Tag Archives: Abuse

Child Abuse: A Significant Contemporary Community Problem (Published)

The definition of child abuses and neglect is fairly broad. Individuals, ethnic groups, religious institutions, professional entities, etc. have different perspectives on it as it happens. Although there are many other types of child abuse and neglect, including physical violence, verbal abuse, emotional/psychological abuse, child labor, child abandonment, and child sexual abuse, they have all been covered in this essay. Additionally, the causes of child abuse and child neglect in our culture were discussed. The effects of seeing child abuse and neglect can have a profound impact on a person’s life. It affects a person’s physical health and well-being, intellectual and cognitive growth, as well as their emotional, psychological, and behavioral aspects of life. In this study, all of these were critically examined.

Citation: Ajisafe L, B., Ohaeri, B., Ojo I.O., and Babarimisa O.  (2023) Child Abuse: A Significant Contemporary Community Problem, International Journal of Public Health, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, Vol. 8, No.1, pp.18-26

Keywords: Abuse, Child, Community, problem

Examining the Role of Judicial Officers in Administering and Preventing Abuse of Plea Bargain as a Prosecutorial Strategy in Nigeria (Published)

Stakeholders in administration of criminal justice system have been critical of the concept of plea bargain. The complaint is that it promotes corruption because of its leniency to corrupt politicians and fraudulent businessmen and women owing to its abuse. Some critics of plea bargain argue that a system of negotiated criminal justice undermines deterrence as one major aim of criminal sanctions. Others maintain that repeat offenders who are familiar with the workings of the criminal justice system are able to negotiate more favourable sentences than first offenders. Still, others view plea bargain as benefiting only the rich since the poor hardly negotiate their charges and sentences. This paper argues that since a trial court has the final say on plea bargain agreement, there is no logical basis for fear of its abuse by parties to it unless the judiciary also lends its courts to corrupt practices. Plea bargain is open to every offender with equal opportunity for legal representation. The paper examines the importance of plea bargain and the role of judicial officers in its implementation. It concludes that courts are firmly in control of trials based on negotiated pleas as well as regular criminal trials, and are able to guide against abuse of this vital prosecutorial strategy. The paper recommends, inter alia, inserting express provisions in the criminal procedural laws empowering judicial officers to bar parties to criminal proceedings and their representatives from abandoning negotiated pleas. Doctrinal method of research is used in collating and analysing relevant sections of the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria 1999 (CFRN 1999), Administration of Criminal Justice Law of Lagos State 2021 (ACJL Lagos), the Administration of Criminal Justice Act 2015 (ACJA), judicial authorities, and learned articles.

Citation: Festus Okpoto Agbo (2022) Examining the Role of Judicial Officers in Administering and Preventing Abuse of Plea Bargain as a Prosecutorial Strategy in Nigeria, Global Journal of Politics and Law Research, Vol.10, No.3, pp.33-50

Keywords: Abuse, administering, plea bargain., preventing, role of judicial officers

Influence of Peers and Parental Lifestyles on Alcohol Use and Abuse among Students of Tertiary Institutions in Northern Nigeria (Published)

The use and abuse of alcohol in Nigeria have been on the increase among youths and old people alike. The prevalence of peer pressure or influence can become overwhelming, especially to students who have subjected themselves to sources of alcohol that results in degradation of school careers. Hence, the purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of peer pressure and parental lifestyle on alcohol use and abuse among students of tertiary institutions in Northern Nigeria. To achieve this purpose, A total of 660 respondents from colleges of Education, Polytechnics and Universities in the region were used. The instrument for data collection was the Tertiary Institution Students’ Alcohol Use and Abuse Questionnaire (TISAUAQ). Data collected was analyzed using descriptive statistics of frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation, and inferential statistics of Chi-square test at 0.05 level of significance. Based on the findings from the study, it was revealed that peer influences alcohol use among students of tertiary institutions as male students were better coordinated under the influence of moderate alcohol than female students; male students were influenced more to drink alcohol regularly than female students. It was discovered that parental lifestyles influence on alcohol use and abuse; as alcohol is shared during festivities while parents also drink in the presence of their children. There is strong statistical evidence on the influence of peer group on alcohol use and abuse among students of different tertiary institutions in Northern Nigeria. Also there is strong significant statistical evidence on the influence of parental lifestyle on alcohol use and abuse among students of different tertiary institution in Northern Nigeria. Based on the findings of the study, it was recommended that parents should desist from drinking alcohol in the presence of their children as this lifestyle could greatly influence their children’s level of alcohol use and abuse. This study also infers that all tertiary institutions in Northern Nigeria should have a functional Guidance and Counselling Centre with professional Guidance and Counsellors that would handle student’s developmental and societal challenges. Health Educators should make provisions for information and skills that are relevant to the youth and students on alcohol use and abuse.

