Tag Archives: Academic Achievement

Effects of Social Media on the Academic Achievement of Students: A Case Study of the Students of the Department of Arts Education, Kogi State University, Anyigba, Nigeria (Published)

Information and communication technology (ICT) has experienced a huge transformation over the past decade. This has culminated into the world becoming a global village. Today most people use the social media for a variety of purposes. With the number of social media users growing worldwide, it is important to ascertain its effects on students’ academic performance. This paper, anchored on the time displacement theory, investigated the effects of the social media on the achievement of students of the Department of Arts Education, Kogi State University, Anyigba. The sample consist 400 students across the 4 levels. The instrument for data collection was a questionnaire titled Social Media and Academic Achievement Questionnaire (SMAAQ) developed by the researchers. The data was analyzed using simple percentage. The result of the study reveals that majority of the students use social media, spending a lot of time which displaces their study time. Based on this finding, the paper recommends that tertiary institutions should devise strategies where students could utilize social media for academic use instead of other uses which have negative effects on their studies.

Keywords: Academic Achievement, Displacement theory, Social media, Students

Participatory school administration and its impact on the academic achievement of the students of the basic stage in Jordanian public schools (Published)

The study aimed to identify the participatory school administration and its impact on the academic achievement of the students of the basic stage in Jordanian public schools. To achieve the objectives of the study, the researcher followed the analytical descriptive approach in terms of applying the study tool and data collection and analysis. For the Directorate of Education of the liwa’ Bani Kenana, while the sample of the study consisted of (30) students from the elementary school of Kfr soom. The study found that there is a statistically significant impact of the participatory school administration on the academic achievement of the students of the stage The core of the Jordanian government schools, the study recommended the need to work on the application of the theories of modern management in the various Directorates of Education of the Ministry of Education of Jordan.

Keywords: Academic Achievement, Administration, Jordanian public schools, School

Modern School Management and Its Impact on the Academic Achievement of the Students of the Basic Stage in Jordanian Public Schools (Published)

The study aimed to identify the modern school administration and its impact on the academic achievement of the students of the basic stage in the Jordanian government schools. To achieve the objectives of the study, the researcher followed the analytical descriptive approach in terms of applying the study tool and data collection and analysis. Directorate of Education Jerash, While the sample of the study consisted of (20) students from Jerash Elementary School for Boys. The study found that there is a statistically significant effect of the modern school administration on the academic achievement of the students of the basic stage in Jordanian public schools. Modern administration in the various directorates of education affiliated to the Jordanian Ministry of Education.

Keywords: Academic Achievement, Basic Jordanian Public Schools, Management, Modern School, Students

Unmasking the Effectiveness of Computer Assisted Instruction in the Teaching and Learning of Social Studies in Cross River State College of Education Akamkpa, Cross River State, Nigeria (Published)

In this study, comparative analysis of Computer assisted instruction and traditional (lecture) method of teaching and learning Social Studies in College of Education Akamkpa, Cross River State was investigated. The objective of the study was to determine if there is a significant difference in the effects of the treatment and control groups as measured by the pretest and posttest. The population of the study was a class of Sixty (60) College students in Social Studies taught with the use of CAI and another class of Sixty (60) students taught with the use of the traditional (lecture) method. There was no sampling since the entire population was used. The research method used was quasi –experimental, non-equivalent control group design. The statistical tool was the t-test. The researchers made used of the CD-ROM prepared to serve as the teaching medium for the experimental group. A 10-item questionnaire was also used to seek the opinion of the students on the effectiveness of both teaching methods (CAI and traditional). The findings of the study revealed that the achievement posttest of the treatment group has higher estimated marginal values than the control group. The result of the study also showed that the combination of CAI and collaborative work improves teaching and learning. Despite the limitation of the study being conducted in one classroom, with one teacher and Sixty (60) students, the result cannot be generalized to other schools. Conclusively, it was recommended among others that teachers should attempt to be ICT complaint to enhance their chances of using CAI innovative in teaching Social Studies

Keywords: Academic Achievement, Computer Assisted Instruction, Lecture Method, Social Studies

A Study of Achievement and Intelligence Level of Students in Secondary Education in Nepal With Regard to Education Stream (Published)

The purpose of this study was to compare the academic achievement and intelligence level of Secondary School students of science, management, and education streams to identify the enrollment trend of students in teacher education in Nepal. Mean score of grade point averages and intelligence test of science stream students was greater than management stream students and average scores of management stream students were greater than education stream students. F-test revealed that there was significant difference among the mean scores of science, management, and education stream students at significance level α = .01.Results show that the students with higher academic achievement and intelligence level are enrolling in science stream, average are in management stream and with low academic achievement and intelligence are in education stream, i.e., teacher education. Review of previous studies and reports revealed that intelligent person are not attracting towards teaching profession and the condition is same till now.

