This paper examines the impact of private secondary school on examination malpractices in Nigeria. It also explain the impact of the school management, teachers, parents, government agents and students on examination malpractices in Nigeria. However, it also discussed the causes and effects of Examination Malpractices on the academic achievement of the private secondary schools students. Yet, it emphasis the factors that influence the students on examination malpractice in private secondary schools. Similarly, it states the outcomes of examination malpractices on the academic performance of the secondary schools students in Nigeria. Thus, the implications of examination malpractice on the student’s academic achievement were thoroughly discussed.
The Effect of Algebra Tiles Manipulative on Preservice Teacher’s Mathematics Knowledge in Teaching Basic Algebra (Published)
The purpose of the study was to examine the effect of algebra tiles manipulative on pre-service teachers’ achievement and also to investigate how the use of algebra tiles influence the pre-service teachers’ achievements in basic algebra. The research design was quasi- experimental precisely pretest-post-test design. The population of the study was all level 200 PSTs of Ashanti and Brong-Ahafo Zone colleges of education with a sample of 119 pre-service teachers selected through purposive, convenient and simple random. The instruments used were test and interview for the collection of both quantitative and qualitative data. From the t-test analysis, there was statistically significant difference which favored the experimental group in the pre and post-test. Also, large effect size was noticed from the experimental group pre and post –test analysis. The pre-service teachers had positive views about algebra tiles manipulatives as a teaching material.
Assessment of Emotional Intelligence and Its Relationship with Students’ Achievement in Mathematics (Published)
In Nigeria, the continuous fall in students’ achievement in mathematics has been a major source of concern to policy makers and stakeholders in the nation’s education sector. A lot of measures taken over the years to reduce this trend have not produced the desired results. Some measures taken targeted solely on teachers’, and infrastructural improvement, without taking into consideration the measures to improve the learners’ characteristics for effective learning. Hence, the focus of this study was on the assessment of emotional intelligence and its relationship with students’ achievement in mathematics in Enugu Education zone, Enugu, Nigeria. The research questions and hypotheses used as guide to the study were three and two respectively.. The study adopted a correlation design. The population of the study comprised 4825 Senior Secondary School two (SS2) students in 25 government secondary schools in Enugu Education zone. The study had a sample of 483 SS2 mathematics students from six senior secondary schools in the study area. Multistage sampling consisting of simple random and stratified sampling techniques were used for selection of the schools and the subjects for the study. Youth version of emotional quotient inventory (EQ-i2.0) and a mathematics achievement test (MAT) were used for data collection. Data were analyzed using multiple linear regressions to answer the research questions, and test null hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The results revealed that there was a significant positive correlation between the components of emotional intelligence and students’ achievement in mathematics and the components, singly and jointly, contributed significantly to the variation in students’ achievement in mathematics.
This study investigated the relationship between learning environment and SS2 students’ variables in English language in Ebonyi State. Specifically, the study investigated the issues of school learning environment as it relates to SS 2 students’ achievement in English language and attitude towards the subject. The study utilized the correlation research design. Through the purposive random sampling technique a sample size of 540 English language students were used for the study. Three instruments were used to elicit information from the respondents; English achievement Test and a structured questionnaire. The instruments were face validated by experts and yielded the following reliability co-efficient of 0.76 using Cronbach Alpha for school learning environment; the English Achievement Test yielded a reliability co-efficient of 0.78 using Pearson Product Moment Correlation while the instrument on attitude yielded 0.63 using Cronbach Alpha. Two research questions and two hypotheses guided the study. Data collected were analyzed using descriptive statistics of mean and standard deviation to answer the research questions while regression was used to test the hypotheses. Findings of the study showed that there is a significant relationship between the school learning environment and students’ achievement in English language. The study also found a significant relationship between the learning environment and students’ attitude towards English language. Based on these findings, one of the recommendations was that Government and stakeholder in the education industry should improve the school-learning environment by rebuilding, repainting and renovating all the dilapidated school buildings to make them more attractive and conducive for learning so that students’ achievement in English language will improve. Social infrastructures necessary for effective teaching and learning of the English language should also be provided.
