Contestation of Ethnic Identity in Forming Ethno-territorial in Pakpak Bharat Regency, North Sumatra


The sole purpose of education is to provide students with basic educational foundation from which they can build a successful career and independent lives. However, indiscipline in social studies classroom causes barriers to students’ academic achievement. Thus, teachers’ long-standing goal is to maintain discipline in social studies classroom helping them to govern their behavior. Thus, this paper highlights the different types of discipline and ways of maintaining discipline in social studies classroom. The paper concludes by stating emphatically that effective maintenance of classroom discipline is a pre-requisite for smooth delivery of social studies curriculum.


Keywords: Classroom, Discipline, Maintaining, Social Studies

Article Review Status: Published

Pages: 61-75 (Download PDF)

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This work by European American Journals is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported License