Tag Archives: : Academic Performance

Comparative Analysis and Gender Effects of Students Academic Performance in Senior Secondary School Certificate Examination (SSCE) In Physics between Year 2013 And 2017 In Ekiti State, Nigeria. (Published)

The study examines the comparative analysis and gender effects of students academic performance in Physics of male and female students for five years of S.S.C.E result across all the local government area of Ekiti State, Nigeria.  27,376 students comprising of  male= 12,927, female= 14,449 were sampled for the study. The researcher designed three research questions from the analysis of  the data collected from the Ekiti State Ministry of Education, Science and Technology, Planning, Research and Statistics Department, Ado-Ekiti and it were answered descriptively. The percentage, t-test and chi-square were used to analyze the data collected and two hypotheses were generated and was tested at 0.05 level of significance. The project concluded that Students’ performance in Physics in secondary school is no gender bias. However, male students are better in performance than female students. It was recommended  amongst others that Government, school management and individual should also encourage female students who performed well in Physics by given them scholarship or bursary award as it is being done in some secondary schools  like Principals’ award, Teachers’ award  or any other special awards.

Keywords: : Academic Performance, gender effects and secondary schools, physics

Junior High School Mathematics Teachers’ Beliefs and their Instructional Practices and Its Effects on Students’ Academic Performance (Published)

For over a decade now, students’ performance in mathematics at the Junior High School leaves much to be desired. The trend in performance by students at the said level has made researchers ascertain the indicators and factors responsible for this low performance. As a matter of fact, a number of studies conducted have mentioned teachers’ beliefs and their instructional practices as one of the major factors that determines students’ performance in mathematics. This study, however, focused on finding out the effect of Junior High School teachers’beliefs and their instructional practices on the academic performance of students in mathematics. The study was conducted in the Cape Coast Metropolis in the Central Region of Ghana and utilized the descriptive survey design to explore the phenomenon in question. A sample of 31 teachers and 306 students were involved in the study. Analysis of results revealed that teachers who were involved in the study hold constructivist beliefs, however, there were discrepancies in the practices they enact in their classroom. Furthermore, there was no statistically significant effect of teachers’ beliefs and instructional practices on students’ performance. Implications for these findings to the teaching and learning of mathematics and teachers’ professional development are discussed in the work.

Keywords: : Academic Performance, Beliefs, Effects, instructional practices

Effects of Sports Participation on the Academic Performance of Senior High School Students in Mathematics (Published)

The primary purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of engaging in sporting activities on the academic performance of students in mathematics at the senior high school level in the Cape Coast Metropolis. To ascertain the main objective of the study, descriptive survey design was employed. The study used 100 senior high school students comprising 59 student-athletes and 41 non-student athletes. For data collection, each respondent was presented with the research questionnaire designed for the study. The study revealed that, there is no statistically significant difference between the performance of student-athletes and non-student athletes in mathematics. The study, however, concluded that, sports participation has no negative effects on students-athletes’ academic performance in mathematics. What this finding implies is that, parents and mathematics teachers should not seize students from participating in sporting activities with the fear that participating in sports worsens academic performance.

Keywords: : Academic Performance, Effects, learning time, sports participation

Effect of Blended Learning on Students’ Academic Performance in Physics in Federal Colleges of Education in South East, Nigeria (Published)

This study investigated the effect of blended learning on the academic performance   of Physics students in Federal Colleges of Education in South East, Nigeria.  Two   research objectives, two research questions as well as two research hypotheses guided the study. The population of the study comprised all the 287 Physics students in the three Federal Colleges of Education in South East, Nigeria.  A sample of 81 students were purposively selected for the study from two of the three colleges. The instrument for data collection was a -50 multiple choice   researcher-made test entitled Researcher Made Electromagnetic Theory Achievement Test (RMETAT). Test retest method was used to ensure the reliability of the instrument.  Reliability coefficients of temporal stability of 0.97 and that of internal consistency of 0.72 were determined for the instrument.  Mean, standard deviation and ANCOVA were the statistical tools used for data analysis.  The study found out that blended learning increased the performance of Physics students who participated in the study. It was also found out that the performances of students were not dependent on their gender. The researcher, therefore among other things recommended that  blended learning should be made a compulsory teaching strategy for Colleges of Education and similar institutions and that compulsory periodic training and retraining of teachers  in institutions of higher learning on 21st century teaching strategies  such as   blended learning be put in place.

