Tag Archives: Adjustment

Cyber -Trolling, Cyber-Impersonation and Social Adjustment among Secondary School Students in Calabar Education Zone, Cross River State, Nigeria (Published)

This study is an investigation of cyber-trolling, cyber-impersonation and social adjustment among secondary school students in Calabar Education Zone of Cross River State, Nigeria.  Two hypotheses were formulated to guide the discovery of the influence of cyber-trolling and cyber-impersonation on social adjustment of SS1 students which is the main purpose of the study. The research design adopted was the ex-post facto research design. 8829 public secondary school students formed the study population. A total sample of 579 students was selected through the purposive sampling technique. The instrument for data collection was the researcher-made Cyber bullying Assessment Questionnaire (CAQ), constructed on a four-point Likert scale of strongly agreed, agreed, disagreed and strongly disagreed. The Cronbach Alpha Reliability method was used to establish the reliability coefficient of the instrument with a range of 0.71 to 0.79. The statistical tool for data analysis was the One-way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA). The findings of the study revealed after the testing of the two hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance were that cyber-trolling and cyber-impersonation have negative influence on the social adjustment of secondary school students in Calabar Education Zone of Cross River State, Nigeria. Based on the findings, the need for the government to formulate policies to assist in effective eradication of harmful online communications was stressed. It was also recommended that Social Welfare Agencies should device means of implementing and consolidating effective cyber frame works that will protect students from being harassed.

Keywords: Adjustment, Social, Students, cyber, impersonation, trolling

Adjustment Strategies of Widows to Widowhood Stress Based on Their Age: The Case of Rivers State, Nigeria (Published)

This study was aimed at investigating influence of age on adjustment strategies employed by widows in coping with widowhood stress in Rivers State, Nigeria. Descriptive survey design was adopted for the study. Two research questions and one hypothesis guided the conduct of the study at 0.05 probability level. A sample of 370 widows in Rivers State was drawn from the population via proportional stratified random sampling technique. Two instruments namely; Stress Level Scale for Widows (SLSW) and Questionnaire for Widows Adjustment Strategies (QWAS), both developed by the researcher were used for data collection. Data were analysed with mean, standard deviation and one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA). Hypothesis was tested at 0.05 level of significance and the statistical package known as SPSS for widows was employed for the analyses. Results showed that; all the eight adjustment strategies (problem solving, cognitive restructuring, express emotion, social support, problem avoidance, wishful thinking, self-criticism and social withdrawal) are adopted by widows in ameliorating widowhood stress; there are slight differences among the mean values of the different age groups with regards to all the adjustment strategies of widows to widowhood stress. Based on the findings of this study, recommendations were made accordingly.

Keywords: Adjustment, Age, Rivers State, Strategies., Stress, Widowhood

Adjustment Strategies of Widows to Widowhood Stress In Rivers State, Nigeria (Published)

This study investigated the various adjustment strategies employed by widows in coping with widowhood stress in Rivers State, Nigeria. Descriptive survey design was adopted for the study. Two research questions and one hypothesis guided the conduct of the study at 0.05 alpha levels. A sample of 370 widows in Rivers State was drawn from the population through proportional stratified random sampling technique. Two instruments namely; Stress Level Scale for Widows (SLSW) and Questionnaire for Widows Adjustment Strategies (QWAS), both developed by the researcher were used for data collection. Data were analysed with mean, standard deviation and one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA). Hypothesis was tested at 0.05 level of significance and the statistical package known as SPSS for widows was employed for the analyses. Results showed that; all the eight adjustment strategies (problem solving, cognitive restructuring, express emotion, social support, problem avoidance, wishful thinking, self-criticism and social withdrawal) are adopted by widows in ameliorating widowhood stress; ethnic group of widows’ influences their adjustment strategies to widowhood stress. Based on the findings of this work, three appropriate recommendations were made.

Keywords: Adjustment, Rivers State, Strategies., Stress, Widowhood

Psychosocial Factors Predicting Academic Adjustment of First Year University Undergraduates in Rivers State, Nigeria (Published)

This study was designed to determine the extent to which emotional intelligence, social support, self-esteem and coping strategies predict academic adjustment of first year university undergraduates in Rivers State, Nigeria. Correlation design was adopted for the study. Seven research questions and seven corresponding hypotheses guided the conduct of the study at 0.05 alpha levels. A sample of 382 first year university undergraduates of Ignatius Ajuru University of Education, Port Harcourt, 2015/2016 academic session was chosen for the study through simple and proportional stratified random sampling techniques. Five instruments namely; Mangal Emotional Intelligence Inventory, Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support, Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, Coping Strategies Inventory and Student Adaptation to College Questionnaire – Academic subscale were used for data collection. Simple and multiple regression analyses were used for data analysis. All data were subjected to analysis using statistical package for social science (SPSS). Results showed among others that; emotional intelligence, social support, self-esteem and coping strategies taken together significantly predicted academic adjustment of first year university undergraduates. Based on the findings, it was recommended amongst others that; university authorities should introduce personality programmes that will provide training in emotional skills that will help university undergraduates in their overall adjustment to the new university environment.