Keywords: Academic Achievement, Educational Stream, F-test, Intelligence, Teacher Education

Modern School Management and Its Impact on the Academic Achievement of the Students of the Basic Stage in Jordanian Public Schools (Published)

The study aimed to identify the modern school administration and its impact on the academic achievement of the students of the basic stage in the Jordanian government schools. To achieve the objectives of the study, the researcher followed the analytical descriptive approach in terms of applying the study tool and data collection and analysis. Directorate of Education Jerash, While the sample of the study consisted of (20) students from Jerash Elementary School for Boys. The study found that there is a statistically significant effect of the modern school administration on the academic achievement of the students of the basic stage in Jordanian public schools. Modern administration in the various directorates of education affiliated to the Jordanian Ministry of Education.

Keywords: Academic Achievement, Basic Stage, Modern School Management, Students, public schools

A Path Analysis of Students and School Performance Indicators as Determinants of Pre- Service Midwives’ Achievement in Normal Midwifery Course (Published)

The quality of maternity care of a nation could be determined by the quality of her midwives. The most important factor of given quality maternity care is improving the pre-service education of the midwives. A well trained midwife is an asset to her nation as this is not debatable in any society, as midwives are expected to practice in any health care setting. Based on this assumption this study investigated the causal effect of school type, entry qualification, teacher student ratio, academic self-concept, academic support seeking, teacher quality, and achievement in obstetric Anatomy and Physiology as determinants of pre- service midwives’ achievement in Normal Midwifery in Nigeria. Ex-post factor research type and purposive sampling technique were used. Five hundred and fifty-nine student midwives and seventy-three teachers from eight schools of Midwifery in Lagos zone of Nigeria participated in the study. Six research instruments namely; Teacher Quality (r= 0.80), Academic Self Concept (r=0.84), Academic Support Seeking (r= 0.74), Achievement tests on Anatomy and Physiology (r= 0.79), Normal Midwifery (r= 0.80), and School records were used. Path analytic technique was used to answer four research questions. Seven predictor variables were hypothesized, two had direct while five exerted indirect influences on students’ achievement in normal midwifery. It is recommended that midwifery education should be a post basic training and students should be encouraged, motivated to learn Obstetric Anatomy and Physiology because of its importance to midwifery practice.

Keywords: Academic Achievement, Normal Midwifery Course, Performance Indicators, Pre-Service Midwifery

Mastery Learning Approach versus Constructivist-Based Learning Approach on Senior Secondary School Students’ Academic Achievement in Biology (Published)

This study as a comparative study, investigated the impact of two learning approaches, mastery learning approach and constructivist-based learning approach on senior secondary school students’ academic achievement in biology. The population of the study comprised of the 2016/2017 academic session of the senior secondary school biology students of Hallmark Academy Secondary School, Omoku, Rivers State. An intact class of 58 students in two streams (A/B) made up the sample size. Stream A had twenty eight (28) students who were taught using Mastery learning Approach, while stream B had thirty (30) students who were taught using Constructivist-Based Learning Approach. The instrument was a post 20-item test with a reliability coefficient of 0.66 gotten using test re-test, which was administered to the two groups. T-test statistics was the analytical tool used in testing the two hypotheses of this study. The study revealed that students taught using Mastery learning approach had higher academic achievements than those taught using constructivist-based learning approach. Consequently, it is recommended that Mastery Learning Approach should be encouraged in schools for mastery of subject contents and improved students’ achievement in science subjects especially in biology.

Keywords: Academic Achievement, Constructivist-Based, Learning Approach, Mastery

The Use of CSCL Environment to Promote Students’ Achievement and Skills in Handmade Embroidery (Published)

The study aimed to investigate the effect of using computer- supported collaborative learning environment in promoting students’ achievement and skills in Handmade Embroidery.  To achieve this aim, an achievement test and an observation card for students’ performance in embroidery were developed. Basic Support for Cooperative work (BSCW) was also used to support collaborative work via Internet.  Furthermore, the study adopted the experimental approach to determine the relationship between the independent variable, which was (CSCL), and the dependent variables represented in academic achievement and skill performance. The study was carried out on (50) female students from the fourth level of Home Economics department at the college of education.   Participants were distributed into two equal groups of (25) students in each.  The experimental group was taught through CSCL while the control group studied through the traditional ways of teaching. The study concluded that CSCL environment was more effective than the traditional ways of teaching in promoting students’ achievement and skills in handmade embroidery.