Use of Instructional Media as Determinant of Students’ Achievement and Attitude in English Language (Published)
This paper examined the use of instructional media as determinants of students’ achievement and attitude towards English Language. Specifically, the purpose of the study was to find out whether the use of instructional media is a determinant of SS2 students achievement and attitude towards English language. Two research questions and two hypotheses guided the study. The study adopted the descriptive research design. The population comprised 1600 teachers and 2800 SS2 students in 217 public secondary schools in Ebonyi state. Through the simple random sampling technique a sample size of 540 respondents was selected for the study. The instrument for data collection were three structured questionnaires which dealt with instructional media, students achievement and students attitude to English language. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics of frequency counts and percentages. Result of the findings showed the following: There is a significant relationship between the use of instructional media and students achievement in English language. 2. There is a significant relationship between the use of instructional media and students’ attitude towards English Language. Based on the findings, one of the recommendations was that the government should provide audio and audio-visual aids in all the schools in the federation for improved students achievement in English language and the development of positive attitude towards the subject.
Effect of Cognitive Acceleration Training Programme on the Achievement of Upper Basic Two Students in Home Economics (Published)
This study examined the effect of cognitive Acceleration Training Programme on the Achievement of Upper Basic Students in Home Economics. The study adopted quasi- experimental design of non- randomized pre-test post-test control type. The sample consisted of 390 (196 males and 194 females) upper basic two Home Economics students drawn from eight schools, using purposive sampling technique. Cognitive Acceleration Training Programme (CATP) was used for the treatment, while Home Economics Achievement Test (HEAT) was used for pre- and post- test. Data collected were analyzed using mean and standard deviation to answer the research questions. Analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) was used to test the hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. Findings of the study revealed that students who were exposed to CATP, in addition to conventional method of teaching, exhibited higher achievement (1,379= 214.961, P=0.00< 0.05). It was also found out that the difference in the achievement score of male and female students exposed to CATP is not significant (1,212= .092, P=762>0.05). It was recommended that Cognitive Acceleration Training Programme be introduced into upper basic curriculum, so as to enhance academic achievement, especially in Home Economics.
Fostering Senior Secondary Students’ Attitude and Achievement in Biology in FCT-Abuja Using Facebook Instructional Strategy (Published)
The study investigated how Facebook Instructional Strategy could be used to foster Senior Secondary Students’ Attitude and Achievement in Biology in FCT-Abuja. A quasi-experimental research design was adopted. The population comprised 12719 senior secondary two biology students. The sample consisted of 247 SSII biology students selected from six government schools in the study area using purposive sampling technique. Data were generated using Germination Achievement Test (GAT) and Students’ Attitude to Biology Questionnaire (SABQ). The GAT and SABQ were validated and subjected to reliability analysis using Kuder-Richardson formula 21 (K-R21) and Cronbach Alpha formula which yielded coefficients of 0.75 and 0.68 respectively. Six research questions guided the study, while six hypotheses were formulated. Data collected were analyzed using mean and standard deviations to answer the research questions while Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) was used to test the hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The findings of the study revealed that there is significant difference in the mean achievement score of students taught seed germination using facebook instructional strategy and those taught using the lecture method; there is significant difference in the mean achievement scores of male and female students taught seed germination using facebook instructional strategy. There is no significant difference in the mean attitude ratings of students taught seed germination using facebook instructional strategy and those taught using lecture method; There is no significant difference in the mean attitude ratings of male and female students taught seed germination using facebook instructional strategy. Based on the findings, it was recommended amongst others that biology teachers-trainees should be trained on the use of facebook instructional strategy in teaching biology.