Citation: Mohammed Aliyu and Musa Umar (2022) Influence of Peers and Parental Lifestyles on Alcohol Use and Abuse among Students of Tertiary Institutions in Northern Nigeria, International Journal of Public Health, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, Vol. 7, No.1, pp.1-13

Keywords: Abuse, Parents, Students, Tertiary Institutions, acohol, peer

Grateful To Be There but the Nightmare Continues: Life in a German Refugee Camp (Published)

Over 2 million refugees have come to Germany over the past few years. When the first wave of refugees arrived, Germany and German authorities were utterly unprepared for the task at hand. As a result, many new arrivals suffered needlessly. Students from South Dakota State University had the opportunity to work with refugees in southern Germany and learn about their plights, their hardships, their perilous trek to Germany, and the problems they faced after their arrival. They also investigated living conditions, support systems, the general treatment by government officials, and conducted interviews to learn about their treacherous journey to Germany. Many of their findings were later confirmed by the media. This article gives insight into life as a refugee in Germany.

Keywords: Abuse, Germany, asylum seekers, refugee crisis, refugees

The Effects of Alcoholic Television Advertisement on Tertiary Students in Western Region (Published)

Alcoholic advertising in Ghana has portrayed alcoholic products as harmless and socially acceptable to everyone above the age of eighteen years, this has made alcoholic products very popular in the television waves in Ghana. Owing to this, the precious commodity which has contributed to various health and social needs, has become a subject of abuse among students in Western Region. The current study uses a descriptive study and data taken from five hundred (500) students’ respondents to examine the effect of alcoholic television adverts on students in the western region. With the aid of descriptive statistics, graphs, charts and tables were generated for the analysis. The analyses revealed that, majority (71.4%) of the students do not support television advertisement. It was brought to light that several behaviours ranging from vandalism, reckless behaviours, truancy, impaired thinking, and youth behaving violently in school are some of the effects of alcoholic advertisements on students.  Based on the findings delineated in the foregoing paragraph, this study recommends that the regulatory body must also vet the advert content that portrays alcoholic products as harmless and socially acceptable to help reduce its negative impact on students’ education since education is the social institution through which society provides it members with important knowledge, including basic facts, job skills and cultural norms and values and must be protected. Students should be encouraged to watch less harmful television advertisements channels which will reduce the level of alcoholic information they absorb from television channels.

Keywords: AIDA theory, Abuse, Alcohol, Social Learning, Television, advertisement, tertiary students

Discrimination, Exploitation, Abuse and Neglect [DEAN] of Persons with Disabilities in Nigeria (Published)

Disability is a global concern, predisposes the sufferers to several challenges including discrimination, exploitation, abuse and neglect both at home and in the street. The conditions of being disabled could arise from birth or during one’s lifetime and the sufferers find themselves incapacitated either mentally or physically which then limits their chances of accessing various opportunities in society. The paper argued that persons with disabilities [PWDs] are poorly treated by family members through physical and sexual abuse, exploitation of inheritance, rights infringement and or resources gathered from alms begging where used for such. The exploitation and abuse were made possible due to the heavy reliance of the PWDs on the family members to carry out certain tasks and for being perceived as a burden to the family. Also, the paper argued that PWDs are faced with a lot of discrimination in schools by their peers and tutors and are often neglected in terms provision of assistive devices, materials and adequate training for tutors to successfully transfer knowledge to them.  The paper concluded that the treatment of the PWDs was poor, unfair and unjust and requires government intervention, NGOs and individuals’ positive attitudinal change to alleviate their suffering experiences.