Keywords: Academic Achievement, CSCL environment, Computer-supported collaborative learning, Handmade Embroidery, Students performance

Differential Item Functing (DIF) In the Anxiety and Stress Scale on Students Academic Achievement in Chemistry Using Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) (Published)

This is a study that applied two different Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) methods for the detection of gender-and age-related item bias in the anxiety and stress scale on students’ academic achievement in chemistry (AASS). Specifically, a multi-group SEM approach was used to investigate both uniform and non uniform item bias in each subscale of AASS separately, and a multidimensional SEM approach that enabled in both subscales of AASS and with regard to both gender and age simultaneously. Results from the multi group SEM approach and the multidimensional SEM approach with regard to the detection of uniform item bias were largely consistent and generally agreed with the results of the ordinal logistic regression, item response theory (IRT) and contingency tables methods reported by Cameron et al 2014; Ogidi and Iweka 2015; and Iweka 2017. Inspection of parameter estimate’s of the final model showed that there was a significant positive association between Anxiety and stress (r=0.83, P<.001) indicating that symptom severity with respect to Anxiety goes together with symptom severity with respect to stress. There was a significant negative association between Age and Anxiety (r.024) P<.001), indicating that older students score lower on Anxiety than younger students.

Keywords: Academic Achievement, Anxiety, Differential Item Functing, Stress Scale, Structural Equation Modeling

Infographics and Its Effects on Pre-Service Teachers’ Academic Achievement and Attitude towards Media System (Published)

Media system is a very all-embracing and all-inclusive course and as such very lucrative. It’s a course that comprises Educational Technology, Instructional Technology, Instructional System Design and their Models e.t.c. Using varieties of strategies in the teaching and learning of this course can improve learners understanding, engagement and hands-on and also facilitates learning. Therefore, in Media system, some instructional strategies should be brought to the classroom which one of them is infographics. The delimitation of this study is infographics and their effect on pre-service teachers’ academic achievement and attitude in Media system. The study is important as it can facilitate learning, contribute to design of new instructions to be used in the classrooms. The design for the study was quasi-experimental design. Solomon Four Group Design was also used. The result shows that the use of infographics increases the pre-service teachers’ academic achievement and their attitude levels. More so, infographics provide the facilitators with variety of ideas in selecting, constructing and using varieties of instructional strategies. Infographics cut across all level of learning and should be recommended for effective and efficient delivery of instructions.

Keywords: Academic Achievement, Attitude Level, Infographic, Media System, Pre-Service Teachers

Learning Environment as Correlate of Students’Academic Achievement in Junior Secondary School Integrated Science (Published)

Environment plays an important role in the learning of integrated science. Environment means all the classroom conditions that facilitate teaching student’s perception in their classroom and their academic achievement in integrated science. Both human and material resources as well as interaction and attitudinal behaviors in the classroom setting make up the classroom learning environment. In order to carry out this study, two research questions were posed and a null hypothesis was formulated. The design of the study is a correlation survey. The population comprised the entire JS2 integrated science students from five secondary schools drawn randomly from the entire schools in Ogba-Egbema Ndoni Local Government Area of Rivers State. Mean, standard deviation, Pearson’s product moment correlation and t-test statistical techniques were used in analyzing the data. The result revealed that there is low mean perception of students of integrated science on their classroom environment. There is also positive significant relationship between their mean perception and their academic achievement. Based on the findings, some recommendations were made which include that integrated science teachers should be made to be aware of the influence of their environment on the achievement of students through seminars and workshops.

Keywords: Academic Achievement, Correlate of Students’, Integrated Science, Learning Environment, junior secondary school

The Use of CSCL Environment to Promote Students’ Achievement and Skills in Handmade Embroidery (Published)

The study aimed to investigate the effect of using computer- supported collaborative learning environment in promoting students’ achievement and skills in Handmade Embroidery.  To achieve this aim, an achievement test and an observation card for students’ performance in embroidery were developed. Basic Support for Cooperative work (BSCW) was also used to support collaborative work via Internet.  Furthermore, the study adopted the experimental approach to determine the relationship between the independent variable, which was (CSCL), and the dependent variables represented in academic achievement and skill performance. The study was carried out on (50) female students from the fourth level of Home Economics department at the college of education.   Participants were distributed into two equal groups of (25) students in each.  The experimental group was taught through CSCL while the control group studied through the traditional ways of teaching. The study concluded that CSCL environment was more effective than the traditional ways of teaching in promoting students’ achievement and skills in handmade embroidery.

