Learners’ Attitude and Senior Secondary School Students’ Achievement in Mathematics in Bayelsa State, Nigeria (Published)
The study was carried out to examine learners’ attitude and Senior Secondary School Students’ Achievement in Mathematics in Bayelsa State, Nigeria. Two research questions were posed and two corresponding hypotheses were equally formulated. The study adopted an ex-post-facto research design. The population of the study consisted of all the 10,818 S.S.2 students in the eight local government areas in Bayelsa State whereas the sample size of the study was 480 obtained through cluster random sampling techniques. Two instruments were used to obtain data for the study which include Mathematics Attitude Inventory (MAI) and Mathematics Achievement Test (MAT). The Mathematics Achievement Test was validated by two senior secondary school teachers while the reliability of the instrument was 0.77 obtained using alternate form reliability method. Other instrument was standardized instrument whose validation and reliability have been established over time. Mean, standard deviation and t-test statistics were used to answer the research questions and test the hypotheses respectively. Findings of the study revealed that there is a significant difference in the academic performance of students with positive and negative attitudes in mathematics in Bayelsa State secondary schools. The study recommended amongst others that Mathematics teachers should develop a very friendly attitudes to students during lesson, this could motivate students who possess low or no interest to mathematics.
Behavioral Anchored Rating Scale and 360 Degrees: Performance Appraisal Strategies for Achievement in Healthcare Facility (Published)
The central concept of the study was achievement in terms of employee engagement, teamwork and time management. The objectives were, to investigate the effects of 360 degree appraisal and behavioral anchored rating scale on achievement. The target population was 206. Stratified random sample was used to select a sample size of 60 respondents. Data was collected using questionnaires and analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics with the aid of statistical package for social science. The findings revealed that behavioral anchored rating scale and 360 degree appraisal had a positive and significant effect on achievement. The study concluded that appraised employees accomplish targets, set goals and organization good at time management hence achievement. Employee performance depends on level of management and 360 degree evaluation and behavioral anchored rating techniques. The healthcare facilities should appraise employees periodically, review, revise and align performance appraisal strategies towards achievement of goals and objectives. It is also recommended that feedback mechanism be reviewed, simplified and improved to reflect prevailing performance levels in the organization.
Citation: Keter Leonard Kiplangat, and Kipkorir Sitienei Chris Simon (2021)Behavioral Anchored Rating Scale and 360 Degrees: Performance Appraisal Strategies for Achievement in Healthcare Facility, International Journal of Business and Management Review, Vol.9, No.5, pp.1-21
Student-Level, Classroom-Level and School-Level Factors as Predictors of Undergraduate Mathematics Students’ Achievement in Vector Analysis (Published)
This study investigates student-level, classroom-level, and school-level factors that predict students’ achievement scores in vector analysis, and determines the achievement score of students using the regression equation. A total of 243 third-year undergraduate mathematics students from a university in Ghana, participated in the study. The study adopted a correlational design with a multiple regression model, to identify significant predictors. For model 1, the student-level factors explained 56.0% of the variance (R2=.56, F (36,206) =133.06, p < .05), with fourteen significant predictors. For model 2, the student-level and classroom-level factors explained 61.0% of the variance (R2=.61, F (39,203) =124.92, p <.05), with fifteen significant predictors. For model 3, the student-level, classroom-level and school-level factors explained 62.0% of the variance (R2=.62, F (41,201) =120.86, p <.05), with sixteen significant predictors. The study concludes that students whose parents’ educational level and socio-economic status are high, have a greater chance of improving their mathematics achievement scores.
