ASSESSMENT OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS OF 2012 FLOODS IN UMULERI, ANAMBRA EAST LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF ANAMBRA STATE, NIGERIA

Abstract

This study assessed the environmental effects of 2012 floods in Umuleri, Anambra East Local Government Area of Anambra State were investigated using questionnaire survey, with a view to ascertaining its implications on the inhabitants of the area. The data were generated and analyzed using Independent samples T-test and Mann-Whitney U-test statistical technique. The result revealed that the 2012 floods were mostly caused by heavy rainfall and anthropogenic activities such as construction on flood plains. The study also showed that the inhabitants experienced effects such as displacement from homes, submerging of farmland, loss of income, destruction of infrastructures, scarcity of food, overcrowding in shelter camps and spread of communicable diseases. Consequently, since flood has been ravaging the area recently, further research to develop flood hazard map of the area and enlightenment of the residents on flood issues was recommended.

Keywords: 2012 Floods In Umuleri, Anambra, Anambra State, East Local Government Area, Environmental Effects, Nigeria


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