Tag Archives: Administration

Participatory school administration and its impact on the academic achievement of the students of the basic stage in Jordanian public schools (Published)

The study aimed to identify the participatory school administration and its impact on the academic achievement of the students of the basic stage in Jordanian public schools. To achieve the objectives of the study, the researcher followed the analytical descriptive approach in terms of applying the study tool and data collection and analysis. For the Directorate of Education of the liwa’ Bani Kenana, while the sample of the study consisted of (30) students from the elementary school of Kfr soom. The study found that there is a statistically significant impact of the participatory school administration on the academic achievement of the students of the stage The core of the Jordanian government schools, the study recommended the need to work on the application of the theories of modern management in the various Directorates of Education of the Ministry of Education of Jordan.

Keywords: Academic Achievement, Administration, Jordanian public schools, School

The Impact of Political Interference in Public Administration in Kibaha Town Council (Published)

This paper aimed at assessing the Impacts of Political Interference in Public Administration. Both qualitative and quantitative approaches were used which involved the use of various data collection methods such as questionnaires, interviews and document review. Data were collected from the sample of twelve public administration officers (PAOs) and eighteen ward executive officers (WEOs) from Kibaha town council. Thematic analysis was used in analysis of qualitative data while correlation, regression and arithmetic mean were used in quantitative data analysis with the help of SPSS soft ware. The key findings included challenges facing public administrators in executing their responsibilities due to political interference. These lead to maladministration, abuse of power, improper conduct, inexcusable delay, poor service delivery and lack of commitment among public staff. This paper concluded that political interference was due to the inadequate power and responsibility separation between politics (policy) and public administration (execution). It is thus; recommended that there should be proper periodic observation of power separation between the two actors. Also it was suggested for periodic performance observation of public officers’ activities which will make easy to ascertain if the public administrator has performed in accordance with his or her expectation, and if he or she has performed, then surely this would serve as an effective leverage against political muscle.

Keywords: Administration, Political Influence, Political Interference, Public Institutions

E-Governance: Illusion or Opportunity for Nigerian University’s Administration (Published)

The use of e-Governance in administration is fast becoming an indispensable tool for the success and development of both public and private organisations. Universities across the globe were not left behind in this development. Its ability to incorporate ICT made it indispensable as it promotes transparency, accountability, simplicity, fastness, and accuracy in the administration of universities and all other organisations. This paper examines Nigerian universities position in this development, opportunities it needs to tap as a result, impending challenges that must be surmounted and the prospects of e-Governance towards the development of university institutions in Nigeria. The paper uses documentary analysis to arrive at conclusion that the introduction of electronic governance in Nigerian universities is highly recommended and necessary in the achievement of transparency, accountability, simplicity, accuracy and reduce corruption. However, the university authorities and the government of Nigeria must address its infrastructural defects such as instability in the power sector and poor manpower expertise as well as embarking on efficient and effective training of staff and students concerned. The paper concludes that there is a lot of hope on the potential of e-governance to transform Nigeria’s university administration.

Keywords: Administration, E-Governance, ICT, University

Communication as a Tool for Administration in Organizations: A Case Study of the Nigerian Bottling Company Plc (NBC), Abuja (Published)

Every activity in an organization requires human beings to interact, exchange information and co-ordinate other peoples’ efforts. Such information becomes the basis for decisions affecting product lines, operation planning, marketing strategy, etc. Thus, almost everything managers do to facilitate the attainment of organizational objectives which requires effective communication and without the means and capacity to communicate, every activity will not reach its maximum. The aim of this research project is to examine the effects of effective communication to organizational performance and to ascertain if organization environment affect communication. With this in mind, this research study focused on communication as an indispensable tool for organizational growth and development. To achieve this objective, they researchers developed and administered a questionnaire on sixty (60) employees of five department in Nigerian Bottling Company, Abuja for primary data collections. The primary data collected were analyzed using frequency counts and simple percentage on tables as well as secondary data collected were together analyzed and interpreted and presented for result interpretations. Among the findings were that significant relationship exists between effective communication, organizational operations and co-ordination of the various activities of people in order to achieve the objectives of an organization. The study concluded that effective organizational communication is necessary for managers and all members of an organization to increase efficiency, quality and innovation and gain competitive advantage. Based on the research findings, the researcher was able to identify some of the barriers to effective communication the researcher hereby hence the researcher further recommended the following measures for consideration by the appropriate authorities for  necessary changes for efficient and effective organizational performance such as followings: The management staff should be sent on training in the area of communication for them to be aware of the effect of communication as well as the organizational system of communication should be studied in order to have a well-defined communication system.