Citation: Charles K. Assuah (2021) Student-Level, Classroom-Level and School-Level Factors as Predictors of Undergraduate Mathematics Students’ Achievement in Vector Analysis, International Journal of Education, Learning and Development, Vol. 9, No.7, pp.16-37
Achievement motivation among public school students and its impact on academic achievement in light of some variables (Published)
The current study aimed to identify the Achievement motivation of public school students and its impact on academic achievement in light of some variables, and to achieve the objectives of the study, the researcher followed the relational descriptive approach, as the motivation for achievement scale was relied upon to identify the level of achievement motivation among school students, and the study concluded that motivation Achievement among students, in general, is average, while the study showed that there is a continuous correlation between achievement motivation and achievement, and the study also found that there are differences in the level of achievement motivation attributable to both the place of residence and the extent of the availability of the Internet among students, and the study continued the need to search for reasons The potential behind the low achievement motivation of students
The Effect of Teaching the Art of Decoration According to the Habits of the Mind on Developing Positive Thinking Skills and Achievement Among Sixth Grade Students in the State of Kuwait (Published)
This study aimed to investigate the effect of teaching the art of decoration according to the habits of the mind on developing positive thinking skills and achievement among sixth grade students in the State of Kuwait. The study followed the quasi-experimental approach. In order to achieve the objectives of the study, a test consisting of (12) essay questions were prepared to measure the positive thinking skills of the sample members. A test was also prepared to measure the achievement of the sample members consisting of (20) objective questions. The study was applied to a sample of (48) students in “Ibn Zahr Al-Andalusi” School in Mubarak Al-Kabeer Governorate, and they were randomly assigned to two groups. Experimental and its members (25) students, control and its members (23) students. The study found a statistically significant effect of teaching using habits of mind in developing positive thinking skills and achievement among the members of the experimental group.
Citation: Adnan Said Ahmad AL-Husaini (2021) The Effect of Teaching the Art of Decoration According to the Habits of the Mind on Developing Positive Thinking Skills and Achievement Among Sixth Grade Students in the State of Kuwait, International Journal of Education, Learning and Development, Vol. 9, No.1, pp.42-54
The engagement of countries within Sub-Saharan Africa in various measures to raise and equalise enrolment of boys and girls in schools demonstrates their commitment to include. However, developments reflect the challenges some national education systems in the region encounter to practice inclusive education. Educators within the region appear to be grappling with the notion of inclusivity and that is having effects on the provisioning of education that is indeed for all primary age children in local community schools within the context. The insistence to preserve existing local cultures and emphasis on competence based curriculum constrains efforts of practitioners to ensure the mainstreaming of presence, participation and achievement of all pupils at school. Some pupils consequently leave school without positive outcomes. Inclusive education as an approach to reposition education for all implies the adoption of curriculum of differentiation to be able to reach out to all pupils, including those who feel dissatisfied with existing school practices as well as those who seem distant in the context.
Vocabulary Learning Principles and Tasks in EFL Classrooms: A Study on the Higher Secondary Level in Bangladesh (Published)
The research was conducted to explore the effect of vocabulary learning principles and tasks (VLPT) on developing higher secondary level students’ vocabulary knowledge. Looking into the use of vocabulary learning principles and tasks contributing to vocabulary development, the study examined the key aspects that might develop the students’ EFL vocabulary. A Mixed-method approach was employed for data collection and data analysis. To elicit the relevant data, the study used: questionnaires from 100 students, in-depth interview with 10 teachers The findings of the study showed that VLPT had a positive and strong connection with vocabulary learning achievement and it was found helpful for developing students’ vocabulary knowledge. It was also found that EFL students studying at HSC level were not sufficiently aware of the significance and effectiveness of VLPT in classes. The findings of the study have some pedagogical implications for both the teachers and students. The teachers may systematically introduce and reinforce VLPT that can help students as active vocabulary learners. The investigation will also provide information to the teachers on how effectively VLPT may impact on developing students’ vocabulary achievement. The study has pedagogical implications for raising awareness about VLPT among EFL learners.
This paper examines the impact of private secondary school on examination malpractices in Nigeria. It also explain the impact of the school management, teachers, parents, government agents and students on examination malpractices in Nigeria. However, it also discussed the causes and effects of Examination Malpractices on the academic achievement of the private secondary schools students. Yet, it emphasis the factors that influence the students on examination malpractice in private secondary schools. Similarly, it states the outcomes of examination malpractices on the academic performance of the secondary schools students in Nigeria. Thus, the implications of examination malpractice on the student’s academic achievement were thoroughly discussed.
