Prevalence of Tuberculosis and Compliance to Treatment from 2010-2020 In Rivers State, Southsouth Nigeria

Abstract

Tuberculosis is a highly contagious bacterial infection and it is still a leading killer of young adults worldwide. This study investigated the prevalence of tuberculosis and compliance to treatment from 2010 to 2020 in Rivers State, South-south Nigeria. The Ex-post factor design was utilized and it is aimed at collecting data and analyzing some variable retrospectively without manipulating any of the variables.  Data were obtained from the Primary Healthcare Management Board and the State Ministry of Health covering a total of 525 (100%) healthcare facilities accounting for primary, secondary and tertiary health facilities including an overwhelming 191 (36.38%) private healthcare facilities. Data were analyzed using frequency and simple percentage including graphs. Findings inter alia reveals that the susceptibility and prevalence rate of Tuberculosis is higher in females than males, the highest prevalence rate of Tuberculosis in female (84.73%) was recorded in 2015 while that of the male (79.12%) occurred in 2016 respectively.  The highest prevalence rate of Tuberculosis was 93.99% and it occurred in 2016 while the highest percentage compliance rate 48.99% was recorded in 2019. In addition, co-infections (TB/HIV) enhance the rate of Tuberculosis prevalence during the study period. Thus, it was recommended that effective awareness and sensitization campaign of the citizen via the churches, mosque, market unions, schools and anti-natal units among others on tuberculosis prevention and control be strengthened by all concerned agencies. 

Citation: Duabo M. George, Alaye A. S. Bibiye, Tamunoibitem Jonathan (2022) Prevalence of Tuberculosis and Compliance to Treatment from 2010-2020 In Rivers State, Southsouth Nigeria, International Journal of Environment and Pollution Research, Vol.10, No.3 pp.1-11

Keywords: Compliance, DOTs, Prevalence, Treatment., Tuberculosis

DOI: https://doi.org/10.37745/ijepr.13/vol10n3111

Article Review Status: Published

Pages: 1-11 (Download PDF)

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