Tag Archives: Adamawa State.

Mineral Composition of Local Salt Licks (Toka) in Adamawa State, Nigeria (Published)

The objective of the study was to determine some mineral composition of local salt licks (Toka) produced from crop residues in Adamawa State, Nigeria. Five (5) local salt blocks made from Maize cobs, Beni-seed straws, Sorghum stover, Cowpea husk and Maize stover were analyzed. The mineral contents were analyzed using Triple Acid Digestion Methods (TADM). The results showed that, local salt licks produced from crop residues majorly contained seven (7) macro-minerals namely: sodium (Na), potassium (K), calcium (Ca), chlorine (Cl), magnesium (Mg), phosphorus (P) and sulfur (S) and ten (10) micro minerals or trace elements namely: iron (Fe), zinc (Zn), copper (Cu), manganese (Mn), iodine (I), molybdenum (Mo), cobalt (Co), selenium (Se), fluorine (Fl) and chromium (Cr). The results further showed that, the local salt licks produced from crop residues had little or no heavy metals. All livestock require some percentage of mineral elements for cellular respiration, nervous system development, protein synthesis, metabolism and reproductive purposes. Macro and micro elements are important components of livestock ration which aid in the prevention of mineral deficiencies. Therefore, the local salt licks produced from crop residues could be used as mineral supplements to improve palatability and acceptability in animal feeds thereby, increasing livestock performance and productivity in the region. This could also conveniently substitute the usually imported, highly expensive mineral licks used for livestock production in the state and Nigeria as a whole.

Keywords: Adamawa State., Livestock, Nigeria, mineral composition, salt licks

Assessing Provision of Effective Emergency Educational Services for Refugee Children in Boko Haram Insurgency Refugee Camps of Yola South Local Government Area of Adamawa State, Nigeria (Published)

Providing refugee children with access to effective educational services is critical during periods of displacement. The purpose of this study was to asses provision of access, teacher, curriculum and peace education for effective emergency educational  services for refugee children in Boko Haram insurgency refugee camps of Yola South Local Government Area of Adamawa State. Data was collected using teachers assessment of effective provision of educational services for refugee children of boko haram insurgency questionnaire (TAEPEIDPQ) consisting of twenty (20) items. The findings of the study was that most of the refugee children of Boko Haram insurgency had no access to effective emergency educational services ,teachers were not provided for effective educational services, curriculum was not supported and peace education was not provided by federal, state and local governments, Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs),international donor and aid agencies for refugee children in Boko Haram insurgency  refugee camps of Yola South Local Government Area  of Adamawa State. The study concluded that the four standards for  provision of educational services to refugee children in Boko Haram insurgency refugee camps were not effective. Recommendations of the study include that Federal, State and local government, NGOS, donor and international aid agencies should provide access, teachers, curriculum and peace education for effective educational services to all refugee children in Boko Haram insurgency refugee camps of Yola South Local Government Area, Adamawa State.

Keywords: Adamawa State., Boko Haram, Emergency Educational Services, Insurgency Refugee Camps, Nigeria, Refugee Children, Yola South Local Government Area

Assessing Provision of Effective Emergency Educational Services for Refugee Children in Boko Haram Insurgency Refugee Camps of Yola South Local Government Area of Adamawa State, Nigeria. (Published)

Providing refugee children with access to effective educational services is critical during periods of displacement. The purpose of this study was to asses provision of access, teacher, curriculum and peace education for effective  emergency educational  services for refugee children in Boko Haram insurgency refugee camps of Yola South Local Government Area of Adamawa State. Data was collected using teachers assessment of effective provision of educational services for refugee children of boko haram insurgency questionnaire (TAEPEIDPQ) consisting of twenty (20) items. The findings of the study was that most of the refugee children of Boko Haram insurgency had no access to effective emergency educational services ,teachers were not provided for effective educational services, curriculum was not supported and peace education was not provided by federal, state and local governments, Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs),international donor and aid agencies for refugee children in Boko Haram insurgency  refugee camps of Yola South Local Government Area  of Adamawa State. The study concluded that the four standards for  provision of educational services to refugee children in Boko Haram insurgency refugee camps were not effective. Recommendations of the study include that Federal, State and local government, NGOS, donor and international aid agencies should provide access, teachers, curriculum and peace education for effective educational services to all refugee children in Boko Haram insurgency refugee camps of Yola South Local Government Area, Adamawa State.

Keywords: Adamawa State., Boko Haram Insurgency Refugee Camps, Effective Provision Of Emergency Educational Services, Refugee Children, Yola South Local Government Area