kosofe Local Government Area of Lagos State. The instrument used for data collection was a self – developed questionnaire. The data collected were analyzed using both independent t-test and Pearson Product Moment Correlation statistical methods. The results were held significant at 0.05 alpha level. The results revealed that:

i. There is a significant difference between single- parenting and academic performance of the adolescents.
ii. There is a significant difference between parental socio- economic status and academic performance.
iii. There is significant relationship between adolescents from broken homes and academic performance.

Keywords: : Academic Performance, Adolescents, Broken Homes, Personality Development

Influence of Broken Homes on Academic Performance and Personality Development of the Adolescents in Lagos State Metropolis (Review Completed - Accepted)

This study investigated the influence of broken homes on academic performance and personality development of the adolescents in lagos state metropolis with particular focus on the Kosofe Local Government Area of Lagos State. In carrying out the study, three null hypotheses were tested. The sample for the study consisted of two hundred (200) adolescents randomly selected from four public senior secondary schools in Kosofe Local Government Area of Lagos State. The instrument used for data collection was a self – developed questionnaire. The data collected were analyzed using both independent t-test and Pearson Product Moment Correlation statistical methods. The results were held significant at 0.05 alpha level. The results revealed that:

I   There is a significant difference between single- parenting and academic performance of the adolescents.

Ii There is a significant difference between parental socio- economic status and academic performance.

Iii There is significant relationship between adolescents from broken homes and academic performance.

Keywords: : Academic Performance, Adolescents, Broken Homes, Personality Development

ADOLESCENTS’ KNOWLEDGE AND ATTITUDE TOWARDS REGULAR HEALTHCARE AS A WAY OF IMPROVING HIV/STD TESTING AND TREATMENT (Review Completed - Accepted)

This study examined theadolescents’ knowledge and attitude towards regular healthcare as a way of improving HIV/STDs testing and treatment among secondary school students in Oyo State, Nigeria. This study employed the descriptive research design type. Two hundred and twenty participants selected through multi-stage stratified random sampling technique were used for the study. One main instrument was used in collecting data. Data was analyzed using Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficient and T-test. Results showed a significant relationship between students’ knowledge and attitude to regular healthcare on the testing and treatment of HIV/STDs (r = .167, N= 220, P < .05). Also, a significant difference in the knowledge (Crit-t = 1.96, Cal.t = 3.065, DF = 218, P < .05) while no significant difference was found in the attitude (Crit-t = 1.96, Cal.t = 1.096, df = 218, P < .05) of regular healthcare as a factor in the testing and treatment of HIV/ STDs among private and public secondary schools’ students. A gender difference in attitude(t-cal = 2.310, t-crit = 1.960, P = .05) toward regular healthcare was observed but not in knowledge (t-cal = .528, t-crit = 1.960, P = .05). Also, no significant differences were found in the knowledge (Crit-t = 1.96, Cal.t = 0.323, DF = 218, P > .05 level) and attitude (Crit-t = 1.96, Cal.t = 0.259, DF = 218, P > .05) towards HIV/STDs Testing and Treatment of single parenting and intact home (both parents) respondents.On the basis of the findings, it was established that while the majority of secondary students had heard about HIV/STDs, their knowledge was inadequate. Thus, schools have a role to play in facilitating the access of young people to necessary reproductive health services and to link education and services so that students may bridge knowledge and attitudes with action

Keywords: Adolescents, HIV/STD, Knowledge, Nigeria, Oyo State, attitude, regular healthcare, secondary school students

GENDER, AGE DIFFERENTIALS: IMPLICATIONS IN PREMARITAL SEX AMONG ADOLESCENTS AND YOUNG ADULTS (Published)

This paper examined how gender and age differences influence the premarital sexual behaviour of young people (Adolescents and young Adults). A sample of 100 students, (50 males and 50 females) between the ages of 18-35 years was randomly drawn from the undergraduate student populations and a 28-question standerdised questionnaire to assess some aspects of their sexual behaviour was administered. Statistical analyses of data involved one-way Anova and Descriptive statistics which indicated that there were no differences gender-wise F(1,98)=0.36,P>0.05, age-wise F(1,98)=0.461, P>0.05 and religion-wise F(2/96)=1.8, P>0.05 in premarital sex, in terms of indulgence, susceptibility to experiment and frequency of indulgence. There is need for more detailed research with emphasis on such potential influences like marital status, ethnicity and social status of respondent(s) on premarital sex

Keywords: Adolescents, Age, Gender, Premarital, Sexual Behaviour, Young Adults

LONELINESS AMONG SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS IN GHANA (Published)

The experience of loneliness varies across cultures. This study explored loneliness among students in two metropolitan senior high schools in Ghana. A sample of 244 students (40.5% males, 59.5% females; mean age =18.4 years) completed Revised University of California Los Angeles (R-UCLA) Loneliness Scale developed by Russell (1982). A series of one-way analysis of variance tests (ANOVA) were used to determine the existence of any significant differences among variables. The results of the findings indicate that the mean R-UCLA scores among the senior high school students fell in the lower range (N=244; M=45.81; SD=10.001). There were significant differences in gender F (1, 240) = 7.858, p = .005. ; In age, F (1, 240) = 4.958, p = .0027, and religious affiliation F (1, 240) = 9.030, p = .003. The results of this study indicate that varying degrees of loneliness is felt in different cultures because the way people live and approach problem solving in their social context are different. This paper explains why this new knowledge can be used to inform parents, school administrators and counselors appreciate the effect of other demographic variables on loneliness in the life of Ghanaian adolescents.

Keywords: Adolescents, Ghana, Loneliness, Senior High Students