 

Keywords: : Academic Performance, blended learning, physics

Effects of Guided Inquiry and Individualized Strategies on the Academic Performance of Senior Secondary School Economics Students in Imo State (Published)

This study examined the effect of guided inquiry and individualized strategies on the academic performance of senior secondary school economics students in Imo State. The study was carried out using quasi-experimental, non-randomized control group pretest posttest design, having two aims of the study, two research questions and hypotheses. A total of one hundred (100) senior secondary school two students (SSII) were drawn from two co-educational schools and two intact classes constituted the same size for the study. The schools were selected by purposive sampling likewise the intact classes, the researchers classified the students into 50 students per group (that is treatment group) fifty (50) while control group fifty (50). One instrument was used for collecting the data of the study. The instrument was: Economics Achievement Test (EAT). Research questions were answered using mean and standard deviation while analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) was used to test the hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The major finding was that male students performed better than the female students taught Economics with individualized teaching strategy and guided inquiry strategy respectively. Based on the findings of this study, it was recommended that individualized teaching strategy should be encouraged by teachers in the teaching of Economics to enhance the quality of performance in the subject.

Keywords: : Academic Performance, guided inquiry strategy, individual learning strategy

Community of Inquiry (Coi) On Undergraduates’ Performance in Computer in Education, University of Port Harcourt (Published)

This study investigated the effect of Community of Inquiry (CoI) on undergraduates’ performance in Computer in Education, University of Port Harcourt. Two objectives, two research questions, and two null hypotheses guided the study. Both conceptual and empirical studies were reviewed. The study adopted a quasi-experimental design with a total population of five hundred and thirty-two (532) male and female 400 level undergraduate students who are offering Computer in Education Course in Faculty of Education, and the sample comprised two hundred and eighty-nine (289) respondents purposefully selected from the entire population. The instrument used for data collection was a Computer Performance Test (CPT).The instrument was subjected to face and content validation with a reliability coefficient of 0.95. Mean, Standard deviation, z-test and Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) were the statistical tools used in the study. The findings revealed that there is a significant difference in the effect of strategies (Community of Inquiry and discussion methods) on students’ performance in Computer in Education. Furthermore, there is no significant difference in the influence of gender on students’ performance in Computer in Education. Based on these findings, the study recommends that Lecturers in Faculty of Education should integrate Community of Inquiry (CoI) instructional approach as a purposeful and effective instructional technique and resource in teaching Computer in Education and other core courses so that students could produce better and dependable results.

Keywords: : Academic Performance, blended learning, community of inquiry (CoI)

The Impact of Parents’ Socioeconomic Status on Academic Performance of Grade Twelve Students: In Case of Dire Dawa City, Ethiopia (Published)

Education is essential for the development of society. The more educated the people of a society are, the more civilized and well-disciplined. Mainly, family has responsibility to socialize children for making them productive members of society. The main objective of this study was to analyze the impact of parents’ socioeconomic status on academic achievement in case of grade twelve students. From three governmental secondary schools, there were 482 total numbers of students in 2017/2018 academic year and included in the study. Both primary and secondary source of data were used. To examine the impact of parents’ socioeconomic status on academic achievement dummy variables multiple regressions was employed to analyze data. The results of final fitted model shows that family size, average monthly income, parents’ occupation  and educational level have statistically significant contribution for students’ academic achievement at 5% level of significance. It can be concluded that family size has negative impact on the academic performance of students. Similarly, poor parents may have inadequate or limited resources that promote and support children’s development and school readiness. It can be recommended community and government should work together on family planning and effective contraceptive use. Additionally, unemployment rate should be minimized through creating job opportunities.