Keywords: Academic Achievement, CSCL environment, Computer-supported collaborative learning, Handmade Embroidery, Students performance

Intelligence and Academic Achievement: A Longitudinal Survey (Published)

With longitudinal survey design of survey research method, this study investigated the complex relationships between intelligence and academic achievement in Mathematics and English Language over a period of four years in Nigeria.  A random sample of 637 Junior Secondary III students, aged 14 years, was drawn and followed till the end of their Senior Secondary III at the age of 17. Their Mathematics and English Language academic achievement were validly measured with Junior Secondary Certificate Examination (JSCE) scores and Senior Secondary Certificate Examination (SSCE) scores. Their IQ was validly and reliably measured with Culture Fair Intelligence Test that has been validated and standardized for use in Nigeria. Data were collected during the students’ 2011/2012 JSCE and 2014/2015 SSCE. The IQ and JSCE as well as SSCE scores were subjected to partial correlation analysis at 0.05 alpha, using SPSS Version 22. Results showed statistically significant relationship between IQ and Mathematics achievement (0.499 and 0.495) when English Language is partialled out; and between IQ and English Language achievement (0.411 and 0.346) when Mathematics is partialled out; respectively across the junior and senior secondary levels of schooling. Results, among others, further indicated overwhelming evidence of stability of intelligence (0.702) with the four-year time interval in super corroboration of fluid and crystalized theory of intelligence. Coefficient of partial determination unveiled that IQ accounts for 24.90% to 24.50% of the variance in Mathematics achievement, and 16.89% to 11.97% of the variance in English Language achievement.

Keywords: Academic Achievement, Complex relationships, Culture Fair Intelligence Test

The Impact of Learning Motivation Strategy on the Academic Achievement of the Southern Ghor District Students in English Language (Published)

This study aims at identifying the impact of learning motivation strategy on the academic achievement of the Southern Ghor District students in English language as well as the response of the Southern Ghor students to new and unfamiliar learning strategies and the identification of the Southern Ghor district teachers use of modern learning strategies. The population of the study was represented by the secondary stage students of the Southern Ghor district where a random sample of (50) students was chosen from that population. Of the most important results produced by the study was the existence of statistically significant effect of using learning motivation strategies on the academic achievement of the students. The study presented several recommendations most importantly holding educational training courses for the secondary stage teachers explaining the significance of learning motivation and ways of stimulating their students for learning through the available strategies which fit in the surrounding environment of their schools

Keywords: Academic Achievement, English Language, Learning, Motivation Strategy, Southern Ghor District, Students

The Relationship between the Achievement of Preparatory Year Students in English Language and Their Achievement in Their Future Studies at Najran University (Published)

The study aimed at identifying the relationship between the achievement of preparatory year students in English language and their achievement in their future studies at Najran University. The data of 156 students from four different colleges were involved in this study. Statistical methods such as Pearson correlation coefficient, one-way ANOVA, simple linear regression, mean and standard deviation were used to analyse the data. The study findings revealed that there is a significant positive relationship between English language achievement and academic achievement. It has been also found that there are no significant differences in achievement in English language attributed to different genders. Similarly, there were no significant differences in academic achievement attributed to college type. Depending on the findings above, English language learning should be emphasised, especially before involvement in academic programs. Enhancement of English language learning can take place in a preparatory year program or any other pre-sessional course. The English learning focus within preparatory programs should be given much more emphasis as it is the only way to bridge the gap between weak outcomes from general education and higher education, since it is apparent that English proficiency amongst school leavers is poor.

Keywords: Academic Achievement, Correlation, EFL, English achievement

Effects of Information and Communication Technology (Ict) Application on Academic Achievement of Students in Christian Religious Studies in Cross River State (Published)

This study investigates the effects of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) application on academic achievement of students in Christian Religious Studies (CRS). This was necessitated by the fact that so much has been said about the use of ICT in Science-based subjects but little, if any is known about the role of ICT in the teaching and learning of CRS. The research design adopted for the study is a quasi-experimental, randomized pretest-posttest experimental design. Eight (8) public secondary schools and eighty (80) Senior Secondary School One (SSS1) students in Cross River State were selected by stratified random sampling technique. Three research questions were answered and three null hypotheses were posited and tested at 0.05 level of significance. The research instruments used for the study is Sample Selection Pre-test 1 and 2 (SSPT1&2), Projected Video Package (PVP) and ICT Facility Observation Checklist (ICT-FOC). The gathered data are analyzed according to research questions and research hypotheses using mean percentage, standard deviation and Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA). The findings of the study indicate that students taught using the Projected Video Package (PVP) performed better than those taught using the Conventional Instructional Strategy (CIS) in CRS; the male students revealed higher level of achievement compared to the female students; urban students that were taught using PVP performed better than those taught using CIS. Based on the findings, we recommend that educational authorities should train CRS teachers on the use of ICT in the classroom to enhance students understanding of the basic themes in Christian Religious Studies.

