Computer Mediated Communication and Academic Performance of University Students’ in Nigeria (Published)
This study on Computer Mediated Communication and Academic Performance of University Students’ in Nigeria has as its objectives to ascertain the level of exposure, determine the level of dependence, ascertain the level of application and gratification derived from the use of computer mediated communication by University students’ in Nigeria. The research design used for data collection was opinion survey, with questionnaire and personal interviews as research instruments. The population of the study comprised students of Akwa Ibom State University, which is 8,999 (wwwaksu.edu.ng). The sample size of 400 was determined using Taro Yamani’s sample size determination formula. The research adopted two sampling procedures for selecting samples for the study. The data collected from the questionnaire were analysed in simple percentages and the personal interview were analysed qualitatively using explanation building based on the research questions. The study which was anchored on Computer Mediated Communication theory and Technology Determinism theory found out that majority of respondents (61%) agreed that the level of application/dependence on CMC was very little. The study further revealed that respondents perceived the level of application/dependence on CMC to be unsatisfactory. The study further revealed factors affecting CMC implementation in Akwa Ibom State University to include poor quality of internet signals, learners perception of social presence in CMC, lack of data, inadequate computer/laptops in the university and insufficient electricity on campus.
A Study on Factors that Influence Students Academic Performance in Kogi State University Anyigba: A Binary Logistic Regression Approach (Published)
Students’ academic performance of the target institution is discussed under certain vital statistical parameters. The study, aimed at determining strategic remedy to poor academic performance of students, identified possible negative impact factors within the institution. The study considered the following factors: Jamb Score (prior academic performance), Number of friends on Social Networking Sites (SNS), Concept of knowledge acquired in class and how it relates to real world experience (students’ motivation). Others are: How often they attend lectures, Rate of study in hours per week; How often they discuss ideas from lectures (students’ academic habit) and Time spent taking extra job alongside academic program (additional job). With these factors technically analysed, we employed Binary Logistic Regression Model to investigate the influence of these factors on students’ performance, whereas data analysis shows that these factors negatively affected students’ academically. From our findings, we recommended that intervention strategies that supports improvement among the Academically Imbalance Students (AIS), should be focused on: how to enhance immediate academic performance at the early stage of their academic career, guided usage of social networking sites. Furthermore, ensuring sufficient motivation as well as improved students’ academic habit must be encouraged. In addition, a proper choice of mode of study when additional job is unavoidable should be considered.
Citation: Jimoh Ahmed, Bashiru Omeiza Sule, Salawu Adamu Saka, Owonipa Oluremi Rasheedat, Ibrahim Ismaila Itopa (2021) Study on Factors that Influence Students Academic Performance in Kogi State University Anyigba: A Binary Logistic Regression Approach,
Engagement in Mobile Learning As a Correlate of Academic Performance among Science Education Students in Public Universities in Enugu State, Nigeria (Published)
This study determined engagement in mobile learning as a correlate of academic performance among science education students. The correlation survey research design was employed. The population of the study comprised 83(34 males and 49 females) science education level 3 students of 2017/2018 academic session in the two public universities in Enugu State. The sample was all the eighty three (83) science education level 3 students since it is manageable. Two instruments; Students’ Engagement in Mobile Learning Questionnaire (SEMLQ) and Students’ Academic Performance Proforma (SAPP) developed by the researchers were used to collect data. The SEMLQ was subjected to reliability analysis using Cronbach Alpha Method. Data collected were analyzed using multiple regression analysis to answer the research questions and test the hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The result showed that: the regression/beta coefficients (β) associated with each of the predictor variables in predicting students’ academic performance was significant. A coefficient of determination (R2) of 0.77 obtained indicated that 77% of variation in students’ academic performance was attributable to students’ engagement in mobile learning compositely; gender does not significantly moderate the prediction of students’ academic performance.