Keywords: Administration, Communicator, Organizations, Receiver, communication

Structural and administrative reform in the management of Bangladesh Railway (Published)

Bangladesh Railway sector requires huge reforms in every knock and corners of the sector. Presently, corruption, nepotism, politicisation, poor client service, mismanagement, lack of efficient and skilled employee are the main scenario of the Bangladesh railway system. To enhance the efficiency of the services huge reform in structure and administration of the service is required. This can be done by horizontal and vertical decentralisation. In addition, outsourcing and merit based recruitment, better incentives and result based budgeting for each sector will promote the efficient service of railways. However, corrupted management, trade and labour union and political parties may create resistance and delay the reform project implementation. The proposed reform may improve the management and structure of railway and ensure efficient service for the country

Keywords: Administration, Bangladesh, Management, Railway, Reform

The Importance of Cadastral Survey Information for Effective Land Administration In Nigeria (Published)

Cadastral survey information is a subset of spatial information that is concerned with identifying and maintaining legal boundaries of properties. Land administration in Nigeria must of necessary involve a cadastral input; since land must be discussed in terms of location, extent size shape size shape ownership rights and encumbrances. Cadastral survey information has been positively improved by the advancement in computer and space technology and as well as techniques of information gathering, storage and dissemination for good land administration. Since land plays a major role in human activities. The task of any cadastral survey information is to register in a concise manner ownership-rights and other relationships between man and the land. There will be numerous problems in the country if there is no up-to-date digital database for effective land administration system. At present most of the maps being used for development in all the parts of the country are maps produced over two decades. This made development in some areas difficult because some of the locations on the maps had been physically built-up.

Keywords: Administration, Cadastral Survey Land, Information, Mapping

Rural Senior High School Teachers Motivation and its Effect on Their Retention (Published)

This paper presents both qualitative and quantitative studies on the motivation for teachers teaching in Senior High School located in rural areas and its effects on their willingness to continue staying in those areas in the Ashanti Region of Ghana. Two public Senior High Schools in the rural areas of Afigya-Kwabre West district comprising two Headmasters and 120 teachers was selected by the use of purposive and simple random sampling techniques for the study. The study focused on primary data through interview, questionnaire and observation. It was revealed that the significant retention factors are the provision and administration of financial bonuses which include retention/professional allowance and Parents and Teachers Association motivational allowance. On the other hand, the teachers were very unsatisfied with their accommodation, means of transport and criteria for selecting award winners during speech and prize giving days. Therefore, governments and policy makers need to put in place strategies and also implement policies that will serve to improve the working conditions of teachers teaching in rural areas in order to serve as motivation for their retention.

Keywords: Administration, Motivation, Retention, Rural Area, Teacher Motivation

Appraisal of Local Government Participation in the Administration of Primary Education in Nsukka Education Zone of Enugu State (Published)

The study investigated the extent of Local Government participation in the administration of primary Education in Nsukka Education Zone of Enugu State. One research question and one null hypothesis were formulated to guide the study. A 36-item researchers structured questionnaire was developed and administered to 986 respondents. The sample of the study was 986 participants comprising of five (5) education secretaries, 282 head teachers and 699 teachers. The population of the study were studied as the sample size which was obtained through simple random sampling technique. Descriptive survey research design was adopted. The data collected were analyzed using mean and standard deviation. A mean score of 2.50 was adopted as the cut-off-point or acceptable level for the items. The t-test statistic was employed in testing the three null hypotheses formulated for the study at 0.05 level of significance. The result of the analysis of the findings showed that the respondents are of the view that the local government councils in Nsukka education Zone do not participate meaningfully in the administration and funding of primary education. Based on the findings the study recommended that the three tiers of government should combine to fund primary education to avoid it being abandoned by a particular tier, among others

