Tag Archives: Abuja

A Study of the Problems of Environmental Sanitation of Karu, Nasarawa State, Nigeria (Published)

The study examined the socio-economic characteristics of residents of Karu; identified the socio-economic influence of Abuja on Karu; examined the existing environmental infrastructure and practices in the study area and assessed the influence of Abuja on the sanitation behaviour of Karu residents. This was with a view to identifying the dimension of environmental sanitation problems facing the residents of the town.The data for the study were from both primary and secondary sources. Primary data were collected through questionnaire administered on the residents, users of markets’ and motor parks’ in the major settlements into which the study area was stratified. Samples from residents were selected systematically at an interval of every tenth building. Similarly systematic random sampling was used to select one out of every five operators’ (20%) permanent locations in motor parks and markets. A total of 230 households and 220 market and motor park users were sampled. Data obtained were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. The results of the study revealed that 78.9% of the household heads were male. The educational status of the residents was on the decrease as distance of the settlement increased from the Federal Capital Territory (FCT) (x2 = 32.14; p = 0.003). Income of residents followed the same pattern as that of educational status (F = 347: p 0.009). It was also established that 83.5% of the sampled population were workers in Abuja confirming the spill-over effects of Abuja on Karu. The study further confirmed that 10.4% of the residents had waste storage containers in their homes. Similarly, the mostsignificant waste disposalmethods (74.8%) were dumping on vacant plots and buildings under construction. While 67.4% of the residents had pit toilet, 32.6% had water closet in their homes and only one of the three markets surveyed had toilet facilities. Waste water pit was only available in 7.4% of the residences. The study confirmed further that there was no waste collection service either by the Local government or private companies. A weak but statistically significant correlation of 0.346, (p = 0.05); 0.518 (p = 0.01); 0.332 (p = 0.05) were established between income and kitchen space, availability of toilet facilities and soakaway pit respectively. On the other hand, monthly income had a strong and significant correlation of 0.622 (p = 001) and 0.519 (p = 0.01) with occupation status and water system latrine respectively. The study concluded that the spill-over effect of the Federal Capital Territory (FCT) influenced the demographic, environmental, socio-economic and physical conditions of Karu. Furthermore, the lack of adequate provisions for water supply, waste storage and disposal facilities by Karu Local Government actually contributed to the environmental sanitation problems in Karu.

Citation: Saliman, Dauda  (2021) A Study of the Problems of Environmental Sanitation of Karu, Nasarawa State, Nigeria, British Journal of Environmental Sciences, Vol.9, No.5, pp. 21-34

 

Keywords: Abuja, environmental sanitation, impact analysis, karu, spill-over effect

The Effects of Land Use Change and Landscape Fragmentation in Abuja, Nigeria (Published)

The study examined the effects of Land use change and Landscape fragmentation in Abuja. The Study revealed that main factor influencing Land use change and Landscape fragmentation in Abuja was the lack of opportunities to acquire other Land Uses. This factor was rated highest (Mean= 3.42, standard deviation= 1.10. The next factor that influenced land use fragmentation and land use change was the overgrowing population/slum formation. (Mean=2.98, Standard deviation=1.01. The Study further revealed that rain forest and groundcover Landscape Plants, such as Antiaria Africana, Anthocleista Nobilis, Elaeis Guineansis, Afzelia Africana and Anona Senegalensis; that were conceptualized in the Master Plan to serve as botanical, recreational and as weather conditioners in a micro-climate scale has reduced to an  estimated 10% (800 square kilometer) of the total 8000 square kilometer Abuja land mass. Consequently, the research concluded that, the impacts of land use change and the landscape fragmentation includes flooding, food scarcity due to fluctuation in Rainfall, drought, increase in air pollution as well as outbreak of respiratory diseases such as Pulmonary tuberculosis(PTB), and acute lower respiratory tract infections(ALRTI) in Abuja.

Citation: Saliman Dauda (2021) The Effects of Land Use Change and Landscape Fragmentation in Abuja, Nigeria, International Journal of Geography and Regional Planning Research, Vol.6, No.2, pp.13-27

Keywords: : landscape fragmentation, Abuja, land use change

General Mortality Rate in Nigeria: A Case Study of Federal Medical Centre Jabi, Abuja (Published)