Keywords: : Academic Performance, dummy variables multiple regression, socioeconomic status

Influence of Street Hawking on Study Habit and Academic Performance of Secondary School Students in Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria (Published)

Unemployment and poor economic condition of many families in Nigeria has forced some parents to engage their children in street hawking to support family income. This can have hazardous effects on the children and put their future at risk. This paper examined the impact of street hawking on study habits and academic performance of secondary school students in Ado Ekiti. The population consisted of all students involved in hawking in secondary schools. The sample was 180 secondary school students selected through purposive sampling technique. One research question was raised and three research hypotheses were tested. Two instruments titled “Questionnaire on Street Hawking and Study Habit (QSHSH)” and “Social Studies Achievement Test (SSAT)” validated and tested for reliability were used for the study. The reliability test yielded 0.74 and 0.71 coefficients for QSHSH and SSAT respectively. Data collected were analysed using frequency count, percentages, mean and standard deviation. Hypotheses were tested using Pearson Product Moment Correlation at 0.05 level of significance. Finding of the study revealed that student hawkers exhibited poor study habits which led to their poor academic performance. It was recommended among others that student hawkers should learn to form good study habits of reading and preparing early for examination so as to improve their academic performance while government should improve the standard of living of the people in order to reduce poverty which is the main cause of street hawking.

Keywords: : Academic Performance, Street hawking, Students, Study Habit, achievement test, student hawkers.

Impact of Classroom Environment on Students` Performance in English Language (Published)

The objectives of the study are to examine impact of classroom environment on the academic performance of students in English language as well as their performance difference by gender. Survey and Correlation research designs were employed. The population of the study involved 183 teachers and 2003 SS III students in the selected schools. 401 students representing 20% and 183 teachers were randomly selected. Self-developed questionnaire and profoma were used for collection of data for this study. The data collected were analysed using descriptive statistics of Mean and Standard Deviation and Multiple Regression Analysis. The findings of the study revealed that classroom environment has strong impact on the academic performance of students in English language. On the gender basis, there was no significant difference in the performance of students. Therefore, it was recommended that school management should provide all necessary facilities in the classroom in order to create enabling environment for students overall development.

 

Keywords: : Academic Performance, Classroom Environment, English Language, Students

Characteristics of English Teachers as Motivative Factor on Reading Performance among Private and Public Secondary Schools in Kano Metropolise (Published)

This study examined the relationship among English Teachers’ academic qualification. Professional qualification, their content knowledge and work value. English Teachers’ attendance and job satisfaction on academic performance of secondary school students in private and public secondary schools in Kano metropolis. The study adopted a descriptive research design of correlation type. The secondary school English Teachers in private and public secondary schools in Kano metropolis were selected using multi-stage sampling technique and 342 teachers were selected at random using balloting for the study. Out of 2456 teachers teaching in the Kano metropolis. Questionnaire termed English Teachers’ Characteristics on Reading Performance Questionnaire (ETCRPQ). Two research questions and hypotheses were answered in the study. Based on the results of this study, the following findings were arrived at; English Teachers’ variables in general influence student’s reading performance in a number of ways in private and public schools. Based on the findings of study the following recommendations are proposed to relevant educational authorities and other stakeholders in education: English Teachers variables should be considered in the recruitment of staff in the senior secondary schools. The ministry of Education should organize regular professional development programmes for English Teachers.

Keywords: : Academic Performance, Characteristics, secondary school students, students reading performance

Adaptation School at the Couple During Pregnancy and its Implications for College Life (Published)

The present study shows the implications that has a partner university degree in nursing during pregnancy, marriage and be parents at the same time and how it face. It was developed through a qualitative study transverse, by means of a structured interview, with all the bioethical principles. It is established that the main problems are in order of importance, economic solvency, the time spent between the school and the pregnancy, adaptation to the new changes, which were faced with the help of their families, in particular by him, which seek to establish the economic assistance and moral for students to culminate with his life project.

