The study attempted evaluation of Spatial Pattern of Housing Quality of Abuja, Nigeria. The identified 62 political wards were stratified into their various Area Councils namely, Abuja Municipal Area Council (AMAC), Bwari Area Council, Gwagwalada Area Council, KwaliArea Council, Kuje Area Council and Abaji Area Council. Using systematic random sampling, 3593, 1002,641,290,341 and 202 houses were selected in AMAC, Bwari Area Council, Gwagwalada Area Council, Kwali Area Council, Kuje Area Council and Abaji Area Council respectively to give a total of 6069 houses. Socioeconomic characteristics of the households revealed that the youth constituted 14.2% of the respondents, while 79.99% of the respondents were also found to be in the age bracket of 31-60 years. Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) confirmed, that there were significant differences in the age distribution of the residents (F = 4.11, p = 0.005). Analysis of spatial pattern of housing quality using Factor Analysis revealed that housing location quality attributes factor, recorded highest influence on the spatial pattern of housing quality in Area Councils, such as AMAC, Bwari Area Council and Gwagwalada Area Council. The study concluded that a general hierarchical trend in spatial pattern of housing quality had been figured out in Abuja, where housing quality was observed to decrease with increase in distance from the Central Business District(CBD).
Mortality is one of the components of population changes; it is completely out of human control and affects every segment of a population. Mortality is a term used to describe the contribution of death to population change and refers to the permanent disappearance of all evidence of life at any time after live birth has taken place. This study applies a retrospective design through the conduct of record review using the mortality registers from 2013 – 2017 with key variables of interest extracted. The Chi-square test of independence technique, two ways ANOVA, life table, and population projection model (exponential model) were employed for the analysis of the relevant data. The null hypothesis of “No significant association between causes of death and sex” was accepted; P-value of 0.377 is greater than 0.05, we accept Ho and conclude that there is no significant association between diseases and sex. More males than females died of congestive cardiac failure, diabetes and severe birth asphyxia. About 160 males and females were recorded dead in the 2013 – 2017; out of which 53.8% of them were males and 46.2% of them were females – this implies that the risk of death at any given age is less for females than for males. The five-leading cause of death in Nigeria were Congestive Cardiac Failure (45%), Sepsis (23%), Pneumonia (15%), RVD (12%) and Respiratory Distress (5%). The general population growth rate shows a decrease in the rate of mortality across all ages; but the age specific growth rate shows that infant mortality is on the rise and tends to double in the year 2025 if the current growth rate persists. The life table shows that the life expectancy at birth is 43.5 years (= 8.69) and that a man aged 20 years has about 44% chances of dying before his 50th birthday. The study showed that the risk of death at any given age is less for females than for males, while under – 5 years have the higher risk of dying compared to other age categories with about 28.1% of new born babies dying before reaching age five. Regular medical checks remain optimally essential in prolonging of life as well as ensuring a healthy well-being.
Evaluation of the Health Profile and Social Needs of Adults in the Internally Displaced Persons Camp, Federal Capital Territory Abuja, Nigeria (Published)
Conflicts and disasters usually result into large scale displacement of victims. This was true of displacement associated with Boko haram Insurgency in the Northern parts of Nigeria. This study was carried out to evaluate the health profile and social needs of Adults in the internally displaced persons camp in Abuja. Three hundred and ninety-two (392) respondents were selected for the study using Taro Yamane formula for sample determination. The study adopted multistage sampling technique. The study adopted cross sectional research design. Three research questions were answered while two null hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance using SPSS version 18. Results showed that majority of respondents were female 210 (55.3%), Christians were more than Muslims 218 (57.4). majority of respondents were married 229 (60.3) while 162 (42.6%) were employed. Majority of the respondents showed varied degrees of health problems while they all showed various degrees of social needs. It was concluded that internally displaced persons experienced emotional, psychosocial as well as physical health problems. It was suggested that government and non-governmental agencies should do everything possible to address the health and social support needs of these displaced persons.
UNIVERSITY MATHEMATICS UNDERGRADUATES’ AWARENESS AND USE OF RESOURCE MATERIALS OF THE NATIONAL MATHEMATICAL CENTRE, ABUJA, NIGERIA (Published)
The study examined the extent of Awareness and Use of National Mathematical Centre’s Resource Materials by the Nigerian University Mathematics Undergraduates. It was a descriptive research of the survey type. The population of the study was the entire Mathematics Undergraduates in Nigeria and a total number of 168 University of Ilorin Mathematics and Mathematics Education undergraduates were selected at random from the departments of Mathematics and science education of the University. Researcher designed questionnaire containing 24 items on Awareness and Use of Resources of National Mathematical Centre, Abuja were administered to the subjects. The data collected was analyzed using frequency count while percentage and Chi-square were used to test the stated hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance.The results showed that less than 50% of undergraduates are aware of the resources of NMC, Abuja and less than 20% of them have ever used the resources. Also, Academic levels of the undergraduates do not affect their awareness of the NMC resource materials as no significant difference was found in the awareness of the undergraduates of the NMC resources based on their academic level. Based on the findings, recommendations were made for the popularization of the resources of the centre for a wide range of access to stakeholders.