Keywords: Administration, Local Government, Participation, Primary Education

Mechanism for Improving the Managerial Communication Skills of School Principals for Effective School Administration in Nigeria (Published)

This study examined the mechanism for improving the managerial communication skills of school principals in Anambra State of Nigeria. Two research questions and two null-hypotheses guided the study. Survey research design was adopted for the study. The population of the study was 269 school principals. The entire population were studied. The instrument was a structured questionnaire. The questionnaire was validated by three experts in Educational Administration Ebonyi State University. The reliability was determined using Conbach Alpha to determine the consistency which yielded 0.75 alpha coefficient. Data collected were analyzed using mean and standard deviation while the hypotheses were tested using t-test statistics. The findings revealed that application of listening skills:  verbal and non-verbal skills, written skills and feedback skills in communication can improve the managerial communication skills of school principals. It was recommended that Ministry of Education should organize seminar, workshop and conferences on communication skills for principals to acquire skills for the management of their schools.  

Keywords: Administration, Communication skill, Management and Information, communication

Re -Engineering Vat Administration in Nigeria for Economic Development (Published)

The study examined the possibility of “Re-engineering VAT Administration in Nigeria for Economic Development (1994-2014)”. The study used  across sectional survey design involving the survey of existing data (secondary sources). The research instruments used in collection of data for this study were mainly secondary data from the FIRS Website, CBN & NBS Annual Statistical Bulletins. This study used the econometric technique of Ordinary Least Square (OLS) in form of Multiple Linear Regressions. The regression model was estimated through the use of Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS). The study found that VAT is of immense benefit to government. Through taxation, government ensures that resources are channeled towards important projects in the society. However, VAT is being mismanaged in Nigeria as the study has conclusively revealed that: There is no significant relationship between value added tax and revenue growth in Nigeria, there is significant relationship between value added tax and the consumption pattern in Nigeria and there is no significant relationship between value –added tax and the economic development in Nigeria from 1994-2014. Therefore, the study recommends that: Efforts should be made by the government to fight corruption and if possible, introduce capital punishment depending on the degree of mismanagement of public funds or  embezzlement of public funds to deter those who steal VAT funds. Also value added tax (VAT) Act should be amended further to impose VAT based on destination principle. This will enable VAT to be imposed on imported services rendered by a non-resident company outside Nigeria.

Keywords: Administration, Economic Development, Government Revenue, Re-Engineering, Value Added Tax, consumption patterns

The Importance of Cadastral Survey Information for Effective Land Administration in Nigeria (Published)

Cadastral survey information is a subset of spatial information that is concerned with identifying and maintaining legal boundaries of properties. Land administration in Nigeria must of necessary involve a cadastral input; since land must be discussed in terms of location, extent size shape size shape ownership rights and encumbrances. Cadastral survey information has been positively improved by the advancement in computer and space technology and as well as techniques of information gathering, storage and dissemination for good land administration. Since land plays a major role in human activities. The task of any cadastral survey information is to register in a concise manner ownership-rights and other relationships between man and the land. There will be numerous problems in the country if there is no up-to-date digital database for effective land administration system. At present most of the maps being used for development in all the parts of the country are maps produced over two decades. This made development in some areas difficult because some of the locations on the maps had been physically built-up.

Keywords: Administration, Cadastral Survey Land, Information, Mapping

Keeping Of Teachers’ Records and Principals’administrative Effectiveness in Akwa Ibom State Secondary Schools, Nigeria. (Published)