Achievement Motivation as a Predictor of Academic Achievement of Senior Secondary School Student in Mathematics (Published)
This study examined the achievement motivation as predictor of academic achievement among Senior Secondary School II students in Edo State The study sample consisted of 698 students who were randomly sampled from the population of 27,937 students in pubic secondary school II students in Edo Sate. The sample size of this study is 2.5% of the entire population of 27,937 which is 698. The sample was drawn from the population using the multi-stage sampling technique. This involves selection of sample in stages. There are eighteen Local Government Areas in Edo State, divided into three (3) senatorial districts – Edo North (5 local Government Areas); Edo Central (6 Local Government Areas); Edo South (7 Local Government Areas). Both the independent and dependent variables were measured with relevant standardized instruments. To guide the study, three (3) research questions and a null hypothesis was raised. Data collected were analyzed using Pearson r correlation coefficient and Stepwise multiple regression statistical techniques. The results showed that achievement motivation predicted students’ academic achievement in mathematic. On the basis of the findings, it was recommended that achievement motivation should be enhanced using appropriate counseling strategies.
Digital Citizenship and its impact on the level of achievement motivation for students from the point of view of the coordinators and supervisors of digital transformation in the future gate of the Tabuk region (Published)
The aim of the present study was to identify the concept of digital citizenship and its effect on the level of achievement motivation for students from the point of view of the coordinators and supervisors of the digital transition in the future gate of the Tabuk region. To achieve this goal, the researcher followed the descriptive approach as one of the qualitative research methods, Was conducted with the general coordinator of the gate of the future and supervisors in the area of Tabuk, and after the collection of data and analysis reached a number of results, the most important was that the emphasis was on the students’ understanding of the concept of digital citizenship through the courses and meetings that were held for students in advance and You will also be able to follow the school’s digital transformation officer and the portal coordinator in the region and technical support. The Future Gateway application transforms the traditional learning environment into an effective e-learning environment, helps eliminate the burdens of the paper environment and expands learning and learning processes The scope of the classroom and the school environment, as well as the absence of negative repercussions for the misuse of the application, through the existence of a special portal (username) for students and parents, as well as follow the official of the digital transformation in school and technical support for the initiative periodically and regularly, The study revealed a number of challenges in implementing the digital portal, the most important of which was the infrastructure, the mechanism of spreading digital culture, The argument of students to more devices as well as the lack of clear regulations for the work of the portal, and the lack of clarity of the relationship and organization between educational supervisors and teachers.
The Effects of Single Parent on Academic Performance of Secondary School Students in Nigeria (Published)
This paper examines the effects of single parent on academic performance of secondary school students in Nigeria. Yet, it critical examination the challenges which the children of single parents encounter in secondary education. It also explain the causes of single parenting. Similarly, it stated clearly the effects of single parenting on academic achievement of secondary school students. Otherwise, it emphasis implication of single parenting on academic performance of their children in secondary education in Nigeria.
Influence of Home Background on Nigerian Students’ Academic Achievement in O’ Level English (Published)
This work investigated the influence of students’ home background on their academic achievement in O’ Level English in Nigeria, using Oyo State secondary schools as a case study. In the selection of the respondents, multistage sampling approach was adopted. Stratified sampling technique was used to select four schools. Purposive sampling technique was used to select students on the basis of home background. Only students from illiterate homes were selected from the public schools while only students from literate homes were selected from private schools. Two private and two public schools were selected from each of the zones making a total of ten private and ten public schools in all. Random sampling technique was used to select twenty students from each of the twenty selected schools, making a total of four hundred respondents in all. Three research hypotheses were raised. Questionnaire was used to gather information on the availability of materials on English language on the basis of home background. It was also used to gather information on students’ attitudes to English language on the basis of home background. Fifty multiple test items were used to test students’ level of achievement in English language based on home background. Chi-square was used to analyse all the hypotheses set. The findings showed that there was a significant difference in the availability of reading materials on English; there was a significant difference in the attitudes of students to English and there was a significant difference in students’ achievement in O’ Level English on the basis of home background. Recommendations were made to the stakeholders.