 

Keywords: Abuse, Discrimination, Exploitation, Persons With Disabilities, Treatment., neglect

Influence of Abused by family Members on Moral and Marital Status of a Girl-child in Cross River State, Nigeria (Published)

This study explored the current status of girl-child abused by family members and to see possible influences on their moral and marital status. The design adopted for this study is a descriptive survey research design. The population of the study comprises of 51,197 secondary school students who enrolled in 2018/2019 academic session in all the public senior secondary schools in in Cross River State. A sample of 381 respondents was selected for this study based on the Krejcie and Morgan (1970) sample table of specification. The proportionate random sampling procedure was used in selecting the students from different secondary schools to cut across relatively the population. The instrument for data collection titled: Girl Child Abuse Questionnaire (GCAQ). The GCAQ is a 30-item instrument designed along a four-point Likert scale. The questionnaire was validated by consulting experts and items that were considered to be vague and irrelevant were removed to ensure validity. To establish the reliability of the instrument, a pilot test was conducted. Using the test retest method of reliability, the two sets of scores obtained from the pilot test were correlated using Pearson Product Moment Correlation (PPMC). The reliability (r) value of 0.76 was obtained for the scores which implied the high reliability of the instrument. The data collected was analysed using descriptive statistics. The study found that girl-child in the study area is abused by family members and this in turn affects their moral and marital status. It was recommended among other that government through her agencies should ensure that girls are given adequate attention; stiffer punishment be given to the perpetrators of this ugly act.

 

Keywords: Abuse, Girl Child, Marital Status, moral status.

CHILD ABUSE AND STUDENTS ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN BOKI LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF CROSS RIVER STATE (Published)

Child abuse is an act of inflicting serious, physical injury and emotional torture on a child or person, which is intentional or unintentional and could endanger the physical, health, emotional, social, moral and educational wellness of the child. The contributing factor of child abuse can be identified as poverty and ignorance on the part of the parents or guardians and others. Observing the alarming endless cry of students and those hurt in the process and maltreatment, the researcher was therefore interested in investigating child abuse as it affect the academic performance of students in Boki LGA of Cross River State. To achieve this purpose two (2) null hypotheses were formulated to guide the study. A sample of 200 respondents were randomly selected for the study. The selection was done through simple random sampling technique. The questionnaire was the main instrument used for data collection. Test re-test reliability of the instrument was established, while Pearson product moment correlation analysis was the statistical technique considered appropriate. The critical level of .05 was used to test each hypothesis. The result of the analysis revealed that child physical abuse and sexual abuse were statistically related to students’ academic performance. Based on the findings recommendations were made on the need to affectionate and intensified campaigns for awareness creation on the menace of child abuse – physical and sexual abuse as they deaden the future of the child, family and society.

Keywords: Abuse, Academic, Child, Performance, Students

MANAGING SEXUAL ABUSE OF STUDENTS BY TEACHERS. A CASE STUDY OF MASVINGO DISTRICT SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN ZIMBABWE (Published)

Child sexual abuse is becoming devastatingly prominent in most schools, it is wide spread but largely unrecognized problem in many countries. Schools should be a safe haven for students. Under the hand of a respected teacher students are damaged leading to immense suffering of victims and creation of a bad reputation for the teaching profession. It hinders the development of abused individuals. This paper explores sexual abuse of students by teachers in schools. The study adopted a case study design using questionnaires and semi structured interview schedule to collect data. Generally the teachers and school heads were of the opinion that teachers sexually abuse students in the school contexts. Various reasons were given why teachers commit such a criminal offence. Some of the reasons were said to be reflected in the community and wider society such as unequal power relations, and beliefs in myths such as having sex with a virgin cures HIV and AIDS. The study also found a host of negative repercussions on the victims. The participants established that sexual abuse was detrimental to the physical, social and cognitive development of the child and they suggested ways schools can implement to prevent sexual abuse of students by teachers.

Keywords: Abuse, Abuser, Child, Child Sexual Abuse, Teacher, Victim

MANAGING SEXUAL ABUSE OF STUDENTS BY TEACHERS. A CASE STUDY OF MASVINGO DISTRICT SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN ZIMBABWE (Review Completed - Accepted)

Child sexual abuse is becoming devastatingly prominent in most schools, it is wide spread but largely unrecognized problem in many countries. Schools should be a safe haven for students. Under the hand of a respected teacher students are damaged leading to immense suffering of victims and creation of a bad reputation for the teaching profession. It hinders the development of abused individuals. This paper explores sexual abuse of students by teachers in schools. The study adopted a case study design using questionnaires and semi structured interview schedule to collect data. Generally the teachers and school heads were of the opinion that teachers sexually abuse students in the school contexts. Various reasons were given why teachers commit such a criminal offence. Some of the reasons were said to be reflected in the community and wider society such as unequal power relations, and beliefs in myths such as having sex with a virgin cures HIV and AIDS. The study also found a host of negative repercussions on the victims. The participants established that sexual abuse was detrimental to the physical, social and cognitive development of the child and they suggested ways schools can implement to prevent sexual abuse of students by teachers

Keywords: Abuse, Abuser, Child, Child Sexual Abuse, Teacher, Victim