Keywords: : Academic Performance, Marriage Universitario, unplanned pregnancy

Influence of Social Media on Academic Performance of Business Education Students of Public Universities in South-East States of Nigeria (Published)

The main purpose of the study was to determine the influence of social media on academic performance of business education students in public universities in South-East States of Nigeria. Two research questions and two null hypothesis guided the study. The study adopted a descriptive survey research design. The population was 397 students of business education programme in the seven public universities in South-East states of Nigeria. The entire population was used for the study, therefore there was no sampling. The instrument used for data collection was a 20 items questionnaire structure in four point rating scale. The instrument was validated by three experts. The reliability of the instrument was conducted using Cronbach Alpha and it yielded 0.86. Out of 397 copies of the questionnaire distributed to the respondents 374 was returned representing 94.21% returned rate. Mean with standard deviation was used to answer the research questions and the null hypothesis were tested at 0.05 level of significant using t-test. The findings of the study showed that social media influences the students’ academic performance positively and negatively in business education. Based on the finding, recommendations were made which include that students should be encouraged to utilize social media in the way that it will positively influence the academic performance, and students should be given assignments and research work to keep them busy away from the negative use.

           

Keywords: : Academic Performance, Business Education, Internet, Social media

Comparative Study of Sports Participation on Academic Performance of Student-Athletes and Non Student-Athletes in Offinso College Of Education, Ghana (Published)

The purpose of the study was to compare and ascertain whether participation or non-participation in sports has any influence on the academic performance of OFCE students. Forty student athletes were purposively selected from among the college’s student- athlete population of 124 from the Ashanti Brong-Ahafo (ASHBA) team and stratified random sampling was used to select a sample of 160 from a population of 975 non students- athletes in the college. The non student- athletes were divided into Diploma in Basic Education (DBE) A to Diploma in Basic Education (DBE) H separately and then, by random number method of the simple random sampling each student was given the chance to be chosen. The study adopted causal comparative research design with independent t- test as the statistical technique at a significant level of 0.05. Students mean cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA) score was used as the proxy. The findings revealed that there was slight difference in the CGPA of student athletes compared with non student athletes resulting in student athletes performing slightly better than non student athletes. The fact that the student-athletes sampled for this study had slighter better mean cumulative GPA than the non student-athletes appears safe to conclude that sports participation at Offinso College of Education does not influence the academic performance of student-athletes adversely. Recommendation is therefore made that college authorities organize the college curriculum in such a way that it will give sports the required place and time thereby encouraging all sports educable students to participate in sports. 

Keywords: : Academic Performance, cumulative grade point average, non student athletes, sports participation, student athletes.

Comparative Study of Sports Participation on Academic Performance of Student-Athletes and Non Student-Athletes in Offinso College Of Education, Ghana (Published)

The purpose of the study was to compare and ascertain whether participation or non-participation in sports has any influence on the academic performance of OFCE students. Forty student athletes were purposively selected from among the college’s student- athlete population of 124 from the Ashanti Brong-Ahafo (ASHBA) team and stratified random sampling was used to select a sample of 160 from a population of 975 non students- athletes in the college. The non student- athletes were divided into Diploma in Basic Education (DBE) A to Diploma in Basic Education (DBE) H separately and then, by random number method of the simple random sampling each student was given the chance to be chosen. The study adopted causal comparative research design with independent t- test as the statistical technique at a significant level of 0.05. Students mean cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA) score was used as the proxy. The findings revealed that there was slight difference in the CGPA of student athletes compared with non student athletes resulting in student athletes performing slightly better than non student athletes. The fact that the student-athletes sampled for this study had slighter better mean cumulative GPA than the non student-athletes appears safe to conclude that sports participation at Offinso College of Education does not influence the academic performance of student-athletes adversely. Recommendation is therefore made that college authorities organize the college curriculum in such a way that it will give sports the required place and time thereby encouraging all sports educable students to participate in sports. 