Citation: Agbo Lourita Princess, Nwafor, Stephen Chinedu, Odukwe, Ogochukwu Chinelo (2021) Engagement in Mobile Learning As a Correlate of Academic Performance among Science Education Students in Public Universities in Enugu State, Nigeria, European Journal of Training and Development Studies, Vol.8 No.2, pp.1-10
Effect of Computer Assisted Instruction on the Academic Performance of Technical College Students in Electrical Installation and Maintenance Work in Enugu State (Published)
This study investigated effect of Computer Assisted Instruction on academic performance of technical college students in Electrical Installation and Maintenance Work in Enugu State. A research question and a null hypothesis guided the study. Quasi experimental research design was adopted for the study. The sample used for the study consisted of 22 NTC II students made up of 14 males and 8 females. Purposive sampling technique was used to select two schools from Udi and Enugu education zones. An intact class was used in each of the schools which were tagged experimental and control group respectively. The instrument used for data collection was a 50 objective questions developed by the researchers which was administered as pretest and posttest to the experimental and control groups respectively. Pearson correlation coefficient formula was used to establish the reliability of the instrument which yielded 0.81 coefficient reliability. The research question was answered using mean scores whereas the hypothesis was analyzed using ANCOVA. The mean scores and ANCOVA were calculated using SPSS version 20. The findings showed that CAI significantly impacted the students’ academic performance. In view of the finding, it was recommended among others that CAI should be formally adopted in technical colleges, secondary and vocational schools for instruction in Electrical Installation and Maintenance Work to improve academic performance of students.
Key Factors Influencing Academic Performance of International Students’ In UK Universities: A Preliminary Investigation (Published)
This study examines the extent to which international students from selected countries were satisfied with their academic performance. The study aims to give an insight into international students’ learning experience by exploring factors influencing students’ academic performance. The study adopted qualitative method. More specifically, semi- structured interview was adopted with a total of 10 participants. The findings suggest that International students studying in the United Kingdom encounter certain challenges which tend to constrain their academic performance. The most significant of these barriers include the foreign language, which particularly concerns inadequate acquaintance with the English language; adjustment barriers, such as such as motivation, application, performance and satisfaction with the academic environment, as well as making friends, being part of social activities or being able to work in groups; academic issues, such as prior academic preparation, adjustment to foreign teaching methodology and pressure from performance expectations and work load issues, student teacher relationship, study skills, plagiarism and group work; and Culture. The major contribution of this study is the framework for understanding the critical factors influencing academic performance of international students in the UK, which shows the order in which these factors interact to constrain learning and ultimately the academic performance of international students.
Particular Admission Test and Perception on Assessment Method: Does it Influence the Academic Performance in Problem-Based Learning of Medical Course? (Published)
Academic performance has an essential impact in predicting the success of an educational program. This study was performed to identify the impact particular admission test and student perception on assessment method to academic performance in term of grade point average (GPA). A cross-sectional study design was conducted on 158 medical students at University of Islam Bandung to participate in taking a quantitative survey. A questionnaire was adapted from a student perception of assessment questionnaire (SPAQ). Data analysis used the Chi-square test and Mann Whitney test. The majority of students have a good perception of the assessment method (88.6%). Admission test through special interest and abilities influence academic achievement with a p-value of 0.004. The assessment system is quite effective in assessing the learning outcome. This is due to the perception of the assessment method is more related to student learning approaches than academic achievement.
Unified Tertiary Matriculation Examination (UTME) and the Post Unified Tertiary Matriculation Examination (PUTME) As Predictors of Undergraduate Students’ Final Grades (Published)
This study set out to investigate UTME and PUTME Examinations as predictors of undergraduate students’ final grades. The research design is the ex-post-facto. The population of this study comprises of 100 and 200level undergraduate students in four different departments. The sample for the analysis is 436 students. Data were collected from the official students’ records at the Management Information System (M.I.S) Unit of the University of Benin. The data collected were analyzed using Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficient (r) and linear regression. The findings of the study revealed that JAMB/UTME, PUTME scores do not significantly predict undergraduate final grades in Nigeria University and both JAMB/UTME and PUME scores combined do not significantly predict undergraduate final grades in Nigeria University. The need for stakeholders in education to examine the relevance of the JAMB/UTME and PUTME examinations in the selection of students into the tertiary institution which has led to multiplicity of examination and other attendant problems for the students, parents and even the institutions; and the need for every tertiary institution to be allowed to conduct their screening examination and not a stooge of the Joint Admission and Matriculation Board were recommended.