The Effect of Algebra Tiles Manipulative on Preservice Teacher’s Mathematics Knowledge in Teaching Basic Algebra (Published)
The purpose of the study was to examine the effect of algebra tiles manipulative on pre-service teachers’ achievement and also to investigate how the use of algebra tiles influence the pre-service teachers’ achievements in basic algebra. The research design was quasi- experimental precisely pretest-post-test design. The population of the study was all level 200 PSTs of Ashanti and Brong-Ahafo Zone colleges of education with a sample of 119 pre-service teachers selected through purposive, convenient and simple random. The instruments used were test and interview for the collection of both quantitative and qualitative data. From the t-test analysis, there was statistically significant difference which favored the experimental group in the pre and post-test. Also, large effect size was noticed from the experimental group pre and post –test analysis. The pre-service teachers had positive views about algebra tiles manipulatives as a teaching material.
Assessment of Emotional Intelligence and Its Relationship with Students’ Achievement in Mathematics (Published)
In Nigeria, the continuous fall in students’ achievement in mathematics has been a major source of concern to policy makers and stakeholders in the nation’s education sector. A lot of measures taken over the years to reduce this trend have not produced the desired results. Some measures taken targeted solely on teachers’, and infrastructural improvement, without taking into consideration the measures to improve the learners’ characteristics for effective learning. Hence, the focus of this study was on the assessment of emotional intelligence and its relationship with students’ achievement in mathematics in Enugu Education zone, Enugu, Nigeria. The research questions and hypotheses used as guide to the study were three and two respectively.. The study adopted a correlation design. The population of the study comprised 4825 Senior Secondary School two (SS2) students in 25 government secondary schools in Enugu Education zone. The study had a sample of 483 SS2 mathematics students from six senior secondary schools in the study area. Multistage sampling consisting of simple random and stratified sampling techniques were used for selection of the schools and the subjects for the study. Youth version of emotional quotient inventory (EQ-i2.0) and a mathematics achievement test (MAT) were used for data collection. Data were analyzed using multiple linear regressions to answer the research questions, and test null hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The results revealed that there was a significant positive correlation between the components of emotional intelligence and students’ achievement in mathematics and the components, singly and jointly, contributed significantly to the variation in students’ achievement in mathematics.
This study investigated the relationship between learning environment and SS2 students’ variables in English language in Ebonyi State. Specifically, the study investigated the issues of school learning environment as it relates to SS 2 students’ achievement in English language and attitude towards the subject. The study utilized the correlation research design. Through the purposive random sampling technique a sample size of 540 English language students were used for the study. Three instruments were used to elicit information from the respondents; English achievement Test and a structured questionnaire. The instruments were face validated by experts and yielded the following reliability co-efficient of 0.76 using Cronbach Alpha for school learning environment; the English Achievement Test yielded a reliability co-efficient of 0.78 using Pearson Product Moment Correlation while the instrument on attitude yielded 0.63 using Cronbach Alpha. Two research questions and two hypotheses guided the study. Data collected were analyzed using descriptive statistics of mean and standard deviation to answer the research questions while regression was used to test the hypotheses. Findings of the study showed that there is a significant relationship between the school learning environment and students’ achievement in English language. The study also found a significant relationship between the learning environment and students’ attitude towards English language. Based on these findings, one of the recommendations was that Government and stakeholder in the education industry should improve the school-learning environment by rebuilding, repainting and renovating all the dilapidated school buildings to make them more attractive and conducive for learning so that students’ achievement in English language will improve. Social infrastructures necessary for effective teaching and learning of the English language should also be provided.
Use of Instructional Media as Determinant of Students’ Achievement and Attitude in English Language (Published)
This paper examined the use of instructional media as determinants of students’ achievement and attitude towards English Language. Specifically, the purpose of the study was to find out whether the use of instructional media is a determinant of SS2 students achievement and attitude towards English language. Two research questions and two hypotheses guided the study. The study adopted the descriptive research design. The population comprised 1600 teachers and 2800 SS2 students in 217 public secondary schools in Ebonyi state. Through the simple random sampling technique a sample size of 540 respondents was selected for the study. The instrument for data collection were three structured questionnaires which dealt with instructional media, students achievement and students attitude to English language. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics of frequency counts and percentages. Result of the findings showed the following: There is a significant relationship between the use of instructional media and students achievement in English language. 2. There is a significant relationship between the use of instructional media and students’ attitude towards English Language. Based on the findings, one of the recommendations was that the government should provide audio and audio-visual aids in all the schools in the federation for improved students achievement in English language and the development of positive attitude towards the subject.