Mortality is one of the components of population changes; it is completely out of human control and affects every segment of a population. Mortality is a term used to describe the contribution of death to population change and refers to the permanent disappearance of all evidence of life at any time after live birth has taken place. This study applies a retrospective design through the conduct of record review using the mortality registers from 2013 – 2017 with key variables of interest extracted. The Chi-square test of independence technique, two ways ANOVA, life table, and population projection model (exponential model) were employed for the analysis of the relevant data. The null hypothesis of “No significant association between causes of death and sex” was accepted; P-value of 0.377 is greater than 0.05, we accept Ho and conclude that there is no significant association between diseases and sex. More males than females died of congestive cardiac failure, diabetes and severe birth asphyxia. About 160 males and females were recorded dead in the 2013 – 2017; out of which 53.8% of them were males and 46.2% of them were females – this implies that the risk of death at any given age is less for females than for males. The five-leading cause of death in Nigeria were Congestive Cardiac Failure (45%), Sepsis (23%), Pneumonia (15%), RVD (12%) and Respiratory Distress (5%). The general population growth rate shows a decrease in the rate of mortality across all ages; but the age specific growth rate shows that infant mortality is on the rise and tends to double in the year 2025 if the current growth rate persists. The life table shows that the life expectancy at birth is 43.5 years (= 8.69) and that a man aged 20 years has about 44% chances of dying before his 50th birthday. The study showed that the risk of death at any given age is less for females than for males, while under – 5 years have the higher risk of dying compared to other age categories with about 28.1% of new born babies dying before reaching age five. Regular medical checks remain optimally essential in prolonging of life as well as ensuring a healthy well-being.   

Keywords: Abuja, Federal Medical Centre, Jabi, Nigeria, general, mortality rate

Architectural Analysis of Poor Neighborhoods in Abuja, Nigeria (Published)

The concept of Abuja, Nigeria, as a befitting Federal Capital Territory was spawned in 1975 and in the process, a Master Plan was developed. It was elaborated to put in place, a sustainable urban spatial environment for all groups and activities however, the Master Plan was abused, resulted in volumetric and unvolumetric living. This research aimed to ascertain the extent of distortion in the Master Plan with regards to housing provisions for the urban poor. Instruments of two research strategies; quantitative and qualitative research methods and their tactics were used. The Sample size (n) was determined using the Taro-yamane formula and stratified single-stage cluster sampling technique used to select subjects for the study. Collected data was coded, entered and analyzed using statistical package for social science (SPSS) version 22. Descriptive statistics that included frequency and percentages were used to summarize the categorical variables while means and standard deviations were obtained for continuous variables. The Master Plan provided for low-income settlements, to be built by the government and to be occupied by the public servants; the private sector servants did not appear to be properly provided for and led to dismal miscommunication problems and economic divide. The city lacked integrity, inclusion of all and not sustainable. The Abuja housing developments should embrace all and not divided by income, social status and political line.

Keywords: Abuja, Architecture, Housing, Population, Urbanization, urban poor

Housing Poverty amid Abundance in Urbanizing Abuja Metropolis, Nigeria (Published)

Despite the abundance of housing estates within the Federal Capital Territory Abuja, it is particularly disturbing and ironical that the city is still rated as one of the most expensive place for housing accommodation. This has contributed in domestic poverty, lack of good homes, in which; majority of public servants and private employees does not have decent accommodations. In addition, many families are separated between States, therefore aiding corruption in their respective offices to meet up with their respective needs. The purpose of this paper is to identify the causes of un-occupied buildings amid inadequacy of housing for the poor and its effects on the city and to establish the possible data of empty flats within the city in other to aid policy directions concerning empty houses and flats in the Abuja metropolis. Data were gathered from assessment of scantly occupied and completely un-occupied housing flats within Abuja metropolis through a case study research approach which is appropriate when you are to learn the why and how a particular situation occurs according to Yin (2003). From the tabulation and percentage analysis it shows that a total of 21,239 empty flats are available un-occupied in Abuja metropolis. This study advocate a regulatory control on empty buildings in Abuja Metropolis in form of the following recommendations; that all empty houses should be converted to social housing development, Government should place heavy tax on empty houses; Government should establish an ACT for rental control and occupancy in Abuja Metropolis.

 

Keywords: Abuja, Abundance, Housing, Poverty, Urban

Spatial Pattern of Housing Quality in Abuja, Nigeria (Published)

The study attempted evaluation of Spatial Pattern of Housing Quality of Abuja, Nigeria. The identified 62 political wards were stratified into their various Area Councils namely, Abuja Municipal Area Council (AMAC), Bwari Area Council, Gwagwalada Area Council, KwaliArea Council, Kuje Area Council and Abaji Area Council.  Using systematic random sampling, 3593, 1002,641,290,341 and 202 houses were selected in AMAC, Bwari Area Council, Gwagwalada Area Council, Kwali Area Council, Kuje Area Council and Abaji Area Council respectively to give a total of 6069 houses. Socioeconomic characteristics of the households revealed that the youth constituted 14.2% of the respondents, while 79.99% of the respondents were also found to be in the age bracket of 31-60 years. Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) confirmed, that there were significant differences in the age distribution of the residents (F = 4.11, p = 0.005). Analysis of spatial pattern of housing quality using Factor Analysis   revealed that housing location quality attributes factor, recorded highest influence on the spatial pattern of housing quality in Area Councils, such as AMAC, Bwari Area Council and Gwagwalada Area Council. The study concluded that a general hierarchical trend in spatial pattern of housing quality had been figured out in Abuja, where housing quality was observed to decrease with increase   in distance from the Central Business District(CBD).