Keywords: Academic, Adjustment, Psychosocial, Rivers State, Undergraduates, University

Influence of Age and Educational Level on Adjustment Strategies to Widowhood Stress in Rivers State, Nigeria (Published)

This study was designed to determine the extent to which age and educational level influence adjustment strategies to widowhood stress among widows in Rivers State, Nigeria. Descriptive survey design was adopted for the study. Two research questions and two corresponding hypotheses guided the conduct of the study at 0.05 alpha levels. A sample of 370 widows in Rivers State was drawn from the population through proportional stratified random sampling technique. Two instruments namely; Stress Level Scale for Widows (SLSW) and Questionnaire for Widows Adjustment Strategies (QWAS), both developed by the researcher were used for data collection. Data were analysed with mean, standard deviation and one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA). All hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance and the statistical package known as SPSS for widows was employed for the analyses. Results showed that; widows in Rivers State differ significantly in their adjustment strategies to widowhood stress on the basis of age, educational attainment. Based on the findings of this work, three relevant recommendations were made one of which is that counsellors could systematically use the adjustment strategies studied in this research to help widows to cope with widowhood stress

Keywords: Adjustment, Age, Educational Level, Rivers State, Stress, Widowhood

The Social Issues among Adult Cancer Patients Attending Oncology Clinic at Moi Teaching and Referral Hospital, Eldoret, Kenya (Published)

Cancer diagnosis is associated with increased chance of developing social issues that impact on patient’s health state and medical treatment. The number of people diagnosed with cancer is on the increase every year in the developing countries with no exception of Kenya. The burden of cancer continues to grow. However, as much as social issues among adult cancer patients are well documented in the rest of the world, Kenya has little amount of data in place. A critical part of cancer care is the recognition of the levels of social problems that present among patients with cancer and determination of the appropriate form of intervention, ranging from brief counselling or social interventions and social support to medication and specific coping styles. This paper sought to determine the social issues among adult cancer patients seen at the oncology clinic of Moi Teaching and Referral Hospital (MTRH), Eldoret. Focus was on the social issues that are associated with cancer diagnosis and socio-demographic characteristics and clinical state of the patients diagnosed with cancer. This was a cross-sectional and descriptive study. The respondents included patients diagnosed with cancer who were enrolled and interviewed using researcher designed socio-demographic and clinical questionnaire and the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview for adults (M.I.N.I Plus) instruments. A total of 138 respondents participated in the study. The participants were assessed upon an informed consent and ethical approval from Institutional Research and Ethics Committee (IREC) Moi Teaching and Referral Hospital (MTRH) Moi University and Ethics and Research Committee Kenyatta National Hospital/ University of Nairobi.Microsoft excel worksheet and Statistical packages for social sciences (SPSS) version 16.0 were used for analysis. Females represented a higher number of cancer patients than male.  Breast cancer and cervical cancer were the most common forms of cancer with most participants being in the advanced stages; between stage III and IV. Social phobia, obsessive compulsive disorder, generalised anxiety disorder, hypomanic episodes and manic episodes were the most observed social disorders.

Keywords: Adjustment, Cancer, Hormonal Therapy, Medical-Chemotherapy, Radiation Therapy, Social Support, Surgical

Sources of Anchor Data and Adjustment Amounts in the Valuation of Residential Properties (Published)

This paper ascertained how valuers generate anchor data based on past valuations experiences and how adjustments were made on the anchors to obtain capital values of residential properties. From a Total population of 260 registered firms, 164 were located. Yamane’s (1967) formula with 0.05 sampling error was adopted in determining sample size. It was found that sources of anchor and what valuers have been adjusting for varies. Additionally, generating anchor data from local experts was more common than from firms’ records; while general adjustment of anchor for differences in identified attributes has highest adoption rate (92.3%). Previous value experience of subject property is the most common of considered anchor sources. Externally generated anchor ranked higher in use than internally generated anchor; but ranked lower in terms of adjustment. Adjusting without identification of differences in attributes should be avoided to prevent misrepresentation of comparable and loss of clients’ confidence

Keywords: Adjustment, Valuation, anchor, data, residential property