Comparative Analysis and Gender Effects of Students Academic Performance in Senior Secondary School Certificate Examination (SSCE) In Physics between Year 2013 And 2017 In Ekiti State, Nigeria. (Published)
The study examines the comparative analysis and gender effects of students academic performance in Physics of male and female students for five years of S.S.C.E result across all the local government area of Ekiti State, Nigeria. 27,376 students comprising of male= 12,927, female= 14,449 were sampled for the study. The researcher designed three research questions from the analysis of the data collected from the Ekiti State Ministry of Education, Science and Technology, Planning, Research and Statistics Department, Ado-Ekiti and it were answered descriptively. The percentage, t-test and chi-square were used to analyze the data collected and two hypotheses were generated and was tested at 0.05 level of significance. The project concluded that Students’ performance in Physics in secondary school is no gender bias. However, male students are better in performance than female students. It was recommended amongst others that Government, school management and individual should also encourage female students who performed well in Physics by given them scholarship or bursary award as it is being done in some secondary schools like Principals’ award, Teachers’ award or any other special awards.
Junior High School Mathematics Teachers’ Beliefs and their Instructional Practices and Its Effects on Students’ Academic Performance (Published)
For over a decade now, students’ performance in mathematics at the Junior High School leaves much to be desired. The trend in performance by students at the said level has made researchers ascertain the indicators and factors responsible for this low performance. As a matter of fact, a number of studies conducted have mentioned teachers’ beliefs and their instructional practices as one of the major factors that determines students’ performance in mathematics. This study, however, focused on finding out the effect of Junior High School teachers’beliefs and their instructional practices on the academic performance of students in mathematics. The study was conducted in the Cape Coast Metropolis in the Central Region of Ghana and utilized the descriptive survey design to explore the phenomenon in question. A sample of 31 teachers and 306 students were involved in the study. Analysis of results revealed that teachers who were involved in the study hold constructivist beliefs, however, there were discrepancies in the practices they enact in their classroom. Furthermore, there was no statistically significant effect of teachers’ beliefs and instructional practices on students’ performance. Implications for these findings to the teaching and learning of mathematics and teachers’ professional development are discussed in the work.
Effects of Sports Participation on the Academic Performance of Senior High School Students in Mathematics (Published)
The primary purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of engaging in sporting activities on the academic performance of students in mathematics at the senior high school level in the Cape Coast Metropolis. To ascertain the main objective of the study, descriptive survey design was employed. The study used 100 senior high school students comprising 59 student-athletes and 41 non-student athletes. For data collection, each respondent was presented with the research questionnaire designed for the study. The study revealed that, there is no statistically significant difference between the performance of student-athletes and non-student athletes in mathematics. The study, however, concluded that, sports participation has no negative effects on students-athletes’ academic performance in mathematics. What this finding implies is that, parents and mathematics teachers should not seize students from participating in sporting activities with the fear that participating in sports worsens academic performance.
Effect of Blended Learning on Students’ Academic Performance in Physics in Federal Colleges of Education in South East, Nigeria (Published)
This study investigated the effect of blended learning on the academic performance of Physics students in Federal Colleges of Education in South East, Nigeria. Two research objectives, two research questions as well as two research hypotheses guided the study. The population of the study comprised all the 287 Physics students in the three Federal Colleges of Education in South East, Nigeria. A sample of 81 students were purposively selected for the study from two of the three colleges. The instrument for data collection was a -50 multiple choice researcher-made test entitled Researcher Made Electromagnetic Theory Achievement Test (RMETAT). Test retest method was used to ensure the reliability of the instrument. Reliability coefficients of temporal stability of 0.97 and that of internal consistency of 0.72 were determined for the instrument. Mean, standard deviation and ANCOVA were the statistical tools used for data analysis. The study found out that blended learning increased the performance of Physics students who participated in the study. It was also found out that the performances of students were not dependent on their gender. The researcher, therefore among other things recommended that blended learning should be made a compulsory teaching strategy for Colleges of Education and similar institutions and that compulsory periodic training and retraining of teachers in institutions of higher learning on 21st century teaching strategies such as blended learning be put in place.
Effects of Guided Inquiry and Individualized Strategies on the Academic Performance of Senior Secondary School Economics Students in Imo State (Published)
This study examined the effect of guided inquiry and individualized strategies on the academic performance of senior secondary school economics students in Imo State. The study was carried out using quasi-experimental, non-randomized control group pretest posttest design, having two aims of the study, two research questions and hypotheses. A total of one hundred (100) senior secondary school two students (SSII) were drawn from two co-educational schools and two intact classes constituted the same size for the study. The schools were selected by purposive sampling likewise the intact classes, the researchers classified the students into 50 students per group (that is treatment group) fifty (50) while control group fifty (50). One instrument was used for collecting the data of the study. The instrument was: Economics Achievement Test (EAT). Research questions were answered using mean and standard deviation while analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) was used to test the hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The major finding was that male students performed better than the female students taught Economics with individualized teaching strategy and guided inquiry strategy respectively. Based on the findings of this study, it was recommended that individualized teaching strategy should be encouraged by teachers in the teaching of Economics to enhance the quality of performance in the subject.