The Effects of Cohabitation on Academic Performance of the Students in Tertiary Institutions in Nigeria (Published)
This paper examines the effects of Cohabitation on Academic Performance of the students in higher institution in Nigeria. However, it also determined the major types of cohabitation which existed many years in higher institutions such as Polytechnics, Colleges of Education and Universities. It also explained the effects of Cohabitation on the Students’ Academic Achievement in higher institutions in Nigeria where the students practice it among their partners. Similarly, it is critically examined the common reasons why the students cohabitating on campuses. Yet, it emphasized the implication of cohabitation on the students’ academic performance in tertiary institutions in Nigeria.
Effects of Socratic Questioning Teaching Strategy on the Achievement of Public Secondary Schools Biology Students in Langtan North, Plateau State, Nigeria (Published)
The effect of Socratic questioning teaching strategy on the achievements of students on the concept of habitat was investigated. The design of the study was a quasi-experimental, specifically the pre-test post-test control group design. There are 14 public secondary schools in Langtang north with a population of 2740 students. Two schools were randomly sampled. One was randomly assigned to the experimental group and the other to the control group. They were used as intact groups. The sample was made up of 96 students, (50 males and 46 females). Four research questions were answered while six hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance. The instrument used for data collection was a 30-item test. The instrument was validated and its reliability established at 0.84. The data collected was analyzed using mean, standard deviation and the t-test. Findings indicated that the Socratic teaching had significant effect on the students’ performance. The use of the Socratic teaching strategy was recommended.
The Effectiveness of the Smart Board in Raising the Achievement of Underachievers of Basic Elementary Stage (Published)
This study aimed to determine Effectiveness of the Smart Board in Raising the Achievement of Underachievers of Basic Elementary Stage. The study sample consisted of (70) students, divided into two groups, (33) students in the experimental group, and (37) students in the control group. To achieve the objectives of the study, the researcher used an achievement test, after confirmations of the validity and reliability. The study finds a statistically significant difference on the paragraphs of the test raise achievement for weak students combined between the performances of members of the two groups of the study, and for the performance of the experimental group, who has undergone to teach by using the smart board. Also, there is a statistically significant difference on the paragraphs of raising achievement for weak students combined between the performance of members of the two groups of the study, and in favor of male performance, and the lack of differences statistically significant at the level of statistical significance (α=0.05) between the averages of the performance of members of the study dimensional clauses test lift achievement of weak students combined due to the duo interaction between the two variables: the control group, and experimental, and Gender.
The Effectiveness of Training on Time Management Skill Due To Relaxation Techniques upon Stress and Achievement among Mutah University Students (Published)
The study aimed at investigating the effectiveness of a training program on time management skills due to relaxation techniques upon stress and achievement among a sample of students in Mutah University. The subjects of this study were assigned randomly into two groups: an experimental group which consisted of (38) students who received the training program and a control group which consisted of (37) students who did not receive any kind of training. The stress scale and achievement scores were kept for both groups; before and after exposing to the program. To test the hypotheses of the study; means, standard deviations and Analysis of Covariance (MANCOVA) were computed. The results revealed significant differences between the means of the two groups on the total scores of stress in favor of experimental group, which indicated the effectiveness of the training program in reducing the level of stress, while there is no effect for the groups upon achievement. Furthermore, the results show no significant differences in the effect of gender or the interaction between gender and treatment.
Activation of Science Laboratories in Jordanian Public Schools and Its Impact on Students’ Achievement in Physics (Published)
The present study aimed to identify the effect of activating the physics labs in Jordanian public schools on the achievement of students in physics. To achieve the objectives of the study, the researcher followed the analytical descriptive method in terms of applying the study tool and data collection and analysis. For the Directorate of Education Jerash, while the sample of the study was (30) students.The study found that the effect of activating the physics labs in the Jordanian public schools on students’ achievement in the physics subject. The study also found that the lack of materials for lab work is one of the most important obstacles that prevent the use of physics labs, The researcher recommended the need to hold training courses for the physicists in particular and science teachers in general to clarify the importance of the physics lab in increasing student achievement.