Effect of Cognitive Acceleration Training Programme on the Achievement of Upper Basic Two Students in Home Economics (Published)
This study examined the effect of cognitive Acceleration Training Programme on the Achievement of Upper Basic Students in Home Economics. The study adopted quasi- experimental design of non- randomized pre-test post-test control type. The sample consisted of 390 (196 males and 194 females) upper basic two Home Economics students drawn from eight schools, using purposive sampling technique. Cognitive Acceleration Training Programme (CATP) was used for the treatment, while Home Economics Achievement Test (HEAT) was used for pre- and post- test. Data collected were analyzed using mean and standard deviation to answer the research questions. Analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) was used to test the hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. Findings of the study revealed that students who were exposed to CATP, in addition to conventional method of teaching, exhibited higher achievement (1,379= 214.961, P=0.00< 0.05). It was also found out that the difference in the achievement score of male and female students exposed to CATP is not significant (1,212= .092, P=762>0.05). It was recommended that Cognitive Acceleration Training Programme be introduced into upper basic curriculum, so as to enhance academic achievement, especially in Home Economics.
Fostering Senior Secondary Students’ Attitude and Achievement in Biology in FCT-Abuja Using Facebook Instructional Strategy (Published)
The study investigated how Facebook Instructional Strategy could be used to foster Senior Secondary Students’ Attitude and Achievement in Biology in FCT-Abuja. A quasi-experimental research design was adopted. The population comprised 12719 senior secondary two biology students. The sample consisted of 247 SSII biology students selected from six government schools in the study area using purposive sampling technique. Data were generated using Germination Achievement Test (GAT) and Students’ Attitude to Biology Questionnaire (SABQ). The GAT and SABQ were validated and subjected to reliability analysis using Kuder-Richardson formula 21 (K-R21) and Cronbach Alpha formula which yielded coefficients of 0.75 and 0.68 respectively. Six research questions guided the study, while six hypotheses were formulated. Data collected were analyzed using mean and standard deviations to answer the research questions while Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) was used to test the hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The findings of the study revealed that there is significant difference in the mean achievement score of students taught seed germination using facebook instructional strategy and those taught using the lecture method; there is significant difference in the mean achievement scores of male and female students taught seed germination using facebook instructional strategy. There is no significant difference in the mean attitude ratings of students taught seed germination using facebook instructional strategy and those taught using lecture method; There is no significant difference in the mean attitude ratings of male and female students taught seed germination using facebook instructional strategy. Based on the findings, it was recommended amongst others that biology teachers-trainees should be trained on the use of facebook instructional strategy in teaching biology.
Achievement Motivation as a Predictor of Academic Achievement of Senior Secondary School Student in Mathematics (Published)
This study examined the achievement motivation as predictor of academic achievement among Senior Secondary School II students in Edo State The study sample consisted of 698 students who were randomly sampled from the population of 27,937 students in pubic secondary school II students in Edo Sate. The sample size of this study is 2.5% of the entire population of 27,937 which is 698. The sample was drawn from the population using the multi-stage sampling technique. This involves selection of sample in stages. There are eighteen Local Government Areas in Edo State, divided into three (3) senatorial districts – Edo North (5 local Government Areas); Edo Central (6 Local Government Areas); Edo South (7 Local Government Areas). Both the independent and dependent variables were measured with relevant standardized instruments. To guide the study, three (3) research questions and a null hypothesis was raised. Data collected were analyzed using Pearson r correlation coefficient and Stepwise multiple regression statistical techniques. The results showed that achievement motivation predicted students’ academic achievement in mathematic. On the basis of the findings, it was recommended that achievement motivation should be enhanced using appropriate counseling strategies.
