Examining Birth Order and Gender Differences in the Prevalence of Anxiety Disorders in Adolescents (Published)
This endeavor was to examine the role of birth order associated with the prevalence of anxiety related emotional disorders in adolescents and to investigate the gender difference for levels of anxiety in adolescents. The sample comprised of 65 individuals aged between twelve to eighteen years. The participants were divided into two groups; both groups consisted of 50 male and 15 females selected conveniently. Among them 28 were first born and 37 were later born. Univariate analysis was conducted via SPSS 20.00. An insignificant relationship between birth order and gender was observed. In terms of each variable, there is significant main effect for birth order and the main effect for gender indicated a statistically insignificant difference in the prevalence of anxiety disorders between the males and females.
Awareness and Attitude towards Utilization of Reproductive Health Services among Adolescents in Calabar Municipality (Published)
Purpose: The main focus of this study was awareness and attitude towards utilization of Reproductive health services among adolescents in Calabar Municipality. Objectives: In order to successfully carry out the study, the following objectives were formulated to guide the study. To determine the level of awareness of adolescents towards utilization of reproductive health services in Calabar municipality. To assess the attitudes of adolescents towards utilization of reproductive health services in Calabar municipality. To identify the barriers of adolescents towards utilization of reproductive health services in Calabar municipality. Literature: Literature, was reviewed based on the research variables, Methods: the research instrument used in collecting data for analysis was a questionnaire which was administered on one hundred and fifty (150) adolescents in Calabar Municipality who served as sample for the study. Their responses were analyzed using frequencies, percentage and Pearson product moment correlation analysis and the following results were obtained. Results: in table 3 indicate that 50(33.3%) of the respondents strongly agreed that they did not like reproductive health services because of its complications to health while 3(2%) agreed, 84(56%) of the respondents strongly disagreed while 13 (8.6%) of the respondents disagreed. 40(26.6%) of the respondents strongly agreed, that they like reproductive health services because it prevents unwanted pregnancy, 44(29.3) disagreed, 60(40) of the respondents strongly disagreed while 6(4%) disagreed. 8(26.6%) strongly agreed that they love going to hospital because the nurses there will explain different methods of reproductive health services to them 90(60%) agreed, while 2(1.3%) strongly disagreed, 50(33.3%) disagreed. 80(53.5%) of the respondents strongly agreed that they love reproductive health services because they do not want to be pregnant, 8(5.3%) agreed, 60(40%) strongly disagreed and 2(1.3%) disagreed. 30(20%) of the respondents strongly disagreed that most adolescent choose the wrong method because it offers an appropriate method to each adolescent 30(20%) disagreed while 45(30%) agreed, 45(30%) strongly agreed. 45(30%) of the respondents strongly agreed that most women choose the wrong method because of improper counseling based on culture religion and ignorance 30(20) agreed while 30(20%) strongly disagreed and 45(30%) disagreed. Conclusion: Reproductive health services were accessible to adolescents in Calabar Municipality. And most adolescents were aware of the reproductive health services but fail to utilize it. There is no significant relationship between attitude of reproductive health services and adolescents utilization of reproductive health; Reproductive health services were available to the public for use. There is no significant relationship between barriers of reproductive health services and adolescents utilization of reproductive health services. Nevertheless, it was concluded that Local Government authorities should organize enlightenment campaigns, to educate adolescents in the area on the importance of reproductive health services.
Joyce’s “Araby”: From Innocence to Experience (Published)
ABSTRACT: James Joyce’s short story “Araby” depicts an adolescent boy’s experience of the bleakness of reality gained through the loss of innocence. The boy undergoes the tribulations of real life while in quest of ideal beauty, love and romance. The story opens with a description of the Dublin neighbourhood–the ‘blind’ North Richmond Street at the end of which the boy lives with his uncle and aunt in an uninhabited house in conservative Catholic cultures. All these are intimated with dismal surroundings suggesting disappointment from the very outset. This gloomy and dreary atmosphere narrows down the boy’s world and confines his spirit. Everywhere in his dark surroundings, the lonely, imaginative, and isolated boy seeks the ‘light’ and a relish of romance. Into this world of darkness appears a girl, Mangan’s sister. To the boy, the girl is the embodiment of romance and ideal beauty. She is the light in his romantic fantasy, someone who will lift him out of darkness he believes. But, when he is entrapped in physical attraction with her, the girl becomes a threat to the boy’s religious faith and likewise leads him away from a state of innocence because Dublin is “a place of asceticism where desire and sensuality are seen as immoral”1. The boy, however, wishes to win her over by bringing her a gift from an oriental bazaar, Araby, which, to his young heart, is also an epitome of ideal beauty and romantic grandeur. As the boy is growing up, the bazaar gets emblematic for the difficulty of the adult world in which the boy fails to navigate. His dreams crumble. This Araby, like a silent assassin, devours his all fancies and yearnings. He experiences a shattering epiphany, his boyish fantasies are dashed by the grim realities of life in Dublin and consequently he develops a new perspective on life. Therefore, this paper is an attempt to substantiate how a young boy gains experience through the loss of his innocence.
KEYWORDS: Araby, Adolescence, Disillusionment, Experience, Innocence, Love
The study aimed to explore the students’ body image and its relation with self-esteem. The study sample consisted of 300 students (148 males and 152 females). In order to collect data, two instruments were used: Body image scale (28 items) and Rosenberg’s self-esteem scale (10 items). SPSS was used to analyze the data; means, standard derivations, and t-test were used. The results indicated that the Body Image and Self-Esteem of Isra’ University students were low; there was a positive relationship between body image and self-esteem; females were found to be less satisfied with their body image, and there was a significant statistical difference in the relationship between body image and self-esteem, in favour of males.
The study investigated adolescence drug abuse among university undergraduates in university of Benin Edo State of Nigeria. The design used for the study was the survey. A sample of 200 students was randomly selected form five faculties which were made up of 100 male and 100 female. A validated instrument, Drug Habit Inventory (DHI, Fayombo, 1998) was used to collect relevant data. The data collected was analyzed using a t-test descriptive statistic. The findings show a significant difference between the adolescence drug abuser and non-drug abuser and also there was a difference between the male abuser and female abuser but there was no statistical significant difference between the academic performance of adolescence drug abuser and non-drug abuser. Based on the findings, recommendations were made on how to reduce drug abuse among the university undergraduate.
The research focused on the role of Locus of control on assertive behavior of adolescent. The null hypothesis stated-that there will be no statistical significant influence of locus if control on Assertive behavior of adolescent; with 80 participants drawn randomly from Abakaliki local government area Nigeria. Participants were within the age range of 10-18 years with a mean age of 14 years. Two set of instruments were used to get data. Locus of control inventory and assertiveness inventory, 2×2 factorial design, and analysis of variance ANOVA with unequal sample size was used for data analysis from which had the null hypothesis rejected, (F1, 46) = 155.16, (P<0.001) and in the second, (F 1, 46) = 1058.61, P< 0.001). It also showed that there is an interactive effect of (F1, 46) = 326.43, P< 0.001) and the critical value of 4.08. The findings of the research were discussed in relation to the implication on academic.