Effectiveness of Project-Based Learning Strategy on the Achievement and Mathematical Writing of Preparatory Year Students at Najran University (Published)
The problem of low academic achievement in mathematics at university is one of the most important educational and psychological issues that may lead to students’ suffering, failure, and poor personal and social adjustment. The present study aimed to address the impact of project-based strategy on the promotion of the academic achievement and mathematical writing of the preparatory year students at Najran University. The present study was applied to fifty students enrolled in the “Introduction to Mathematics” course in the second semester of the academic year 2016/2017. Quasi-experimental approach was used. Results of data analysis indicated that there were significant differences between the means scores of participants in the control and experimental groups in the academic achievement and mathematical writing due to the use of project-based strategy that was used during the course period.
Teachers Attitude towards Improvisation, Its Effects on the Study of Science at the Junior High Schools in Aowin Municipality-Ghana (Published)
Teaching science requires science teachers to provide enough materials to enable students to learn by using all their senses. Therefore, where the schools are isolated or inaccessible, materials can be improvised to enhance science teaching and learning. This paper seeks to investigate the attitudes of teachers towards improvisation and its effects on the study of science and to suggest recommendations for school administrators. The instrument used was a structured questionnaire. Data for the study were obtained by administering 120 questionnaires to 120 teachers. Ten public Junior High Schools were selected. 12 teachers were sampled randomly from each Junior School making a total of 120. 120 questionnaires were fully answered and returned. The data were analyzed using frequency counts and percentages. .
The Role of School in the Development of the Students’ Reading Skills and Its Relationship to the Academic Achievement (A Case Study to the Basic School of Al-Fadil Bin Abbas) (Published)
The present study aimed at identifying the role of school in the development of the students’ reading skills and its relationship to their academic achievement. In order to achieve the goals of the study, the researcher followed the descriptive analytical approach where upon the study sample consisted of (125) students from the overall population of the study which reached at (1498). Following the application of the study tool, the researcher came to a result which indicates the presence of an effective role to the school in the development of the students’ reading skills. Moreover, it stated that there is a positive direct relationship between the students’ reading skills and their academic achievement. The researcher recommended the necessity of spreading awareness among the Arabic language teacher of the importance of enabling their students of the basic reading abilities before teaching them the principles of syntax, semantics and criticism or else.
The Correlation Between the Need for Achievement, Self-Esteem, Locus of Con¬trol, Habit in Studying, Parents’ Support and Learning Environment in the Class with Underachievement of Students at Senior High School in Medan, Indonesia (Published)
The objectives of this research are (1) to describe and to explain the correlation between the need for achievement, self–esteem, locus of control, habit in studying , parents’ support and learning environment in the class as their contribution to the underachievement students, (2) to find a set of variables from among those that are under study, that are most efficient in explaining of underachievement students. This study is descriptive correlational in nature. The study was undertaken in 8 (eight) general high schools in Medan that constituted the sample of the study. The research subjects are all underachievers that totaled to 114 students. The data were colleted through surveys using questionnaires, scales, inventories, and formats that are administered to student. The data obtained through surveys were analysed using a descriptive technique and multiple-regression with Stepwise. The results of analysis are drawn: (1) the underachievers were found to be low in need for achievement, self-esteem, tend to be internal in locus of control, have poor learning habit, low parental support, and poor learning environment in the class was found to be moderately strong with a multipe R of 0,544 (p≤0,05), with an effective contribution of 29,6%. (2) the most efficient set of independet variable in predicting of the underachievement students consisted of parental support, need for achievement, learning enviroment in class, and locus of control, wict could explain 27,40% of the variance in the underachievement students. Based on the conclusions drawn, some suggestions are proposed as folows: (1) through appropriate design of learning environments, in faciliting the inculcation of impedent learnes that are able not only to respond convergent question, but also have the habit to explore alterntive solutions, and even to reshape problems before attempting to solve them, with the full backing of appropriate school culture, (2) the existence of one or more factors other than those that are invetigated in this study that could explain of underachievers which should be further pursued