Community of Inquiry (Coi) On Undergraduates’ Performance in Computer in Education, University of Port Harcourt (Published)
This study investigated the effect of Community of Inquiry (CoI) on undergraduates’ performance in Computer in Education, University of Port Harcourt. Two objectives, two research questions, and two null hypotheses guided the study. Both conceptual and empirical studies were reviewed. The study adopted a quasi-experimental design with a total population of five hundred and thirty-two (532) male and female 400 level undergraduate students who are offering Computer in Education Course in Faculty of Education, and the sample comprised two hundred and eighty-nine (289) respondents purposefully selected from the entire population. The instrument used for data collection was a Computer Performance Test (CPT).The instrument was subjected to face and content validation with a reliability coefficient of 0.95. Mean, Standard deviation, z-test and Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) were the statistical tools used in the study. The findings revealed that there is a significant difference in the effect of strategies (Community of Inquiry and discussion methods) on students’ performance in Computer in Education. Furthermore, there is no significant difference in the influence of gender on students’ performance in Computer in Education. Based on these findings, the study recommends that Lecturers in Faculty of Education should integrate Community of Inquiry (CoI) instructional approach as a purposeful and effective instructional technique and resource in teaching Computer in Education and other core courses so that students could produce better and dependable results.
The Impact of Parents’ Socioeconomic Status on Academic Performance of Grade Twelve Students: In Case of Dire Dawa City, Ethiopia (Published)
Education is essential for the development of society. The more educated the people of a society are, the more civilized and well-disciplined. Mainly, family has responsibility to socialize children for making them productive members of society. The main objective of this study was to analyze the impact of parents’ socioeconomic status on academic achievement in case of grade twelve students. From three governmental secondary schools, there were 482 total numbers of students in 2017/2018 academic year and included in the study. Both primary and secondary source of data were used. To examine the impact of parents’ socioeconomic status on academic achievement dummy variables multiple regressions was employed to analyze data. The results of final fitted model shows that family size, average monthly income, parents’ occupation and educational level have statistically significant contribution for students’ academic achievement at 5% level of significance. It can be concluded that family size has negative impact on the academic performance of students. Similarly, poor parents may have inadequate or limited resources that promote and support children’s development and school readiness. It can be recommended community and government should work together on family planning and effective contraceptive use. Additionally, unemployment rate should be minimized through creating job opportunities.
Influence of Street Hawking on Study Habit and Academic Performance of Secondary School Students in Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria (Published)
Unemployment and poor economic condition of many families in Nigeria has forced some parents to engage their children in street hawking to support family income. This can have hazardous effects on the children and put their future at risk. This paper examined the impact of street hawking on study habits and academic performance of secondary school students in Ado Ekiti. The population consisted of all students involved in hawking in secondary schools. The sample was 180 secondary school students selected through purposive sampling technique. One research question was raised and three research hypotheses were tested. Two instruments titled “Questionnaire on Street Hawking and Study Habit (QSHSH)” and “Social Studies Achievement Test (SSAT)” validated and tested for reliability were used for the study. The reliability test yielded 0.74 and 0.71 coefficients for QSHSH and SSAT respectively. Data collected were analysed using frequency count, percentages, mean and standard deviation. Hypotheses were tested using Pearson Product Moment Correlation at 0.05 level of significance. Finding of the study revealed that student hawkers exhibited poor study habits which led to their poor academic performance. It was recommended among others that student hawkers should learn to form good study habits of reading and preparing early for examination so as to improve their academic performance while government should improve the standard of living of the people in order to reduce poverty which is the main cause of street hawking.
