Tag Archives: Abuse

The Effects of Alcoholic Television Advertisement on Tertiary Students in Western Region (Published)

Alcoholic advertising in Ghana has portrayed alcoholic products as harmless and socially acceptable to everyone above the age of eighteen years, this has made alcoholic products very popular in the television waves in Ghana. Owing to this, the precious commodity which has contributed to various health and social needs, has become a subject of abuse among students in Western Region. The current study uses a descriptive study and data taken from five hundred (500) students’ respondents to examine the effect of alcoholic television adverts on students in the western region. With the aid of descriptive statistics, graphs, charts and tables were generated for the analysis. The analyses revealed that, majority (71.4%) of the students do not support television advertisement. It was brought to light that several behaviours ranging from vandalism, reckless behaviours, truancy, impaired thinking, and youth behaving violently in school are some of the effects of alcoholic advertisements on students.  Based on the findings delineated in the foregoing paragraph, this study recommends that the regulatory body must also vet the advert content that portrays alcoholic products as harmless and socially acceptable to help reduce its negative impact on students’ education since education is the social institution through which society provides it members with important knowledge, including basic facts, job skills and cultural norms and values and must be protected. Students should be encouraged to watch less harmful television advertisements channels which will reduce the level of alcoholic information they absorb from television channels.

Keywords: AIDA theory, Abuse, Alcohol, Social Learning, Television, advertisement, tertiary students

Discrimination, Exploitation, Abuse and Neglect [DEAN] of Persons with Disabilities in Nigeria (Published)

Disability is a global concern, predisposes the sufferers to several challenges including discrimination, exploitation, abuse and neglect both at home and in the street. The conditions of being disabled could arise from birth or during one’s lifetime and the sufferers find themselves incapacitated either mentally or physically which then limits their chances of accessing various opportunities in society. The paper argued that persons with disabilities [PWDs] are poorly treated by family members through physical and sexual abuse, exploitation of inheritance, rights infringement and or resources gathered from alms begging where used for such. The exploitation and abuse were made possible due to the heavy reliance of the PWDs on the family members to carry out certain tasks and for being perceived as a burden to the family. Also, the paper argued that PWDs are faced with a lot of discrimination in schools by their peers and tutors and are often neglected in terms provision of assistive devices, materials and adequate training for tutors to successfully transfer knowledge to them.  The paper concluded that the treatment of the PWDs was poor, unfair and unjust and requires government intervention, NGOs and individuals’ positive attitudinal change to alleviate their suffering experiences.

 

Keywords: Abuse, Discrimination, Exploitation, Persons With Disabilities, Treatment., neglect

Influence of Abused by family Members on Moral and Marital Status of a Girl-child in Cross River State, Nigeria (Published)

This study explored the current status of girl-child abused by family members and to see possible influences on their moral and marital status. The design adopted for this study is a descriptive survey research design. The population of the study comprises of 51,197 secondary school students who enrolled in 2018/2019 academic session in all the public senior secondary schools in in Cross River State. A sample of 381 respondents was selected for this study based on the Krejcie and Morgan (1970) sample table of specification. The proportionate random sampling procedure was used in selecting the students from different secondary schools to cut across relatively the population. The instrument for data collection titled: Girl Child Abuse Questionnaire (GCAQ). The GCAQ is a 30-item instrument designed along a four-point Likert scale. The questionnaire was validated by consulting experts and items that were considered to be vague and irrelevant were removed to ensure validity. To establish the reliability of the instrument, a pilot test was conducted. Using the test retest method of reliability, the two sets of scores obtained from the pilot test were correlated using Pearson Product Moment Correlation (PPMC). The reliability (r) value of 0.76 was obtained for the scores which implied the high reliability of the instrument. The data collected was analysed using descriptive statistics. The study found that girl-child in the study area is abused by family members and this in turn affects their moral and marital status. It was recommended among other that government through her agencies should ensure that girls are given adequate attention; stiffer punishment be given to the perpetrators of this ugly act.

 

Keywords: Abuse, Girl Child, Marital Status, moral status.

CHILD ABUSE AND STUDENTS ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN BOKI LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF CROSS RIVER STATE (Published)

Child abuse is an act of inflicting serious, physical injury and emotional torture on a child or person, which is intentional or unintentional and could endanger the physical, health, emotional, social, moral and educational wellness of the child. The contributing factor of child abuse can be identified as poverty and ignorance on the part of the parents or guardians and others. Observing the alarming endless cry of students and those hurt in the process and maltreatment, the researcher was therefore interested in investigating child abuse as it affect the academic performance of students in Boki LGA of Cross River State. To achieve this purpose two (2) null hypotheses were formulated to guide the study. A sample of 200 respondents were randomly selected for the study. The selection was done through simple random sampling technique. The questionnaire was the main instrument used for data collection. Test re-test reliability of the instrument was established, while Pearson product moment correlation analysis was the statistical technique considered appropriate. The critical level of .05 was used to test each hypothesis. The result of the analysis revealed that child physical abuse and sexual abuse were statistically related to students’ academic performance. Based on the findings recommendations were made on the need to affectionate and intensified campaigns for awareness creation on the menace of child abuse – physical and sexual abuse as they deaden the future of the child, family and society.

Keywords: Abuse, Academic, Child, Performance, Students

MANAGING SEXUAL ABUSE OF STUDENTS BY TEACHERS. A CASE STUDY OF MASVINGO DISTRICT SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN ZIMBABWE (Published)

Child sexual abuse is becoming devastatingly prominent in most schools, it is wide spread but largely unrecognized problem in many countries. Schools should be a safe haven for students. Under the hand of a respected teacher students are damaged leading to immense suffering of victims and creation of a bad reputation for the teaching profession. It hinders the development of abused individuals. This paper explores sexual abuse of students by teachers in schools. The study adopted a case study design using questionnaires and semi structured interview schedule to collect data. Generally the teachers and school heads were of the opinion that teachers sexually abuse students in the school contexts. Various reasons were given why teachers commit such a criminal offence. Some of the reasons were said to be reflected in the community and wider society such as unequal power relations, and beliefs in myths such as having sex with a virgin cures HIV and AIDS. The study also found a host of negative repercussions on the victims. The participants established that sexual abuse was detrimental to the physical, social and cognitive development of the child and they suggested ways schools can implement to prevent sexual abuse of students by teachers.

Keywords: Abuse, Abuser, Child, Child Sexual Abuse, Teacher, Victim

MANAGING SEXUAL ABUSE OF STUDENTS BY TEACHERS. A CASE STUDY OF MASVINGO DISTRICT SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN ZIMBABWE (Review Completed - Accepted)

Child sexual abuse is becoming devastatingly prominent in most schools, it is wide spread but largely unrecognized problem in many countries. Schools should be a safe haven for students. Under the hand of a respected teacher students are damaged leading to immense suffering of victims and creation of a bad reputation for the teaching profession. It hinders the development of abused individuals. This paper explores sexual abuse of students by teachers in schools. The study adopted a case study design using questionnaires and semi structured interview schedule to collect data. Generally the teachers and school heads were of the opinion that teachers sexually abuse students in the school contexts. Various reasons were given why teachers commit such a criminal offence. Some of the reasons were said to be reflected in the community and wider society such as unequal power relations, and beliefs in myths such as having sex with a virgin cures HIV and AIDS. The study also found a host of negative repercussions on the victims. The participants established that sexual abuse was detrimental to the physical, social and cognitive development of the child and they suggested ways schools can implement to prevent sexual abuse of students by teachers

Keywords: Abuse, Abuser, Child, Child Sexual Abuse, Teacher, Victim