Keywords: Abuja, Housing Quality, central business district, urban spatial structure

General Mortality Rate in Nigeria: A Case Study of Federal Medical Centre Jabi, Abuja (Published)

Mortality is one of the components of population changes; it is completely out of human control and affects every segment of a population. Mortality is a term used to describe the contribution of death to population change and refers to the permanent disappearance of all evidence of life at any time after live birth has taken place. This study applies a retrospective design through the conduct of record review using the mortality registers from 2013 – 2017 with key variables of interest extracted. The Chi-square test of independence technique, two ways ANOVA, life table, and population projection model (exponential model) were employed for the analysis of the relevant data. The null hypothesis of “No significant association between causes of death and sex” was accepted; P-value of 0.377 is greater than 0.05, we accept Ho and conclude that there is no significant association between diseases and sex. More males than females died of congestive cardiac failure, diabetes and severe birth asphyxia. About 160 males and females were recorded dead in the 2013 – 2017; out of which 53.8% of them were males and 46.2% of them were females – this implies that the risk of death at any given age is less for females than for males. The five-leading cause of death in Nigeria were Congestive Cardiac Failure (45%), Sepsis (23%), Pneumonia (15%), RVD (12%) and Respiratory Distress (5%). The general population growth rate shows a decrease in the rate of mortality across all ages; but the age specific growth rate shows that infant mortality is on the rise and tends to double in the year 2025 if the current growth rate persists. The life table shows that the life expectancy at birth is 43.5 years (= 8.69) and that a man aged 20 years has about 44% chances of dying before his 50th birthday. The study showed that the risk of death at any given age is less for females than for males, while under – 5 years have the higher risk of dying compared to other age categories with about 28.1% of new born babies dying before reaching age five. Regular medical checks remain optimally essential in prolonging of life as well as ensuring a healthy well-being.

Keywords: Abuja, Federal Medical Centre, Jabi, Nigeria, general, mortality rate

Evaluation of the Health Profile and Social Needs of Adults in the Internally Displaced Persons Camp, Federal Capital Territory Abuja, Nigeria (Published)

Conflicts and disasters usually result into large scale displacement of victims. This was true of displacement associated with Boko haram Insurgency in the Northern parts of Nigeria. This study was carried out to evaluate the health profile and social needs of Adults in the internally displaced persons camp in Abuja. Three hundred and ninety-two (392) respondents were selected for the study using Taro Yamane formula for sample determination. The study adopted multistage sampling technique. The study adopted cross sectional research design. Three research questions were answered while two null hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance using SPSS version 18. Results showed that majority of respondents were female 210 (55.3%), Christians were more than Muslims 218 (57.4). majority of respondents were married 229 (60.3) while 162 (42.6%) were employed. Majority of the respondents showed varied degrees of health problems while they all showed various degrees of social needs. It was concluded that internally displaced persons experienced emotional, psychosocial as well as physical health problems. It was suggested that government and non-governmental agencies should do everything possible to address the health and social support needs of these displaced persons.

Keywords: Abuja, Adults, Health Profile, Internally Displaced Persons, Social Needs

UNIVERSITY MATHEMATICS UNDERGRADUATES’ AWARENESS AND USE OF RESOURCE MATERIALS OF THE NATIONAL MATHEMATICAL CENTRE, ABUJA, NIGERIA (Published)

The study examined the extent of Awareness and Use of National Mathematical Centre’s Resource Materials by the Nigerian University Mathematics Undergraduates. It was a descriptive research of the survey type. The population of the study was the entire Mathematics Undergraduates in Nigeria and a total number of 168 University of Ilorin Mathematics and Mathematics Education undergraduates were selected at random from the departments of Mathematics and science education of the University. Researcher designed questionnaire containing 24 items on Awareness and Use of Resources of National Mathematical Centre, Abuja were administered to the subjects. The data collected was analyzed using frequency count while percentage and Chi-square were used to test the stated hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance.The results showed that less than 50% of undergraduates are aware of the resources of NMC, Abuja and less than 20% of them have ever used the resources. Also, Academic levels of the undergraduates do not affect their awareness of the NMC resource materials as no significant difference was found in the awareness of the undergraduates of the NMC resources based on their academic level. Based on the findings, recommendations were made for the popularization of the resources of the centre for a wide range of access to stakeholders.

Keywords: Abuja, National Mathematical Centre, Nigeria, Resource Materials, Undergraduates’ Awareness, University Mathematics