The objectives of the study are to examine impact of classroom environment on the academic performance of students in English language as well as their performance difference by gender. Survey and Correlation research designs were employed. The population of the study involved 183 teachers and 2003 SS III students in the selected schools. 401 students representing 20% and 183 teachers were randomly selected. Self-developed questionnaire and profoma were used for collection of data for this study. The data collected were analysed using descriptive statistics of Mean and Standard Deviation and Multiple Regression Analysis. The findings of the study revealed that classroom environment has strong impact on the academic performance of students in English language. On the gender basis, there was no significant difference in the performance of students. Therefore, it was recommended that school management should provide all necessary facilities in the classroom in order to create enabling environment for students overall development.
Characteristics of English Teachers as Motivative Factor on Reading Performance among Private and Public Secondary Schools in Kano Metropolise (Published)
This study examined the relationship among English Teachers’ academic qualification. Professional qualification, their content knowledge and work value. English Teachers’ attendance and job satisfaction on academic performance of secondary school students in private and public secondary schools in Kano metropolis. The study adopted a descriptive research design of correlation type. The secondary school English Teachers in private and public secondary schools in Kano metropolis were selected using multi-stage sampling technique and 342 teachers were selected at random using balloting for the study. Out of 2456 teachers teaching in the Kano metropolis. Questionnaire termed English Teachers’ Characteristics on Reading Performance Questionnaire (ETCRPQ). Two research questions and hypotheses were answered in the study. Based on the results of this study, the following findings were arrived at; English Teachers’ variables in general influence student’s reading performance in a number of ways in private and public schools. Based on the findings of study the following recommendations are proposed to relevant educational authorities and other stakeholders in education: English Teachers variables should be considered in the recruitment of staff in the senior secondary schools. The ministry of Education should organize regular professional development programmes for English Teachers.
The present study shows the implications that has a partner university degree in nursing during pregnancy, marriage and be parents at the same time and how it face. It was developed through a qualitative study transverse, by means of a structured interview, with all the bioethical principles. It is established that the main problems are in order of importance, economic solvency, the time spent between the school and the pregnancy, adaptation to the new changes, which were faced with the help of their families, in particular by him, which seek to establish the economic assistance and moral for students to culminate with his life project.
Influence of Social Media on Academic Performance of Business Education Students of Public Universities in South-East States of Nigeria (Published)
The main purpose of the study was to determine the influence of social media on academic performance of business education students in public universities in South-East States of Nigeria. Two research questions and two null hypothesis guided the study. The study adopted a descriptive survey research design. The population was 397 students of business education programme in the seven public universities in South-East states of Nigeria. The entire population was used for the study, therefore there was no sampling. The instrument used for data collection was a 20 items questionnaire structure in four point rating scale. The instrument was validated by three experts. The reliability of the instrument was conducted using Cronbach Alpha and it yielded 0.86. Out of 397 copies of the questionnaire distributed to the respondents 374 was returned representing 94.21% returned rate. Mean with standard deviation was used to answer the research questions and the null hypothesis were tested at 0.05 level of significant using t-test. The findings of the study showed that social media influences the students’ academic performance positively and negatively in business education. Based on the finding, recommendations were made which include that students should be encouraged to utilize social media in the way that it will positively influence the academic performance, and students should be given assignments and research work to keep them busy away from the negative use.
Comparative Study of Sports Participation on Academic Performance of Student-Athletes and Non Student-Athletes in Offinso College Of Education, Ghana (Published)
The purpose of the study was to compare and ascertain whether participation or non-participation in sports has any influence on the academic performance of OFCE students. Forty student athletes were purposively selected from among the college’s student- athlete population of 124 from the Ashanti Brong-Ahafo (ASHBA) team and stratified random sampling was used to select a sample of 160 from a population of 975 non students- athletes in the college. The non student- athletes were divided into Diploma in Basic Education (DBE) A to Diploma in Basic Education (DBE) H separately and then, by random number method of the simple random sampling each student was given the chance to be chosen. The study adopted causal comparative research design with independent t- test as the statistical technique at a significant level of 0.05. Students mean cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA) score was used as the proxy. The findings revealed that there was slight difference in the CGPA of student athletes compared with non student athletes resulting in student athletes performing slightly better than non student athletes. The fact that the student-athletes sampled for this study had slighter better mean cumulative GPA than the non student-athletes appears safe to conclude that sports participation at Offinso College of Education does not influence the academic performance of student-athletes adversely. Recommendation is therefore made that college authorities organize the college curriculum in such a way that it will give sports the required place and time thereby encouraging all sports educable students to participate in sports.