Digital Citizenship and its impact on the level of achievement motivation for students from the point of view of the coordinators and supervisors of digital transformation in the future gate of the Tabuk region (Published)
The aim of the present study was to identify the concept of digital citizenship and its effect on the level of achievement motivation for students from the point of view of the coordinators and supervisors of the digital transition in the future gate of the Tabuk region. To achieve this goal, the researcher followed the descriptive approach as one of the qualitative research methods, Was conducted with the general coordinator of the gate of the future and supervisors in the area of Tabuk, and after the collection of data and analysis reached a number of results, the most important was that the emphasis was on the students’ understanding of the concept of digital citizenship through the courses and meetings that were held for students in advance and You will also be able to follow the school’s digital transformation officer and the portal coordinator in the region and technical support. The Future Gateway application transforms the traditional learning environment into an effective e-learning environment, helps eliminate the burdens of the paper environment and expands learning and learning processes The scope of the classroom and the school environment, as well as the absence of negative repercussions for the misuse of the application, through the existence of a special portal (username) for students and parents, as well as follow the official of the digital transformation in school and technical support for the initiative periodically and regularly, The study revealed a number of challenges in implementing the digital portal, the most important of which was the infrastructure, the mechanism of spreading digital culture, The argument of students to more devices as well as the lack of clear regulations for the work of the portal, and the lack of clarity of the relationship and organization between educational supervisors and teachers.
The Effects of Single Parent on Academic Performance of Secondary School Students in Nigeria (Published)
This paper examines the effects of single parent on academic performance of secondary school students in Nigeria. Yet, it critical examination the challenges which the children of single parents encounter in secondary education. It also explain the causes of single parenting. Similarly, it stated clearly the effects of single parenting on academic achievement of secondary school students. Otherwise, it emphasis implication of single parenting on academic performance of their children in secondary education in Nigeria.
Influence of Home Background on Nigerian Students’ Academic Achievement in O’ Level English (Published)
This work investigated the influence of students’ home background on their academic achievement in O’ Level English in Nigeria, using Oyo State secondary schools as a case study. In the selection of the respondents, multistage sampling approach was adopted. Stratified sampling technique was used to select four schools. Purposive sampling technique was used to select students on the basis of home background. Only students from illiterate homes were selected from the public schools while only students from literate homes were selected from private schools. Two private and two public schools were selected from each of the zones making a total of ten private and ten public schools in all. Random sampling technique was used to select twenty students from each of the twenty selected schools, making a total of four hundred respondents in all. Three research hypotheses were raised. Questionnaire was used to gather information on the availability of materials on English language on the basis of home background. It was also used to gather information on students’ attitudes to English language on the basis of home background. Fifty multiple test items were used to test students’ level of achievement in English language based on home background. Chi-square was used to analyse all the hypotheses set. The findings showed that there was a significant difference in the availability of reading materials on English; there was a significant difference in the attitudes of students to English and there was a significant difference in students’ achievement in O’ Level English on the basis of home background. Recommendations were made to the stakeholders.
The Effects of Cohabitation on Academic Performance of the Students in Tertiary Institutions in Nigeria (Published)
This paper examines the effects of Cohabitation on Academic Performance of the students in higher institution in Nigeria. However, it also determined the major types of cohabitation which existed many years in higher institutions such as Polytechnics, Colleges of Education and Universities. It also explained the effects of Cohabitation on the Students’ Academic Achievement in higher institutions in Nigeria where the students practice it among their partners. Similarly, it is critically examined the common reasons why the students cohabitating on campuses. Yet, it emphasized the implication of cohabitation on the students’ academic performance in tertiary institutions in Nigeria.
Effects of Socratic Questioning Teaching Strategy on the Achievement of Public Secondary Schools Biology Students in Langtan North, Plateau State, Nigeria (Published)
The effect of Socratic questioning teaching strategy on the achievements of students on the concept of habitat was investigated. The design of the study was a quasi-experimental, specifically the pre-test post-test control group design. There are 14 public secondary schools in Langtang north with a population of 2740 students. Two schools were randomly sampled. One was randomly assigned to the experimental group and the other to the control group. They were used as intact groups. The sample was made up of 96 students, (50 males and 46 females). Four research questions were answered while six hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance. The instrument used for data collection was a 30-item test. The instrument was validated and its reliability established at 0.84. The data collected was analyzed using mean, standard deviation and the t-test. Findings indicated that the Socratic teaching had significant effect on the students’ performance. The use of the Socratic teaching strategy was recommended.