Tag Archives: Adolescence

Joyce’s “Araby”: From Innocence to Experience (Published)

ABSTRACT: James Joyce’s short story “Araby depicts an adolescent boy’s experience of the bleakness of reality gained through the loss of innocence. The boy undergoes the tribulations of real life while in quest of ideal beauty, love and romance. The story opens with a description of the Dublin neighbourhood–the ‘blind’ North Richmond Street at the end of which the boy lives with his uncle and aunt in an uninhabited house in conservative Catholic cultures. All these are intimated with dismal surroundings suggesting disappointment from the very outset. This gloomy and dreary atmosphere narrows down the boy’s world and confines his spirit. Everywhere in his dark surroundings, the lonely, imaginative, and isolated boy seeks the ‘light’ and a relish of romance. Into this world of darkness appears a girl, Mangan’s sister. To the boy, the girl is the embodiment of romance and ideal beauty. She is the light in his romantic fantasy, someone who will lift him out of darkness he believes. But, when he is entrapped in physical attraction with her, the girl becomes a threat to the boy’s religious faith and likewise leads him away from a state of innocence because Dublin is “a place of asceticism where desire and sensuality are seen as immoral”1. The boy, however, wishes to win her over by bringing her a gift from an oriental bazaar, Araby, which, to his young heart, is also an epitome of ideal beauty and romantic grandeur. As the boy is growing up, the bazaar gets emblematic for the difficulty of the adult world in which the boy fails to navigate. His dreams crumble. This Araby, like a silent assassin, devours his all fancies and yearnings. He experiences a shattering epiphany, his boyish fantasies are dashed by the grim realities of life in Dublin and consequently he develops a new perspective on life. Therefore, this paper is an attempt to substantiate how a young boy gains experience through the loss of his innocence.

KEYWORDS:  Araby, Adolescence, Disillusionment, Experience, Innocence, Love

 

Keywords: Adolescence, Araby, Disillusionment, Experience, Innocence, Love

Body Image and Self- Esteem Among Isra’ University Students (Published)

The study aimed to explore the students’ body image and its relation with self-esteem. The study sample consisted of 300 students (148 males and 152 females). In order to collect data, two instruments were used: Body image scale (28 items) and Rosenberg’s self-esteem scale (10 items). SPSS was used to analyze the data; means, standard derivations, and t-test were used. The results indicated that the Body Image and Self-Esteem of Isra’ University students were low; there was a positive relationship between body image and self-esteem; females were found to be less satisfied with their body image, and there was a significant statistical difference in the relationship between body image and self-esteem, in favour of males.

Keywords: Adolescence, Body Image, Maturity, Students, self-esteem

Adolescent and Drug Abuse in Tertiary Institution Implication for Counselling (Published)

The study investigated adolescence drug abuse among university undergraduates in university of Benin Edo State of Nigeria. The design used for the study was the survey. A sample of 200 students was randomly selected form five faculties which were made up of 100 male and 100 female. A validated instrument, Drug Habit Inventory (DHI, Fayombo, 1998) was used to collect relevant data. The data collected was analyzed using a t-test descriptive statistic. The findings show a significant difference between the adolescence drug abuser and non-drug abuser and also there was a difference between the male abuser and female abuser but there was no statistical significant difference between the academic performance of adolescence drug abuser and non-drug abuser. Based on the findings, recommendations were made on how to reduce drug abuse among the university undergraduate.

Keywords: Adolescence, Causes And Consequences., Drug, Drug Abuse, Undergraduates Institution

Role of Locus of Control on Assertive Behavior of Adolescents (Published)

The research focused on the role of Locus of control on assertive behavior of adolescent. The null hypothesis stated-that there will be no statistical significant influence of locus if control on Assertive behavior of adolescent; with 80 participants drawn randomly from Abakaliki local government area Nigeria. Participants were within the age range of 10-18 years with a mean age of 14 years. Two set of instruments were used to get data. Locus of control inventory and assertiveness inventory, 2×2 factorial design, and analysis of variance ANOVA with unequal sample size was used for data analysis from which had the null hypothesis rejected, (F1, 46) = 155.16, (P<0.001) and in the second, (F 1, 46) = 1058.61, P< 0.001). It also showed that there is an interactive effect of (F1, 46) = 326.43, P< 0.001) and the critical value of 4.08. The findings of the research were discussed in relation to the implication on academic.

Keywords: Adolescence, Assertiveness, Behavior and Inventory, Locus Control