The study examined the relationship between keeping of teachers’ records and administrative effectiveness of principals in public secondary schools in Uyo Local Education Committee of Akwa Ibom State. One research question was raised and a corresponding null hypothesis was formulated to guide the study. Expost facto research design was used, because the variables were not manipulated. The population consisted of 14 principals in the 14 public secondary schools in Uyo Local Education Committee. All the 14 principals were used as purposive sample for this research. A researcher developed instrument titled Keeping of Teachers’ Records and Administrative Effectiveness Questionnaire (KTRAEQ)’was used for data collection. The reliability of the questionnaire was determined using cronbach Alpha method and the reliability coefficient of 0.743 was obtained, implying that the instrument was adequate to measure what it was meant for. Simple linear regression statistic was used to answer the research question and to test the hypotheses at .05 level of significance. The findings revealed that there is a significant relationship between keeping of financial records, teachers’ records, students’ records and administrative effectiveness of principals of public secondary schools in Uyo Local Education Committee. It was concluded that principals should always ensure that teachers’ records are accurately and adequately kept and updated for immediate and future use. It was recommended based on the findings of the study among others that, the ministry, state secondary education board, as well as the Local Education Committees should inspect schools regularly to ensure that school principals keep teachers’ records up-to-date.

Keywords: Administration, Education, Nigeria, Secondary School, Teacher

Prayer in Schools – Legal and Administrative Perspectives in Nigeria (Published)

The study is concerned with the administrative and legal perceptive of prayer in Nigeria public schools. 780 school administrators were randomly selected from the public schools in the 3 geo-political regions in the Southern Nigeria. A 20 item questionnaire was designed by the researcher. This was validated by experts in test and evaluation as well as seasoned school administrators in Bayelsa State, Nigeria. The instrument was further tested for reliability using the test-re-test method. The data collected was analysed using the Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficient statistics and it was established as 0.82 which shows that the instrument is reliable. The researcher and other research assistants personally administered the questionnaire and the data analysed using the mean and the t-test analysis. From the result and findings, it was observed that most school administrators do not see prayer as a normal school routine but do not have proper knowledge on the legality of enforcing prayer in schools. To the administrators, prayers is for character molding, entertainment and an instrument to instill discipline but the legal perspective is that it must not be forced on the child and must be conducted in line with the fundamental human rights of the child as enshrined in Section 33 – 44 of the constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria.

Keywords: Administration, Nigeria, School, prayer

Auction Positions in Indonesia in Perspective Public Administration, And Theory of Human Resource Management Perspective (Published)

The phenomenon of positions in the government auction be interesting, how the actual auction of the office, for what purpose, and how to position especially in the perspective of public administration, therefore the author tries to pour it into a paper. This paper contains the auction office in the perspective of public administration. This paper consists of three parts: the first part discusses the phenomenon Auction Preliminary Position, the second part of the discussion to discuss the auction office of public administration perspective, the perspective of the theory of human resource management, strengths and weaknesses of the auction office, and the third part of the conclusion. Hopefully what is presented in this paper can be brought into a better understanding of the auctions positions in public administration.

Keywords: Administration, Auction, public

Public Administration and the Collapse of Probity And Good Governance in Nigeria: The Impact Of Political Superstructure. (Published)

Emerging from the vestiges of over one hundred years of imperial rule, the Nigerian public administration system has experienced significant transformation to secure a place of pride in the general discourse on governance. However, the stream of political developments that brought the system into sharp focus and relevance has been as challenging to the public service as they are instructive in intellectual reflections. For example, in the growing literature on the collapse of probity and good governance in Nigeria, the public service has been severely scored on account of its failure to provide the required institutional grounding for good governance. While not absorbing the political class of culpability for this failure, the general assessment of the leadership question in Nigeria has been heavily skewed against the bureaucracy. The paper seeks to deconstruct this notion and argues that the political superstructure is largely responsible for the governance failure, and that the public service under the suffocating grip of its political master has only managed to maintain its going concern within the context of political instability, policy inconsistency, and the lack of political accountability in the last fifty years of public administration. The analysis is predicated on the politics – administration dichotomy as its theoretical framework. This approach provides tremendous insight into the nature and character of interaction between the political class and the administrative class on the basis of which deductions are made and conclusion drawn. In the final analysis, two recommendations stand out among others; a call for legislative activism sufficient enough to institutionalise a culture of political and managerial accountability and a call for policy consistency sufficient enough to sustain and drive the current reforms of the public service to its logical ends

Keywords: Accountability, Administration, Governance, Politics, Public Service