Air pollution has become an issue of concern in Nigeria with its consequent effects on human health. Hence, this study is an empirical investigation on community perception on the effect of air pollution on public health in Ogun State, Nigeria. The study was conducted in Ewekoro and Remo-North local government areas in Ogun State. The focus study area was Ewekoro as a result of the activities of LAFARGE Cement factory in the community. Primary data were used for the study. A total of 200 structured questionnaires were distributed to respondents through systematic random sampling techniques to elicit information on air pollution and health. Both descriptive and inferential statistics were used for the analysis. Results from the study show that the people are fully aware of air pollution, and there is prevalence of air pollution in Ewekoro which is largely caused by the activities of LAFARGE Cement. The findings show that air pollution has a significant negative effect on public health. Also, health risk associated with air pollution has a significant negative relationship with public health.
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