Keywords: : Academic Performance, cumulative grade point average, non student athletes, sports participation, student athletes.

Peer Led Team Learning and Secondary School Students Academic Performance in Arithmetic Progression in Uyo Local Government Area of Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria (Published)

This study sought to determine the influence of peer led team learning of secondary school students’ academic performance in arithmetic progression in mathematics. Two each of purpose of study, research questions and hypotheses were formulated to guide the investigation. Quasi-experimental research design was adopted for the study. The population of the study was all SS2 students in pubic secondary schools in Uyo Local Government Area of Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria numbering 5768. The sample was made up of 400 SS2 students selected from two secondary schools in the Local Government Area. Data for the study were gathered using a researcher made “Mathematics Achievement Test in Arithmetic Progression” (MATAP). The reliability of the instrument was determined using split half method, which yielded a coefficient of 0.78. The findings of the study revealed that students taught arithmetic progression using peer led team learning method performed better than students taught using lecture method. The result also indicated that male and female students taught arithmetic progression using peer led team learning do not differ significantly in their academic performance. It was recommended among others that teachers should use peer led team learning in the teaching of Arithmetic Progression.

Keywords: : Academic Performance, Arithmetic Progression, Learning, Students

The Impact of Social Networking on Academic Performance in Mathematics in Selected Secondary Schools in Edo State (Published)

This study was aimed at investigating the impact of social networking on the academic performance of secondary school students in mathematics using selected secondary schools in Edo State. The study was necessitated by the relative new culture of communication and connecting with friends via the internet in this part of the world. The work also seeks to find out what motivate students to study mathematics. The study adopted descriptive research design; simple random sampling procedure was used to select ten public and private secondary schools out of the lot in the area. The research instrument used for data collection was questionnaire. The data obtained from respondents were analyzed using simple percentage and the results were briefly discussed. The findings revealed that students disposition towards their teacher (mathematics teacher in this case) and their intended career can motivate them to study mathematics; students have access to phones, computers and other communication devices and the internet. Majority of the respondents indicate that social networking do not have negative effect on their study habits. It was recommended that students should be enlightened on the academic advantage in social networks and guided to avoid been distracted from their studies.

Keywords: : Academic Performance, Mathematics, Nigeria, Social Networking

Study Habits of Students: Keys to Good Academic Performance in Public Junior High Schools in the Ekumfi District of Ghana (Published)

This study examined the effect of study habits on the academic performance among public Junior High Schools in Ekumfi District in the Central Region of Ghana. It adopted the Study Habits Inventory Theory postulated by Bakare (1977). The mixed sequential explanatory approach was followed in the conduct of the study where both quantitative and qualitative data were collected and analysed. The multi-stage sampling procedure with the use of proportionate stratified random sampling and convenience sampling techniques were used to select 475 students’ even though 380 were correctly filled and therefore used for the study. Structured questionnaire, semi-structured interview guide and checklist were used as instruments for data collection. With the aid of the Version 20 of the Statistical Product for Service Solution (SPSS), descriptive statistics (mean, standard deviation) and inferential statistical tools such independent sample t-test, one-way ANOVA and Multiple Regression were used to analyse the quantitative data whilst the thematic approach was used to analyse the qualitative data. The findings of the study revealed that study habits significantly accounted for 44% variance in students’ academic performance. It further showed that reading and note-taking (β=0.605, p=0.000) and time management (β=0.133, p=0.001) made unique significant individual contribution to academic performance whilst the contribution of examination (β=0.011, p=0.830), homework and assignments (β=0.036, p=0.529), and concentration (β=.-.039, p=0.394) did not individually contribute significantly to academic performance. Besides, the study hypothesis disclosed that apart from gender and age, the circuit and form significantly impact on their academic performance. It was recommended that the Ministry of Education and the Ghana Education Service should pay attention to study habits of students so as to heighten academic performance of students in Ekumfi District.

