Determinants of Academic Achievements of Garduating Class Students in Haramaya University

Abstract

Background:  Higher education plays a critical role in developing educated human capital. The higher educational institutions use to build the knowledge and skills of the students which can possibly increase productivity and growth of a nation, it’s also vital in raising a living standards of the surrounding community. Graduates entering the Ethiopian work market each year are expected to make a significant contribution to the growth and transformation of Ethiopian economy. To satisfy these demands the graduated students need to have desired level of academic competency and skill during their stay in the Higher Institutions.Objectives: To identify and to investigate the relationship between independent variables and the academic achievement of graduating class of HU students. Method: Multi-stage stratified simple random sampling technique was employed to draw a sample of Haramaya University graduating class students. All Students who have graduated and graduating class students were considered as the parent population of the study. The data were collected from both secondary and primary sources. Primary data were collected via interviewee administered structured questionnaires. All the data were analyzed by SPSS 20 version. Descriptive statistics, Pearson correlation analysis, multiple linear regression models were fitted to the generated data. Results: Firstly, the study was identified determinants of academic competency of Haramaya University Graduating class students by the year 2018: motivation, gender, punctuality of the course instructors’, experience of  falling in love, department choice and first year cumulative grade point average were found out to have significant effect on the academic competency of the graduating class students in Haramaya University at the time of data collection respectively: Secondly, the study identified the variation observed  in the trends of graduating and first year cumulative grade point in Haramaya University. Thirdly, the study was identified the variation observed in the trends of graduation cumulative grade point average in Haramaya University. Fourthly, the study was distinguished the mean of graduating and graduation year academic competency of students in HU. Conclusions: Firstly, based on result found from the study we conclude that the mean of graduating year academic competency of students in HU was and 3.12. Secondly, Based on the results obtained from multiple linear regression models we conclude that motivation, gender, punctuality of the course instructors’, experience of falling in love, department choice and first year cumulative grade point average were factors that have a significant effect on the academic competency of the graduating class students in Haramaya University at the time of data collection.

Keywords: GC students, Haramaya University, academic competency, and multiple linear regression model.

Article Review Status: Published

Pages: 11-31 (Download PDF)

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