Tag Archives: Actual performance


In simple terms, training and development refers to the imparting of specific skills, abilities and knowledge to a student. A formal definition of training & development is… it is any attempt to improve current or future required performance by enhancing ability to perform through learning, usually by changing the student attitude or increasing his or her skills and knowledge. The need for training & development is determined by the student’s performance deficiency, computed as follows: Training & Development need = Standard performance – Actual performance. We can make a distinction among training, education and development. Such distinction enables us to acquire a better perspective about the meaning of the terms. Training, as was stated earlier, refers to the process of imparting specific skills. Education, on the other hand, is confined to theoretical learning in classrooms.

Training and Education Differentiated Training Education Application Theoretical Orientation academic Experience Classroom Learning Specific Tasks General Concepts Narrow / Perspective Broad Perspective strategic Training refers to the process of imparting specific skills. Development refers to the learning opportunities designed to help students grow. Education is theoretical learning in classroom. Though training and education differ in nature and orientation, they are complementary. A student, for example, who undergoes training, is presumed to have had some formal education. Furthermore, no training programme is complete without an element of education. In fact, the distinction between training and education is getting increasingly blurred nowadays. As more and more students are called upon to exercise judgments and to choose alternative solutions to the job problems, training programmes seek to broaden and develop the individual through education. Hence, an institution must consider elements of both education and training while plan training programmes. Development refers to those learning opportunities designed to help students grow. Development is not primarily skill-oriented. Instead, it provides general knowledge and attitudes which will be helpful to employees in higher positions.

Keywords: Actual performance, Standard performance, Training & Development