Keywords: : Academic Performance, and Junior High School, study habits

Effect of Multi-Media Instructional Strategies on Academic Performance of Students in Radio and Television Electronic Work Trade in Technical Colleges in Kano State (Published)

This study investigated the Effect of Multi-Media Instructional Strategy on Academic Performance of Students in Radio, Television and Electronic Work Trade in Technical Colleges of Kano State.  Quasi-experimental design was adopted. A sample size of 40 Technical College (NTC III) students participated in the study. Purposeful sampling technique was used to select two intact classes from two colleges. A validated 40 – items instrument from NABTEB standardized test was used to collect data on the students’ performance in the following topics; Radio Communication, Satellite Transmission / Reception and Television. To avoid bias, the researchers prepared lesson plans that were used for the teaching of the two groups. The teachers from the two technical colleges were trained on how to use the lesson plans and multi-media instructional strategy, so as to control variability in the instructional procedure in the study. Four research questions and one hypothesis were raised. The data was analyzed using SPSS, mean and standard deviation were used to answer the research questions while t-test was used to test the null hypothesis. Multi-Media instructional strategy improved the mean performance of the students in Radio, Television and Electronic Work Trade, as seen in the post-test mean performance of 46.75 as compared with pre-test mean performance of 25.75 respectively, for the experimental group. There is significant mean difference in the post-test academic performance of students taught Radio Communication, Satellite Transmission / Reception and Television using Multi-Media instructional strategy. Among the recommendations made was: Stakeholders in education should make available and encourage the use of multimedia instruction in technical colleges of Kano State by providing multimedia instructional tools.

Keywords: : Academic Performance, Electronic, Multi-Media Instructional Strategies, Radio, Television, Work Trade Students.

Subjective Well-Being, Work and Academic Success: Evidence from Post-Graduate International Students in New Zealand (Published)

This study investigates relationship between academic performance, subjective well-being (happiness) and part-time work of 299 international students studying at postgraduate level in a tertiary institute in New Zealand. A quantitative approach is used and a robust set of demographic factors and explanatory variables is controlled for to identify the relationship between academic performance, happiness and part-time work of international students. The Oxford Happiness Questionnaire (OHQ) is used for measuring the happiness of the research participants. The findings of this study suggest that 91 percent of the students participated in the research are happy; however, happiness has no statistically significant effects on academic performance of the students. A significant relationship exists between happiness and academic performance if different cut-off levels of happiness are used to divide the full sample of observation. Happiness affects the academic performance negatively when the students’ happiness level is above the median level. A large number of international students are engaged in part-time work. This study also finds that engaging in part-time work of full-time students have adverse effects on the academic performance

Keywords: : Academic Performance, Happiness, Part-Time Work

Study Habits and Academic Performance of Secondary School Students in Rivers-West Senatorial District of Rivers State, Nigeria (Published)

The study investigated Study Habits and Academic Performance of Secondary School Students in Rivers-West Senatorial District of Rivers State, Nigeria. The population of the study is 2,650 Senior Secondary Two (S.S.2) students in selected public schools in the Rivers-West Senatorial District. The sample size is 437 which was chosen through Taro Yemeni’s sample size selection formula. The instrument for data collection was a questionnaire which dwelt on the extent of relationship between aspects of study habit such as regular reading, students-teacher consultation, regular involvement in doing class assignments, regular library patronage and regular engagement in doing take-home assignments and academic performance. Five research questions guided the study and were analysed using mean statistical tool. The findings revealed that there is high extent of relationship between study habit and academic performance. Consequently, recommendations were made which include: parents should provide books and encourage their wards to study hard; counselors should be employed to counsel students on how to develop study habit; students should be encouraged to do their class and take-home assignments.

Keywords: : Academic Performance, Assignment, Study Habit, secondary school students