Keywords: Academic Achievement, Information and Communication Technology, Media Availability

Effect of Assessment for Learning (AFL) On Biology Academic Achievement of Senior Secondary Students in Rivers State (Published)

The study investigated Effect of Assessment for Learning (AFL) on Biology Academic Achievement of Senior Secondary Students in Rivers State. The researchers adopted a non-randomized pretest-posttest control group quasi-experimental research design. The population of the study consists of 34,825, Senior Secondary Two (SS2) students duly registered in public secondary schools (2013/2014 Session) in the 23 Local Government Areas of Rivers State, Nigeria. A total of 400 Senior Secondary Two (SS2) students’ (200 males and females respectively) were sampled through multistage sampling technique in Ikwerre, Obio/Akpor, Ogu/Bolo, Okrika and Port Harcourt Local Government Areas. Students’ in intact classes were assigned to four experimental groups and one control group. Students’ in the experimental groups were subjected to the following Assessment For Learning strategies: use of questioning, comment only marking, self/peer assessment and formative use of summative assessment, while students’ in the control group were subjected to the traditional assessment method. Two research questions and two hypotheses were postulated for the study. A 40 item instrument titled: “Assessment For Learning Biology Achievement Test” (AFLBAT) developed by the researchers was used for data collection. The instrument was duly validated by three subject specialists and two experts in educational measurement and evaluation. An internal consistency coefficient of 0.71 was obtained using Rulon formula. Data for the study were analyzed using descriptive statistics (mean, and standard deviation), analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) and paired sample t-test. The analysis of data was done using SPSS software. The result of the study revealed that: Assessment For Learning strategies effectively improved biology achievement of students’; biology academic achievement of students was enhanced by the following AFL strategies: use of questioning, comment only marking and self/peer assessment but the most effective is comment only marking; AFL has a significant effect on biology academic achievement of students. Based on the results of the study, the following recommendation among others was made by the researchers: a critical review of classroom assessment methods is advocated, especially in the aspect of comments made by teachers concerning learning outcome of students’.

Keywords: Academic Achievement, Assessment for Learning, Biology, Formative assessment, Summative Assessment

Influence of Problem-Based Learning in Chemistry on Academic Achievement of High School Students in Osun State, Nigeria (Published)

The aim of this study was to investigate the Influence of Problem-Based learning in Chemistry education on academic achievement of school students. To achieve this purpose, three research questions were generated. The study adopted a descriptive survey design. Purposive sampling technique was used to select 300 senior secondary two (S.S.2) science students and data was collected by administering a questionnaire on the influence of problem-based learning in Chemistry education on academic achievement of school students. Data generated was analyzed using descriptive statistics. The findings of this study revealed various activities engaged in by students during PBL lessons. Based on the findings, a number of recommendations were made.

Keywords: Academic Achievement, Higher-order thinking, Pedagogical Approach., Problem-Based Learning

Teacher Demographic Variables and Students’s Academic Achievement in Secondary Schools Home Economics in Calabar Educational Zone of Cross River State (Published)

This study investigated the influence of teacher demographic variables on secondary School students’ academic achievement in Home Economics in Calabar educational zone of Cross River State. Hypotheses were postulated to guide the study. Some relevant literatures were reviewed based on the two variables of the study. The study adopted a survey design. Simple random sampling technique was utilized to draw four hundred and twenty (420) respondents comprising of twenty (20) Home Economics teachers and four hundred (400) JSS III Students from the population. Two sets of instruments were used to elicit information from the sample. These instruments include: “Teacher demographic variables questionnaire” (T.D.V.Q) and “Home Economics Achievement Test” (HEAT). Kuder Richardson formular – 21 was used to establish the reliability coefficient of HEAT with an estimate of 0.77. T-Test was used in the data analysis. The results of data analysis showed that the two hypotheses were significant at 0.05 probability level. This means that educational qualifications and experience of the teacher influence significantly the students’ academic achievement in Home Economics in the study area. Based on these findings some recommendations were made.

Keywords: Academic Achievement, Calabar Educational Zone, Cross River State, Home Economics, Secondary Schools, Students, Teacher Demographic Variables